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dr tech

After industry adopts open video standards, MPEG founder says the end is nigh / Boing B... - 0 views

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    "The triumph of open standards has manifestly demoralized Chiariglione, who grudgingly admits that a combination of rent-seeking by MPEG members and legal threats from patent trolls has spelled the end of the "business model" of creating standards for the purpose of allowing companies to charge royalties for everyday technological activities by injecting their patents into it."
dr tech

Software 'no more accurate than untrained humans' at judging reoffending risk | US news... - 0 views

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    "The algorithm, called Compas (Correctional Offender Management Profiling for Alternative Sanctions), is used throughout the US to weigh up whether defendants awaiting trial or sentencing are at too much risk of reoffending to be released on bail.

    Since being developed in 1998, the tool is reported to have been used to assess more than one million defendants. But a new paper has cast doubt on whether the software's predictions are sufficiently accurate to justify its use in potentially life-changing decisions."
dr tech

Meltdown and Spectre: 'worst ever' CPU bugs affect virtually all computers | Technology... - 0 views

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    "Serious security flaws that could let attackers steal sensitive data, including passwords and banking information, have been found in processors designed by Intel, AMD and ARM.

    The flaws, named Meltdown and Spectre, were discovered by security researchers at Google's Project Zero in conjunction with academic and industry researchers from several countries. Combined they affect virtually every modern computer, including smartphones, tablets and PCs from all vendors and running almost any operating system."
dr tech

Former Facebook executive: social media is ripping society apart | Technology | The Gua... - 0 views

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    "Chamath Palihapitiya, who was vice-president for user growth at Facebook before he left the company in 2011, said: "The short-term, dopamine-driven feedback loops that we have created are destroying how society works. No civil discourse, no cooperation, misinformation, mistruth.""
dr tech

How AI and Eye Tracking Could Soon Help Schools Screen for Dyslexia | EdSurge News - 0 views

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    "Lexplore claims its technology is new-particularly the algorithm that separates typical from atypical readers. But the concepts it's based on aren't. Its tech draws from a deep well of previously-conducted research stretching back decades, which is generally supportive of using a combination of eye tracking and machine learning to screen for dyslexia.

    "Eye movements is one of the best ways to index reading ability at an incredibly in-depth level," says Julie Kirkby, a psychology professor at Bournemouth University in the United Kingdom, who has studied eye tracking and dyslexia for years."
dr tech

How white engineers built racist code - and why it's dangerous for black people | Techn... - 0 views

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    "The lack of answers the Jacksonville sheriff's office have provided in Lynch's case is representative of the problems that facial recognition poses across the country. "It's considered an imperfect biometric," said Garvie, who in 2016 created a study on facial recognition software, published by the Center on Privacy and Technology at Georgetown Law, called The Perpetual Line-Up. "There's no consensus in the scientific community that it provides a positive identification of somebody.""
dr tech

Algorithms Identify People with Suicidal Thoughts - IEEE Spectrum - 0 views

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    "Brain scans, however, are quite telling, especially when analyzed with an algorithm, Brent and his colleagues discovered. "We're trying to figure out what's going on in somebody's brain when they're thinking about suicide," says Brent. 

    These scans, taken using fMRI, or functional magnetic resonance imaging, show that strong words such as 'death,' 'trouble,' 'carefree,' and 'praise,' trigger different patterns of brain activity in people who are suicidal, compared with people who are not. That means that people at risk of suicide think about those concepts differently than everyone else-evidenced by the levels and patterns of brain activity, or neural signatures."
dr tech

Google's AI knows when a stranger is looking at your phone - The Verge - 0 views

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    "Ever get the feeling someone is looking over your shoulder at your phone? Well, you might not have to worry about that in the future: Google's researchers have developed an AI tool that can spot when someone is sneaking a peek at your screen."
dr tech

Some scientists fear superintelligent machines could pose a threat to humanity | The Wa... - 0 views

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    "The world's spookiest philosopher is Nick Bostrom, a thin, soft-spoken Swede. Of all the people worried about runaway artificial intelligence, and Killer Robots, and the possibility of a technological doomsday, Bostrom conjures the most extreme scenarios. In his mind, human extinction could be just the beginning."
dr tech

Facebook Is Now Using AI to Help Prevent Suicides - 0 views

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    "Facebook has detailed the steps it's taking to get help for people who need it. Which involves using artificial intelligence to "detect posts or live videos where someone might be expressing thoughts of suicide," identifying appropriate first responders, and then employing more people to "review reports of suicide or self harm".

    The social network has been testing this system in the U.S. for the last month, and "worked with first responders on over 100 wellness checks based on reports we received via our proactive detection efforts." In some cases the local authorities were notified in order to help."
dr tech

Truck drivers like me will soon be replaced by automation. You're next | Finn Murphy | ... - 0 views

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    "Maybe so, but guess what? You're next. When automation starts displacing lawyers, accountants and bankers, then we might see some push-back about the social costs of technology. So long as it's only truckers and factory workers getting sacked, well, there's always Walmart, McDonald's, or food stamps."
dr tech

Google's AI expert believes humans and AI will merge before 2030 | Alphr - 0 views

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    " Kurzweil believes that "medical robots will go inside our brain and connect our neo-cortex to the smart cloud," and that's all slated to happen by 2029."
dr tech

China's social credit score is like a 'Black Mirror' episode - Business Insider - 0 views

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    "The Chinese government is planning on implementing a system that connects citizens' financial, social, political, and legal credit ratings into one big social trustability score. The idea would be that if someone breaks trust in one area, they'd be adversely affected everywhere."
dr tech

Email scammers targeted by new bot that inundates them with endless annoying questions ... - 0 views

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    "The organisation is inviting anyone who thinks they've been targeted by a scam email to forward it to Re:scam, which will verify if it is a scam or not.

    It will then use its own email address to target any scammers it manages to detect.  "
dr tech

Computer says no: why making AIs fair, accountable and transparent is crucial | Science... - 0 views

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    "In October, American teachers prevailed in a lawsuit with their school district over a computer program that assessed their performance.

    The system rated teachers in Houston by comparing their students' test scores against state averages. Those with high ratings won praise and even bonuses. Those who fared poorly faced the sack.

    The program did not please everyone. Some teachers felt that the system marked them down without good reason. But they had no way of checking if the program was fair or faulty: the company that built the software, the SAS Institute, regards its algorithm a trade secret and would not disclose its workings."
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