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Facts We Need To Know About High Cholesterol And Our Health - 4 views

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    Cholesterol is a type of fat that is manufactured by your body which needs it to bind cells together, produce hormones, vitamin D and manufacture substances that help us digest the foods we eat.
Matti Narkia

Meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies evaluating the association of saturated fat... - 2 views

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    Meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies evaluating the association of saturated fat with cardiovascular disease.
    Siri-Tarino PW, Sun Q, Hu FB, Krauss RM.
    Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 Jan 13. [Epub ahead of print]
    PMID: 20071648
    doi:10.3945/ajcn.2009.27725

    Conclusions: A meta-analysis of prospective epidemiologic studies showed that there is no significant evidence for concluding that dietary saturated fat is associated with an increased risk of CHD or CVD. More data are needed to elucidate whether CVD risks are likely to be influenced by the specific nutrients used to replace saturated fat.
Matti Narkia

Nutritional diseases - modern-diets-and-nutritional-diseases.com - 0 views

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    "What Are Nutritional Diseases?

    In their book, The Modern Nutritional Diseases, Fred and Alice Ottoboni, retired Public Health Service scientists, list the following.
    * Obesity
    * Diabetes II
    * Cardiovascular Diseases
    * Stroke.
    * Cancer.

    Modern nutritional diseases are just that. They haven't always been the ugly part of our life. They were introduced when people had to get their food from grocery stores, when people traded their whole foods from the family farm for those manufactured by the food processing industry. "
Matti Narkia

C-reactive protein concentration and risk of coronary heart disease, stroke, and mortal... - 0 views

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    C-reactive protein concentration and risk of coronary heart disease, stroke, and mortality: an individual participant meta-analysis.
    The Lancet, Early Online Publication, 22 December 2009
    doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(09)61717-7

    Interpretation
    CRP concentration has continuous associations with the risk of coronary heart disease, ischaemic stroke, vascular mortality, and death from several cancers and lung disease that are each of broadly similar size. The relevance of CRP to such a range of disorders is unclear. Associations with ischaemic vascular disease depend considerably on conventional risk factors and other markers of inflammation.
Matti Narkia

NEJM -- Rosuvastatin to Prevent Vascular Events in Men and Women with Elevated C-Reacti... - 0 views

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    Conclusions In this trial of apparently healthy persons without hyperlipidemia but with elevated high-sensitivity C-reactive protein levels, rosuvastatin significantly reduced the incidence of major cardiovascular events. \n\nRosuvastatin to prevent vascular events in men and women with elevated C-reactive protein.\nRidker PM, Danielson E, Fonseca FA, Genest J, Gotto AM Jr, Kastelein JJ, Koenig W, Libby P, Lorenzatti AJ, MacFadyen JG, Nordestgaard BG, Shepherd J, Willerson JT, Glynn RJ; JUPITER Study Group.\nN Engl J Med. 2008 Nov 20;359(21):2195-207. Epub 2008 Nov 9.\nPMID: 18997196
Matti Narkia

Patients With High CRP And Normal LDL Have Long-Term Risk For Heart Disease, Stroke And... - 0 views

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    "New research shows a long-term benefit in screening people for CRP, a marker for inflammation, even if they have normal levels of bad cholesterol, because of increased long-term risk for heart attack, stroke and death.

    These findings, which will be published online today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology (JACC), demonstrate that a very simple screening, age plus CRP, can identify individuals who may benefit from statin therapy.

    "This study builds on results from the landmark JUPITER trial, which showed that statins can prevent heart disease in people with normal LDL-c, or bad cholesterol, and an increased level of CRP," said Dr. Christie Ballantyne, director of the Center for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention at the Methodist DeBakey Heart & Vascular Center and last author on the study. "We have demonstrated that the cardiovascular disease event rates persist over time, validating that the risks identified in the JUPITER trial persist for nearly seven year"
Matti Narkia

NephroPal: Vitamin D - The saga goes on... - 0 views

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    "Had enough about reading/hearing about Vitamin D? Well, it keeps on coming. And for my lack of surprise, the medical community in general is not catching on like wild fire. I really don't understand it.
    A recent study from the Heart Institute at Intermountain Medical Center in Salt Lake City (click) followed 27,686 patients greater than 50 years of age with no prior history of cardiovascular disease. The Vitamin D levels were checked and classified as such:

    * normal - greater than 30 ng/ml

    * low - 15 to 30

    * very low - less than 15

    The results of the study showed that patients with very low Vitamin D levels in comparison to normal had:

    * 77% greater risk of death

    * 45% increased risk of coronary artery disease

    * 78% increased risk of stroke

    * twice the risk of developing heart failure"
Matti Narkia

Berberine reduces the hypoxic-ischemic insult in rat pup brain. - Akadémiai K... - 0 views

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    Berberine reduces the hypoxic-ischemic insult in rat pup brain.
    Benaissa F, Mohseni-Rad H, Rahimi-Moghaddam P, Mahmoudian M.
    Acta Physiol Hung. 2009 Jun;96(2):213-20.
    PMID: 19457765
    DOI: 10.1556/APhysiol.96.2009.2.6

    Pathologic review of the samples obtained from rats treated with different doses of berberine in comparison with samples from pups treated by normal saline showed that there was a significant reduction of brain injury and edema in the rats treated with berberine. Our study also demonstrates that berberine reduces brain ischemic-hypoxic injury dose-dependently. Therefore, beberine may be considered as useful anti-stroke agent.
Matti Narkia

Soy Consumption Reduces Risk of Ischemic Stroke: A Case-Control Study in Southern China - 0 views

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    Soy consumption reduces risk of ischemic stroke: a case-control study in southern china.
    Liang W, Lee AH, Binns CW, Huang R, Hu D, Shao H.
    Neuroepidemiology. 2009;33(2):111-6. Epub 2009 May 30.
    PMID: 19494552
    DOI: 10.1159/000222093

    Conclusion: The results provided evidence of inverse association between habitual soy food consumption and the risk of ischemic stroke for Chinese adults.
Matti Narkia

Egg consumption in relation to cardiovascular disease and mortality: the Phys... - 0 views

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    Egg consumption in relation to cardiovascular disease and mortality: the Physicians' Health Study.
    Djoussé L, Gaziano JM.
    Am J Clin Nutr. 2008 Apr;87(4):964-9.
    PMID: 18400720

    Results: In an average follow-up of 20 y, 1550 new myocardial infarctions (MIs), 1342 incident strokes, and 5169 deaths occurred. Egg consumption was not associated with incident MI or stroke in a multivariate Cox regression. In contrast, adjusted hazard ratios (95% CI) for mortality were 1.0 (reference), 0.94 (0.87, 1.02), 1.03 (0.95, 1.11), 1.05 (0.93, 1.19), and 1.23 (1.11, 1.36) for the consumption of <1, 1>< 0.0001). This association was stronger among diabetic subjects, in whom the risk of death in a comparison of the highest with the lowest category of egg consumption was twofold (hazard ratio: 2.01; 95% CI: 1.26, 3.20; P for interaction = 0.09).

    Conclusions: Infrequent egg consumption does not seem to influence the risk of CVD in male physicians. In addition, egg consumption was positively related to mortality, more strongly so in diabetic subjects, in the study population.
Matti Narkia

Egg consumption in relation to cardiovascular disease and mortality: the story gets mor... - 0 views

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    Egg consumption in relation to cardiovascular disease and mortality: the story gets more complex.
    Eckel RH.
    Am J Clin Nutr. 2008 Apr;87(4):799-800.
    PMID: 1840069
Matti Narkia

JAMA -- A Prospective Study of Egg Consumption and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in Me... - 0 views

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    A prospective study of egg consumption and risk of cardiovascular disease in men and women.
    Hu FB, Stampfer MJ, Rimm EB, Manson JE, Ascherio A, Colditz GA, Rosner BA, Spiegelman D, Speizer FE, Sacks FM, Hennekens CH, Willett WC.
    JAMA. 1999 Apr 21;281(15):1387-94.
    PMID: 10217054

    Results We documented 866 incident cases of CHD and 258 incident cases of stroke in men during 8 years of follow-up and 939 incident cases of CHD and 563 incident cases of stroke in women during 14 years of follow-up. After adjustment for age, smoking, and other potential CHD risk factors, we found no evidence of an overall significant association between egg consumption and risk of CHD or stroke in either men or women. The relative risks (RRs) of CHD across categories of intake were less than 1 per week (1.0), 1 per week (1.06), 2 to 4 per week (1.12), 5 to 6 per week (0.90), and >=1 per day (1.08) (P for trend=.75) for men; and less than 1 per week (1.0), 1 per week (0.82), 2 to 4 per week (0.99), 5 to 6 per week (0.95), and >=1 per day (0.82) (P for trend=.95) for women. In subgroup analyses, higher egg consumption appeared to be associated with increased risk of CHD only among diabetic subjects (RR of CHD comparing more than 1 egg per day with less than 1 egg per week among diabetic men, 2.02 [95% confidence interval, 1.05-3.87; P for trend=.04], and among diabetic women, 1.49 [0.88-2.52; P for trend=.008]).

    Conclusions These findings suggest that consumption of up to 1 egg per day is unlikely to have substantial overall impact on the risk of CHD or stroke among healthy men and women. The apparent increased risk of CHD associated with higher egg consumption among diabetic participants warrants further research.
Matti Narkia

Massive vitamin-D/omega-3 trial in the works - theheart.org - 0 views

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    "June 29, 2009 | Shelley Wood

    Boston, MA - A massive, National Institutes of Health-sponsored study looking at whether vitamin-D and/or omega-3 fatty-acid supplementation can reduce the risk of developing heart disease, stroke, or cancer will get under way in January 2010, according to a website for the study. Drs JoAnn Manson and Julie Buring (Harvard Medical School/ Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA) will head up the Vitamin D and Omega-3 Trial (VITAL).

    The study is aiming to enroll 20 000 men and women, one-quarter of whom will be black. According to a Brigham and Women's Hospital press release, the study is intentionally aiming to illuminate a potential racial and ethnic disparity hypothesized to be linked to vitamin D [1]. "African Americans have a higher risk of vitamin-D deficiency as well as a greater frequency of diabetes, hypertension, and certain types of cancer," a press release notes. For VITAL, women need to be over age 65 to enter the study; men need to be over age 60.

    Study participants will be randomized to one of four groups: daily vitamin D (2000 IU) and fish oil (1 g); daily vitamin D and fish-oil placebo; daily vitamin-D placebo and fish oil; or daily vitamin-D placebo and fish-oil placebo. The trial will run for five years and is expected to cost US $20 million."
Matti Narkia

High salt intake boosts stroke, CVD risk - theheart.org - 0 views

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    "November 25, 2009 | Susan Jeffrey

    Naples, Italy - A new meta-analysis confirms that high salt intake is associated with increased risks of stroke and total cardiovascular disease (CVD) [1].

    The pooled relative risk showed that an average difference of about 5 g of salt per day was associated with a 23% increased risk of stroke, the researchers report, and a 17% increase in CVD risk. The average habitual salt intake in most Western countries is 10 g per day, double the level currently recommended by the World Health Organization.

    "Given that the case-fatality rate for stroke is estimated at one in three, and that for total cardiovascular disease at one in five, a 23% reduction in the rate of stroke and a 17% overall reduction in the rate of cardiovascular disease attributable to a reduction in population salt intake could avert some one and a quarter million deaths from stroke, and almost three million deaths from cardiovascular disease each year," the researchers, with lead author Dr Pasquale Strazzullo (University of Naples Medical School, Italy), conclude.

    Moreover, because of some imprecision in salt-intake measurements in these cohort studies, the actual effects are likely to be underestimated, they add.

    The study was published online November 24, 2009 in the British Medical Journal."
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D: A potential role in cardiovascular disease prevention - theheart.org - 0 views

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    "November 24, 2009 | Lisa Nainggolan

    Orlando, FL - Inadequate levels of vitamin D are associated with an increase in the risk of cardiovascular disease and death, a new observational study has found. Dr Tami L Bair (Intermountain Medical Center, Murray, UT) reported the findings here at the American Heart Association 2009 Scientific Sessions.

    Bair and colleagues followed more than 27 000 people 50 years or older with no history of cardiovascular disease for just over a year and found that those with very low levels of vitamin D (<15 ng />30 ng/mL). Those deficient in vitamin D were also twice as likely to develop heart failure as those with normal levels.

    "We concluded that even a moderate deficiency of vitamin D was associated with developing coronary artery disease, heart failure, stroke, and death," said coauthor Dr Heidi May (Intermountain Medical Center). However, "it is not known whether this is a cause and effect relationship," she told heartwire. Because this study was observational, more research is needed "to better establish the association between vitamin D deficiency and cardiovascular disease," she noted."
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D Shows Heart Benefits in Study - Well Blog - NYTimes.com - 0 views

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    "A new study suggests many Americans aren't getting anywhere nearly enough of the vitamin, and it may be affecting their heart health.

    In the study, researchers looked at tens of thousands of healthy adults 50 and older whose vitamin D levels had been measured during routine checkups. A majority, they found, were deficient in the vitamin. About two-thirds had less vitamin D in their bloodstreams than the authors considered healthy, and many were extremely deficient.

    Less than two years later, the researchers found, those who had extremely low levels of the vitamin were almost twice as likely to have died or suffered a stroke than those with adequate amounts. They also had more coronary artery disease and were twice as likely to have developed heart failure.

    The findings, which are being presented today at an American Heart Association conference in Orlando, don't prove that lack of vitamin D causes heart disease; they only suggest a link between the two. "
Matti Narkia

Prevalence and Correlates of Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Alaska Eskimos: The GOCADAN... - 0 views

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    Prevalence and correlates of subclinical atherosclerosis in Alaska Eskimos: the GOCADAN study.
    Cutchins A, Roman MJ, Devereux RB, Ebbesson SO, Umans JG, Zhu J, Weissman NJ, Howard BV.
    Stroke. 2008 Nov;39(11):3079-82. Epub 2008 Jul 10.
    PMID: 18617652
    doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.108.519199

    Conclusions- Alaska Eskimos have similar traditional risk factors for carotid atherosclerosis as other ethnic and racial populations but have higher prevalences of atherosclerosis, possibly attributable to higher rates of smoking.
Matti Narkia

New study links vitamin D deficiency to cardiovascular disease and death - 0 views

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    "Study finds inadequate levels of Vitamin D may significantly increase risk of stroke, heart disease and death

    MURRAY, UT - While mothers have known that feeding their kids milk builds strong bones, a new study by researchers at the Heart Institute at Intermountain Medical Center in Salt Lake City suggests that Vitamin D contributes to a strong and healthy heart as well - and that inadequate levels of the vitamin may significantly increase a person's risk of stroke, heart disease, and death, even among people who've never had heart disease.

    For more than a year, the Intermountain Medical Center research team followed 27,686 patients who were 50 years of age or older with no prior history of cardiovascular disease. The participants had their blood Vitamin D levels tested during routine clinical care. The patients were divided into three groups based on their Vitamin D levels - normal (over 30 nanograms per milliliter), low (15-30 ng/ml), or very low (less than 15 ng/ml). The patients were then followed to see if they developed some form of heart disease."
Matti Narkia

Why fish oils help and how they could help even more - 0 views

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    "New research from Queen Mary, University of London and Harvard Medical School has revealed precisely why taking fish oils can help with conditions like rheumatoid arthritis."
Matti Narkia

Low vitamin D tied to heart, stroke deaths: MedlinePlus - 0 views

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    "NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Low vitamin D levels in the body may be deadly, according to a new study hinting that adults with lower, versus higher, blood levels of vitamin D may be more likely to die from heart disease or stroke.

    Vitamin D is an essential vitamin mostly obtained from direct sunlight exposure, but also found in foods and multivitamins.

    Dr. Annamari Kilkkinen, at the National Institute for Health and Welfare in Helsinki, Finland, and colleagues compared blood levels of vitamin D and deaths from heart disease or stroke over time in 2,817 men and 3,402 women in Finland."
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