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Bill Brydon

SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH METHODS IN INTERNET TIME - Information, Communication & Society - - 0 views

    "This article discusses three interrelated challenges related to conducting
    social science research in 'Internet Time'. (1) The rate at which the Internet
    is both diffusing through society and developing new capacities is
    unprecedented. It creates some novel challenges for scholarly research. (2) Many
    of our most robust research methods are based upon ceteris paribus
    assumptions that do not hold in the online environment. The rate of change
    online narrows the range of questions that can be answered using traditional
    tools. Meanwhile, (3) new research methods are untested and often rely upon data
    sources that are incomplete and systematically flawed. The paper details these
    challenges, then proposes that scholars embrace the values of
    transparency and kludginess in order to answer important research
    questions in a rapidly-changing communications environment."
Bill Brydon

Theorizing Community as Discourse in Community Informatics: "Resistant Identities" and ... - 0 views

    "Community informatics (CI) is a form of activism that involves the application
    of information and communication technologies in pursuit of community
    development within localities. This article draws on discourse theory (DT) to
    re-evaluate activists' self-interpretations that rely on community, and to make
    sense of the political struggles at the heart of CI. It is argued that
    activists' community discourse constructs, through articulation, locally
    "resistant" collective identities and an associated collective agency capable of
    appropriating technology in pursuit of unfulfilled social demands. However DT
    also suggests that the socially progressive nature of CI is not guaranteed by
    recourse to the social ideal of community."
Bill Brydon

Recentering Political Theory: The Promise of Mobile Locality - 0 views

    "In this post-universalist era, the idea of providing guidance for culturally
    different communities and individuals is rightly condemned as imperialist. Yet
    this very recognition of cultural limitations ironically encourages further
    Eurocentrism: fearful of making imperialist claims about political life that
    apply to all, many contemporary theorists carefully qualify the reach of the
    problems they examine and the applicability of the normative theories they
    propose. How may this vicious cycle be truncated? The emerging field of
    comparative political theory joins postcolonial studies, feminism, and subaltern
    studies to suggest that more sensitively calibrated forms of inclusion may
    deparochialize our political thinking, without replicating the homogenizing
    universalism of earlier centuries. Painfully aware that they are situated within
    the privileged cultural frames of the modern West, comparative political
    theorists identify their struggle in terms of understanding differently situated
    others amid power disparities created by colonialism, American hegemony, and the
    global flow of capital."
Bill Brydon

Local Residents' Knowledge about Protected Areas: A Case Study in Dandeli Wildlife Sanc... - 0 views

    "A substantial body of research explores local residents' perceptions and
    attitudes toward protected areas. However, less research focuses explicitly on
    different aspects of local residents' knowledge about protected areas. To
    examine the local residents' knowledge regarding the existence and regulations
    of a nearby protected area and some of the socioeconomic correlates of this
    knowledge, we surveyed 425 adults living in urban and rural settings around the
    Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary, Karnataka (India). We found that knowledge of the
    existence of the protected area was low, especially among urban dwellers. We
    also found that socioeconomic characteristics of informants, such as sex,
    education, and place of residency, explain variation in awareness of the
    existence of a protected area. As information on protected areas only reaches
    selected groups of the population, our findings highlight the importance of
    reinforcing policies that promote public awareness of protected areas."
Bill Brydon

Bridging Troubled Waters: Applying Consensus-Building Techniques to Water Planning - So... - 0 views

    "This research investigates a practical way to address clashes in stakeholder
    values and enhance outcomes in water allocation planning, in a case study of the
    water-stressed Lockyer catchment in Australia. A conflict assessment using
    photovoice interviews early in the process was used to identify divergent
    interests and values about sustainability, private and public benefit, and
    equity. A photovoice workshop as well as separate and joint meetings of
    government and irrigator groups using various consensus-building techniques
    fostered mutual respect, identified common ground, and contributed toward a
    negotiated package. This case study shows that techniques that clarify parties'
    values can reduce areas of divergence and refocus parties on topics for further
    negotiation in water planning. A consensus-building process need not be
    formalized in legislation; techniques can be tailored for the purpose and needs
    of the situation, and together with institutional change will contribute to more
    collaborative and deliberative planning processes."
Bill Brydon

Idioms of Return: Homecoming and Heritage in the Rebuilding of Protea Village, Cape Tow... - 0 views

    This article analyses 'heritage' as a conceptual category among current and former residents affected by the proposed redevelopment of Protea Village, a neighbourhood in Cape Town razed during apartheid. Former residents, who were forcibly resettled in townships on the outskirts of the city on account of being coloured, won their land back through the Land Restitution Programme in 2006. Some 86 families were planning to return. Based on fieldwork conducted intermittently between 2005 and 2008, this article analyses three different idioms through which former and current residents made sense of the pending return of the community. While those who supported it hailed the proposed redevelopment as a chance to right the wrongs of the past, to reverse the spatial legacy of apartheid and to put the new democratic South Africa into practice, others feared declining property prices and the development of 'shanty towns' on their doorstep.
Bill Brydon

Autonomy Begins at Home: A Gendered Perspective on Indigenous Autonomy Movements - 0 views

    Mayas living in the western highlands of Chiapas, Mexico are defining a new relationship with the national government. Rejecting paternalistic forms of development and military repression with which the nation in which they live have tried to eradicate their culture, Mayas are now asserting the right to autonomy within regions where they constitute a majority. I argue that the movement for autonomy based on collective norms of Mayan culture is most acute in areas that were the least incorporated in the 1910-1917 Mexican Revolution and have become important because of mineral, water, and genetic biodiversity that are attracting global investors. The strategies for practicing autonomy developed by indigenous municipalities and campesino organizations in distinct regional settings provide them with patterns for organizing themselves as distinct entities and for participating in national and global settings. Gender differences in all these settings influence the interpretation of autonomy as it is practiced in the communities that have declared themselves as autonomous. I shall compare these practices in regionally distinct settings of Chiapas in an attempt to demonstrate how this enters in to the formulation of an alternative model for pluricultural coexistence in the global ecumene.
Bill Brydon

Where they Walk: What Aging Black Women's Geographies Tell of Race, Gender, Space, and ... - 0 views

    This article proposes aging black women's geographies as a critical forum to rethink human-spatial relationships in Brazil. It ethnographically explores aging black women's life narratives recounted while walking through their neighborhood in the city of Belo Horizonte. Their accounts of their lives in the neighborhood speak to racial, gender, and class positioning in Brazil and how these positions manifest in spatial configurations. However, their stories also reimagine the relationship between individuals, communities, and space offer counter-narratives to traditional concepts of geographic hierarchy, domination, and separation, suggested in ideas such as the 'favela'. The analysis shows how aging black women's geographies model possibilities for re-envisioning liberatory practices and environments.
Bill Brydon

The New Cartographies of Re-Orientalism - 0 views

    This paper explores the concept of Re-Orientalism by evaluating contrasting uses of the term, examining their implications and revealing the way they mark ongoing contestations over cultural legitimacy and authority. I explore some of the connections between Re-Orientalism and Graham Huggan's postcolonial exoticism and propose an inclusive working definition of Re-Orientalism that I put to the test in an evaluation of Michael Ondaatje's Running in the Family and Christopher Ondaatje's The Man-Eater of Punanai. I suggest that "Re-Orientalism" marks a re-orientation of discursive authorization symptomatic of deep anxieties over cultural legitimacy. At its most radical, I argue, such a re-orientation can prompt a profound revaluation of the position of the diasporic and national subject in ways that provoke productive dialogue between them; at its most reactionary, I suggest, it can work to deepen and entrench the differences generated by Orientalist discourse itself.
Bill Brydon

Beijing en Abyme: Outside Television in the Olympic Era -- Neves 29 (2107): 21 -- Socia... - 0 views

    This essay supplements a growing body of work on domestic television in China by exploring some histories of the screen outside the home. Rooted in Olympic-era Beijing, this discussion converges around three intermedial contexts: (1) contemporary art and exhibition; (2) nondomestic and unhomely space; (3) contemporary cinema. These disparate assemblages reimagine the space of television and the medium's role as a form of social communication. The primary focus is the intersection of television and the city in articulating the social body in transition. Focusing on artists, audiences, state media, and elided spaces of electronics production, the essay develops the notion of "screen postsocialism" to explore the logic of development in contemporary China. In particular, it argues that the Olympic era consolidates a transitional imaginary around outside television forms. This emphasis on a particular technology of reception, moreover, acts to screen out the broader textures of postsocialist cultural and economic production.
Bill Brydon

Mapping, memory and the city: Archives, databases and film historiography - 0 views

    This article critically assesses the role and broader applications of a place-based moving image database and online catalogue in researching film and cities. Unlike the sprawling metropolises of Berlin, London or New York (the archetypical 'cinematic cities'), a medium-sized provincial city such as Liverpool offers a more localized urban landscape conducive to place-based studies of film. The form and structure of the database plays a crucial role in the mapping of historical film and urban geography, allowing for relational forms of spatial analysis. This prompts a wider set of questions: in what ways can the database inform and structure specific spatial narratives of the city over time? What, by extension, are the cultural and historiographical implications for research into film, place and space? Finally, to what extent might a database model of the 'city in film' be extended beyond local and regional boundaries to reshape national discourses of film historiography?
Bill Brydon

From Preamble to Post-project Frustrations: The Shaping of a Slum Upgrading Project in ... - 0 views

    This article presents an ethnography of the evolution of Prometrópole, a slum upgrading project in the Brazilian city of Recife. The project aims to improve the urban infrastructure, eradicate slums and resettle the population. We focus on the project's first area of intervention, Jacarezinho. We analyze how, from lead-up through implementation, the project gained shape and gradually became real. Participatory procedures were very important in shaping the project that for a long time did not materialize. We argue that the project manifested itself as a vehicle of modernity that evoked a dream of progress. The population, which never asked for the project, was attracted to this dream, but remained critical. We contend that, although the project partly delivered on its promises, for many slum dwellers it failed to entail a better life. We portray the project's genealogy, the compromise between different aims, and an echelon of post-project frustrations.
Bill Brydon

Belonging to the Network Society: Social Media and the Production of a New Global Middl... - 0 views

    In this article, I draw from ethnographic research conducted in Paris to analyze how new class competencies based on cultural capital in the form of the "authentically global" are acquired, wielded, and reproduced in a global network of web-based groups that organize offline, local events for "international people." Just as mass media such as radio, television, newsprint, and the novel have been implicated in the creation of national middle classes, new social media may be connected to the discursive production of a global middle class. Although the development of the national middle classes was key to the nation-building projects of modernity, the production of this global class is fundamental economically and culturally to expanding processes of neoliberal globalization.
Bill Brydon

Cosmopolitanism and the Specificity of the Local in World Literature - 0 views

    Taking its cue from recent scholarship de-linking the idea of "modernity" from the idea of "the West", this article advocates the notion of "world literature" as the body of literature that has, in the last 150 to 200 years, registered and encoded the social logic of modernity. Building on Franco Moretti's postulation of a single world-literary system (structured not merely by difference but also by inequality) and on the theoretical work of Fredric Jameson, the article traces some of the ways in which the local detail of peripheral modernity is represented in literary texts by Thomas Mofolo, Patrick Chamoiseau, Lao She, Rohinton Mistry, Ivan Vladislavic and others, demonstrating that there is no necessary contradiction between the ideas of the "universal" and the "local" or the "national", but that, on the contrary, there are only local universalisms (and, for that matter, only "local cosmopolitanisms"), which it becomes the task of readers to situate as completely as they can.
Bill Brydon

Gender, Governance and Power: Finding the Global at the Local Level - Globalizations - 0 views

    One of the foundational aims of this journal is to enable articulations of globalisation other than those conceived of within a narrow, economistic modality. The articles that comprise this special issue, in our view, make a timely and innovative contribution to the plurality of analytical insights that have been published in this journal since its inception. Further, this issue represents the first issue of Globalizations that, in its entirety, takes seriously the claim that gender matters to global politics and therefore to globalisation. Ideas about gender are thoroughly bound up in the processes of integration, fragmentation, economic restructuring, and im/migration that characterise the sets of practices and politics described by the short-hand of 'globalisation', and in various ways the articles in this collection interrogate these practices to enrich our understanding of their particular and more general effects.
Bill Brydon

'I went to the City of God': Gringos, guns and the touristic favela - Journal of Latin ... - 0 views

    A regular tourist destination since the early 1990s, Rocinha - the paradigmatic touristic favela in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil - has seen the number of foreigners visitors grow considerably after the successful international release of City of God in 2003. In dialogue with the new mobilities paradigm and based on a socio-ethnographic investigation which examines how poverty-stricken and segregated areas are turned into tourist attractions, the article sheds lights on the ways tourists who have watched Fernando Meirelles's film re-interpret their notion of "the favela" after taking part in organized tours. The aim is to examine how far these reinterpretations, despite based on first-hand encounters, are related back to idealized notions that feed upon the cinematic favela of City of God while giving further legitimacy to it.
Bill Brydon

Measuring the adoption of innovation. A typology of EU countries based on the Innovatio... - 0 views

    Based on the Community Innovation Survey, this paper suggests new indicators of innovation adoption. The magnitude of innovation adoption is assessed for 22 EU countries and different industries. The most striking feature is the correlation between the innovation activities and the adoption rate. Countries with strong R&D and human resources and high innovation output exhibit the highest adoption rates. This supports the idea that innovation adoption requires an absorption capability. In addition, the specificities of each country regarding the prevailing types of innovation and adoption (product or process, cooperation-based adoption or internal adoption) allow us to draw up a typology of the EU countries, for which a specific geographical pattern is observed.
Bill Brydon

Surviving Uneven Development: Social Reproduction and the Persistence of Capitalism - N... - 0 views

    This article takes the 25th anniversary of Neil Smith's Uneven Development: Nature, Capital and the Production of Space as an opportunity to consider the seminal contributions the book has made for pushing scholars to more deeply consider the connections between the persistence of capitalism and social reproduction. Furthermore, we move on from this connection to consider the emancipatory ideas within Uneven Development and their connection to prompting new forms of revolutionary imagination and political possibility.
Bill Brydon

The Role of Global City Discourses in the Development and Transformation of the Buyukde... - 0 views

    During the past 30 years, politicians, professionals and academicians have been inspired by the global city concept, which has resulted in fierce competition among the large cities of the world to achieve global city status. Istanbul, like its counterparts, has been a competitor during the past three decades. Its economic, social, political and spatial structures have subsequently changed to a profound extent. This article aims to explain the spatial transformation of the city and focuses on the international business district of the city in the Buyukdere-Maslak axis. It aims to show that the spatial transformation of the city is the outcome of a wider political project, globalization, which has been constructed in the local areas through economic, political and cultural processes by deploying certain discourses. These discourses have been translated by the elite groups into economic and urban policies, which have shaped the spatial structure of the city.
Bill Brydon

Community and resistance in Heidegger, Nancy and Agamben - 0 views

    Over the last two decades the work of Jean-Luc Nancy and Giorgio Agamben has attracted widespread attention both within philosophy and more broadly across the human sciences. Central to the thinking of Nancy and Agamben is a shared theory of community that offers a model of resistance to oppressive power through radical passivity. This article argues that this model inherits the inadequacies of Martin Heidegger's attempts to conceptualize society and history. More specifically, Heidegger's understanding of collective history in terms of 'destiny' implicitly regulates the figure of community proposed by Nancy and Agamben. This alignment with the Heideggerian notion of destiny means that these later thinkers fail to offer a credible model of resistance in terms of concretely determined means of productive counter-practices. As a consequence the usefulness of the thinking of Nancy and Agamben as a conceptual framework for emancipatory politics is at best extremely limited.
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