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Jacques Kerneis

L'Agence nationale des Usages des TICE - Le partage de signets pour la collaboration et l'apprentissage - 2 views

    • Jacques Kerneis
       
      Logique applicationniste ?
  • pour la
  • compétence essentielle pour appréhender les flux informationnels
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  • invite
  • peut entraîner
  • catégorisation
  • peut en outre
  • faire une mobilisation collective
  • l’usager souhaite
  • bibliothèques de liens 
  • e commenter les liens sauvegardés, ce qui donne une valeur ajoutée à ces liens et contribue à les caractérise
  • catégories
  • stockage
  • Braga
  • devant utiliser une plateforme de partage de signets durant un semestre
  • devaient
  • voir où ils en sont de leurs recherches et incite à produire un travail régulier » ;
  • uisque chaque membre a envie d’être utile à l’équipe ».
  • onfère ainsi une dimension sociale à la recherche d’informations.
  • résultats similaires
  • devaient
  • sciences physiques
  • ont collecté un nombre plus important d’informations par rapport au groupe utilisant le moteur de recherche.
  • plus d’attention aux ressources associées à des commentaires déposés par les internautes et par leurs pairs.
  • (BTS) devaient
  • le suivi du travail des élèves par leur enseignante.
  • la pertinence d’une ressource,
  • pour évaluer la répartition des tâches dans l’équipe, le choix et la pertinence de certaines ressources ou la qualité des mots clés retenus.
  • ue lorsque les élèves ne travaillent qu’avec un moteur de recherche traditionnel.
  • ouvre également la porte
  • et de ses besoins
  • niveau équivalent à la première année d’IUFM
  • ur les connaissances et compétences acquises en cours.
  • ont dû
  • Un groupe contrôle
  • Les résultats montrent que
  • impact positif
  • se rappeler
  • apacité à les relier avec des connaissances en cours d’acquisition ou déjà stabilisées
  • oblige à un effort de catégorisation et de conceptualisation, et tend à induire une lecture plus approfondie de celles-ci.
  • e partage et l’indexation de signets sont intéressants également pour des élèves de première.
  • matérialise plusieurs étapes de la recherche d’informations dans un seul et même outil.
  • et l’accompagner via un suivi individualisé.
  • ontribue à responsabiliser et impliquer les élèves dans le travail de groupe.
  • au service d’une co-exploration de l’offre informationnelle.
  • et éviter ainsi que ces bibliothèques de signets ne soient que de simples réservoirs de liens.
  • en les raccrochan
  •  
    "Le partage de signets pour la collaboration et l'apprentissage Résumé : Organiser de façon structurée des ressources sélectionnées sur le Web est une compétence essentielle pour appréhender les flux informationnels. Des recherches ont souligné qu'un usage collaboratif du partage de signets invite à une co-exploration du Web, ce qui peut entraîner l'implication forte des membres d'un groupe et mettre en œuvre un processus d'intelligence collective. La catégorisation des ressources au sein des bibliothèques de signets en ligne, via l'indexation ou les commentaires, peut en outre, aider à la conceptualisation et à l'appropriation du contenu des ressources par les apprenants. Recommandations : Encourager les élèves à commenter les ressources mises à disposition en les raccrochant à un contexte pédagogique précis. Aider les élèves à choisir les mots clés :  éviter les synonymes (il peut être intéressant ici de faire une mobilisation collective des idées au préalable); associer plusieurs mots clés pour indexer plus précisément une ressource.  Voir aussi : Témoignage - recherche sur le romantisme Témoignage - centre multimédia Thèse de Michèle Drechsler (IEN) sur Eduscol Article de Michèle Dreschler - revue Les cahiers du numériques Usages pédagogiques du « social bookmarking » Travaux personnels encadrés Utilisation pédagogique du social bookmarking lors de la recherche d'informations Médias sociaux et éducation Article de Laurence Juin, documentaliste - « Un nouvel outil au service de ma pédagogie ! » par Florence Canet * Les signets, aussi appelés "favoris" ou "marques-pages", sont des pages Web enregistrées auxquelles l'usager souhaite avoir un accès ultérieur facilité. Le partage de signets en ligne (également connu sous le terme anglais de social bookmarking) est une pratique qui permet de sauvegarder, organiser et commenter des pages Web dans une bibliothèque virtuelle créée via un
Michel Roland-Guill

Rough Type: Nicholas Carr's Blog: Minds like sieves - 2 views

  • we may be entering an era in history in which we will store fewer and fewer memories inside our own brains.
    • Michel Roland-Guill
       
      conclusion un peu rapide: plutôt que moins de mémorisation ce peut être une différente forme de mémorisation, plutôt que mémorisation des faits mémorisation des lieux de stockage des faits.
  • external storage and biological memory are not the same thing
  • When we form, or "consolidate," a personal memory, we also form associations between that memory and other memories that are unique to ourselves and also indispensable to the development of deep, conceptual knowledge. The associations, moreover, continue to change with time, as we learn more and experience more. As Emerson understood, the essence of personal memory is not the discrete facts or experiences we store in our mind but "the cohesion" which ties all those facts and experiences together. What is the self but the unique pattern of that cohesion?
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  • We are becoming symbiotic with our computer tools
  • "when people expect to have future access to information, they have lower rates of recall of the information itself and enhanced recall instead for where to access it."
  • "It seems that when we are faced with a gap in our knowledge, we are primed to turn to the computer to rectify the situation."
  • we seem to have trained our brains to immediately think of using a computer when we're called on to answer a question or otherwise provide some bit of knowledge.
  • people who believed the information would be stored in the computer had a weaker memory of the information than those who assumed that the information would not be available in the computer
  • believing that one won’t have access to the information in the future enhances memory for the information itself, whereas believing the information was saved externally enhances memory for the fact that the information could be accessed, at least in general.
  • when people expect information to remain continuously available (such as we expect with Internet access), we are more likely to remember where to find it than we are to remember the details of the item.
Michel Roland-Guill

Nicholas G. Carr - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - 0 views

  • Carr originally came to prominence with the 2003 Harvard Business Review article "IT Doesn't Matter" and the 2004 book Does IT Matter? Information Technology and the Corrosion of Competitive Advantage (Harvard Business School Press). In these widely discussed works, he argued that the strategic importance of Information technology in business has diminished as IT has become more commonplace, standardized and cheaper.
  • In 2005, Carr published the controversial [4] article "The End of Corporate Computing" in the MIT Sloan Management Review, in which he argued that in the future companies will purchase information technology as a utility service from outside suppliers.
  • Through his blog "Rough Type," Carr has been a critic of technological utopianism and in particular the populist claims made for online social production. In his 2005 blog essay titled "The Amorality of Web 2.0," he criticized the quality of volunteer Web 2.0 information projects such as Wikipedia and the blogosphere and argued that they may have a net negative effect on society by displacing more expensive professional alternatives.
Michel Roland-Guill

Rough Type: Nicholas Carr's Blog: Killing Mnemosyne - 1 views

  • Isidore, the bishop of Seville, remarked how reading “the sayings” of thinkers in books “render[ed] their escape from memory less easy.”
  • Shakespeare has Hamlet call his memory “the book and volume of my brain.”
    • Michel Roland-Guill
       
      Dante: "In quella parte del libro de la mia memoria, dinanzi a la quale poco si potrebbe leggere, si trova una rubrica la quale dice: In quella parte del libro de la mia memoria, dinanzi a la quale poco si potrebbe leggere, si trova una rubrica la quale dice: INCIPIT VITA NOVA."
  • Books provide a supplement to memory, but they also, as Eco puts it, “challenge and improve memory; they do not narcotize it.”
    • Michel Roland-Guill
       
      Voir chez Jack Goody comment la mémoire dite "par coeur" dépend de la textualité.
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  • Erasmus, in his 1512 textbook De Copia, stressed the connection between memory and reading. He urged students to annotate their books
  • He also suggested that every student and teacher keep a notebook, organized by subject, “so that whenever he lights on anything worth noting down, he may write it in the appropriate section.”
    • Michel Roland-Guill
       
      Voir Darnton qui récemment voyait dans les livres d'extraits la preuve que les empans brefs ne dataient pas d'hier...
  • kinds of flowers
    • Michel Roland-Guill
       
      > "anthologie"
  • To him, memorizing was far more than a means of storage
  • Far from being a mechanical, mindless process, Erasmus’s brand of memorization engaged the mind fully
    • Michel Roland-Guill
       
      Il faudrait référer cette thématique érasmienne à la problématique plus large de la mémoire et de l'éducation à la Renaissance. Montaigne, Rabelais, "tête bien faite", vs "bien pleine".
  • “We should imitate bees,” Seneca wrote, “and we should keep in separate compartments whatever we have collected from our diverse reading, for things conserved separately keep better. Then, diligently applying all the resources of our native talent, we should mingle all the various nectars we have tasted, and then turn them into a single sweet substance, in such a way that, even if it is apparent where it originated, it appears quite different from what it was in its original state.”
  • Memory, for Seneca as for Erasmus, was as much a crucible as a container.
  • “commonplace books,”
  • Francis Bacon
  • “a gentleman’s commonplace book” served “both as a vehicle for and a chronicle of his intellectual development.”
  • The arrival of the limitless and easily searchable data banks of the Internet brought a further shift, not just in the way we view memorization but in the way we view memory itself.
  • Clive Thompson, the Wired writer, refers to the Net as an “outboard brain”
  • David Brooks
  • “I had thought that the magic of the information age was that it allowed us to know more,” he writes, “but then I realized the magic of the information age is that it allows us to know less. It provides us with external cognitive servants—silicon memory systems, collaborative online filters, consumer preference algorithms and networked knowledge. We can burden these servants and liberate ourselves.”
  • Peter Suderman
  • “it’s no longer terribly efficient to use our brains to store information.”
  • “Why memorize the content of a single book when you could be using your brain to hold a quick guide to an entire library? Rather than memorize information, we now store it digitally and just remember what we stored.”
  • Don Tapscott, the technology writer, puts it more bluntly. Now that we can look up anything “with a click on Google,” he says, “memorizing long passages or historical facts” is obsolete.
    • Michel Roland-Guill
       
      "Google" > inutilité des outils de mémorisation (signets) eux-mêmes!
  • When, in an 1892 lecture before a group of teachers, William James declared that “the art of remembering is the art of thinking,” he was stating the obvious.
Michel Roland-Guill

Larry Sanger Blog » How not to use the Internet, part 2: the pernicious design philosophy of the Internet - 0 views

  • The way that the Internet is designed—not graphic design, but overall habits and architecture—encourages the widespread distractability that I, at least, hate.
  • I learned it from Nicholas Carr
  • Interconnectivity: information that is of some inherent public interest is typically marinated in meta-information: (a) is bathed in (b). It is not enough to make the inherently interesting content instantly available and easy to find; it must also be surrounded by links, sidebars, menus, and other info, and promoted on social media via mail. This is deliberate, but it has gotten worse in the last ten years or so, with the advent of syndicated blog feeds (RSS), then various other social media feeds. This is, of course, supposed to be for the convenience and enlightenment of the user, and no doubt sometimes it is. But I think it usually doesn’t help anybody, except maybe people who are trying to build web traffic. Recency: the information to be most loudly announced online is not just recent, but the brand-spanking-newest, and what allegedly deserves our attention now is determined democratically, with special weight given to the opinions of people we know.
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  • soon after we surf to a page of rich media, its interconnections lead us away from whatever led us to the page in the first place,
  • I think there is something really wrong with this design philosophy. We ought to try to change it, if we can.
Michel Roland-Guill

Vers une culture numérique lettrée ? | skhole.fr - 0 views

  • « Ce qui importe ce n’est pas de lire, mais de relire » J-L Borgès
  • Comme l’a bien montré Alexandre Serres[1], cette logique adaptative, à fondement comportementaliste et à visée principalement économique, est manifeste dans un grand nombre de textes internationaux, notamment politiques, qui posent la nécessité d’enseigner cette « maîtrise » ou « culture de l’information » (information Literacy) aux jeunes générations. Ainsi par exemple, en France, la « Loi d’orientation et de programme pour l’avenir de l’école » de 2005 intègre désormais au « socle commun » de connaissances et de compétences la « maîtrise des techniques usuelles de l’information et de la communication »[2].
  • Dans des études qu’il a menées sur les pratiques de lecture numérique, Alain Giffard[12] qualifie de « pré-lecture » l’acte de lire le plus couramment pratiqué lorsque l’on navigue sur le Web : la lecture y ressemble à une sorte de scannage, fait de repérage et de sélection, au mieux d’un pré-montage ; et il distingue cette forme de lecture numérique de la « lecture d’étude », classique, livresque et lettrée, telle qu’elle s’est constituée historiquement depuis le Moyen-Âge autour de l’objet-livre. Or, cette pré-lecture a précisément les caractéristiques du mode d’attention très réactif et volatil entrainé par la surexposition aux médias : elle se révèle réactive/instable, multidirectionnelle/superficielle. Ainsi Alain Giffard montre que le risque est grand que la « pré-lecture » numérique devienne la « lecture de référence » des prochaines générations de collégiens, qui font partie de ce que l’on appelle les « digital natives », ce qui pourrait rendre quasiment impossible l’enseignement et la pratique de la lecture lettrée : « Technique par défaut, risque de confusion entre pré-lecture et lecture, entre lecture d'information et lecture d'étude, entre les différentes attentions, place de la simulation, contexte d'autoformation, arrivée de la génération des "natifs du numérique" dont certains prennent la lecture numérique comme référence: tous ces éléments peuvent se combiner. Le risque est grand alors de ce que certains chercheurs anglais appellent "reading without literacy", une lecture sans savoir lire qui est la forme la plus menaçante d' " illettrisme électronique ". »
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  • On peut soutenir en effet que cette pré-lecture n’est pas une « véritable » lecture, parce que lire – de manière soutenue, profonde ou attentive - c’est toujours déjà relire, et (re)lire c’est en un sens toujours déjà écrire.
Michel Roland-Guill

Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants - 0 views

  • Our students have changed radically. Today’s students are no longer the people our educational system was designed to teach.  
  • A really big discontinuity has taken place.  One might even call it a "singularity"
  • Today’s students - K through college - represent the first generations to grow up with this new technology.
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  • today's students think and process information fundamentally differently from their predecessors.
  • it is very likely that our students’ brains have physically changed - and are different from ours - as a result of how they grew up.  But whether or not this is literally true, we can say with certainty that their thinking patterns have changed.
  • our Digital Immigrant instructors, who speak an outdated language (that of the pre-digital age), are struggling to teach a population that speaks an entirely new language.  
  • Digital Natives are used to receiving information really fast.  They like to parallel process and multi-task.  They prefer their graphics before their text rather than the opposite. They prefer random access (like hypertext). They function best when networked.  They thrive on instant gratification and frequent rewards.  They prefer games to "serious" work. 
  • They have little patience for lectures, step-by-step logic, and "tell-test" instruction. 
  • Often from the Natives' point of view their Digital Immigrant instructors make their education not worth paying attention to compared to everything else they experience - and then they blame them for not paying attention! 
  • Smart adult immigrants accept that they don’t know about their new world and take advantage of their kids to help them learn and integrate.  Not-so-smart (or not-so-flexible) immigrants spend most of their time grousing about how good things were in the "old country."
  • As educators, we need to be thinking about how to teach both Legacy and Future content in the language of the Digital Natives.  The first involves a major translation and change of methodology; the second involves all that PLUS new content and thinking.  It's not actually clear to me which is harder - "learning new stuff" or "learning new ways to do old stuff."  I suspect it's the latter.  
  • My own preference for teaching Digital Natives is to invent computer games to do the job, even for the most serious content. 
Michel Roland-Guill

From Documents to Information - 0 views

  • In Theories of the Text (Greetham 1999), D. C. Greetham begins by observing that the word “text” derives from the Latin texere, which means “to weave, join together, plait, braid” and therefore “to construct, fabricate, build, or compose.” “Text,” he goes on to say, “is thus both literal and concrete on the one hand – the physical woven text – and figurative and conceptual on the other: a work of art and both the technical and imaginative procedures whereby this work is brought forth.” (26) Text understood in this way covers a range of phenomena, from the most concrete and material aspects of expression to the most abstract and ideal aspects of content and meaning.
Michel Roland

Alphabetic Literacy and Brain Processes. - 0 views

  •  
    Hypothesizes that writing systems affect cognitive strategies at a deeper level of human information-processing than is generally accepted in present day psychology. Discusses why almost all varieties of alphabets, syllabaries, and consonantal systems hav
Michel Roland-Guill

Orthographic Processing in Baboons (Papio papio) - 1 views

  • Our results demonstrate that basic orthographic processing skills can be acquired in the absence of preexisting linguistic representations.
  • The computation of letter identities and their relative positions is referred to as orthographic processing, and there is a large consensus today that such processing represents the first “language-specific” stage of the reading process that follows the operations involved in the control of eye movements (bringing words into the focus of central vision) and early visual processing (enabling visual feature extraction; Fig. 1A) (1–4). In the present study, we examined whether the ability to efficiently process orthographic information can operate in the absence of prior linguistic knowledge.
  • Orthographic processing lies at the interface between the visual processing and the linguistic processing involved in written language comprehension.
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  • Dehaene and colleagues proposed that skilled reading involves an adaptation of general object-identification processes in ventral occipitotemporal brain areas to the specific characteristics of printed words
  • according to the dominant theories of reading, orthographic processing is still primarily considered to be an extension of already established linguistic skills in the domain of spoken language processing
  • We challenged the hypothesis that learning an orthographic code depends on preexisting linguistic knowledge by investigating whether nonhuman primates can learn this skill.
  • the word versus nonword discrimination could be made implicitly on the basis of statistical dependencies between letters.
  • More detailed analyses revealed that baboons were not simply memorizing the word stimuli but had learned to discriminate words from nonwords on the basis of differences in the frequency of letter combinations in the two categories of stimuli (i.e., statistical learning).
  • words that were seen for the first time triggered significantly fewer “nonword” responses than did the nonword stimuli
  • Even more striking is the strong linear relation, shown in Fig. 4, between accuracy in response to nonword stimuli and their orthographic similarity to words that the baboons had already learned. The more similar a nonword was to a known word, the more false positive responses it produced.
  • Our findings have two important theoretical implications. First, they suggest that statistical learning is a powerful universal (i.e., cross-species) mechanism that might well be the basis for learning higher-order (linguistic) categories that facilitate the evolution of natural language (18, 19). Second, our results suggest that orthographic processing may, at least partly, be constrained by general principles of visual object processing shared by monkeys and humans.
  • Our study may therefore help explain the success of the human cultural choice of visually representing words using combinations of aligned, spatially compact, ordered sequences of symbols. The primate brain might therefore be better prepared than previously thought to process printed words, hence facilitating the initial steps toward mastering one of the most complex of human skills: reading.
  • Our results indicate that baboons were coding the word and nonword stimuli as a set of letter identities arranged in a particular order. Baboons had learned to discriminate different letters from each other (letter identity) and to associate those letter identities with positional information. Their coding of the statistical dependencies between position-coded letters is reflected in (i) their ability to discriminate novel words from nonwords (i.e., generalization), (ii) the significant correlation between bigram frequency and the accuracy of responses to words, and (iii) the increase in errors in response to nonword stimuli that were orthographically more similar to known words.
Michel Roland-Guill

How the net traps us all in our own little bubbles | Technology | The Observer - 3 views

  • The basic code at the heart of the new internet is pretty simple. The new generation of internet filters looks at the things you seem to like – the actual things you've done, or the things people like you like – and tries to extrapolate. They are prediction engines, constantly creating and refining a theory of who you are and what you'll do and want next.
    • Michel Roland-Guill
       
      Externalisation de la construction de l'identité
  • you're the only person in your bubble
  • the filter bubble is a centrifugal force, pulling us apart.
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  • the filter bubble is invisible
  • from within the bubble, it's nearly impossible to see how biased it is
  • you don't choose to enter the bubble
  • the filter bubble can affect your ability to choose how you want to live. To be the author of your life, professor Yochai Benkler argues, you have to be aware of a diverse array of options and lifestyles. When you enter a filter bubble, you're letting the companies that construct it choose which options you're aware of
  • You can get stuck in a static, ever- narrowing version of yourself – an endless you-loop.
  • Bowling Alone, his book on the decline of civic life in America, Robert Putnam
  • major decrease in "social capital" – the bonds of trust and allegiance that encourage people to do each other favours
  • our virtual neighbours look more and more like our real-world neighbours, and our real-world neighbours look more and more like us.
  • We're getting a lot of bonding but very little bridging
  • It's easy to push "Like" and increase the visibility of a friend's post about finishing a marathon or an instructional article about how to make onion soup. It's harder to push the "Like" button on an article titled "Darfur sees bloodiest month in two years".
  • "It's a civic virtue to be exposed to things that appear to be outside your interest," technology journalist Clive Thompson told me.
  • More and more, your computer monitor is a kind of one-way mirror, reflecting your own interests while algorithmic observers watch what you click.
  • Starting that morning, Google would use 57 signals – everything from where you were logging in from to what browser you were using to what you had searched for before – to make guesses about who you were and what kinds of sites you'd like. Even if you were logged out, it would customise its results, showing you the pages it predicted you were most likely to click on.
  • With Google personalised for everyone, the query "stem cells" might produce diametrically opposed results for scientists who support stem-cell research and activists who oppose it.
  • on 4 December 2009 the era of personalisation began
  • What was once an anonymous medium where anyone could be anyone – where, in the words of the famous New Yorker cartoon, nobody knows you're a dog – is now a tool for soliciting and analysing our personal data.
  • "You're getting a free service, and the cost is information about you. And Google and Facebook translate that pretty directly into money."
  • Acxiom alone has accumulated an average of 1,500 pieces of data on each person on its database – which includes 96% of Americans – along with data about everything from their credit scores to whether they've bought medication for incontinence.
  •  
    il est temps de proposer une critique - francophone ! - de ce social web que l'on nous propose, et l'on alimente, et qui structure nos vies de plus en plus; indispensable littéracie au delà du search et de l'identité numérique; merci pour ce signet
Michel Roland-Guill

Is Google Making Us Smarter? - Internet - Search - Informationweek - 0 views

  • Carr's concern about the impact of the Internet on the way we think isn't misplaced. Small's research and other studies make it clear that the information explosion and the tools we employ to contain it affect cognition. But it will take time before it's clear whether we should mourn the old ways, celebrate the new, or learn to stop worrying and love the Net.
Michel Roland-Guill

Reading in a Whole New Way | 40th Anniversary | Smithsonian Magazine - 0 views

  • America was founded on the written word.
  • the Constitution, the Declaration of Independence and, indirectly, the Bible
  • Being able to read silently to yourself was considered an amazing talent. Writing was an even rarer skill. In 15th-century Europe only one in 20 adult males could write.
    • Michel Roland-Guill
       
      Vision technicisée et progressiste des pratiques de l'écriture, où il est assez naturel de retrouver relayé le mythe de la rareté de la lecture silencieuse dans l'Antiquité. Je crois avoir lu quelque part, et même en plusieurs endroits, que la connaissance et la pratique au moins rudimentaire de l'écriture était très répandue dans l'antiquité classique (grecque et romaine) au rebours de ce que soutient Kelly ici. Mais il s'appuie vraisemblablement sur des études sérieuses valant pour le 15e s. et dans sa vision linéaire d'un progrès fondé sur la succession des innovations techniques cela implique qu'on ne savait généralement pas écrire dans l'antiquité.Il n'est pas difficile de deviner combien une vision aussi simpliste, aussi simplement orientée de l'évolution des pratiques de la lettre est aujourd'hui, au moment où il nous faut évaluer une révolution nouvelle de ces pratiques est sinon nuisible au moins handicapante.
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  • But reading and writing, like all technologies, are dynamic.
  • the romance novel was invented in 1740
  • a people of the book.
    • Michel Roland-Guill
       
      Intéressant comme est ici condensé un imaginaire américain de la lettre. A remarquer que cet attachement au livre et à la chose écrite ne se double d'aucun intellectualisme, au contraire. La situation française est bien différentes et à plusieurs égards opposée. Au point qu'on peut se demander si la crise de la culture française ne s'explique pas, en partie et à ce niveau, par une contradiction entre ses éléments structurants et ceux de la culture américaine telle qu'elle est transmise par les médias de la culture populaire, cinéma et télévision au premier chef.
  • In time, the power of authors birthed the idea of authority and bred a culture of expertise. Perfection was achieved “by the book.”
  • By 1910 three-quarters of the towns in America with more than 2,500 residents had a public library.
  • Today some 4.5 billion digital screens illuminate our lives.
  • This new platform is very visual, and it is gradually merging words with moving images
    • Michel Roland-Guill
       
      Gros enjeu là, voir billet de F. Kaplan sur epub.
  • The amount of time people spend reading has almost tripled since 1980
  • But it is not book reading
  • It is screen reading
  • it seemed weird five centuries ago to see someone read silently
    • Michel Roland-Guill
       
      !!! (voir Gavrilov & Burnyeat)
  • dog-ear
  • Propaganda is less effective in a world of screens, because while misinformation travels fast, corrections do, too.
    • Michel Roland-Guill
       
      Angélisme. Cf. article à retrouver: endogamie des échanges sur les blogues et les forums
  • a reflex to do something
  • utilitarian thinking
  • We review a movie while we watch it,
  • Wikipedia
  • a contemplative mind
  • Screens provoke action instead of persuasion.
  • On networked screens everything is linked to everything else.
    • Michel Roland-Guill
       
      Ici le coeur de la contradiction chez Kelly: la révolution numérique est appréhendée depuis le paradigme américain pré-révolution numérique qui oppose autorité et individualisme. Or la RN redistribue ici (peut-être plus qu'ailleurs) les cartes en contestant, en même temps que le rôle de l'autorité, l'individualisme libéral dont les historiens de la lecture ont montré qu'il s'est construit, depuis Augustin mais particulièrement à la Renaissance par le commerce singulier avec le livre.
  • In books we find a revealed truth; on the screen we assemble our own truth from pieces
    • Michel Roland-Guill
       
      Tradition vs. Individualisme.
  • the degree to which it is linked to the rest of the world.
    • Michel Roland-Guill
       
      Page Rank
  • the inner nature of things
  • informational layer
    • Michel Roland-Guill
       
      Bande de Möbius.
    • Michel Roland-Guill
       
      contradiction apparente: the inner nature = informationnal layer. cf. Derrida.
  • to “read” everything, not just text
  • Not to see our face, but our status
  • lifelogging
  • memory
Michel Roland-Guill

Internet : pourquoi le net ne dispense aucune connaissance | Atlantico - 0 views

  • Connaître un objet ne consiste pas, en effet, à collectionner les informations relatives à cet objet.
  • la compétence est une composante indissociable de toute connaissance
  • la connaissance doit s’appuyer sur des institutions, des universités, des traditions, des principes…
Michel Roland-Guill

La bibliothèque, média du temps long - Bloc-notes de Jean-Michel Salaün - 0 views

  • On va aussi à la bibliothèque pour y retrouver dans le calme des documents que les autres médias détruisent ou noient dans le renouvellement insatiable de leur production ou on utilise les services d’un bibliothécaire ou d’un documentaliste pour retrouver les informations utiles perdues dans le chaos général.
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