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Nathan Goodyear

Dietary Fiber for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Meta-Analysis - 0 views

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    fiber intake is essential for Diabetes management.
Nathan Goodyear

A Review of the Rationale for Additional Therapeutic Interventions to Attain Lower LDL-... - 0 views

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    review of a few natural therapies to manage cholesterol.
Nathan Goodyear

Fructose decreases physical activity and increases body fat without affecting hippocamp... - 0 views

  • the fructose animals gained significantly more weight than the glucose animals
  • The average liver mass of mice in the fructose treatment group was 20% heavier than for mice in the glucose group
  • The fat pads of mice consuming the fructose diet were 69% heavier than the fat pads of animals consuming the glucose diet
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  • there are many studies showing that consumption of fructose in comparison to other monosaccharides results in increased de novo lipogenesis, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, BW6, 7 and, most recently, impaired cognitive function
  • in the present study, the intake of fructose by mice was more similar to that of typical human consumption in comparison to previous studies
  • prolonged consumption of diets containing fructose (11 weeks) increased BW and body fat deposition
  • studies in humans confirm that fructose, but not glucose (when provided as 25% of energy requirements), in the context of an energy-balanced diet increases de novo lipogenesis and visceral adiposity along with dyslipidemia, decreases insulin sensitivity10, 12 and decreases in fat oxidation
  • we hypothesize that fructose may reduce voluntary energy expenditure in terms of physical activity.
  • significant reduction (~20%) in physical activity in the fructose-fed animals in comparison to glucose
  • a recent study reported that ingestion of fructose (25% energy intake, 10 weeks) in human volunteers also resulted in reduced energy expenditure in relation to a diet with the same glucose dose
  • There is certainly evidence to suggest that, for example, exercise is able to prevent dyslipidemia in healthy subjects fed a weight-maintenance high-fructose diet (30%)54, which strongly suggests a protective role of physical activity in metabolic regulation.

  • the potential negative effects of fructose in brain and cognitive function have been investigated, with a series of studies showing cognitive deficits in spatial memory and learning in adolescent and adult animals following access to a high fructose diet
  • access to both fructose and sucrose, but not glucose, results in a 40% reduction in hippocampal neurogenesis
  • Collectively these studies seem to suggest that fructose consumption can have a considerable impact on hippocampal function and learning, which is in direct contrast with what we observed.
  • the impact of fructose is apparent only in BW, liver mass and body fat, but not in cognitive measures or rates of neurogenesis
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    animal study finds that fructose increased liver mass, abdominal fat and decreased physical activity when compared to glucose.  The study groups were iso caloric, but one group was fed 18% fructose and the other 18% glucose.
Nathan Goodyear

Reevaluation of the protein requirement in young men with the indicator amino acid oxid... - 0 views

  • the mean and population-safe protein requirements were estimated to be 0.93 and 1.2 g · kg−1 · d
  • diet containing 0.90 g · kg−1 · d−1 was at or above physiologic protein requirements for sedentary men
  • The current EAR recommendation and RDA for protein are 0.66 and 0.80 g · kg−1 · d−1, respectively. We believe that these recommendations are tentative because no long-term studies have suggested that these values would maintain nitrogen balance along with lean body mass, muscle mass, serum protein concentrations, immunity, functional capacity etc
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  • a series of long-term balance studies (67-69) showed that intake of the proposed safe allowance of 0.57 g (70) egg protein resulted in negative nitrogen balance, loss of lean body mass, and deteriorating serum protein and transferase values unless additional energy or nonessential nitrogen was supplied
  • The results of the present study suggest that the current EAR recommendations (0.66 g · kg−1 · d−1) and RDA (0.80 g · kg−1 · d−1) for protein are underestimated at 29% and 33%, respectively
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    study looked at protein requirements in 8 "healthy" men.  This study pointed to 1.2 g/kg/day as an appropriate daily dietary protein intake for healthy men.  This far exceeds levels per RDA.
Nathan Goodyear

Severe Starvation-Induced Hepatocyte Autophagy as a Cause of Acute Liver Injury in Anor... - 0 views

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    extreme malnutrition as in anorexia is found to be associated with increased liver enzymes.
Nathan Goodyear

Prevalence and Predictors of Abnormal Liver Enzymes in Young Women with Anorexia Nervosa - 0 views

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    liver enzymes inversely associated with body fat in women with anorexia.
Nathan Goodyear

Combined Diet and Physical Activity Promotion Programs to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes Among... - 0 views

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    Meta analysis does find that diet and exercise (lifestyle changes) do reduce risk of diabetes.
Nathan Goodyear

Parental Dietary Fat Intake Alters Offspring Microbiome and Immunity - 0 views

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    What legacy do you leave your children?  Study finds that the "lard legacy" is one many leave their children.  Adults with high fatty acid profile, found in SAD, but this leaves alter gut microbiome in their children.
Nathan Goodyear

Intermittent fasting: a dietary intervention for prevention of diabetes and cardiovascu... - 0 views

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    Intermittent fasting can be used as an adjunct for a healthy lifestyle transition in those with obesity, diabetes, and increased risk of CVD.
Nathan Goodyear

Time-Restricted Feeding Is a Preventative and Therapeutic Intervention against Diverse ... - 0 views

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    Rat study finds intermittent fasting aids weight loss, improves insulin resistance, leptin signaling and blunts the effects of a high-fat (trans), high fructose, and high sugar diet.
Nathan Goodyear

Relationships between diet-related changes in the gut microbiome and cognitive flexibility - 0 views

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    High dietary sugar intake alters gut bacteria (increased Clostridia sp. and decrease Bacteroidetes sp).  This resulted in decreased memory learning and memory in rat study.  
Nathan Goodyear

Individual diet has sex-dependent effects on vertebrate gut microbiota : Nature Communi... - 0 views

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    Sex difference of gut flora has different metabolic effects from the same diet.  Could it all begin in the get?  Are gut flora sexist?  Of course not, but this study highlights the sex difference of the gut flora and the gender different effects.
Nathan Goodyear

A dose-response study of consuming high-fructose corn syrup-sweetened beverages on lipi... - 0 views

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    HFCS increase biomarkers of cardiovascular disease.
Nathan Goodyear

Is the degree of food processing and convenience linked with the nutritional quality of... - 0 views

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    3/4 of calories from moderately/highly process foods in households in new study.  Obesity trend won't change if this one fact doesn't change.
Nathan Goodyear

A High-Protein Breakfast Induces Greater Insulin and Glucose-Dependent Insulinotropic P... - 0 views

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    Study finds a high protein breakfast blunts and better controls glucose levels throughout the day when compared to a high carbohydrate breakfast.  The impact was seen, not just following breakfast, but at the following meal as well.
Nathan Goodyear

Physical activity and all-cause mortality across levels of overall and abdominal adipos... - 0 views

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    Mortality increased by sedentary lifestyle.  The risk is on par with that of BMI and waist circumference.
Nathan Goodyear

Dietary carbohydrate restriction as the first approach in diabetes management: Critical... - 0 views

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    Carb restriction is still the best single intervention for metabolic syndrome and diabetes.  This article reviews the evidence.
Nathan Goodyear

Non-Soy Legume Consumption Lowers Cholesterol Levels: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Con... - 0 views

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    Legumes associated with lower cholesterol
Nathan Goodyear

Edit Post ‹ Seasons Wellness | Seasons of Farragut - WordPress - 0 views

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    green, leafy vegetables decrease risk of diabetes.
Nathan Goodyear

Dietary Protein Requirement of Female Adults >65 Years Determined by the Indicator Amin... - 0 views

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    Current protein recommendations for women > 65 are inadequate.  New study finds daily requirements range from 0.96 g/kg and 1.29 g/kg per day for women > 65.  What does the RDA get right?
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