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Bill Brydon

Constructing transnational social spaces among Latin American migrants in Europe: persp... - 0 views

    "This paper examines the construction of transnational social spaces among Latin
    American migrants living in the UK in relation to their
    multiple connections with homelands and other European countries, especially
    Spain. Drawing on Bourdieu's forms of capital approach, it
    explores how transnational practices underpin the functioning of these spaces in
    relation to how civic, economic, institutional cultural and
    social capital are mobilized, converted and depleted. It highlights the need to
    move beyond conceptualizations of negotiating capitals
    across simple home-destination connections and instead acknowledge that
    transnational social spaces comprise complex linkages among migrants
    across more than one border with evidence of important
    linear moves via intermediate countries on their way to their destination."
Bill Brydon

"Justice is on our side"? Animal's People, generic hybridity, and eco-crime - 0 views

    "This essay examines how a recent fictionalisation of post-disaster life in
    Bhopal, Indra Sinha's novel Animal's People (2007), opens up
    perspectives on eco-crime, disaster, and systemic injustice on the level of
    genre. It begins by showing how the novel evokes private eye, noir, and spy
    genres in ways that present similarly hybrid forms of detective agency and legal
    subjectivity as a means of responding to the disaster's criminal dimensions. It
    then shows how this hybridity relates to the way Sinha plays off crime fiction's
    genealogical relationship with revenge tragedy both to disrupt the disaster's
    common real-world designation as 'tragedy' and to implicate readers in modes of
    active witnessing that probe legal-democratic failure. The essay concludes by
    discussing how these formal techniques shed light on the potential for
    interdisciplinary exchange between postcolonial ecocriticism and green
    criminology in relation to transnational crimes such as Bhopal."
Bill Brydon

Decolonizing hybridity: indigenous video, knowledge, and diffraction - 0 views

    "This article examines the hybrid cultural geographies of indigenous video with
    Donna Haraway's visual strategy of diffraction. Drawing on
    ethnographic inquiry, one particular video is explored from three different
    perspectives. First, a festival audience celebrates how the
    video represents place-based belonging, the joys of collective labor, and
    indigeneity. Second, a geographical analysis articulates the
    transnational circuits of advocacy and collaborative practices of knowledge
    production that shaped this video and its subsequent
    travels. Third, an extended conversation with the video maker about his target
    audience reveals a political intervention not visible from
    the first two angles of analysis. When diffracted, this thrice-told story about
    one video provides lessons about the potential for indigenous
    video to decolonize scholarly authority."
Bill Brydon

"Ethnic Literature's Hot": Asian American Literature, Refugee Cosmopolitanism, and Nam ... - 0 views

    "his article examines The Boat as a coherent collection of stories that
    self-consciously takes up, in "Love and Honor," some central debates in Asian
    American literary studies: questions of cultural authenticity, authorial
    ownership, responsible representation of trauma, the selling out of the
    community by subsequent generations, and what constitutes Asian American
    literature and/or "ethnic literature." It argues that Le complicates the concept
    of ethnic literature through the middle stories of the collection by imbricating
    the ethnic with the cosmopolitan, two concepts that are usually viewed in
    opposition, to arrive at the idea of "refugee cosmopolitanism" in the final
    story, "The Boat.""
Bill Brydon

Postcolonial Remains - 1 views

    "In a reconsideration of the role of the postcolonial in the twenty-first
    century, the article focuses on contemporary issues that have involved what can
    be characterized as the politics of invisibility and of unreadability:
    indigenous struggles and their relation to settler colonialism, illegal
    migrants, and political Islam. It is argued that while none of these fall within
    the template of the classic paradigm of anticolonial struggles, they all involve
    postcolonial remains from the colonial past as well as prompting political
    insights that show the extent to which postcolonial perspectives continue to
    offer the basis of transformative critique."
Bill Brydon

Postcolonial Studies and the Challenge of Climate Change - 0 views

    "This article begins by describing how the figure of the human has been thought
    in anticolonial and postcolonial writing-as that of the rights-bearing citizen
    and as the "subject under erasure" of deconstructive thinking, respectively. The
    essay then goes on to show how the science of climate change foregrounds the
    idea of human beings' collective geological agency in determining the climate of
    the planet, a move that makes the other two figures not redundant but inadequate
    to the task of imagining the human in the age of the Anthropocene. The article
    ends by arguing the necessity of our having to think of the human on multiple
    and incommensurable scales simultaneously, keeping all the three figures of the
    human in disjunctive association with one another."
Bill Brydon

Metaphor as argument: A stylistic genre-based approach - 0 views

    One of the most intriguing questions in both stylistic and rhetorical analyses relates to determining textual effect on readers, aesthetic or otherwise. Whether the power of the text is directly associated with the role of the text producer and his or her intentions, the linguistic, paralinguistic, extralinguistic and situational context of the text, the background and socio-cognitive expectations of the reader, or a combination of some or all of these factors (or other factors) is a question that is still the subject of stylistic and rhetorical analysis today. This article is a further step in this direction. It attempts to investigate one dimension of textual effect, namely uniformity in reader reaction to an argumentative poem entitled Dinner with the Cannibal, by focusing on the roles that genre and metaphor play in ideologically positioning readers. It argues, on the one hand, that literature is the dominant genre in this hybrid literary-argumentative poem, channelling the readers' initial interpretations almost exclusively in the interest of more traditional literary interpretative approaches. On the other hand, and more importantly, it focuses on the role that metaphor, as a cognitive link between text producer and reader, plays in the construction of an extremely controlled, uniform interpretation of the argumentative dimension to the poem. The overall effect of the way genre and metaphor function in this argumentative poem, it is concluded, is highly ideological.
Bill Brydon

Introduction: Residential Schools and Decolonization - 0 views

    ""Home" to more than 150,000 children from the 1870s until 1996, the residential
    school system was aimed at "killing the Indian in the child" and assimilating
    First Nations, Métis, and Inuit children into white settler society. It was, in
    short, a genocidal policy, operated jointly by the federal government of Canada
    and the Catholic, Anglican, United, and Presbyterian Churches. Children as young
    as four years old were torn from their families and placed in institutions that
    were chronically underfunded; mismanaged; inadequately staffed; and rife with
    disease, malnutrition, poor ventilation, poor heating, neglect, and death.
    Sexual, emotional, and physical abuse was pervasive, and it was consistent
    policy to deny children their languages, their cultures, their families, and
    even their given names. While some children may have had positive experiences,
    many former students have found themselves caught between two worlds: deprived
    of their languages and traditions, they were left on their own to handle the
    trauma of their school experience and to try to readapt to the traditional way
    of life that they had been conditioned to reject. Life after residential school
    has been marred for many by alcohol and substance abuse, cycles of violence,
    suicide, anger, hopelessness, isolation, shame, guilt, and an inability to
    parent. First Nations leader Phil Fontaine catalysed the struggle for redress in
    1990 when he stunned Canada by speaking about his residential-school experience.
    The second major catalyst was the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples (RCAP)
    of 1991-1996, which broadly exposed the horrors of residential schools to
    Canadians and called for a public inquiry. By the early 2000s there was a
    growing number of lawsuits, most notably the Cloud and Baxter class actions. In
    1998, following RCAP, the federal government issued a "statement of regret" for
    physical and sexual violations and established the Aboriginal Healing
Bill Brydon


    "In this essay I intend to flesh out and discuss what I consider to be the
    groundbreaking contribution by the German historian and theorist of history
    Reinhart Koselleck to postwar historiography: his theory of historical times. I
    begin by discussing the view, so prominent in the Anglophone context, that
    Koselleck's idea of the plurality of historical times can be grasped only in
    terms of a plurality of historical periods in chronological succession, and
    hence, that Koselleck's theory of historical times is in reality a theory of
    periodization. Against this interpretation, to be found in works by Kathleen
    Davis, Peter Osborne, and Lynn Hunt, among others, I will argue that not only is
    Koselleck's theory of historical times, or, with a more phenomenlogical turn of
    phrase, his theory of multiple temporalities, not a theory of
    periodization, it is, furthermore, a theory developed to defy
    periodization. Hence, at the core of Koselleck's work is the attempt to replace
    the idea of linear, homogeneous time with a more complex, heterogeneous, and
    multilayered notion of temporality. In this essay I will demonstrate how this
    shift is achieved by means of three dichotomies: between natural and historical,
    extralinguistic and intralinguistic, and diachronic and synchronic time."
Bill Brydon

Sander Happaerts Does Autonomy Matter? Subnational Governments and the Challenge of Ver... - 0 views

    "Sustainable development needs to be tackled at all governmental levels.
    Moreover, policies need to be integrated, horizontally and vertically. This
    article studies the efforts of subnational governments and their strategies
    towards vertical policy integration. Four cases are compared: Quebec (Canada),
    Flanders (Belgium), North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany) and North Holland (the
    Netherlands). The assumption is that their approaches are determined by their
    degree of autonomy, which involves their competences within their own borders
    (self-rule) and their influence on national decision making (shared rule). The
    findings, however, show that degree of autonomy does not shape the subnational
    governments' stance towards vertical policy integration for sustainable
    development. Rather, it is influenced by other factors, such as political
    dynamics. The analysis also puts forward that the degree of self-rule of
    subnational governments has a large influence on the content of sustainable
    development policies, not only at the subnational, but also at the national
Bill Brydon

Nancy Fraser: On Justice New Left Review - 0 views

    "Justice occupies a special place in the pantheon of virtues. For the ancients,
    it was often conceived as the master virtue, the one that orders all the others.
    For Plato, justice had exactly this overarching status. A just individual, he
    tells us in The Republic, is one in whom the three parts of the
    soul-reason, spirit, appetite-and the three virtues associated with them-wisdom,
    courage, moderation-stand in the right relation to one another. Justice in the
    city is precisely analogous. In the just city, each class exercises its own
    distinctive virtue by performing the task suitable for its nature, and none
    interferes with the others. The wise and rational part does the ruling, the
    brave and spirited part does the soldiering, and the rest, those lacking special
    spirit or intelligence but capable of moderation, do the farming and the manual
    labouring. Justice is the harmonious balance among these constituent elements."
Bill Brydon

Albena Azmanova De-gendering social justice in the 21st century: An immanent critique o... - 0 views

    "This article presents a blueprint of a feminist agenda for the twenty-first
    century that is oriented not by the telos of gender parity, but instead
    evolves as an 'immanent critique' of the key structural dynamics of contemporary
    capitalism - within a framework of analysis derived from the
    tenets of Critical Theory of Frankfurt School origin. This activates a form
    of critique whose double focus on (1) shared conceptions of
    justice; and (2) structural sources of injustice, allows criteria
    of social justice to emerge from the identification of a broad pattern of
    societal injustice surpassing the discrimination of
    particular groups. In this light, women's victimization is but a symptom of
    structural dynamics negatively affecting also the alleged
    winners in the classical feminist agenda of critique. The analysis ultimately
    produces a model of social justice in a formula of socially
    embedded autonomy that unites work, care, and leisure."
Bill Brydon

Ariane Dalla Déa Representations of Culture in Theater of the Oppressed and ... - 0 views

    "Critical examination of stories originating in everyday individual
    experiences of oppression as reenacted in Theater of the Oppressed and as
    articulated in the speech performances of participatory budgeting meetings shows
    how the rhetoric of oppression operates either to reproduce or to transform
    historically established cultural practices. The application of theories of
    mimesis, performance, representation, experience, and frame analysis helps
    explain how cultural patterns counter Theater of the Oppressed's proposals,
    simply providing a cathartic release, and how public participation in budgetary
    meetings is effective in producing social change.

    Um olhar crítico das experiências individuais com opressão
    re-encenadas no Teatro do Oprimido e articuladas nas falas de residentes nos
    distritos do orçamento participativo mostra como as retóricas de opressão opera
    para reproduzir ou transformar as práticas culturais estabelecidas
    históricamente. O uso de teorias de mimesis, performance, representação,
    experiência e analisis de ponto de referência social ajuda em compreender como
    os padrões culturais agem contra a proposta de transformação social no Teatro do
    Oprimido, providenciando nada mais que uma liberação catártica, e exemplifica
    como a participação pública no orçamento do governo é mais eficaz em trazer
    mudanças sociais."
Bill Brydon

Shu-mei Shih Is the Post- in Postsocialism the Post- in Posthumanism? Social Text - 0 views

    "This essay brings into dialectical consideration the relationship between
    postsocialism and posthumanism in China through the life story of Marxist
    humanism from the global 1960s to the present across Eastern Europe, France, and
    the United States. It especially foregrounds the American counterpart to the
    irruption of Marxist humanism in Eastern Europe and the humanist controversy in
    France during the 1950s in the now marginalized work of Raya Dunayeskaya, which
    brought Marxist humanism, feminism, and antiracism into a powerful
    interarticulation. The essay argues that postsocialism is not a discreet
    formation affecting only previously or actually socialist countries and that,
    when seen through the lens of Marxist humanism, to which American ethnic studies
    can be considered heir, the condition today in China and globally is
    resoundingly not posthumanist."
Bill Brydon

Mariana Valverde The Crown in a Multicultural Age: The Changing Epistemology of (Post)c... - 0 views

    "In Canada as in other (post)colonial settings, courts have been facing the
    challenging task of redefining both substantive aboriginal
    legal rights and evidentiary rules that now look ethnocentric. Recent litigation
    has shown that while rights claims made by indigenous
    collectives are difficult to make and sustain in court, the newly revived
    doctrine of the Crown's inherent 'honour' can work for
    aboriginal peoples precisely because the Crown's honour is, as it were,
    self-acting. But the neo-medieval discourse of the Crown
    coexists, in the text of Canadian courts, with discursive practices that enact a
    contemporary, pluralistic, socially aware form of judicial
    anthropology. These two wholly conflicting representations of the Canadian state
    live happily side by side in current Canadian judicial
    discourse. This easy eclecticism stands in marked contrast to the difficulties
    and embarrassments experienced by aboriginal leaders
    testifying before judges. The close judicial scrutiny of aboriginal claims
    contrasts with the tolerance of major epistemological
    contradictions in the state's discourses about itself."
Bill Brydon

Katharine Sarikakis Access denied: the anatomy of silence, immobilization and the gende... - 0 views

    "This article argues that the status of migrant subjects is characterized by a
    loss of communication rights and locates the instances where this loss is most
    visible. It investigates the process of silencing and immobilization of migrants
    and the particular forms it takes for female migrants through the disenablement
    of communicative acts. In this process the detained migrant loses her status as
    an interlocutor, irrespectively of the instances and processes that allow her-or
    demand of her-to speak. The state of exceptionality assigned to detained
    migrants is supported in the criminalization of migration laws and
    securitization, which together with widespread policies of incarceration in the
    West have become the antipode of the fundamental principles of free movement and
    expression. Silence and immobilization constitute the 'standard' rather than
    exceptional conditions of people on the move that shadow them across every step
    of their way, geographically, politically, culturally, legislatively, socially."
Bill Brydon

Myria Georgiou Introduction: gender, migration and the media - Ethnic and Racial Studies - 0 views

    "Mediated representations of gender, ethnicity and migration play an increasingly
    important role in the way these categories are understood in the public sphere
    and the private realm. As media often intervene in processes of individual and
    institutional communication, they provide frameworks for the production and
    consumption of representations of these categories. Thus media - in their
    production, representations and consumption - need to be analysed, not only as
    reflections as pre-existing socio-political realities, but also as constitutive
    elements in the production of meanings of the self and the Other. This
    special issue includes a number of articles that examine the articulations of
    gendered ethnic identities and of gendered citizenship as these are shaped in
    media production, media representations and media consumption."
Bill Brydon

Poetry, Power, Protest: Reimagining Muslim Nationhood in Northern Pakistan - 0 views

    "This article examines the role of poetry in illuminating and challenging the
    meaning of citizenship in the border region of Gilgit-Baltistan, which is
    located in the north of Pakistan and is internationally considered as forming
    part of Pakistani Kashmir. Ali discusses how poetic performances constitute a
    critical public arena for protesting political dispossession and for nurturing a
    postsectarian, religious harmony in the region. The article also complicates our
    understanding of the state, as several of the poets in Gilgit work for the local
    government. From this overlapping position as local inhabitants and state
    officials, they seek to create spaces of poetic reflection that can help reshape
    the state as well as society in Gilgit-Baltistan."
Bill Brydon

Migration and ethnic nationalism: Anglophone exit and the 'decolonisation' of... - 0 views

    "This article explains the effects of ethnic nationalism on Anglophone and
    Francophone migration. The rise of Québec ethnic nationalism in the 1960s
    dismantled the cultural division of labour, which created new opportunities for
    Francophones but threatened Anglophones' traditional dominance over the Québec
    economy. This had negative consequences for Anglophones but positive outcomes
    for Francophones, which in turn accounts for differences in migration patterns.
    Drawing from the internal colony model as well as migration and exit-voice
    theories, and using ecological census data, micro-census data and election panel
    data, I find that the key variables that increase the likelihood of Anglophone
    out-migration either do not explain Francophone out-migration or have opposite
    effects. This is because ethnonationalist policies decreased the economic return
    particularly for well-educated, higher-earning, professional Anglophones in
    Québec, while increasing the economic position of Francophones and in particular
    well-educated professionals."
Bill Brydon

Globalisation and the decline of national identity? An exploration across sixty-three c... - 0 views

    The relationship between globalisation and national identity is puzzling. While some observers have found that globalisation reduces people's identification with their nation, others have reached the opposite conclusion. This article explores this conundrum by examining the relationship between globalisation and people's feelings towards national identity. Using data from the International Social Survey Program National Identity II () and the World Values Survey (), it analyses these relations across sixty-three countries. Employing a multilevel approach, it investigates how a country's level of globalisation is related to its public perceptions towards different dimensions of national identity. The results suggest that a country's level of globalisation is not related to national identification or nationalism but it is related negatively to patriotism, the willingness to fight for the country and ethnic conceptions of membership in the nation. An examination of alternative explanations indicates that globalisation has a distinct impact on national identity.
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