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Tero Toivanen

WikiEducator's Wayne Mackintosh: Open Education and Policy - Creative Commons - 0 views

  • The act of teaching is fundamentally about sharing knowledge. OER embodies the purpose of teaching and is today’s most compelling manifestation of the core values of education in a digital world, that is, to share knowledge freely.
    • Tero Toivanen
      Opettaminen on tiedon jakamista. Siksi avoimet oppimisen resurssit edustavat opettamisen puhtainta arvomaailmaa digitaalisessa maailmassa.
  • WikiEducator is a flagship project of the OER Foundation
    • Tero Toivanen
      WikiEducator on avoimien oppimisen resurssien liikkeen lippulaivaprojekti.
  • Cape Town Open Education Declaration
    • Tero Toivanen
      Allekirjoitin jo tämän julistuksen.
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  • Creative Commons is the air that the OER movement breathes.
    • Tero Toivanen
      Creative Commons:in merkitys avoimien oppimisen resurssien liikkeelle.
  • Creative Commons could, for instance, leverage its networks to establish a global network of pro bono legal counseling services, or develop an array of draft intellectual property policies published as OER that can be reused and remixed by education institutions around the world. In this way, all projects benefit from the core expertise and tacit knowledge of our respective organisations.
    • Tero Toivanen
      Mitä CC voisi tehdä tulevaisuudessa OER:ia tukeakseen.
  • In responding to these needs, the OER Foundation has launched the CollabOERate project. CollabOERate is the OER equivalent of research and development (R & D) for new “product” design in open content and open education. CollabOERate is an “OER remix” of industry’s “co-opetition” model where individual OER projects agree to collaborate on areas that allow them to “compete” better for their own sustainability and attainment of their own strategic objectives.
    • Tero Toivanen
      Mikä on CollabOERate -projekti.
  • The uncharted territory, and arguably the biggest point of difference for OER lies in the remix.
  • At the OER Foundation we subscribe to free cultural works licensing.
  • . At the OER Foundation we believe in radical transparency and all our planning documents, projects and funding proposals are developed openly in WikiEducator, using Creative Commons licences.
  • WikiEducator believes learning materials should be free (read “libre”) for all students of the world.
    • Tero Toivanen
      Oppimateriaalien pitäisi olla ilmaisia kaikille maailman opiskelijoille!
  • By free digital resources, we mean educational materials which meet the requirements of the free cultural works definition that I mentioned before. That is, the freedom to reuse, revise, remix and redistribute education materials without restriction. This includes the freedom to use free software, and the freedom to earn a living. Consequently, we do not consider OER using the Non Commercial (NC) or No Derivatives (ND) restrictions to be free in all material aspects.
  • Sadly, in education circles the non-commercial restriction is widely used.
  • We believe that the restriction of commercial activity around OER is a material restriction of the freedom to earn a living, especially when the ShareAlike provision, if used in conjunction with free file formats, is sufficiently adequate to protect the future freedoms of digital materials against commercial exploitation.
  • Most national education systems are predominantly funded through taxpayer dollars. Why should taxpayers have to pay “twice” for education materials?
    • Tero Toivanen
      Miksi oppimateriaaleista pitää maksaa kahdesti?
  • Capability and community development using WikiEducator’s Learning4Content training model.
  • In Sub-Saharan Africa, 76% of the children of the school-going age for the last 3-years of the K-12 system will NOT have the privilege of attending school. The conventional education system that has evolved in the industrial world is unaffordable to the majority of our planet. Consider for example, that in many African countries, the cost of sending a child to secondary school is typically more than 20% of the per capita income.
  • “Access to learning and acquisition of knowledge should be freely available to all humanity. Any and every effort to realise this vision must be welcomed and enthusiastically supported by all.”
    • Tero Toivanen
      Tämän eteen kannattaa tehdä töitä!
  • We can make a difference in widening access to learning. While the skeptics and educational purists may argue that such systems may not meet the “quality” requirements of teaching provision compared with traditional face-to-face provision, these approaches have got to be better than no education at all. Our industrialised nations can help if they release materials as OER.
  • To paraphrase Mahatma Gandhi: “We can be the change we want to see in the OER world!” This is what we are doing and I hope that your readers can help us.
  • Many education institutions perceive that the sharing of education materials will potentially erode their student base, or even worse, their “competitive advantage.”
  • Any researcher worth their salt knows that a thorough literature review of existing knowledge is the natural starting point in resolving a research question.
  • “to have reached the stage where we are technically able to share knowledge and enhance education right across the world is a wonderful thing.”
  • OER is not a binary question of whether or not it is going to happen, it’s simply a question of how long it will take to have free digital resources in support of all national curricula in the world.
  • We only need a small minority of contributors to achieve the goal where learning materials will be free for all students of the world.
  • Good teaching is good teaching, irrespective of whether we are using open or closed resources.
Tarmo Toikkanen

The Finnish Education System Rocks! Why? - 1 views

  • Finland don't rank students or schools, and they don't emphasize on standardized nationwide examinations that drive students, teachers and parents nuts.
  • Here are five reasons, why Finish people have been, and are successful: Quality education with equal opportunity High level of investments in R&D for technology development Good regulatory framework and efficient public service Open economy: competition has to prevail Social model: social market economy, welfare society
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  • Besides free and universal high-level education from comprehensive school to university (6% of GDP directed to public education), Finland stresses also equal opportunity for all, irrespective of domicile, sex, economic situation or mother tongue. Teachers are required to be trained in dealing with low-achieving students, as well as students with disabilities and learning difficulties.
  • The fact that education is free, including travel expenses, welfare services, accommodation, books and other school material, means that students can focus more of their time on learning, rather than all the other distractions that might come with it.
  • Interestingly, a teacher must have a master's degree to teach in Finland, and also have a lifelong learning program mapped out for them. They emphasize a lot on lifelong learning, and it is kind of embedded into the their learning culture.
  • In short, Singapore and Finland have become world renowned for their education systems, but interestingly they have achieved their success using quite different approaches (to say it mildly!).
  • I personally believe (based on my shallow understanding) the Finnish education system has managed to infuse discipline, hard work, and competitiveness, but at the same time also infuse the right balance to nurture critical skills required for the 21 century, which include communication, collaboration, creativity (innovativeness), critical thinking, problem solving, digital literacy, flexibility, adaptability, global care/awareness, and emotional intelligence.
  • In addition, the Finnish education system is rather decentralized and schools are given a degree of freedom (independence) to develop their own curriculum. The problem with having a centralized system and curriculum, is that if you get it wrong, the whole country will suffer. Also, with a top-down model, it is difficult to quickly innovate and spark changes to the curriculum that is needed to deal with the increasingly disruptive learning world that we are experiencing today. However, in a decentralized system, schools can easily change and adapt as they learn, and also they have more freedom to explore and try out new things, without needing to worry about ranking of this and that.
  • Finally, Finland emphasizes big time on research and development (around 4% of GDP), and have interlinked companies with the Universities to collaborate on new innovations. Whatever they do, their approach is very scientific, which of course includes how they are continuously improving their education systems.
  • Focus less on exams, and more on learning.
  • Focus more on teacher education, and less on centralized content/curriculum.
  • Focus less on investing on flowers and big buildings, and more on equipping educators and students with the learning tools needed to transform the way they learn.
    Analysis on why the Finnish education system gives good results.
    ZaidLearnin kirjoittaja pääsi kuuntelemaan Suomi-Malesia-konferenssiin opetuskulttuurien eroista. Tässä hän analysoi USAn näkökulmasta, mikä suomalaisessa koulutusjärjestelmässä häntä inspiroi.
Tarmo Toikkanen

What is the Future of Teaching? - 0 views

  • According to the New York Times Bits blog, a recent study funded by the US Department of Education (PDF) found that on the whole, online learning environments actually led to higher tested performance than face-to-face learning environments.
  • “In many of the studies showing an advantage for online learning, the online and classroom conditions differed in terms of time spent, curriculum and pedagogy. It was the combination of elements in the treatment conditions (which was likely to have included additional learning time and materials as well as additional opportunities for collaboration) that produced the observed learning advantages,” writes the authors of the report (emphasis theirs). “At the same time, one should note that online learning is much more conducive to the expansion of learning time than is face-to-face instruction.”
  • We can conclude that those in online learning environments tested better, but not necessarily why.
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  • Researchers warned that “various online learning implementation practices may have differing effectiveness for K–12 learners than they do for older students,” which seems plausible.
  • The word education, after all, comes from the Latin educare, which means, “to lead out.” I.e., think Socrates. Anyone can absorb information from a book or video, but good teachers will always be necessary to draw out that knowledge and help students develop the skills needed to think critically about the information they consume. In other words, online learning tools are just like any other tools in a teacher’s bag of tricks: what matters is how they’re applied. The instruction of good teachers will be made better by the proper application of web tools, while bad teachers won’t necessarily be made better by utilizing online education methods.
  • It comes down to knowing how to best use the tools at your disposal to maximize the impact of education for students, which has always been what separates good teachers from bad ones. The major difference between teachers of today and teachers of the future is that in the future educators will have better online tools and will require better specialized training to learn how to utilize them properly.
    • Tarmo Toikkanen
      Exactly. The tools are not the point, it's the learning results that matter. And they stem from the learning activities, which in turn are supported by the tools that are employed.
  • Teachers will certainly need to adapt in order to use new tools and methods, but that’s nothing new. Online education may never completely replace face-to-face learning, though as the Department of Education study shows, with enough time and under the guidance of a good teacher, online learning environments can produce results that are just as good or better than classroom learning. Online learning is likely to be used more often to enhance face-to-face learning in the future, however, and in communities where classroom learning is infeasible due to lack of funds, online learning is an adequate stand-in.
    Hyvin tiivistettyä ajatusta opetuksen tulevaisuudesta.
    Good analysis on the impact of new tools, and the need for great teachers.
Tarmo Toikkanen

The Ed Techie: Using learning environments as a metaphor for educational change - 0 views

  • In examining the current physical space Wesch (2008) asked students what a lecture hall ‘said’ about learning, in essence what were the affordances (Gibson 1979; Norman 1988) of the standard learning environment. They listed the following: To learn is to acquire information Information is scare and hard to find Trust authority for good information Authorized information is beyond discussion Obey the authority Follow along
  • These are obviously at odds with what most educators regard as key components in learning, such as dialogue, reflection, critical analysis, etc. They are also at distinct odds with the type of experience students have in the online world they inhabit regularly, particularly the social network, read/write web. These environments are characterised by User-generated content Power of the crowd Data on an epic scale Architecture of participation Network effects Openness
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  • When it was necessary for education to be performed face to face, a number of services were bundled together. When it becomes digital and online, this may no longer be the case, as we have seen in most content industries, such as music and newspapers (education has some similarities with content and also some significant differences). The first round of learning tools replicated the centralised model, but as the tools have become easier to use, and the methods for integrating them simpler, so this centralised approach seems less applicable. Clay Shirky (2008) argues that the ‘cost’ of organising people has collapsed, which makes informal groupings more likely to occur and often more successful:"By making it easier for groups to self-assemble and for individuals to contribute to group effort without requiring formal management, these tools have radically altered the old limits on the size, sophistication, and scope of unsupervised effort"Part of the function of universities is to provide this organisation, for example by grouping individuals together to form a student cohort who are interested in the same subject. But as this grouping becomes easier to do online, it becomes less of a valued function of the university - ie you don’t need to go to a university to find like minded people. Education then faces the same challenges regarding the cost of organisation that, say, the Encyclopedia Brittanica faced from wikipedia. Returning to the theme of this paper, Shirky’s argument can also be applied to technology, namely that the ‘cost’ of integrating technology has drastically reduced, meaning it is now feasible for individuals to do this, thus alleviating the need for centrally provided pre-integrated solutions. For example, we could reword the above quote to read:By making it easier for tools to (self) assemble and for applications to contribute to the environment without requiring integration, these approaches have radically altered the old limits on the size, sophistication, and scope of any individual to create their own environmentProjects such as SocialLearn, illustrate that the conceptualisation of a learning environment goes beyond technical, or even pedagogical considerations. In a digital society it comes to represent the institutional response to changes in the nature of knowledge creation, sharing, and participation, in short to the nature of education itself. Shirky argues that ‘when we change the way we communicate, we change society’, and the new socially based technologies we have today are doing this in fundamental ways. It is only by exploring their potential that universities can remain relevant to the society they are helping to shape.
    The central theme of this article is that the online learning environment can be seen as the means by which higher education can explores the challenges and opportunities raised by online and digital society.
Tero Toivanen

Eurocall CMC & Teacher Education SIGs Annual Workshop - Home - 0 views

  • Open Educational Resources (OER) are defined as “materials used to support education that may be freely accessed, reused, modified and shared by anyone” (Downes, 2011). Open Educational Practices (OEP) are practices which “support the production, use and reuse of high quality OER through institutional policies, which promote innovative pedagogical models, and respect and empower learners as co-producers on their lifelong learning path.” (ICDE, 2011). Open Communication is reciprocal and respectful exchange which contributes to social presence in online learning (Gunawardena & Zittle, 1997), and the development of intercultural awareness and competence in language learning.
    • Tero Toivanen
      Avoimien resurssien, avoimien käytäntöjen ja avoimen kommunikaation määritelmät.
  • “A culture of sharing resources and practices will help facilitate change and innovation in education” (OER Commons, 2011).
  • Open access initiatives to make research publications freely available online or the adoption of open source software solutions, such as Moodle or Mahara, are already having a big impact on education.
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  • This two-day conference focuses on the impact of adopting openness as a key principle in education.
Tero Toivanen

Weblogg-ed » What's Changed? (2009 Version) - 0 views

  • I’m in the midst of a great book by Allan Collins and Richard Halverson titled Rethinking Education in the Age of Technology, and they spend about 20 pages writing about why the system is so resistant to change. The bottom line, they say, is that “teaching is an inevitably conservative practice.” When embedded in institutions that protect instruction from systemic change, a conservative practice is reinforced by a conserving institution. It is difficult for teachers to implement substantially changed programs when they already have dedicated years adapting to what the traditional system of school offers (36).
    Miksi koulun muutos uudenlaiseen kulttuuriin on niin vaikeaa? Tässä blogi-kirjoituksessa vastataan viitaten kirjaan: I'm in the midst of a great book by Allan Collins and Richard Halverson titled Rethinking Education in the Age of Technology, and they spend about 20 pages writing about why the system is so resistant to change. The bottom line, they say, is that "teaching is an inevitably conservative practice."
Tero Toivanen

2011.11 OERu Meeting summary - WikiEducator - 0 views

  • In thinking about the next evolution of open learning, TRU Open Learning has conceptualized a new model for open education. In keeping with our outcomes based philosophy of higher education we can envision a truly open model for higher education. Judith Murray refers to this new model as "Open Education 2.0". The conceptual framework for "Open Education 2.0" requires us to think not only in terms of the "Traditional Model", but in addition to envision a parallel model where we can have Any learner, using Any material, and being supported (taught, instructed, facilitated, mentored, tutored) by Anyone, to achieve learning which is then subjected to Our assessment, in order to receive Our credit, which can be applied towards Our credential.
    • Tero Toivanen
      OER-yliopiston myötä syntymässä uusi käsitteellinen viitekehys oppimiselle: "Open Education 2.0"
Tarmo Toikkanen

Education | Diigo - 2 views

  • You can create student accounts for an entire class with just a few clicks (and student email addresses are optional for account creation) Students of the same class are automatically set up as a Diigo group so they can start using all the benefits that a Diigo group provides, such as group bookmarks and annotations, and group forums. Privacy settings of student accounts are pre-set so that only teachers and classmates can communicate with them. Ads presented to student account users are limited to education-related sponsors.
    These are special premium accounts provided specifically to K-12 & higher-ed educators.
    Diigo tarjoaa opettajille ilmaisia erityistilejä. Ominaisuuksiin kuuluu mm. oppilaiden kutsuminen palveluun ja suojatut ryhmät luokille.
Tero Toivanen

Times Higher Education - From where I sit - Everyone wins in this free-for-all - 2 views

    The term open educational resources (OER) encapsulates the simple but powerful idea that the world's knowledge is a public good. The internet offers unprecedented opportunities to share, use and reuse knowledge. Sadly, most of the planet is underserved when it comes to post-secondary education.
Tarmo Toikkanen

[Sm]all things considered by r.vuorikari: Impact of ICT use on educational performance - 0 views

  • Note, in-school use did not yield any significant impact :/ More interestingly, out-of-school use of ICT for learning purposes had a positive correlation (r=0.520, p= 0.00) with cognitive domain of educational performance, which shows good news for informal context of learning.
    Informal learning's value confirmed: out-of-school ICT use is connected to cognitive educational performance, while in-school ICT use is not.
Tero Toivanen

Education Futures - Curriki: Open source education materials - 0 views

    Curriki, an online community of over 100,000 educators, learners and experts collectively developing curriculum resources freely available to anyone who wants them, seems to be meeting the challenge.
Tero Toivanen

TEDxCapeTownED - Associate Professor Laura Czerniewicz - SA Needs Open Education - YouTube - 0 views

    Great TED-talk about open education and open access to research materials.
Tarmo Toikkanen

50 Open Source Tools That Replace Popular Education Apps - - 4 views

    50 open source tools listed along with the commercial applications they replace in educational settings.
    50 avoimen lähdekoodin ohjelmistoa opetuskäyttöön.
Tarmo Toikkanen

Education and Social Media - Social Media Optimization - 0 views

  • Look at how similar some of the new rules for social media optimization is with the new world of education: Help your content travel Encourage the mashup Reward helpful and valuable users Participate Know how to target your audience Create content
    David Wilson notices how similar social media and education are becoming.
Tero Toivanen

Open isn't so open anymore « Connectivism - 1 views

  • We need some good ol’ radicals in open education. You know, the types that have a vision and an ideological orientation that defies the pragmatics of reality. Stubborn, irritating, aggravating visionaries.
  • People are trying to make a living off of being open – i.e. openness as a utility to advance a career, gain recognition from peers, or make money.
  • Ideological purity in open education had a very short existence. Instead of building a future foundation, we see instead a foundation to serve for career advancement.
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  • Let me start by stating that “open” is a term that is now essentially meaningless. Apparently Twitter is open. So is Blackboard. And Facebook.
  • Richard Stallman has been somewhat replaced by, or even written out of, the open source movement. Stallman was (and still is) an uncompromising radical. Or at least that is how the well established proprietary software field sees him. The open source movement developed in response to what others perceived as Stallman’s unpalatable views for mainstreaming openness.
  • (If you’re interested, I explored this in a bit more detail in Free and Open Source Movements, part 1 and part 2 (somewhat related: Why we should share learning resources).)
  • But we first need a Stallman in open education before we can even begin to marginalize him. We need an idealist that sets the stage for thinking and debate around openness.
  • By not criticizing gradient views of openness, by failing to establish a solid foundation on which to discuss openness, we are providing an ideology for our generation, not one that serves as a future-focused movement. Openness is a hard topic to discuss ideologically because it’s important. Yes, pragmatics are easier. But pragmatics have a short life span.
  • Openness is an ideology along the lines of democracy. It is worthy of theoretical discussion. And various modes of implementation should be subject to debate and criticism.
  • Just like the “green movement”. I’m sick of commercials with new cars driving through lush forests, suggesting that if only I buy their vehicle the world will be greener. Green is treated as a utility to sell vehicles. For many companies in the educational field, open is the new green: use it to sell your product.
    Onko avoimuus vaarassa tai muuttumassa?
Tero Toivanen

Education Futures - The Bank of Common Knowledge: A mutual education network - 0 views

    Mahtava idea: Yhteisen Tiedon Pankki.
Tero Toivanen

Education Futures - 2009: The year of educating in Society 3.0 - 0 views

    The Society 3.0 series proved to be very popular, accounting for the majority of visits. In this blog post are the top five articles of 2009.
Tero Toivanen

Main Page - WikiEducator - 0 views

    The WikiEducator is an evolving community intended for the collaborative:planning of education projects linked with the development of free content;development of free content on Wikieducator for e-learning;work on building open education resources (OERs) on how to create OERs.networking on funding proposals developed as free content.
Tero Toivanen

Keep Ning Free for Nonprofit and Educational Use | Education | - 0 views

    Vetoomus Ning:in pitämiseksi maksuttomana palveluna. Allekirjoitin vetoomuksen.
Tarmo Toikkanen

Voicethread 4 Education » home - 1 views

    Voicethread-palvelun opetuskäytön ideointia ja pohdintaa wikissä.
    Wiki for contemplating educational uses for Voicethread
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