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Matti Narkia

Ecological studies of ultraviolet B, vitamin D and cancer since 2000. - Ann Epidemiol. ... - 1 views

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    Ecological studies of ultraviolet B, vitamin D and cancer since 2000.
    Grant WB, Mohr SB.
    Ann Epidemiol. 2009 Jul;19(7):446-54. Epub 2009 Mar 9. Review.
    PMID: 19269856

    CONCLUSION: These findings provide strong evidence that vitamin D status plays an important role in controlling the outcome of cancer. Support for the UVB-vitamin D-cancer theory is now scientifically strong enough to warrant use of vitamin D in cancer prevention, and as a component of treatment. More research studies would help to explore whether there are benefits beyond the substantial effects that have been observed.
Matti Narkia

Geographic variation in breast cancer mortality in the United States: A hypothesis invo... - 0 views

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    Geographic variation in breast cancer mortality in the United States: a hypothesis involving exposure to solar radiation.
    Garland FC, Garland CF, Gorham ED, Young JF.
    Prev Med. 1990 Nov;19(6):614-22.
    PMID: 2263572
    doi:10.1016/0091-7435(90)90058-R

    Vitamin D from sunlight exposure may be associated with low risk for fatal breast cancer, and differences in ultraviolet light reaching the United States population may account for the striking regional differences in breast cancer mortality. The ecological nature of this study is emphasized, and the possibility that an indirect association with dietary and socioeconomic factors could explain these findings is discussed.
Matti Narkia

Geographic variation of prostate cancer mortality rates in the United States: Implicati... - 0 views

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    Geographic variation of prostate cancer mortality rates in the United States: Implications for prostate cancer risk related to vitamin D.
    Grant WB.
    Int J Cancer. 2004 Sep 1;111(3):470-1; author reply 472. No abstract available.
    PMID: 15221981
    10.1002/ijc.20220

    The implications of our results and those of Tuohimaa et al.[1] include the following. Vitamin D supplementation should be undertaken in wintertime, a period when it is impossible to produce vitamin D by solar UVB exposure in northeastern states.[13] Given these new results, the optimal vitamin D intake and production and serum 25(OH)-vitamin D3 levels for prostate cancer appear to be lower than for other cancers. However, when developing guidelines for vitamin D fortification, many factors should be included in the analysis, including all of the potential health benefits and possible risks of vitamin D, as well as age, sex, residence, child-bearing status, etc.[14] Also, the suggestion that daily vitamin D3 supplement doses of 100 g (4,000 IU)/day are safe[15] should be reexamined. Finally, in terms of preventing prostate cancer, more attention should be given to diet, which has the greatest environmental impact on risk of prostate cancer, with animal products being important risk factors and vegetable products, especially onions and other allium family members, being important risk-reduction factors.[16]
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D in an ecological context. [Int J Circumpolar Health. 2000] - PubMed Result - 0 views

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    Vitamin D in an ecological context.
    Björn LO, Wang T.
    Int J Circumpolar Health. 2000 Jan;59(1):26-32.
    PMID: 10850004
Matti Narkia

Current Impediments to Acceptance of the Ultraviolet-B-Vitamin D-Cancer Hypothesis - An... - 0 views

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    Current impediments to acceptance of the ultraviolet-B-vitamin D-cancer hypothesis.
    Grant WB, Boucher BJ.
    Anticancer Res. 2009 Sep;29(9):3597-604.
    PMID: 19667154

    The ultraviolet-B (UVB)-vitamin D-cancer hypothesis was proposed in 1980. There have been numerous ecological, observational and other studies of the hypothesis. There are about 14 types of cancer for which it seems to apply: bladder, breast, colon, endometrial, esophageal, gallbladder, gastric, ovarian, pancreatic, rectal, renal and vulvar cancer and both Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Nonetheless, the hypothesis has not yet been accepted by public health agencies. Some of the reasons for this include a distrust of ecological studies, some mistrust of observational studies, and the existence of just one positive randomized controlled trial, an analysis of a vitamin D and calcium supplementation study involving post-menopausal women in Nebraska. Paradigm shifts such as this generally take time, in part due to opposition from those content with the status quo. In this paper, results of ecological studies in the United States using summertime solar UVB as the index of vitamin D production, which is highly asymmetrical with respect to latitude, and indices for other cancer risk-modifying factors (air pollution, alcohol consumption, dietary iron and zinc, ethnic background, socioeconomic status, smoking and urban/rural residence) are discussed in terms of supporting the hypothesis. These studies were not considered while other ecological studies were examined in recent critiques of the hypothesis. While additional randomized controlled trials would, of course, be helpful, the current evidence seems to satisfy the criteria for causality as outlined by A. Bradford Hill.
Matti Narkia

Ecological Studies Of Ultraviolet B, Vitamin D And Cancer Since 2000 - 0 views

  •  
    Ecological studies of ultraviolet B, vitamin D and cancer since 2000.
    Grant WB, Mohr SB.
    Ann Epidemiol. 2009 Jul;19(7):446-54. Epub 2009 Mar 9.
    PMID: 19269856

    CONCLUSION: These findings provide strong evidence that vitamin D status plays an important role in controlling the outcome of cancer. Support for the UVB-vitamin D-cancer theory is now scientifically strong enough to warrant use of vitamin D in cancer prevention, and as a component of treatment. More research studies would help to explore whether there are benefits beyond the substantial effects that have been observed.
Matti Narkia

Ecological Studies Of Ultraviolet B, Vitamin D And...[Ann Epidemiol. 2009] - PubMed Result - 0 views

  •  
    Ecological Studies Of Ultraviolet B, Vitamin D And Cancer Since 2000.
    Grant WB, Mohr SB.
    Ann Epidemiol. 2009 Mar 6. [Epub ahead of print]
    PMID: 19269856
Matti Narkia

Ecological Studies Of Ultraviolet B, Vitamin D And Cancer Since 2000. - ScienceDirect -... - 0 views

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    Ecological Studies Of Ultraviolet B, Vitamin D And Cancer Since 2000.
    Grant WB, Mohr SB.
    Ann Epidemiol. 2009 Mar 6. [Epub ahead of print]
    PMID: 19269856
    doi:10.1016/j.annepidem.2008.12.014
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