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Matti Narkia

Seasonality of UV-radiation and vitamin D status at 69 degrees north. - Photochem Photo... - 1 views

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    Seasonality of UV-radiation and vitamin D status at 69 degrees north.
    Brustad M, Edvardsen K, Wilsgaard T, Engelsen O, Aksnes L, Lund E.
    Photochem Photobiol Sci. 2007 Aug;6(8):903-8. Epub 2007 Jun 27.
    PMID: 17668121

    The generally high dietary intakes of vitamin D, especially in winter, mask largely the effect of seasonal variation in UV-exposure, causing an atypical seasonal variation in vitamin D status. The UV-hour variable significantly predicted 25(OH)D levels in blood when adjusted for intakes and artificial UV-radiation exposure and sun holidays abroad.
Matti Narkia

Differences in vitamin D status between countries in young adults and the elderly - 0 views

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    Differences in vitamin D status between countries in young adults and the elderly.
    McKenna MJ.
    Am J Med. 1992 Jul;93(1):69-77.
    PMID: 1385673

    PURPOSE: To compare vitamin D status between countries in young adults and in the elderly. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Reports on vitamin D status (as assessed by serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D) from 1971 to 1990 were reviewed. Studies were grouped according to geographic regions: North America (including Canada and the United States); Scandinavia (including Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden); and Central and Western Europe (including Belgium, France, Germany, Ireland, The Netherlands, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom). RESULTS: Vitamin D status varies with the season in young adults and in the elderly, and is lower during the winter in Europe than in both North America and Scandinavia. Oral vitamin D intake is lower in Europe than in both North America and Scandinavia. Hypovitaminosis D and related abnormalities in bone chemistry are most common in elderly residents in Europe but are reported in all elderly populations. CONCLUSIONS: The vitamin D status in young adults and the elderly varies widely with the country of residence. Adequate exposure to summer sunlight is the essential means to ample supply, but oral intake augmented by both fortification and supplementation is necessary to maintain baseline stores. All countries should adopt a fortification policy. It seems likely that the elderly would benefit additionally from a daily supplement of 10 micrograms of vitamin D.
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D and living in northern latitudes--an endemic risk area for vitamin D deficien... - 0 views

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    Vitamin D and living in northern latitudes--an endemic risk area for vitamin D deficiency.
    Huotari A, Herzig KH.
    Int J Circumpolar Health. 2008 Jun;67(2-3):164-78. Review.
    PMID: 18767337

    CONCLUSIONS: Vitamin D plays a fundamental role in calcium and phosphate homeostasis. A deficiency of vitamin D has been attributed to several diseases. Since its production in the skin depends on exposure to UVB-radiation via the sunlight, the level of vitamin D is of crucial importance for the health of inhabitants who live in the Nordic latitudes where there is diminished exposure to sunlight during the winter season. Therefore, fortification or supplementation of vitamin D is necessary for most of the people living in the northern latitudes during the winter season to maintain adequate levels of circulating 25(OH)D3 to maintain optimal body function and prevent diseases.
Matti Narkia

Serum vitamin D concentrations among elderly people in Europe : The Lancet - 0 views

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    van der Wielen RP, Lowik MR, van den BH, de Groot LC, Haller J, Moreiras O, van Staveren WA (1995)
    Serum vitamin D concentrations among elderly people in Europe.
    Lancet 346: 207-210

    These findings show that free-living elderly Europeans, regardless of geographical location, are at substantial risk of inadequate vitamin D status during winter and that dietary enrichment or supplementation with vitamin D should be seriously considered during this season.
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