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Contents contributed and discussions participated by kota k

kota k

Medieval Occupations - 1 views

  • ARMORER - Medieval Occupations & JobsA Medieval Armorer held an important occupation in the Medieval workforce. Armor had to be uniquely made to fit its wearer and was considered one of the specialist Medieval Occupations & Jobs.APOTHECARY - Medieval Occupations & JobsAn Apothecy dispensed remedies made from herbs, plants and roots. Medieval physicians were expensive and a priest often held this occupation, often the only recourse for sick, poor people.ARTIST - Medieval Occupations & JobsArtists were employed in the later Medieval era by kings and nobles. At first an artist painted heraldic designs on early furniture and then it became fashionable for portraits to be paintedMedieval Occupations & Jobs - ASTROLOGERAn astrologer studied the stars and planets but regarded as a mystical person. ATILLIATOR - Medieval Occupations & JobsThe occupation of a Castle Atilliator was to make crossbowsBAILIFF - Medieval Occupations & JobsThe occupation of the Castle Bailiff was to manage the castle estate or farmBAKER - Medieval Occupations & Jobs
    Great site for Medieval occupations.  
kota k - 8 views

  • They often formed their own manorial courts, called halimotes.
  • "Noone shall enter the fields to carry grain after sunset" This law was made to prevent grain from being stolen surreptitiously.
  • The lord also had a great deal of control over his peasants, known as serfs.
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  • The people were bound to their land plots
  • The court was overseen by a representative of the lord, usually his steward.
  • They had grazing and field rights around their village.
  • They did not have right to hunt most wild game
  • . The average farmer was given a plot of land on which he could farm.
  • The kings held this land by what they believed was "divine right"
  • The barons were given a large portion of the king's land, known as fiefs or manors.
  • "shield money" was often used to maintain a somewhat regular army.
  • . The class of lords solidified into an upper nobility class.
  • Whenever a baron was granted or inherited a fief, he was made into a vassal of the king.
  • "homage and fealty"
  • During the period of history known as the Middle Ages, feudalism was the law of the land.
    An intermediate reading level description of the Middle Ages Feudal System.
kota k

History of Chinese Technology - 4 views

  • earliest printed book, AD 868
  • We don't know exactly when paper was first used in China but evidence from archaeological records indicate that it was prior to the first century AD.  In China, the most common source for paper was the bark of the paper mulberry tree (Gies & Gies 1994 p 182
  • There is not doubt that the Chinese invented gunpowder
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  • ability to magnetize iron by placing it near a loadstone was known to ancient civilizations
  • applied this principle of magnetism to create the compass
  • In technologically development, the story is much different (see Burke (1978) for more descriptions of these innovations).  There have been many Western innovations that have their basis in China, particularly those in printing (paper, block printing, and moveable-type printing), agricultural technology (irrigation systems), mechanical engineering (clockwork, iron, and lead manufacturing, efficient harnesses), and martial (gunpowder, the precursors to the barrel gun, and cannons) technology.
    • kota k
      Intermediate Reading level
    Intermediate Reading Level
kota k


    Intermediate Reading Level
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