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dr tech

Franken-algorithms: the deadly consequences of unpredictable code | Technology | The Guardian - 0 views

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    ""In some ways we've lost agency. When programs pass into code and code passes into algorithms and then algorithms start to create new algorithms, it gets farther and farther from human agency. Software is released into a code universe which no one can fully understand.""
dr tech

The terrifying, hidden reality of Ridiculously Complicated Algorithms - 0 views

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    ""Weapons of math destruction" is how the writer Cathy O'Neil describes the nasty and pernicious kinds of algorithms that are not subject to the same challenges that human decision-makers are. Parole algorithms (not Jure's) can bias decisions on the basis of income or (indirectly) ethnicity. Recruitment algorithms can reject candidates on the basis of mistaken identity. In some circumstances, such as policing, they might create feedback loops, sending police into areas with more crime, which causes more crime to be detected."
dr tech

Rise of the machines: has technology evolved beyond our control? | Books | The Guardian - 0 views

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    "In October 2016, algorithms reacted to negative news headlines about Brexit negotiations by sending the pound down 6% against the dollar in under two minutes, before recovering almost immediately. Knowing which particular headline, or which particular algorithm, caused the crash is next to impossible. When one haywire algorithm started placing and cancelling orders that ate up 4% of all traffic in US stocks in October 2012, one commentator was moved to comment wryly that "the motive of the algorithm is still unclear"."
dr tech

It's time for tech companies to open up about the algorithms that shape our world - 0 views

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    "When Google's algorithms result in men on the Internet seeing better-paying job advertisements than women, it's worth looking under the hood at the assumptions that the algorithms, and the people behind it, have made. "
dr tech

Algorithm Give Better Breast Cancer Diagnosis | Health News - 0 views

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    "Unlike other companies, Zebra's algorithms provide an actual diagnosis, completely automatically using only imaging data. This is a very new field - older technology was always driven by the radiologist, and never automatic. The algorithms are part of the Zebra Analytics Platform - a cloud based analytics engine that receives medical imaging studies, analyzes them and returns results to participating hospitals and physicians."
dr tech

The Age of the Algorithm - 99% Invisible - 0 views

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    "But the answer to how he was chosen is actually an algorithm, a computer program that crunched through reams of data, looking at how much each passenger had paid for their ticket, what time they checked in, how often they flew on United, and whether they were part of a rewards program. The algorithm likely determined that Dr. Dao was one of the least valuable customers on the flight at the time."
dr tech

I help create the automated jobs that are taking jobs. - 0 views

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    "Those changes happened relatively slowly, but it seems to me that employment disruption is accelerating. A large reason for this is that what used to be a room-sized super computer now fits in my pocket. Over the last two decades, I have observed a fundamental change in how we can apply advanced algorithms to sensing and controlling systems-the kinds of technology that enable more sophisticated robotic manufacturing. I can remember discussing various algorithms and believing they were well beyond what we could ever implement. Now these same algorithms are considered elementary. They are just some of the changes that have fueled the revolution in manufacturing."
dr tech

Predicting crime, LAPD-style | Cities | theguardian.com - 0 views

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    "The algorithm at play is performing what's commonly referred to as predictive policing. Using years - and sometimes decades - worth of crime reports, the algorithm analyses the data to identify areas with high probabilities for certain types of crime, placing little red boxes on maps of the city that are streamed into patrol cars."
dr tech

Predictive Algorithms and Big Data are Credible Threats to Democracy - 0 views

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    "On the contrary, building large centralized databases and predictive algorithms that make decisions on behalf of humans, and which completely ignore privacy concerns, now seem to be the most efficient way of governing. algorithms now handle college admissions processes, applicants' selection processes for jobs, where to go to college, what to study in that college, which city is best for you to start your career and raise a family, what part of that city you should live in, and even who you should marry."
dr tech

To a man with an algorithm all things look like an advertising opportunity | Arwa Mahdawi | Opinion | The Guardian - 0 views

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    "This affects all of us every single day. When the algorithms that govern increasingly large parts of our lives have been designed almost exclusively by young bro-grammers with homogeneous experiences and worldviews, those algorithms are going to fail significant sections of society. A heartbreaking example of this is Gillian Brockell's experience of continuing to get targeted by pregnancy-related ads on Facebook after the stillbirth of her son. Brockell, a Washington Post journalist, recently made headlines when she tweeted an open letter to big tech companies, imploring them to think more carefully about how they target parenting ads."
dr tech

The EU's plan for algorithmic copyright filters is looking more and more unlikely / Boing Boing - 0 views

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    "Under the proposal, online platforms would have to spend hundreds of millions of euros on algorithmic copyright filters that would compare everything users tried to post with a database of supposedly copyrighted works, which anyone could add anything to, and block any suspected matches. This would snuff out all the small EU competitors to America's Big Tech giants, and put all Europeans' communications under threat of arbitrary censorship by balky, unaccountable, easily abused algorithms."
dr tech

Algorithmic cruelty: when Gmail adds your harasser to your speed-dial / Boing Boing - 0 views

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    "It's not that Google wants to do this, it's that they didn't anticipate this outcome, and compounded that omission by likewise omitting a way to overrule the algorithm's judgment. As with other examples of algorithmic cruelty, it's not so much this specific example as was it presages for a future in which more and more of our external reality is determined by models derived from machine learning systems whose workings we're not privy to and have no say in. "
dr tech

Face recognition app taking Russia by storm may bring end to public anonymity | Technology | The Guardian - 0 views

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    "Unlike other face recognition technology, their algorithm allows quick searches in big data sets. "Three million searches in a database of nearly 1bn photographs: that's hundreds of trillions of comparisons, and all on four normal servers. With this algorithm, you can search through a billion photographs in less than a second from a normal computer," said Kabakov, during an interview at the company's modest central Moscow office. The app will give you the most likely match to the face that is uploaded, as well as 10 people it thinks look similar."
dr tech

Stealing an AI algorithm and its underlying data is a "high-school level exercise" - Quartz - 0 views

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    "Researchers have shown that given access to only an API, a way to remotely use software without having it on your computer, it's possible to reverse-engineer machine learning algorithms with up to 99% accuracy. In the real world, this would mean being able to steal AI products from companies like Microsoft and IBM, and use them for free. Small companies built around a single machine learning API could lose any competitive advantage."
dr tech

New AI algorithm taught by humans learns beyond its training - 0 views

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    "This figure compares a traditionally trained algorithm to Aarabi and Guo's heuristically trained neural net."
dr tech

Discrimination by algorithm: scientists devise test to detect AI bias | Technology | The Guardian - 0 views

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    "Concerns have been growing about AI's so-called "white guy problem" and now scientists have devised a way to test whether an algorithm is introducing gender or racial biases into decision-making."
dr tech

Is an algorithm any less racist than a human? | Technology | The Guardian - 0 views

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    "There's an increasingly popular solution to this problem: why not let an intelligent algorithm make hiring decisions for you? Surely, the thinking goes, a computer is more able to be impartial than a person, and can simply look at the relevant data vectors to select the most qualified people from a heap of applications, removing human bias and making the process more efficient to boot."
dr tech

Algorithm knows you're drunk just by looking at you - Boing Boing - 0 views

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    "built an algorithm that can determine with 90 percent accuracy whether a person is drunk or not based on an infrared image of his or her face."
dr tech

Algorithm Hunts Rare Genetic Disorders from Facial Features in Photos | Singularity Hub - 0 views

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    "A new algorithm, however, is attempting to identify specific syndromes much sooner by screening photos for characteristic facial features associated with specific genetic conditions, such as Down's syndrome, Progeria, and Fragile X syndrome."
dr tech

MIT trains self-driving cars to change lanes like human drivers do - 0 views

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    "MIT researcher's at CSAIL have developed a lane-changing algorithm for self-driving cars. the algorithm allows for aggressive lane changes much like the kind only real drivers would be capable of.   it works by computing 'buffer zones' around autonomous vehicles and reassessing them on the fly. MIT uses a mathematically efficient approach which calculates new buffer zones if the default buffer zones lead to performance that's far worse than a human's driver."
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