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Tarmo Toikkanen

How Rewards Can Backfire and Reduce Motivation | PsyBlog - 3 views

  • As you can see the expected reward had decreased the amount of spontaneous interest the children took in drawing (and there was no statistically significant difference between the no reward and surprise reward group). So, those who had previously liked drawing were less motivated once they expected to be rewarded for the activity. In fact the expected reward reduced the amount of spontaneous drawing the children did by half. Not only this, but judges rated the pictures drawn by the children expecting a reward as less aesthetically pleasing.
  • Rewards reduce intrinsic motivation
  • In one study smokers who were rewarded for their efforts to quit did better at first but after three months fared worse than those given no rewards and no feedback (Curry et al., 1990). Indeed those given rewards even lied more about the amount they were smoking.
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  • tangible rewards tend to have a substantially negative effect on intrinsic motivation (...) Even when tangible rewards are offered as indicators of good performance, they typically decrease intrinsic motivation for interesting activities.
  • Rewards have even been found to make people less creative and worse at problem-solving.
  • When we do something for its own sake, because we enjoy it or because it fills some deep-seated desire, we are intrinsically motivated. On the other hand when we do something because we receive some reward, like a certificate or money, this is extrinsic motivation.
  • This is why play can become work when we get paid. The person who previously enjoyed painting pictures, weaving baskets, playing the cello or even writing blog posts, suddenly finds the task tedious once money has become involved.
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    Miten palkkio vaikuttaa motivaation? Sisäiseen motivaation se vaikuttaa tässä blogissa mainittujen tutkimusten mukaan negatiivisesti.
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    Joo, nykyinen motivaatiotutkimus on ihan mielenkiintoista. Vaikka sisäisen ja ulkoisen motivaation jako on jo vähän vanhahtava, on se edelleen hyvä ajattelun väline. Modernimpi tulkinta olisi varmaankin, että sen sijaan, että jännite muodostuisi toimijan ja tehtävän välille, se muodostuu toimijan ja palkkion välille.
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    "Yet psychologists have long known that rewards are overrated. The carrot, of carrot-and-stick fame, is not as effective as we've been led to believe. Rewards work under some circumstances but sometimes they backfire. Spectacularly."
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    Jos tuota sisäistä motivaatiota vertaa Mihály Csíkszentmihályin Flow-ilmiöön, ollaan lähellä samoja asioita. Flow-tilassa ulkoisille palkkioille ei ole tarvetta. Se on mielestäni myös optimaalinen tila oppimista ajatellen. Sosiaalisen median välineet saattavat olla muuten aika hyviä tähän tilaan pääsemiseen. Itseopiskelu voi muuttua lähes addiktiota aiheuttavaksi sen avulla.
Eija Kalliala

TVT Oppimisen tukena - 1 views

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    Jari Larun diapakka: Some ja tvt oppimisen tukena. Yhteistyö netissä. Opettaja- ja opiskelijalähtöinen opetus? Lainsäädäntö, palveluiden käyttöehdot ja tekijänoikeudet.
Eija Kalliala

Oph - teknologia ja kielet - 4 views

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    Timo Ilomäki: Some lukion kieltenopetuksessa. Diapakka, jossa paljon hyviä linkkejä. Lopussa myös iPadeista opetuksessa. 
Eija Kalliala

Tietotekniikka tulee hitaasti kouluihin | Tv | Areena | yle.fi - 1 views

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    Mitä pienet edellä... Some, täppärit ja robotti-ohjelmointi valtaa kouluja.
Eija Kalliala

Some-koordinaattori: "Ihmisten moraali putoaa Facebook-päivityksissä" | Yle U... - 2 views

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    Ville Venäläisen haastattelu somesta Ylessä 7/2013.
Tarmo Toikkanen

CurriQ - 1 views

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    Share your expertise as a course composed of some steps. Then people will learn your course step by step. Anything can be a course. (e.g., curriculum, syllabus, reference, tutorial, manual and walk-through)
Eero Nukari

PBL pilvessä - 0 views

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    PBL:n käyttö verkkokurssilla, joka toteutettu some-työkaluilla.
Tarmo Toikkanen

Pari strategiaa ja ohjeistusta « LEHMÄTKIN LENTÄIS - 3 views

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    Harto esittelee kahden organisaation some-strategiat. Toisesta löytyy määräilevä asenne, toisessa taas on ymmärretty somen luonne.
Tarmo Toikkanen

50 Useful Google Apps for Writers - Learn-gasm - 0 views

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    50 google-työkalua kirjoittajille.
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    Writers, especially those who work from home or who juggle busy schedules around multiple assignments, have a lot to manage-note pads, sticky notes, brainstorming lists, correspondence with clients and editors, and even personal documents and materials that take up a lot of space and time. With its new applications and tools, Google continues to make it easier to manage all that. Below are some of our top picks for the most useful Google apps for writers.
Tarmo Toikkanen

Teach Web 2.0: The Networked Student Revision B - 0 views

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    Diagram of the networked student, including contacts, feeds, activities and some services.
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    Tällainen on verkostoitunut opiskelija.
Tero Toivanen

Green Sea Slug Is Part Animal, Part Plant | Wired Science | Wired.com - 1 views

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    Shaped like a leaf itself, the slug Elysia chlorotica already has a reputation for kidnapping the photosynthesizing organelles and some genes from algae. Now it turns out that the slug has acquired enough stolen goods to make an entire plant chemical-making pathway work inside an animal body, says Sidney K. Pierce of the University of South Florida in Tampa.
Tarmo Toikkanen

How I Became (Mostly) Google-free in About a Day | Zen Habits - 1 views

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    Alternatives to Google's services, and how well they match what Google provides. Apparently migration is some work, but after that use is quite painless.
Tarmo Toikkanen

Free Technology for Teachers: Ning Ends Free Networks - Try These Alternatives - 1 views

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    Here are some alternatives to Ning that you can use to organize your own social network.
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    Vaihtoehtoja Ningille. Lue myös kommentit, joissa on mainittu lisää vaihtoehtoja.
Tero Toivanen

Studio Classroom: Designing Collaborative Learning Spaces -- Campus Technology - 2 views

  • In contrast to the traditional lecture-oriented room, this increasingly popular kind of space, known as a "studio classroom," emphasizes group learning and collaboration.
  • These new kinds of spaces will not and should not replace all traditional classrooms, as both configurations are necessary to meet the wide range of learning activities.
  • They have multiple electronic display surfaces oriented on different walls. Some are large projected images, using dedicated ceiling mounted projectors. The images projected onto these screens are used to engage larger groups of students or the entire class.
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  • A good portion of the perimeter walls are made up of writing surfaces.
  • In some cases, the furniture is lightweight, movable, and reconfigurable to accommodate workgroups of various sizes.
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    Sosiaalisen median myötä ei muutu vain opetus, vaan koko oppimisympäristö. Tässä hahmotelmaa tulevaisuuden luokkahuoneesta.
Tarmo Toikkanen

Tips for Using Wikis for Teaching and Learning: Implications of How this Web 2.0 Tool i... - 0 views

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    Hyviä käytännössä opittuja ohjeita wikien hyödyntämiseen opetuksessa ja oppimisessa.
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    Some profound guidance in using wikis for teaching.
Tarmo Toikkanen

The Ed Techie: Using learning environments as a metaphor for educational change - 0 views

  • In examining the current physical space Wesch (2008) asked students what a lecture hall ‘said’ about learning, in essence what were the affordances (Gibson 1979; Norman 1988) of the standard learning environment. They listed the following: To learn is to acquire information Information is scare and hard to find Trust authority for good information Authorized information is beyond discussion Obey the authority Follow along
  • These are obviously at odds with what most educators regard as key components in learning, such as dialogue, reflection, critical analysis, etc. They are also at distinct odds with the type of experience students have in the online world they inhabit regularly, particularly the social network, read/write web. These environments are characterised by User-generated content Power of the crowd Data on an epic scale Architecture of participation Network effects Openness
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  • When it was necessary for education to be performed face to face, a number of services were bundled together. When it becomes digital and online, this may no longer be the case, as we have seen in most content industries, such as music and newspapers (education has some similarities with content and also some significant differences). The first round of learning tools replicated the centralised model, but as the tools have become easier to use, and the methods for integrating them simpler, so this centralised approach seems less applicable. Clay Shirky (2008) argues that the ‘cost’ of organising people has collapsed, which makes informal groupings more likely to occur and often more successful:"By making it easier for groups to self-assemble and for individuals to contribute to group effort without requiring formal management, these tools have radically altered the old limits on the size, sophistication, and scope of unsupervised effort"Part of the function of universities is to provide this organisation, for example by grouping individuals together to form a student cohort who are interested in the same subject. But as this grouping becomes easier to do online, it becomes less of a valued function of the university - ie you don’t need to go to a university to find like minded people. Education then faces the same challenges regarding the cost of organisation that, say, the Encyclopedia Brittanica faced from wikipedia. Returning to the theme of this paper, Shirky’s argument can also be applied to technology, namely that the ‘cost’ of integrating technology has drastically reduced, meaning it is now feasible for individuals to do this, thus alleviating the need for centrally provided pre-integrated solutions. For example, we could reword the above quote to read:By making it easier for tools to (self) assemble and for applications to contribute to the environment without requiring integration, these approaches have radically altered the old limits on the size, sophistication, and scope of any individual to create their own environmentProjects such as SocialLearn, illustrate that the conceptualisation of a learning environment goes beyond technical, or even pedagogical considerations. In a digital society it comes to represent the institutional response to changes in the nature of knowledge creation, sharing, and participation, in short to the nature of education itself. Shirky argues that ‘when we change the way we communicate, we change society’, and the new socially based technologies we have today are doing this in fundamental ways. It is only by exploring their potential that universities can remain relevant to the society they are helping to shape.
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    The central theme of this article is that the online learning environment can be seen as the means by which higher education can explores the challenges and opportunities raised by online and digital society.
Tarmo Toikkanen

Digital Writing, Digital Teaching - Integrating New Literacies into the Teach... - 1 views

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    "Dan Priest suggested that his explorations of the internet and some of the tools available continue to inspire the ways in which he teaches with technology. Using his Wii remote/homemade Smartboard, he argues that "Students are more receptive to graphically designed instruction today than what is considered practical""
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    Liittyen viime aikojen esitystekniikan, visualisoinnin ja graafisten diojen käyttöön tässä opettajan vinkkejä palveluihin, joilla voi kehittää oman opetuksen visuaalisuutta.
Eija Kalliala

Muisteluita: Kuinka tulit liittyneeksi Sometuun ja mitäs sitten kävikään? - S... - 1 views

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    Sometun NIng-ympäristössä sometulaisten muisteluita, videoita, kuvia ja linkkejä viiden vuoden ajalta. Sometu täyttää 5 vuotta 16.11.12.
Eija Kalliala

Sometek - oppiminen ja työ 2.0 | Oppimisen tulevaisuus: MOOC, Flipped Classro... - 1 views

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    Ilkka Olander: aktiivisia oppijoita MOOCilla ja käänteisellä opetuksella.
Eija Kalliala

The Global One-Room Schoolhouse: John Seely Brown (Highlights from his "Entrepreneurial... - 1 views

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    Miten oppiminen ja pedagogiikka on muuttunut? Miten konteksti ja pelaaminen tai leikkiminen auttaa oppimaan ja hallitsemaan somen viestintä- ja tietopalettia?
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