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Matti Narkia

The Bioavailability of Vitamin D from Fortified Cheeses and Supplements Is Equivalent i... - 0 views

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    The bioavailability of vitamin D from fortified cheeses and supplements is equivalent in adults.
    Wagner D, Sidhom G, Whiting SJ, Rousseau D, Vieth R.
    J Nutr. 2008 Jul;138(7):1365-71.
    PMID: 18567762

    Compared with baseline, serum parathyroid hormone decreased with both fortification (P = 0.003) and supplementation (P = 0.012). These data demonstrate that vitamin D is equally bioavailable from fortified hard cheeses and supplements, making cheese suitable for vitamin D fortification.
Matti Narkia

Bread Fortified with Cholecalciferol Increases the Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Concentrat... - 0 views

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    Bread fortified with cholecalciferol increases the serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration in women as effectively as a cholecalciferol supplement.
    Natri AM, Salo P, Vikstedt T, Palssa A, Huttunen M, Kärkkäinen MU, Salovaara H, Piironen V, Jakobsen J, Lamberg-Allardt CJ.
    J Nutr. 2006 Jan;136(1):123-7.
    PMID: 16365070

    Both fortified breads increased serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration as effectively as the cholecalciferol supplement. Supplementation or fortification did not affect serum intact parathyroid hormone concentration or urinary calcium excretion. In conclusion, fortified bread is a safe and feasible way to improve vitamin D nutrition.
Matti Narkia

Serum 25(OH)-Vitamin D Concentration and Risk of Esophageal Squamous Dysplasia - Cancer... - 0 views

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    Serum 25(OH)-vitamin D concentration and risk of esophageal squamous dysplasia.
    Abnet CC, Chen W, Dawsey SM, Wei WQ, Roth MJ, Liu B, Lu N, Taylor PR, Qiao YL.
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2007 Sep;16(9):1889-93.
    PMID: 17855710
    doi: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-07-0461

    Background: Squamous dysplasia is the precursor lesion for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, and nutritional factors play an important role in the etiology of this cancer. Previous studies using a variety of measures for vitamin D exposure have reached different conclusions about the association between vitamin D and the risk of developing esophageal cancer.

    Conclusions: Higher serum 25(OH)D concentrations were associated with significantly increased risk of squamous dysplasia. No obvious source of measured or unmeasured confounding explains this finding.

    In conclusion, we found that a higher serum 25(OH)D concentration was associated with an increased risk of esophageal squamous dysplasia, the precursor lesion for ESCC. This finding concurs with our previous prospective study which found that higher vitamin D status was associated with increased risk of incident ESCC in this same population. These unexpected findings suggest that further studies of the association of vitamin D and digestive tract cancers are needed before the effect of vitamin D in different populations can be elucidated.
Matti Narkia

A Prospective Nested Case-Control Study of Vitamin D Status and Pancreatic Cancer Risk ... - 0 views

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    A prospective nested case-control study of vitamin D status and pancreatic cancer risk in male smokers.
    Stolzenberg-Solomon RZ, Vieth R, Azad A, Pietinen P, Taylor PR, Virtamo J, Albanes D.
    Cancer Res. 2006 Oct 15;66(20):10213-9.
    PMID: 17047087

    Higher vitamin D concentrations were associated with a 3-fold increased risk for pancreatic cancer (highest versus lowest quintile, >65.5 versus <32.0 nmol/L: OR, 2.92; 95% CI, 1.56-5.48, Ptrend = 0.001) that remained after excluding cases diagnosed early during follow-up. Contrary to expectations, subjects with higher prediagnostic vitamin D status had an increased pancreatic cancer risk compared with those with lower status. Our findings need to be replicated in other populations and caution is warranted in their interpretation and implication. Our results are intriguing and may provide clues that further the understanding of the etiology of this highly fatal cancer.

    In conclusion, contrary to expectation, subjects with higher 25(OH)D concentrations were at greater risk for pancreatic cancer compared with those with lower concentrations in our prospective study with long-term follow-up. Caution is warranted in the interpretation and implication of our findings, however, as vitamin D inadequacy is an important public health problem and adequate status is desirable to prevent bone and other diseases (5). Our results, however, are intriguing and may provide clues that further the understanding of the etiology of this highly fatal cancer.
Matti Narkia

How this horrible weather could give you heart disease | Mail Online - 0 views

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    "We are fond of grumbling about Britain's grey skies, but there may be a good medical reason for doing so. It seems the dreary weather is bad for our hearts - worse, even, than raised cholesterol and an unhealthy diet.

    That's the controversial claim being made by Dr David Grimes, a gastroenterologist from Blackburn. He's been gazing at the sky for 20 years for clues about why his patients get more sick than those in the south of the country.

    And what he's found turns key assumptions about heart disease on their head. 'It's not diet or cholesterol levels that raise your risk of heart disease,' he claims. 'It's where you live. People in the north are more likely to be ill because they get less sunshine

    Basically they are suffering from 'latitude' sickness. The link is vitamin D. While we get some from our diet, the main source is the sun - sunlight converts a compound in the skin into vitamin D, so the amount you make is directly related to the amount of sunshine you get.

    In a new book Dr Grimes argues the higher the level of vitamin D in your blood, the lower your risk of heart disease and a range of other illnesses.

    If he's right, what we need is not diet and lifestyle advice, but food fortified with vitamin D. For years the vitamin was thought to be useful only for preventing rickets.

    So how does he treat them? 'You can do it with diet,' he says 'One Bangladeshi woman eats oily fish every day and now has a vitamin D blood level of 40. 'We give supplements of 1,000 international units (IU) a day or we can give an injection of 300,000 IU that lasts for a year.

    'The patients respond well,' says Grimes 'but what's needed is a proper controlled, long-term trial and who is going to fund that? Not a drug company.'"
Matti Narkia

Maternal vitamin D status during pregnancy and childhood bone mass at age 9 years: a lo... - 0 views

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    Maternal vitamin D status during pregnancy and childhood bone mass at age 9 years: a longitudinal study.
    Javaid MK, Crozier SR, Harvey NC, Gale CR, Dennison EM, Boucher BJ, Arden NK, Godfrey KM, Cooper C; Princess Anne Hospital Study Group.
    Lancet. 2006 Jan 7;367(9504):36-43. Erratum in: Lancet. 2006 May 6;367(9521):1486.
    PMID: 16399151
    doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(06)67922-1

    Interpretation
    Maternal vitamin D insufficiency is common during pregnancy and is associated with reduced bone-mineral accrual in the offspring during childhood; this association is mediated partly through the concentration of umbilical venous calcium. Vitamin D supplementation of pregnant women, especially during winter months, could lead to longlasting reductions in the risk of osteoporotic fracture in their offspring.
Matti Narkia

Calculated Ultraviolet Exposure Levels for a Healthy Vitamin D Status - easy version - 0 views

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    An acknowledged benefit of exposure to ultraviolet radiation is synthesis of vitamin D in human skin. Here we have defined a standard vitamin D dose based upon recommended requirements for vitamin D, and present a simplified web-based tool that enables the user to calculate associated exposure times for any time and place ( http://nadir.nilu.no/~olaeng/fastrt/VitD-ez_quartMED.html). This www page is a simplified version of the more complex web tool ( http://nadir.nilu.no/~olaeng/fastrt/VitD_quartMED.html). The simplified www page is convenient for users unfamiliar to radiative transfer modelling, because the model input is limited and more intuitive.
Matti Narkia

Calculated Ultraviolet Exposure Levels for a Healthy Vitamin D Status - 0 views

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    An acknowledged benefit of exposure to ultraviolet radiation is synthesis of vitamin D in human skin. Here we have defined a standard vitamin D dose based upon recommended requirements for vitamin D, and present a web-based tool that enables the user to calculate associated exposure times for any time and place ( http://nadir.nilu.no/~olaeng/fastrt/VitD_quartMED.html). The recommended UV exposure times depends on latitude, time, total ozone, clouds, aerosols, surface reflectivity and altitude all of which can be specified by the user. A simpler version for non-experts is available at http://nadir.nilu.no/~olaeng/fastrt/VitD-ez_quartMED.html
Matti Narkia

Hypovitaminosis D in an Italian population of healthy subjects and hospitalized patient... - 0 views

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    Hypovitaminosis D in an Italian population of healthy subjects and hospitalized patients.
    Romagnoli E, Caravella P, Scarnecchia L, Martinez P, Minisola S.
    Br J Nutr. 1999 Feb;81(2):133-7.
    PMID: 10450331

    The results of the present study emphasize the importance of 25-hydroxyvitamin D measurement, and the need to increase vitamin D intake in Italy; foodstuff fortification and supplement use must be considered in order to prevent negative effects of vitamin D deficiency on skeletal integrity.

    All hospitalized patients, both in summer and in winter,
    are characterized by the highest prevalence of hypovitaminosis
    D, especially the older patients. Medical
    inpatients may be at risk for vitamin D deficiency,
Matti Narkia

Low Vitamin D Status, High Bone Turnover, and Bone Fractures in Centenarians -- Passeri... - 0 views

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    Low vitamin D status, high bone turnover, and bone fractures in centenarians.
    Passeri G, Pini G, Troiano L, Vescovini R, Sansoni P, Passeri M, Gueresi P, Delsignore R, Pedrazzoni M, Franceschi C.
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Nov;88(11):5109-15.
    PMID: 14602735

    We conclude that the extreme decades of life are characterized by a pathophysiological sequence of events linking vitamin D deficiency, low serum calcium, and secondary hyperparathyroidism with an increase in bone resorption and severe osteopenia. These data offer a rationale for the possible prevention of elevated bone turnover, bone loss, and consequently the reduction of osteoporotic fractures and fracture-induced disability in the oldest olds through the supplementation with calcium and vitamin D.
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D and influenza - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - 0 views

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    "Numerous studies link Vitamin D and influenza, as well as Vitamin D and respiratory infections more generally. This vitamin up-regulates genetic expression of various endogenous antimicrobial peptides (AMP), which exhibit broad-spectrum microbicidal activity against bacteria, fungi, and viruses. Reports discussed below indicate that susceptibility to influenza is reduced with higher levels of sun exposure or vitamin D supplementation. Seasonal variation of vitamin D levels in humans can help explain the seasonality of flu epidemics."
Matti Narkia

Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Levels Among US Children Aged 1 to 11 Years: Do Children Need... - 0 views

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    Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Levels Among US Children Aged 1 to 11 Years: Do Children Need More Vitamin D?
    Mansbach JM, Ginde AA, Camargo CA Jr.
    Pediatrics. 2009 Nov;124(5):1404-1410.
    PMID: 19951983

    CONCLUSIONS: On the basis of a nationally representative sample of US children aged 1 to 11 years, millions of children may have suboptimal levels of 25(OH)D, especially non-Hispanic black and Hispanic children. More data in children are needed not only to understand better the health implications of specific serum levels of 25(OH)D but also to determine the appropriate vitamin D supplement requirements for children.
Matti Narkia

A vitamin D nutritional cornucopia: new insights concerning the serum 25-hydroxyvitamin... - 0 views

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    A vitamin D nutritional cornucopia: new insights concerning the serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D status of the US population.
    Norman AW.
    Am J Clin Nutr. 2008 Dec;88(6):1455-6.
    PMID: 19064502
    doi:10.3945/ajcn.2008.27049

    In summary, the report of Looker et al should be required reading for all nutritionists, clinicians, and vitamin D aficionados who are decision makers with regard to 25(OH)D assays, vitamin D nutritional policy, and the care of patients with vitamin D-related diseases.
Matti Narkia

Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D status of the US population: 1988-1994 compared with 2000-200... - 0 views

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    Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D status of the US population: 1988-1994 compared with 2000-2004.
    Looker AC, Pfeiffer CM, Lacher DA, Schleicher RL, Picciano MF, Yetley EA.
    Am J Clin Nutr. 2008 Dec;88(6):1519-27.
    PMID: 19064511
    doi:10.3945/ajcn.2008.26182

    Conclusions: Overall, mean serum 25(OH)D was lower in 2000-2004 than 1988-1994. Assay changes unrelated to changes in vitamin D status accounted for much of the difference in most population groups. In an adult subgroup, combined changes in BMI, milk intake, and sun protection appeared to contribute to a real decline in vitamin D status.

    In summary, age-standardized mean serum 25(OH)D concentrations based on observed values were significantly lower in 2000-2004 than in 1988-1994 in all groups examined. Adjustment for assay changes noticeably reduced the difference between surveys. However, mean serum 25(OH)D concentrations remained significantly lower in males (except Mexican Americans) in NHANES 2000-2004 than in NHANES III, even after adjustment for assay differences. This remaining difference likely represents a real decline in vitamin D status. Changes in BMI, milk intake, and sun protection appeared to contribute to this decline in a subgroup of non-Hispanic white adults. The possibility that trends in overweight, sun protection, and milk intake may continue supports the need to continue monitoring the serum 25(OH)D status of the population
Matti Narkia

Association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and cognitive performance in middle-aged... - 0 views

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    Association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and cognitive performance in middle-aged and older European men.
    Lee DM, Tajar A, Ulubaev A, Pendleton N, O'Neill TW, O'Connor DB, Bartfai G, Boonen S, Bouillon R, Casanueva FF, Finn JD, Forti G, Giwercman A, Han TS, Huhtaniemi IT, Kula K, Lean ME, Punab M, Silman AJ, Vanderschueren D, Wu FC; EMAS study group.
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2009 Jul;80(7):722-9. Epub 2009 May 21.
    PMID: 19460797
    doi:10.1136/jnnp.2008.165720

    Conclusion: In this study, lower 25(OH)D levels were associated with poorer performance on the DSST. Further research is warranted to determine whether vitamin D sufficiency might have a role in preserving cognitive function in older adults.
Matti Narkia

Urgent action needed to improve vitamin D status among older people in England! - [Age ... - 0 views

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    Urgent action needed to improve vitamin D status among older people in England!
    Hirani V, Tull K, Ali A, Mindell J.
    Age Ageing. 2009 Nov 23. [Epub ahead of print]
    PMID: 19934073

    CONCLUSIONS: poor vitamin D status of older people continues to be a public health problem in England. Hypovitaminosis D is associated with many risk factors and poor health outcomes. There is now an urgent need for a uniform policy on assessment and dietary supplementation of vitamin D in older people to prevent poor vitamin D status and its negative consequences
Matti Narkia

Nutritional vitamin D status during pregnancy: reasons for concern -- Hollis and Wagner... - 0 views

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    Nutritional vitamin D status during pregnancy: reasons for concern.
    Hollis BW, Wagner CL.
    CMAJ. 2006 Apr 25;174(9):1287-90.
    PMID: 16636329
    doi:10.1503/cmaj.060149.
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D could ease symptoms for MS sufferers - ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corp... - 0 views

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    "Posted Tue Nov 17, 2009 4:01pm AEDT
    Updated Tue Nov 17, 2009 4:27pm AEDT
    Researchers are advising people with MS to take safe levels of vitamin D supplements.

    Researchers are advising people with MS to take safe levels of vitamin D supplements. (ABC News: Giulio Saggin, file photo)

    * Audio: New research shows Vitamin D may slow the progress of MS (The World Today)

    Australian scientists have found that Vitamin D may slow the progression of multiple sclerosis (MS).

    Figures showing that people living in Tasmania are seven times more likely to develop MS than Queenslanders had suggested a link between sunlight exposure and the disease. "
Matti Narkia

Arch Intern Med -- 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Levels and the Risk of Mortality in the General ... - 0 views

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    25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and the risk of mortality in the general population.
    Melamed ML, Michos ED, Post W, Astor B.
    Arch Intern Med. 2008 Aug 11;168(15):1629-37.
    PMID: 18695076

    Conclusion The lowest quartile of 25(OH)D level (<17.8 ng/mL) is independently associated with all-cause mortality in the general population.
Matti Narkia

Low vitamin D tied to heart, stroke deaths: MedlinePlus - 0 views

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    "NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Low vitamin D levels in the body may be deadly, according to a new study hinting that adults with lower, versus higher, blood levels of vitamin D may be more likely to die from heart disease or stroke.

    Vitamin D is an essential vitamin mostly obtained from direct sunlight exposure, but also found in foods and multivitamins.

    Dr. Annamari Kilkkinen, at the National Institute for Health and Welfare in Helsinki, Finland, and colleagues compared blood levels of vitamin D and deaths from heart disease or stroke over time in 2,817 men and 3,402 women in Finland."
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