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Bill Brydon

Decolonizing hybridity: indigenous video, knowledge, and diffraction - 0 views

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    "This article examines the hybrid cultural geographies of indigenous video with
    Donna Haraway's visual strategy of diffraction. Drawing on
    ethnographic inquiry, one particular video is explored from three different
    perspectives. First, a festival audience celebrates how the
    video represents place-based belonging, the joys of collective labor, and
    indigeneity. Second, a geographical analysis articulates the
    transnational circuits of advocacy and collaborative practices of knowledge
    production that shaped this video and its subsequent
    travels. Third, an extended conversation with the video maker about his target
    audience reveals a political intervention not visible from
    the first two angles of analysis. When diffracted, this thrice-told story about
    one video provides lessons about the potential for indigenous
    video to decolonize scholarly authority."
Bill Brydon

Katharine Sarikakis Access denied: the anatomy of silence, immobilization and the gende... - 0 views

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    "This article argues that the status of migrant subjects is characterized by a
    loss of communication rights and locates the instances where this loss is most
    visible. It investigates the process of silencing and immobilization of migrants
    and the particular forms it takes for female migrants through the disenablement
    of communicative acts. In this process the detained migrant loses her status as
    an interlocutor, irrespectively of the instances and processes that allow her-or
    demand of her-to speak. The state of exceptionality assigned to detained
    migrants is supported in the criminalization of migration laws and
    securitization, which together with widespread policies of incarceration in the
    West have become the antipode of the fundamental principles of free movement and
    expression. Silence and immobilization constitute the 'standard' rather than
    exceptional conditions of people on the move that shadow them across every step
    of their way, geographically, politically, culturally, legislatively, socially."
Bill Brydon

Myria Georgiou Introduction: gender, migration and the media - Ethnic and Racial Studies - 0 views

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    "Mediated representations of gender, ethnicity and migration play an increasingly
    important role in the way these categories are understood in the public sphere
    and the private realm. As media often intervene in processes of individual and
    institutional communication, they provide frameworks for the production and
    consumption of representations of these categories. Thus media - in their
    production, representations and consumption - need to be analysed, not only as
    reflections as pre-existing socio-political realities, but also as constitutive
    elements in the production of meanings of the self and the Other. This
    special issue includes a number of articles that examine the articulations of
    gendered ethnic identities and of gendered citizenship as these are shaped in
    media production, media representations and media consumption."
Bill Brydon

Ethnographic Cartographies: Social Movements, Alternative Media and the Spaces of Netwo... - 0 views

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    "Research on social movement networks has been defined by an emphasis on
    structural determinism and quantitative methodologies, and has often overlooked
    the spatial dimension of networking practices. This article argues that scholars
    have much to gain if (1) they move beyond the understanding of networks as
    organisational and communication structures, and analyse them as everyday social
    processes of human negotiation and construction, and (2) they pay attention to
    how networks between different organisations create multiple and overlapping
    spaces of action and meaning that define the everyday contexts of social
    movements. Drawing on ethnographic research within the Cuba Solidarity Campaign,
    this article explores the everyday dimension of political and communication
    networks. It shows that everyday networking practices are embedded in processes
    of identification and meaning construction, and are defined by a politics of
    inclusion and exclusion; introducing the concept of ethnographic cartography, it
    demonstrates that social movement networks are incorporated into everyday
    practices and narratives of place-making."
Bill Brydon

Building a Blog Cabin during a Financial Crisis - 0 views

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    "In their studies of online media, political economists of communication have
    examined how firms like Google enclose users in a web of
    commercial surveillance, thus facilitating the commodification of their online
    labor. However, this focus on enclosure tends to overlook
    the political possibilities highlighted by autonomist Marxist theory-namely,
    that users, under certain circumstances, can appropriate
    these applications to contest conditions of exploitation. This article offers an
    analysis of Blog Cabin 2008, a cable home improvement show, in order to
    explore this tension between autonomy and enclosure. Our findings suggest that
    producers indeed used the show's blog to exploit fans' free
    labor. However, fans also used the blog to form social bonds,
    to press demands on the show's producers, and to make connections between the
    show's class politics and the wider financial crisis. A
    concluding section explores the theoretical and political significance of such
    unanticipated uses of the show's blog."
Bill Brydon

New Literary History - The Obbligato Effect - 0 views

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    "Beginning with a quirky example by Aris Fioretos, this essay considers the
    peripheral and unintended associations that accompany any act of reading. After
    some contextualization in genetic criticism and the thought of Maurice Blanchot,
    it contrasts two versions of what goes on unconsciously while reading a literary
    work. The first version follows the author's implicit directions; the second
    gives free rein to personal associations. It may seem that the second reader is
    missing the text's true meaning; however, these free-ranging associations are
    necessary in order to create any meaning at all, according to Daniel Dennett's
    "multiple-drafts" theory of consciousness. Whether we validate it or not, an
    obbligato of associations always accompanies our reading. Such an
    obbligato is not only necessary and useful in producing meaning; it is
    part of the pleasure of the text."
Bill Brydon

In Defense of Reading: Or, Why Reading Still Matters in a Contextualist Age - 0 views

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    "Suspicion of reading as a lived experience is a consequence of the rhetorical
    success of a few key arguments that together have defined a critical landscape
    dominated by various forms of contextualism. Where the contextualist consensus
    prevails, reading is tacitly or explicitly regarded as an epiphenomenon,
    inasmuch as the real locus of meaning-creation is elsewhere. The essay analyzes
    three core contextualist doctrines (about consciousness, history, and the status
    of the subject) and argues that they need not delegitimate the experience of
    reading. Rather, in each case the defining assumptions and beliefs of
    contextualism require attention to reading in order to do their interpretive
    work. Giving reading its due may also have a corrective function to the extent
    that contradictions caused by its neglect have thwarted an understanding of
    issues such as the relation of form and history, the status of the aesthetic,
    and the disciplinary purpose of the lettered humanities. Recognizing reading as
    the hidden ground of our critical and theoretical activity can help get us past
    various conundrums, impasses, and dead ends that haunt our profession."
Bill Brydon

New Literary History - Friending the Past: The Sense of History and Social Computing - 0 views

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    "Reflecting on the relation between the media ages of orality, writing, and
    digital networking, Liu asks the question: what happens today to the "sense of
    history" that was the glory of the high age of print? In particular, what does
    the age of social computing-social networking, blogs, Twitter, etc.-have in
    common with prior ages in which the experience of sociality was deeply vested in
    a shared sense of history? Liu focuses on a comparison of nineteenth-century
    historicism and contemporary Web 2.0, and concludes by touching on the RoSE
    Research-oriented Social Environment that the Transliteracies Project he directs
    has been building to model past bibliographical resources as a social network."
Bill Brydon

Biography - Diasporic Disclosures: Social Networking, Neda, and the 2009 Iranian Presid... - 0 views

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    "This article explores the ways in which social media was used by diasporic
    Iranians in the aftermath of the June 2009 Iranian presidential elections. With
    particular attention to global reactions to the death of Neda Agha-Soltan, the
    author considers how social networking sites such as Facebook create an
    "intimate public sphere," simultaneously facilitating and defanging collective
    activism through expressions of compassion for others."
Bill Brydon

Managing public outrage: Power, scandal, and new media in contemporary Russia - 1 views

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    "Over the past three decades, scholars studying the phenomenon of political
    scandal have mostly based their works on the premise that scandals can only
    occur in liberal democracies. Contradictory to this assumption, however, some of
    the most heavily discussed phenomena in contemporary semi-authoritarian Russia
    are scandals emanating from the new, vibrant sphere of social media thriving on
    a largely unfiltered internet. How are these 'internet scandals' impacting
    politics in the semi-authoritarian political environment? To address this and
    related questions, I juxtapose two case studies of police corruption scandals
    that erupted in the social media sphere in 2009/2010. Drawing on the findings, I
    argue that Russia's ruling elites are presently very much capable of managing
    these outbursts of public outrage. Mainly with the help of the powerful
    state-controlled television, public anger is very swiftly redirected towards
    lower-level authorities and foreign, supposedly hostile powers."
Bill Brydon

YouTube interactions between agonism, antagonism and dialogue: Video responses to the a... - 0 views

  • Fitna is a 2008 short film made by a Dutch member of parliament to support his fight against Islam. It shows shocking footage of terrorism, violence and women’s oppression and claims that these are inherent to Islam. The film caused immense controversy and mobilized people across the world to produce and upload their own views to YouTube. In this article we analyze these videos using different theoretical models of democratic interaction, and distinguishing between antagonism, ‘agonism’ and dialogue. On the basis of a cybermetric network analysis we find that the videos are mostly isolated reactions to the film. Only 13 percent or fewer of the posters interacted with each other through comments, subscriptions or ‘friendship’. These interactions could be qualified as antagonistic or agonistic, but very rarely involved dialogue. We therefore conclude that YouTube enabled a multiplication of views rather than an exchange or dialogue between them.
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    Fitna is a 2008 short film made by a Dutch member of parliament to support his fight against Islam. It shows shocking footage of terrorism, violence and women's oppression and claims that these are inherent to Islam. The film caused immense controversy and mobilized people across the world to produce and upload their own views to YouTube. In this article we analyze these videos using different theoretical models of democratic interaction, and distinguishing between antagonism, 'agonism' and dialogue. On the basis of a cybermetric network analysis we find that the videos are mostly isolated reactions to the film. Only 13 percent or fewer of the posters interacted with each other through comments, subscriptions or 'friendship'. These interactions could be qualified as antagonistic or agonistic, but very rarely involved dialogue. We therefore conclude that YouTube enabled a multiplication of views rather than an exchange or dialogue between them.
Bill Brydon

Intersectionality and mediated cultural production in a globalized post-colonial world ... - 1 views

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    "This paper aims to demonstrate how intersectionality provides an important
    conceptual tool to analyse practices of cultural production in ethnic minority
    media. In the context of the digital age, media are increasingly central as
    systems of representation of identity, culture and community. However, research
    examining how ethnic minority media become engaged in struggles of power is
    rare. Few works have paid attention to the ways in which race and gender operate
    in tandem to produce and maintain the unequal distribution of power in the
    mediascape of countries of post-colonial immigration. This paper juxtaposes
    gender studies and ethnic studies in order to analyse the representation of
    gender in ethnic media, with a particular focus on journalistic practices."
Bill Brydon

Orientalism in the Documentary Representation of Culture - Visual Anthropology - Volume... - 0 views

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    "Structured around the idea that there is a non-linguistic and cross-cultural,
    possibly biological, basis on which the understanding of pictures rests, this
    essay looks at the ways whereby images in documentary films challenge the notion
    of cultural difference. Drawing on Said's Orientalism [1978] and its
    impact on the basic assumptions of anthropologists, the essay stresses Said's
    relevance to documentary film theorists, and discusses the work of visual
    anthropologists and filmmakers influenced by Merleau-Ponty's ideas about the
    phenomenology of perception. Discussion suggests that the kind of knowledge
    disclosed by revelatory films represents an important answer to one of the
    fundamental epistemological issues that Said does not take up in
    Orientalism, namely the question of the materialization of an "authentic
    human encounter" not subjugated to the dead book. The essay implies that we
    should have no objection in principle to the self/other dichotomy when it is
    used intelligently."
Bill Brydon

Upgrading the self: Technology and the self in the digital games perpetual innovation e... - 0 views

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    This article explores the upgrade and perpetual innovation economy of digital gaming as it informs understandings and practices of the 'self'. Upgrade is situated in terms of digital gaming as a globalized techno-cultural industry. Drawing on accounts of governmentality and cultural work, research with digital games design students is drawn on to explore the overlapping twin logics of technological upgrade and work-on-the-self. The games industry-focused higher education context is examined as an environment for becoming a games designer and involving processes of upgrading the self. Having examined processes and practices of upgrading the self in terms of technological skills and personal development/enterprise, the article turns to some of the critical issues around anxiety, industry conventions and working practices.
Bill Brydon

Anime fandom and the liminal spaces between fan creativity and piracy - 0 views

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    Anime fan subtitling and online distribution offer rare insights into the relationship between fan creativity and industry conceptualizations of piracy. This article attempts to de-polarize this debate (wherein fans are presented as invaluable amateur producers or, alternatively, as overt pirates) in order to examine the roles played by these liminally situated fan producers in relation to the wider anime fan and industrial communities. These active fans are now represented as good or bad dependent on other groups' investments in their practices, and unpacking these conceptualizations provides a better view of how anime fandom may be indicative of larger changes in online fan community construction.
Bill Brydon

Telenovela writers under the military regime in Brazil: Beyond the cooption and resista... - 0 views

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    This article aims to analyse the strategic choices made by left-wing telenovela writers during the military regime in Brazil, their complex relationships with their employer, Globo Network, and the regime's various forms of censorship. The arrival of many critical cultural producers in the television industry during the authoritarian period in Brazil (1964-85) and the alleged close links between Globo Network and the military regime stirred an intense debate among the Brazilian intelligentsia. The participation of these cultural producers in the small-screen arena during the authoritarian period has been almost invariably considered by their detractors in terms of cooption/domination, or as a form of resistance by their defenders. The recent opening of the Censor Division Archives and the deluge of biographies, autobiographies and testimonials of key television figures during the authoritarian regime, have opened up new perspectives for examining Brazilian television history. Instead of the seemingly almost perfect harmony between the military regime and the television industry, as represented by Brazilian communication giant Globo Network, the present analysis focuses on some of the tensions, subtle struggles and spaces of relative autonomy within the telenovela field during the period of authoritarian rule in Brazil.
Bill Brydon

Beyond connection: Cultural cosmopolitan and ubiquitous media - 0 views

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    In his media ethics, Roger Silverstone was particularly sceptical of the idea that increasing mediaconnectedness in itself is set to improve our overall moral condition or to foster a cosmopolitan cultural outlook. In arguing that we need to go 'beyond connection', he raised the broader issue of the cultural condition that an intensely connected environment is establishing, and posed questions of the kinds of relatedness, the sense of belonging, the moral horizons and awareness of responsibilities that such a condition entails. This article takes an historical approach to these issues by considering how mediated connectivity may have been regarded, particularly in relation to the ideas of internationalism and cosmopolitanism, during the 1930s. Considering this earlier period of modernity - in which media technologies and institutions were emerging as significant shapers of cultural attitudes, but before they had achieved the ubiquity and the taken-for-grantedness of today - can, it will suggested, offer a useful perspective on our own globalized, media-saturated times.
Bill Brydon

Studies in Latin American Popular Culture - How to Read Chico Bento: Brazilian Comics a... - 0 views

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    Mauricio de Sousa's beloved comic books are a staple of many Brazilian childhoods. Starting in the 1960s, his six-year-old characters began providing not only entertainment, but also a distinctly Brazilian representative in a market dominated by imports. Currently, these publications-several different comic books and strips-represent 70 percent of the children's market in Brazil, with over one billion issues sold, not to mention a large Internet presence. The characters' expansive commercial empire includes an enormous indoor theme park, videos, live theater, and over 3,500 consumer products (Mauricio de Sousa Produções [MSP], "Mauricio de Sousa: Cartoonist"). Thus it is not surprising that Mauricio is sometimes referred to as the Walt Disney of Latin America. He was awarded the Yellow Kid (a major industry award), and recognized by the Order of Rio Branco for his service to the country in 1971. The thirtieth year anniversary publication, Mauricio: 30 Anos, includes a number of interviews in which various well-known Brazilians stress the national nature of the themes found in the comics, their identification with the characters, and their pride regarding the success of the series (Editora Globo 16-18). In 2009, in commemorating the fiftieth year of Mauricio's career, the Ministry of Culture declared his first character-Mônica-a cultural ambassador ("Personagem Mônica").
Bill Brydon

Putting the pieces together again: digital photography and the compulsion to order viol... - 0 views

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    This essay considers the release of the Abu Ghraib photographs in the context of psychoanalytic trauma theory involving repetition, memory, temporality and narrative formation. The American response to the photographs, especially from military investigators, revealed their urgent investigative need to 'plot' and temporalise the event on an axis of idiosyncratic mistakes in judgement. The response among many Iraqis, however, was to encode the event as a repetition, a latent cultural memory in a longe dure of traumatic historical encounters between the Middle East and the 'West'. Psychoanalysis as a critical method is useful in examining the relation between repetition and memory and the compulsion to 'bind' the energy of individual and historical trauma by narrating, sequencing and organising. The challenge presented to the US Abu Ghraib inquiry team - and also to this study - is a uniquely digital one: an over-abundance of photographs in the form of digital media encoded with metadata. The military investigation's response was to time-stamp images to frame the plot sequence, followed by the clicking of the 'Save As …' button: a mnemonic act of re-naming, categorising, hyperlinking and culturally archiving the digital images in accordance with their role in the plot.
Bill Brydon

Beijing en Abyme: Outside Television in the Olympic Era -- Neves 29 (2107): 21 -- Socia... - 0 views

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    This essay supplements a growing body of work on domestic television in China by exploring some histories of the screen outside the home. Rooted in Olympic-era Beijing, this discussion converges around three intermedial contexts: (1) contemporary art and exhibition; (2) nondomestic and unhomely space; (3) contemporary cinema. These disparate assemblages reimagine the space of television and the medium's role as a form of social communication. The primary focus is the intersection of television and the city in articulating the social body in transition. Focusing on artists, audiences, state media, and elided spaces of electronics production, the essay develops the notion of "screen postsocialism" to explore the logic of development in contemporary China. In particular, it argues that the Olympic era consolidates a transitional imaginary around outside television forms. This emphasis on a particular technology of reception, moreover, acts to screen out the broader textures of postsocialist cultural and economic production.
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