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Matti Narkia

The Vitamin D-Antimicrobial Peptide Pathway and Its Role in Protection Against Infectio... - 0 views

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    The vitamin D-antimicrobial peptide pathway and its role in protection against infection.
    Gombart AF.
    Future Microbiol. 2009 Nov;4:1151-65.
    PMID: 19895218

    Vitamin D deficiency has been correlated with increased rates of infection. Since the early 19th century, both environmental (i.e., sunlight) and dietary sources (cod liver) of vitamin D have been identified as treatments for TB. The recent discovery that vitamin D induces antimicrobial peptide gene expression explains, in part, the 'antibiotic' effect of vitamin D and has greatly renewed interest in the ability of vitamin D to improve immune function. Subsequent work indicates that this regulation is biologically important for the response of the innate immune system to wounds and infection and that deficiency may lead to suboptimal responses toward bacterial and viral infections. The regulation of the cathelicidin antimicrobial peptide gene is a human/primate-specific adaptation and is not conserved in other mammals. The capacity of the vitamin D receptor to act as a high-affinity receptor for vitamin D and a low-affinity receptor for secondary bile acids and potentially other novel nutritional compounds suggests that the evolutionary selection to place the cathelicidin gene under control of the vitamin D receptor allows for its regulation under both endocrine and xenobiotic response systems. Future studies in both humans and humanized mouse models will elucidate the importance of this regulation and lead to the development of potential therapeutic applications
Matti Narkia

PaNu - PāNu Blog - H1N1, Vitamin D3 and Innate Immunity - 0 views

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    "I recently received an email from the Vitamin D Council regarding recent evidence that having adequate serum Vitamin D levels could be very important to avoiding illness from the H1N1 (swine) flu that is making the rounds. That will seem intuitive to those of you who read my earlier post about D, but it's good to see some real evidence. Some of you may have seen this information already on other blogs, including Richard's, but I have some new information and some comments to add."
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D and Its Role in Cancer and Immunity: A Prescription for Sunlight -- Mullin an... - 0 views

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    Vitamin d and its role in cancer and immunity: a prescription for sunlight.
    Mullin GE, Dobs A.
    Nutr Clin Pract. 2007 Jun;22(3):305-22. Review.
    PMID: 17507731
    DOI: 10.1177/0115426507022003305
Matti Narkia

Reversing bacteria-induced vitamin D receptor dysfunction is key to autoimmune disease.... - 0 views

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    Reversing bacteria-induced vitamin D receptor dysfunction is key to autoimmune disease.
    Waterhouse JC, Perez TH, Albert PJ.
    Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009 Sep;1173:757-65.
    PMID: 19758226
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D A Key Player In Overall Health Of Several Body Organs, Says Biochemist - 0 views

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    Vitamin D A Key Player In Overall Health Of Several Body Organs, Says Biochemist

    In a paper published in the August issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Norman identifies vitamin D's potential for contributions to good health in the adaptive and innate immune systems, the secretion and regulation of insulin by the pancreas, the heart and blood pressure regulation, muscle strength and brain activity. In addition, access to adequate amounts of vitamin D is believed to be beneficial towards reducing the risk of cancer.

    Norman also lists 36 organ tissues in the body whose cells respond biologically to vitamin D. The list includes bone marrow, breast, colon, intestine, kidney, lung, prostate, retina, skin, stomach and the uterus.
Matti Narkia

JNNP -- eLetters for Soilu-Hänninen et al., 79 (2) 152-157 - 0 views

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    Vitamin D may suppress infections which lead to development of Multiple Sclerosis
    Steven R Brenner, None (16 August 2007)
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2008

    I read the article with reference to the inverse relationship between multiple sclerosis clinical activity and deficiency of vitamin D by Soilu-Hannienen (1) with interest, and was considering what mechanism could be in play to cause such a relationship.

    25-hydroxylated metabolites of vitamin D act as intracellular regulators of the synthesis and action of defensin (2) molecules against bacterial antigens, defensin being an endogenously synthesized antimicrobial substance (2).

    Human cathelicidin antimicrobial peptide gene is a target of vitamin D receptor and is strongly up-regulated by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, indicating vitamin D receptor and the 1,25-dihydroxyvitaminD3 regulate primate innate immunity (3)
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D and the vitamin D receptor are critical for control of the innate immune resp... - 0 views

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    Conclusion

    The data point to a critical role for the VDR and 1,25(OH)2D3 in control of innate immunity and the response of the colon to chemical injury.

    Vitamin D and the vitamin D receptor are critical for control of the innate immune response to colonic injury.
    Froicu M, Cantorna MT.
    BMC Immunol. 2007 Mar 30;8:5.
    PMID: 17397543
    doi:10.1186/1471-2172-8-5
Matti Narkia

Exapation of an ancient Alu short interspersed element provides a highly conserved vita... - 0 views

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    Conclusion

    We demonstrated that the VDRE in the CAMP gene originated from the exaptation of an AluSx SINE in the lineage leading to humans, apes, OWMs and NWMs and remained under purifying selection for the last 55-60 million years. We present convincing evidence of an evolutionarily fixed, Alu-mediated divergence in steroid hormone nuclear receptor gene regulation between humans/primates and other mammals. Evolutionary selection to place the primate CAMP gene under regulation of the vitamin D pathway potentiates the innate immune response and may counter the anti-inflammatory properties of vitamin D.

    Exaptation of an ancient Alu short interspersed element provides a highly conserved vitamin D-mediated innate immune response in humans and primates.
    Gombart AF, Saito T, Koeffler HP.
    BMC Genomics. 2009 Jul 16;10:321.
    PMID: 19607716
    doi:10.1186/1471-2164-10-321
Matti Narkia

Key feature of immune system survived in humans, other primates for 60 million years - 0 views

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    A new study has concluded that one key part of the immune system, the ability of vitamin D to regulate anti-bactericidal proteins, is so important that is has been conserved through almost 60 million years of evolution and is shared only by primates, including humans - but no other known animal species.
Matti Narkia

Association Between Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Level and Upper Respiratory Tract Infecti... - 0 views

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    Association Between Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Level and Upper Respiratory Tract Infection. \nAdit A. Ginde, MD, MPH; Jonathan M. Mansbach, MD; Carlos A. Camargo Jr, MD, DrPH . \nArch Intern Med. 2009;169(4):384-390\n
Matti Narkia

Plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels in young children undergoing placement of tympanostom... - 0 views

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    Plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels in young children undergoing placement of tympanostomy tubes.\nLinday LA, Shindledecker RD, Dolitsky JN, Chen TC, Holick MF.\nAnn Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2008 Oct;117(10):740-4.\nPMID: 18998501
Matti Narkia

Vitamin d and its role in cancer and immunity: a prescription for sunlight. - Nutr Clin... - 0 views

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    Vitamin d and its role in cancer and immunity: a prescription for sunlight.
    Mullin GE, Dobs A.
    Nutr Clin Pract. 2007 Jun;22(3):305-22. Review.
    PMID: 17507731

    (free full text PDF available)
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D supplementation to prevent infections: a sub-study of a randomised placebo-co... - 0 views

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    Vitamin D supplementation to prevent infections: a sub-study of a randomised placebo-controlled trial in older people (RECORD trial, ISRCTN 51647438).\nAvenell A, Cook JA, Maclennan GS, Macpherson GC.\nAge Ageing. 2007 Sep;36(5):574-7. Epub 2007 Aug 15. No abstract available.\nPMID: 17702768 \ndoi:10.1093/ageing/afm091
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D signaling, infectious diseases, and regulation of innate immunity. - Infect I... - 0 views

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    Vitamin D signaling, infectious diseases, and regulation of innate immunity.
    White JH.
    Infect Immun. 2008 Sep;76(9):3837-43. Epub 2008 May 27. Review.
    PMID: 18505808
    doi:10.1128/IAI.00353-08
Matti Narkia

Human cathelicidin antimicrobial peptide (CAMP) gene is a direct target of the vitamin ... - 0 views

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    Human cathelicidin antimicrobial peptide (CAMP) gene is a direct target of the vitamin D receptor and is strongly up-regulated in myeloid cells by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3.\nGombart AF, Borregaard N, Koeffler HP.\nFASEB J. 2005 Jul;19(9):1067-77.\nPMID: 15985530
Matti Narkia

On the epidemiology of influenza - Virology Journal | Full text - 0 views

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    On the epidemiology of influenza.
    Cannell JJ, Zasloff M, Garland CF, Scragg R, Giovannucci E.
    Virol J. 2008 Feb 25;5:29. Review.
    PMID: 18298852
    doi:10.1186/1743-422X-5-29
Matti Narkia

The antibiotic vitamin: deficiency in vitamin D may predispose people to infection | Sc... - 0 views

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    In the July 2005 FASEB Journal, Adrian F. Gombart of the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and his colleagues reported that vitamin D boosts production in white blood cells of one of the antimicrobial compounds that defends the body against germs.\n\nImmediately, Cannell says, the proverbial lightbulb went on in his head: Maybe the high doses of vitamin D that he had been prescribing to virtually all the men on his ward had boosted their natural arsenal of the antimicrobial, called cathelicidin, and protected them from flu. Cannell had been administering the vitamin D because his patients, like many other people in the industrial world, had shown a deficiency:
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D deficiency linked to more colds and flu: Scientific American Blog - 0 views

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    Is sunshine more than just a home remedy for a cold? New research suggests it may be: In a study that will be published tomorrow, people with low levels of vitamin D - also known as the "sunshine vitamin" - were more likely to catch cold and flu than folks with adequate amounts. The effect of the vitamin was strongest in people with asthma and other lung diseases who are predisposed to respiratory infections.
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D3-Triggered Antimicrobial Response--Another Pleiotropic Effect beyond Mineral ... - 0 views

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    P.T. Liu, S. Stenger, H. Li, L. Wenzel, B.H. Tan, S.R. Krutzik, M.T. Ochoa, J. Schauber, K. Wu, C. Meinken, et al.\nVitamin D3-Triggered Antimicrobial Response--Another Pleiotropic Effect beyond Mineral and Bone Metabolism: Toll-Like Receptor Triggering of a Vitamin D-Mediated Human Antimicrobial Response. Science 311: 1770-1773, 2006\nJ. Am. Soc. Nephrol., November 1, 2006; 17(11): 2949 - 2953.
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D Induces Innate Antibacterial Responses in Human Trophoblasts via an Intracrin... - 0 views

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    'Vitamin D Induces Innate Antibacterial Responses in Human Trophoblasts via an Intracrine Pathway.\nLiu N, Kaplan AT, Low J, Nguyen L, Liu GY, Equils O, Hewison M.\nBiol Reprod. 2009 Mar;80(3):398-406. Epub 2008 Nov 12.\nPMID: 19005165DOI: 10.1095/biolreprod.108.073577
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