The
Technology Integration Matrix (TIM) illustrates how teachers can use
technology to enhance learning for K-12 students. The TIM incorporates
five interdependent characteristics of meaningful learning environments:
active, constructive, goal directed (i.e., reflective), authentic,
and collaborative (Jonassen, Howland, Moore, & Marra, 2003).
The
TIM associates five levels of technology integration (i.e., entry,
adoption, adaptation, infusion, and transformation) with each of the
five characteristics of meaningful learning environments. Together,
the five levels of technology integration and the five characteristics
of meaningful learning environments create a matrix of 25 cells as
illustrated below.