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Matti Narkia

Reducing the Burden of Disease Through Adequate Intake of Vitamin D3 by William B. Gran... - 1 views

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    Reducing the Burden of Disease Through Adequate Intake of Vitamin D3.
    A presentation at University of California, San Diego,
    April 9, 2008
    by William B. Grant, Ph.D
Matti Narkia

Ecological studies of ultraviolet B, vitamin D and cancer since 2000. - Ann Epidemiol. ... - 1 views

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    Ecological studies of ultraviolet B, vitamin D and cancer since 2000.
    Grant WB, Mohr SB.
    Ann Epidemiol. 2009 Jul;19(7):446-54. Epub 2009 Mar 9. Review.
    PMID: 19269856

    CONCLUSION: These findings provide strong evidence that vitamin D status plays an important role in controlling the outcome of cancer. Support for the UVB-vitamin D-cancer theory is now scientifically strong enough to warrant use of vitamin D in cancer prevention, and as a component of treatment. More research studies would help to explore whether there are benefits beyond the substantial effects that have been observed.
Matti Narkia

GrassrootsHealth | Vitamin D Action - Vitamin D Scientists' Call to Action Statement - 0 views

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    "We are aware of substantial scientific evidence supporting the role of vitamin D in prevention of cancer. It has been reasonably established that adequate serum vitamin D metabolite levels are associated with substantially lower incidence rates of several types of cancer, including those of the breast, colon, and ovary, and other sites.

    We have concluded that the vitamin D status of most individuals in North America will need to be greatly improved for substantial reduction in incidence of cancer. Epidemiological studies have shown that higher vitamin D levels are also associated with lower risk of Type I diabetes in children and of multiple sclerosis. Several studies have found that markers of higher vitamin D levels are associated with lower incidence and severity of influenza and several other infectious diseases."
Matti Narkia

Relationship between low ultraviolet B irradiance and higher breast cancer risk in 107 ... - 0 views

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    Relationship between low ultraviolet B irradiance and higher breast cancer risk in 107 countries.
    Mohr SB, Garland CF, Gorham ED, Grant WB, Garland FC.
    Breast J. 2008 May-Jun;14(3):255-60. Epub 2008 Apr 17.
    PMID: 18422861
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1524-4741.2008.00571.x

    There was a protective effect of UVB irradiance on risk of breast cancer that was independent of fertility rate, proportion of the population overweight, alcohol intake, animal energy intake, and other covariates.
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D and prevention of breast cancer: pooled analysis. - ScienceDirect - The Journ... - 0 views

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    Vitamin D and prevention of breast cancer: pooled analysis.
    Garland CF, Gorham ED, Mohr SB, Grant WB, Giovannucci EL, Lipkin M, Newmark H, Holick MF, Garland FC.
    J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2007 Mar;103(3-5):708-11.
    PMID: 17368188

    CONCLUSIONS: Intake of 2000 IU/day of Vitamin D(3), and, when possible, very moderate exposure to sunlight, could raise serum 25(OH)D to 52 ng/ml, a level associated with reduction by 50% in incidence of breast cancer, according to observational studies.
Matti Narkia

A multicountry ecologic study of risk and risk reduction factors for prostate cancer mo... - 0 views

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    A multicountry ecologic study of risk and risk reduction factors for prostate cancer mortality.
    Grant WB.
    Eur Urol. 2004 Mar;45(3):271-9.
    PMID: 15036670

    CONCLUSIONS: These results are consistent with insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), being an important risk factor for prostate cancer, with alcohol and calcium being less important risk factors, and with allium family vegetables, and, to a lesser extent, vitamin D being important risk reduction factors. These results should provide guidance for additional studies on dietary and environmental links to prostate cancer.
Matti Narkia

Calcium, Vitamin D and Cancer - Anticancer Research - 0 views

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    Calcium, vitamin D and cancer.
    Peterlik M, Grant WB, Cross HS.
    Anticancer Res. 2009 Sep;29(9):3687-98. Review.
    PMID: 19667166
Matti Narkia

The Association of Solar Ultraviolet B (UVB) with Reducing Risk of Cancer: Multifactori... - 0 views

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    The association of solar ultraviolet B (UVB) with reducing risk of cancer: multifactorial ecologic analysis of geographic variation in age-adjusted cancer mortality rates.
    Grant WB, Garland CF.
    Anticancer Res. 2006 Jul-Aug;26(4A):2687-99.
    PMID: 16886679

    CONCLUSION: These results provide additional support for the hypothesis that solar UVB, through photosynthesis of vitamin D, is inversely-associated with cancer mortality rates, and that various other cancer risk-modifying factors do not detract from this link. It is thought that sun avoidance practices after 1980, along with improved cancer treatment, led to reduced associations in the latter period. The results regarding solar UVB should be studied further with additional observational and intervention studies of vitamin D indices and cancer incidence, mortality and survival rates.
Matti Narkia

Epidemic influenza and vitamin D. - Epidemiol Infect. 2006 Dec;134(6):1129-40. (full t... - 0 views

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    Epidemic influenza and vitamin D.
    Cannell JJ, Vieth R, Umhau JC, Holick MF, Grant WB, Madronich S, Garland CF, Giovannucci E.
    Epidemiol Infect. 2006 Dec;134(6):1129-40. Epub 2006 Sep 7. Review.
    PMID: 16959053
Matti Narkia

Cod liver oil, vitamin A toxicity, frequent respiratory infections, and the vitamin D d... - 0 views

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    Cod liver oil, vitamin A toxicity, frequent respiratory infections, and the vitamin D deficiency epidemic.
    Cannell JJ, Vieth R, Willett W, Zasloff M, Hathcock JN, White JH, Tanumihardjo SA, Larson-Meyer DE, Bischoff-Ferrari HA, Lamberg-Allardt CJ, Lappe JM, Norman AW, Zittermann A, Whiting SJ, Grant WB, Hollis BW, Giovannucci E.
    Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2008 Nov;117(11):864-70. Review.
    PMID: 19102134

    Until we have better information on doses of vitamin D that will reliably provide adequate blood levels of
    25(OH)D without toxicity, treatment of vitamin D deficiency in otherwise healthy children should be individualized
    according to the numerous factors that affect 25(OH)D levels, such as body weight, percent body fat,
    skin melanin, latitude, season of the year, and sun exposure.2 The doses of sunshine or oral vitamin D3 used
    in healthy children should be designed to maintain 25(OH)D levels above 50 ng/mL. As a rule, in the absence
    of significant sun exposure, we believe that most healthy children need about 1,000 IU of vitamin D3 daily
    per 11 kg (25 lb) of body weight to obtain levels greater than 50 ng/mL. Some will need more, and others less.
    In our opinion, children with chronic illnesses such as autism, diabetes, and/or frequent infections should be
    supplemented with higher doses of sunshine or vitamin D3, doses adequate to maintain their 25(OH)D levels
    in the mid-normal of the reference range (65 ng/mL) - and should be so supplemented year round. Otolaryngologists
    treating children are in a good position to both diagnose and treat vitamin D deficiency.
Matti Narkia

An estimate of cancer mortality rate reductions in Europe and the US with 1,000 IU of o... - 0 views

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    An estimate of cancer mortality rate reductions in Europe and the US with 1,000 IU of oral vitamin D per day.
    Grant WB, Garland CF, Gorham ED.
    Recent Results Cancer Res. 2007;174:225-34. Review.
    PMID: 17302200
Matti Narkia

An ecologic study of dietary and solar ultraviolet-B links to breast carcinoma mortalit... - 0 views

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    An ecologic study of dietary and solar ultraviolet-B links to breast carcinoma mortality rates.
    Grant WB.
    Cancer. 2002 Jan 1;94(1):272-81.
    PMID: 11815987

    CONCLUSIONS
    It is hypothesized that animal products are associated with risk for breast carcinoma because they are associated with greater amounts of insulin-like growth factor-1and lifetime doses of estrogen. Vegetable products contain several risk reduction components including antioxidants and phytoestrogens. The association with latitude is very likely because of solar UV-B radiation and vitamin D. Alcohol modulates estrogen's effects on breasts. Fish intake is associated with risk reduction through vitamin D and n-3 oils. These results are consistent with those of many case-control and cohort studies but should be assessed in well designed cohort studies.
Matti Narkia

Geographic variation of prostate cancer mortality rates in the United States: Implicati... - 0 views

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    Geographic variation of prostate cancer mortality rates in the United States: Implications for prostate cancer risk related to vitamin D.
    Grant WB.
    Int J Cancer. 2004 Sep 1;111(3):470-1; author reply 472. No abstract available.
    PMID: 15221981
    10.1002/ijc.20220

    The implications of our results and those of Tuohimaa et al.[1] include the following. Vitamin D supplementation should be undertaken in wintertime, a period when it is impossible to produce vitamin D by solar UVB exposure in northeastern states.[13] Given these new results, the optimal vitamin D intake and production and serum 25(OH)-vitamin D3 levels for prostate cancer appear to be lower than for other cancers. However, when developing guidelines for vitamin D fortification, many factors should be included in the analysis, including all of the potential health benefits and possible risks of vitamin D, as well as age, sex, residence, child-bearing status, etc.[14] Also, the suggestion that daily vitamin D3 supplement doses of 100 g (4,000 IU)/day are safe[15] should be reexamined. Finally, in terms of preventing prostate cancer, more attention should be given to diet, which has the greatest environmental impact on risk of prostate cancer, with animal products being important risk factors and vegetable products, especially onions and other allium family members, being important risk-reduction factors.[16]
Matti Narkia

A critical review of Vitamin D and cancer: A report of the IARC Working Group on vitami... - 0 views

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    A critical review of Vitamin D and cancer: A report of the IARC Working Group on vitamin D
    William B. Grant
    Dermato-Endocrinology. Volume 1, Issue 1
    January/February 2009
    Pages: 25 - 33

    The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) released a report, Vitamin D and Cancer, on November 25, 2008. The report focused on the current state of knowledge and level of evidence of a causal association between vitamin D status and cancer risk. Although presenting and evaluating evidence for the beneficial role of UVB and vitamin D in reducing the risk of cancer, it discounted or omitted important evidence in support of the efficacy of vitamin D. The report largely dismissed or ignored ecological studies on the grounds that confounding factors might have affected the findings. The report accepted a preventive role of vitamin D in colorectal cancer but not for breast cancer.
Matti Narkia

Do we need more sunlight to make enough vitamin D? « Cancer Research UK - Sci... - 0 views

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    In the last post, we talked about the new report on vitamin D and cancer from the International Agency for Research into Cancer (IARC). In this one, we'll summarise what the report has to say on the balance between getting enough vitamin D through sun exposure and reducing the risk of skin cancer by being SunSmart.

    IARC calls for more trials to really pin down the effects of vitamin D supplements - either positive or negative - depending on how much vitamin D people already have in their system.

    Until then, they feel that there is no solid basis for changing any existing recommendations about vitamin D.
Matti Narkia

The health benefits of vitamin D greatly outweigh the health risks - 0 views

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    In his recent essay, Trevor G. Marshall explores how vitamin D supplementation may be contributing to the current epidemics of obesity and chronic disease[1]. Unfortunately, he has overlooked many important papers that disagree with his hypothesis. This letter points out some of the omissions.
    The health benefits of vitamin D3 have been reviewed recently[2]. The benefits for bone health have been known for nearly a century. Benefits for cancer, infectious diseases, autoimmune diseases, and metabolic diseases have been identified in the past three decades.
Matti Narkia

Diagnosis & Treatment of Vitamin D Deficiency - Seminar Presentations (PDF Slides) - Un... - 0 views

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    Diagnosis & Treatment of Vitamin D Deficiency

    Wednesday, April 9, 2008 * 12:30pm - 6:00pm
    Garren Auditorium, University of California, San Diego

    Seminar Presentations
Matti Narkia

Current Impediments to Acceptance of the Ultraviolet-B-Vitamin D-Cancer Hypothesis - An... - 0 views

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    Current impediments to acceptance of the ultraviolet-B-vitamin D-cancer hypothesis.
    Grant WB, Boucher BJ.
    Anticancer Res. 2009 Sep;29(9):3597-604.
    PMID: 19667154

    The ultraviolet-B (UVB)-vitamin D-cancer hypothesis was proposed in 1980. There have been numerous ecological, observational and other studies of the hypothesis. There are about 14 types of cancer for which it seems to apply: bladder, breast, colon, endometrial, esophageal, gallbladder, gastric, ovarian, pancreatic, rectal, renal and vulvar cancer and both Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Nonetheless, the hypothesis has not yet been accepted by public health agencies. Some of the reasons for this include a distrust of ecological studies, some mistrust of observational studies, and the existence of just one positive randomized controlled trial, an analysis of a vitamin D and calcium supplementation study involving post-menopausal women in Nebraska. Paradigm shifts such as this generally take time, in part due to opposition from those content with the status quo. In this paper, results of ecological studies in the United States using summertime solar UVB as the index of vitamin D production, which is highly asymmetrical with respect to latitude, and indices for other cancer risk-modifying factors (air pollution, alcohol consumption, dietary iron and zinc, ethnic background, socioeconomic status, smoking and urban/rural residence) are discussed in terms of supporting the hypothesis. These studies were not considered while other ecological studies were examined in recent critiques of the hypothesis. While additional randomized controlled trials would, of course, be helpful, the current evidence seems to satisfy the criteria for causality as outlined by A. Bradford Hill.
Matti Narkia

Ecological Studies Of Ultraviolet B, Vitamin D And Cancer Since 2000 - 0 views

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    Ecological studies of ultraviolet B, vitamin D and cancer since 2000.
    Grant WB, Mohr SB.
    Ann Epidemiol. 2009 Jul;19(7):446-54. Epub 2009 Mar 9.
    PMID: 19269856

    CONCLUSION: These findings provide strong evidence that vitamin D status plays an important role in controlling the outcome of cancer. Support for the UVB-vitamin D-cancer theory is now scientifically strong enough to warrant use of vitamin D in cancer prevention, and as a component of treatment. More research studies would help to explore whether there are benefits beyond the substantial effects that have been observed.
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