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dr tech

Google reduces JPEG file size by 35% | Ars Technica UK - 0 views

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    "Google has developed and open-sourced a new JPEG algorithm that reduces file size by about 35 percent-or alternatively, image quality can be significantly improved while keeping file size constant. Importantly, and unlike some of its other efforts in image compression (WebP, WebM), Google's new JPEGs are completely compatible with existing browsers, devices, photo editing apps, and the JPEG standard."
dr tech

World's largest hedge fund to replace managers with artificial intelligence | Technolog... - 0 views

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    "Automated decision-making is appealing to businesses as it can save time and eliminate human emotional volatility.

    "People have a bad day and it then colors their perception of the world and they make different decisions. In a hedge fund that's a big deal," he added."
dr tech

Discrimination by algorithm: scientists devise test to detect AI bias | Technology | Th... - 0 views

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    "Concerns have been growing about AI's so-called "white guy problem" and now scientists have devised a way to test whether an algorithm is introducing gender or racial biases into decision-making."
dr tech

Top 10 AI failures of 2016 - TechRepublic - 0 views

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    "But with all of the successes of AI, it's also important to pay attention to when, and how, it can go wrong, in order to prevent future errors. A recent paper by Roman Yampolskiy, director of the Cybersecurity Lab at the University of Louisville, outlines a history of AI failures which are "directly related to the mistakes produced by the intelligence such systems are designed to exhibit." According to Yampolskiy, these types of failures can be attributed to mistakes during the learning phase or mistakes in the performance phase of the AI system."
dr tech

This is the fastest way to alphabetize 1,000+ books (or anything else) / Boing Boing - 0 views

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    "How can you sort the books quickly? Chand John shows how, shedding light on how algorithms help librarians and search engines speedily sort information."
dr tech

Blue Feed, Red Feed - WSJ.com - 0 views

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    "To demonstrate how reality may differ for different Facebook users, The Wall Street Journal created two feeds, one "blue" and the other "red." If a source appears in the red feed, a majority of the articles shared from the source were classified as "very conservatively aligned" in a large 2015 Facebook study. For the blue feed, a majority of each source's articles aligned "very liberal." These aren't intended to resemble actual individual news feeds. Instead, they are rare side-by-side looks at real conversations from different perspectives.

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dr tech

Lip-Reading AI Smashes Humans At Interpreting Silent Sentences | Digital Trends - 0 views

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    "The performance of LipNet compares incredibly favorably to human lipreading experts on GRID corpus, the largest publicly-available sentence-level lipreading dataset. In fact, where human experts got just 52 percent, LipNet scored 93 percent. Its sentence-based approach to lip-reading also smashed the best previous attempt by a machine, which managed 79.6 percent accuracy on the same dataset."
dr tech

School for teenage codebreakers to open in Bletchley Park | Technology | The Guardian - 0 views

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    "The school will teach cyber skills to some of the UK's most gifted 16- to 19-year-olds. It will select on talent alone, looking in particular for exceptional problem solvers and logic fiends, regardless of wealth or family background, according to Alastair MacWillson, a driving force behind the initiative.

    "The cyber threat is the real threat facing the UK, and the problem it's causing the UK government and companies is growing exponentially," said MacWillson, chair of Qufaro, a not-for-profit organisation created by a consortium of cybersecurity experts for the purposes of education."
dr tech

An "ahem" detector that uses deep learning to auto-clean recordings of speech / Boing B... - 0 views

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    "Train the Deep Learning Ahem Detector with two sets of audio files, "a negative sample with clean voice/sound" (minimum 3 minutes) and "a positive one with 'ahem' sounds concatenated" (minimum 10s) and it will detect "ahems" in any voice sample thereafter."
dr tech

Cambridge students build a 'lawbot' to advise sexual assault victims | Education | The ... - 0 views

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    "Given the complexity of the law, and the preference for simplicity when it comes to AI programming, it's an ambitious project. "We'd like to expand to other areas of civil law, and we're already in touch with German universities," Bull says. "But we're not out to make a program that provides a too-complex analysis. We really want to keep it as a starting point for victims.""
dr tech

Algorithm Give Better Breast Cancer Diagnosis | Health News - 0 views

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    "Unlike other companies, Zebra's algorithms provide an actual diagnosis, completely automatically using only imaging data. This is a very new field - older technology was always driven by the radiologist, and never automatic. The algorithms are part of the Zebra Analytics Platform - a cloud based analytics engine that receives medical imaging studies, analyzes them and returns results to participating hospitals and physicians."
dr tech

Computer Scientist Publishes Manifesto for Expressive Algorithmic Music | Motherboard - 0 views

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    "Generally, it questions the advance of computing in the absence of a deeper knowledge of how the human brain perceives the world to be computed. We want computers to have perception, yet we know little about the workings of our own human perception."
dr tech

In the age of the algorithm, the human gatekeeper is back | Technology | The Guardian - 0 views

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    "Facebook is mired in a series of controversies about the curation of its news feed, from its broadcasting live killings, to editing out an iconic photo of the Vietnam war, to accusations of political bias. It recently tried to smooth the process out by firing its human editors … only to find the news feed degenerated into a mass of fake and controversial news stories."
dr tech

Stealing an AI algorithm and its underlying data is a "high-school level exercise" - Qu... - 0 views

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    "Researchers have shown that given access to only an API, a way to remotely use software without having it on your computer, it's possible to reverse-engineer machine learning algorithms with up to 99% accuracy. In the real world, this would mean being able to steal AI products from companies like Microsoft and IBM, and use them for free. Small companies built around a single machine learning API could lose any competitive advantage."
dr tech

​Chrome: Stop future computers from cracking current encryption - CNET - 0 views

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    "Google released a beta test version of its Chrome browser that attempts to keep your data secure even if today's uncrackable encryption becomes tomorrow's code-breaking cakewalk.

    The Chrome 54 beta gets the ability to encipher data sent to and from websites with a technology called CECPQ1. It "protects against future attacks using large quantum computers," Google said in a blog post Thursday."
dr tech

A beauty contest was judged by AI and the robots didn't like dark skin | Technology | T... - 0 views

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    The ensuing controversy has sparked renewed debates about the ways in which algorithms can perpetuate biases, yielding unintended and often offensive results.
dr tech

Facebook fires trending team, and algorithm without humans goes crazy | Technology | Th... - 0 views

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    "Facebook announced late Friday that it had eliminated jobs in its trending module, the part of its news division where staff curated popular news for Facebook users. Over the weekend, the fully automated Facebook trending module pushed out a false story about Fox News host Megyn Kelly, a controversial piece about a comedian's four-letter word attack on rightwing pundit Ann Coulter"
dr tech

Is an algorithm any less racist than a human? | Technology | The Guardian - 0 views

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    "There's an increasingly popular solution to this problem: why not let an intelligent algorithm make hiring decisions for you? Surely, the thinking goes, a computer is more able to be impartial than a person, and can simply look at the relevant data vectors to select the most qualified people from a heap of applications, removing human bias and making the process more efficient to boot."
dr tech

Statistically, self-driving cars are about to kill someone. What happens next? | Scienc... - 0 views

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    "As the miles grow, the odds shrink. At some point, a car driving autonomously or semi-autonomously will cause a fatal accident. If their performance is remotely comparable to a human's, that moment could come within the next 18-24 months. If so, by the law of averages it will probably involve a Tesla Model 3. Self-driving cars may be about to have their Driscoll moment."
dr tech

'Harmful' robot aims to spark AI debate - BBC News - 0 views

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    "A robot that can decide whether or not to inflict pain has been built by roboticist and artist Alexander Reben from the University of Berkeley, California.

    The basic machine is capable of pricking a finger but is programmed not to do so every time it can."
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