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dr tech

An A.I. Training Tool Has Been Passing Its Bias to Algorithms for Almost Two Decades | ... - 0 views

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    ""I consider 'bias' a euphemism," says Brandeis Marshall, PhD, data scientist and CEO of DataedX, an edtech and data science firm. "The words that are used are varied: There's fairness, there's responsibility, there's algorithmic bias, there's a number of terms… but really, it's dancing around the real topic… A dataset is inherently entrenched in systemic racism and sexism.""
dr tech

12 unexpected ways algorithms control your life - Tech - 0 views

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    "Admission algorithms can make or break your academic plans. A Washington Post investigation found 44 schools use prediction software to give applicants a score out of 100 for its admissions process. The score considers different aspects of a student's application from test scores, home address, transcripts, and even what websites they've visited. That's all calculated to rate how strong of a match a student is for a school."
dr tech

The Bias Embedded in Algorithms | Pocket - 0 views

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    "Algorithms and the data that drive them are designed and created by people, which means those systems can carry biases based on who builds them and how they're ultimately deployed. Safiya Umoja Noble, author of Algorithms of Oppression: How Search Engines Reinforce Racism, offers a curated reading list exploring how technology can replicate and reinforce racist and sexist beliefs, how that bias can affect everything from health outcomes to financial credit to criminal justice, and why data discrimination is a major 21st century challenge."
dr tech

Algorithms associating appearance and criminality have a dark past | Aeon Ideas - 0 views

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    "However, the recent study's seemingly high-tech attempt to pick out facial features associated with criminality borrows directly from the 'photographic composite method' developed by the Victorian jack-of-all-trades Francis Galton - which involved overlaying the faces of multiple people in a certain category to find the features indicative of qualities like health, disease, beauty and criminality."
dr tech

YouTube's algorithms demonitizes piano tutorial site for "Repetitious content" / Boing ... - 0 views

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    "learning to play a musical instrument, you have to play the same songs and scales over and over again. YouTube's algorithm doesn't seem to know this, and so it demonetized a piano tutorial channel for "Repetitious content.""
dr tech

Predictive Algorithms and Big Data are Credible Threats to Democracy - 0 views

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    "On the contrary, building large centralized databases and predictive algorithms that make decisions on behalf of humans, and which completely ignore privacy concerns, now seem to be the most efficient way of governing. Algorithms now handle college admissions processes, applicants' selection processes for jobs, where to go to college, what to study in that college, which city is best for you to start your career and raise a family, what part of that city you should live in, and even who you should marry."
dr tech

Tastemakers: can a robot really know what we'll want to eat? | Life and style | The Gua... - 0 views

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    "An algorithm has no tastebuds; a neural net never gets the munchies. So can a robot brain really tell us what we'll want to eat? The question is whether AI systems will be able to excel in the sensual, creative work of tasting and developing new foods - and what we stand to gain or lose by inventing foods that really have our number."
dr tech

MIT trains self-driving cars to change lanes like human drivers do - 0 views

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    "MIT researcher's at CSAIL have developed a lane-changing algorithm for self-driving cars. the algorithm allows for aggressive lane changes much like the kind only real drivers would be capable of.   it works by computing 'buffer zones' around autonomous vehicles and reassessing them on the fly. MIT uses a mathematically efficient approach which calculates new buffer zones if the default buffer zones lead to performance that's far worse than a human's driver."
dr tech

Algorithms Identify People with Suicidal Thoughts - IEEE Spectrum - 0 views

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    "Brain scans, however, are quite telling, especially when analyzed with an algorithm, Brent and his colleagues discovered. "We're trying to figure out what's going on in somebody's brain when they're thinking about suicide," says Brent.  These scans, taken using fMRI, or functional magnetic resonance imaging, show that strong words such as 'death,' 'trouble,' 'carefree,' and 'praise,' trigger different patterns of brain activity in people who are suicidal, compared with people who are not. That means that people at risk of suicide think about those concepts differently than everyone else-evidenced by the levels and patterns of brain activity, or neural signatures."
dr tech

Algorithms outdo us. But we still prefer human fallibility | Rafael Behr | Opinion | Th... - 0 views

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    "Luddism refuses to die because each innovation creates a pool of people who feel economically or culturally dispossessed. The greater the leap forward, the wider the chasm of obsolescence. And the scale of the digital revolution defies hyperbole. No area of human activity is undisrupted. "
dr tech

Apply Magic Sauce - Prediction API - Demo - 0 views

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    "This tool predicts your psycho-demographic profile from digital footprints of your behaviour. It reveals how you might be perceived by others online and provides detailed insights on your personality, intelligence, life satisfaction and more." YIKES
dr tech

The great British Brexit robbery: how our democracy was hijacked | Technology | The Gua... - 0 views

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    "My entry point into this story began, as so many things do, with a late-night Google. Last December, I took an unsettling tumble into a wormhole of Google autocomplete suggestions that ended with "did the holocaust happen". And an entire page of results that claimed it didn't."
dr tech

AI can win at poker: but as computers get smarter, who keeps tabs on their ethics? | Te... - 0 views

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    ""No-limit Texas Hold'em is a game of incomplete information where the AI must infer a human player's intentions and then act in ways that incorporate both the direct odds of winning and bluffing behaviour to try to fool the other player." The designers said their computer didn't "bluff" the human players. But by learning from its mistakes and practising its moves at night between games, the AI was working out how to defeat its human opponents."
dr tech

IBM just posted 5 predictions about what life will be like in 2022 - ScienceAlert - 0 views

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    "IBM predicts that in five years, "What we say and write will be used as indicators of our mental health and physical wellbeing.""
dr tech

New AI algorithm taught by humans learns beyond its training - 0 views

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    "This figure compares a traditionally trained algorithm to Aarabi and Guo's heuristically trained neural net."
dr tech

Tech is disrupting all before it - even democracy is in its sights | Technology | The G... - 0 views

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    "It was robot accounts that caused "#TrumpWon" to trend after each TV debate and allowed Trump to claim "victory"."
dr tech

Facebook isn't looking out for your privacy. It wants your data for itself | Technology... - 0 views

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    "If Facebook cared about unfair profiling and privacy abuse, for instance, it would probably not have started grouping its users together based on their "Ethnic Affinity". It wouldn't then allow that ethnic affinity to be used as a basis for excluding users from advertisements, and it certainly wouldn't allows that ethnic affinity to be used as a basis for potentially illegal discrimination in real estate advertising."
dr tech

How funky tortoiseshell glasses can beat facial recognition | Technology | The Guardian - 1 views

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    "Where the researchers struck gold was by realising that a large (but not overly large pair of glasses) could act to "change the pixels" even in a real photo. By picking a pair of "geek" frames, with relatively large rims, the researchers were able to obscure about 6.5% of the pixels in any given facial picture. Printing a pattern over those frames then had the effect of manipulating the image."
dr tech

Admiral to price car insurance based on Facebook posts | Technology | The Guardian - 0 views

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    "Admiral Insurance will analyse the Facebook accounts of first-time car owners to look for personality traits that are linked to safe driving. For example, individuals who are identified as conscientious and well-organised will score well. Facebook forces Admiral to pull plan to price car insurance based on posts Read more The insurer will examine posts and likes by the Facebook user, although not photos, looking for habits that research shows are linked to these traits. These include writing in short concrete sentences, using lists, and arranging to meet friends at a set time and place, rather than just "tonight"."
dr tech

Amazon pushes customers towards pricier products, report claims | Technology | The Guar... - 0 views

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    "Amazon's algorithms encourage customers pay more than they need to for popular products and appear to give more prominence to items that benefit the retail giant, according to an investigation by ProPublica. The investigation looked at 250 frequently purchased products over several weeks to see which ones were chosen to appear in the highly-prized "buy box" that pops up first as a suggested purchase. "
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