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Garth Holman

Multibillion Dollar Shipwreck Found Off Colombia - Seeker - 0 views

  • Colombia has found what may be the holy grail of treasure shipwrecks - an 18th century Spanish galleon that went down off the country's coast with a treasure of gold, coins and precious stones now valued between $4 billion and $17 billion.
    • Garth Holman
      Why do you think this ship went down? The rest of the article will explain, but take a guess!
  • The remains matched details of the San Jose reported in historical accounts.
  • dolphin-stamped bronze cannons that confirm the ship's identity. Weapons, ceramics and porcelain vases were also noted at the wreck site
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  • The vessel was trying to outrun a fleet of British warships off the island of Baru on June 8, 1708, when an explosion sent it to the bottom of the Caribbean Sea.
  • Without room for any doubt, we have found, 307 years after it sank,
    • Garth Holman
  • Colombian President Juan Manuel
Garth Holman

The Exploration and Conquest of the New World | Boundless US History - 0 views

  • In 1492, Christopher Columbus, supported by the Spanish government, undertook a voyage to find a new route to Asia and inadvertently encountered “new” lands in the Americas full of long established communities and cultures.
  • Jacques Cartier undertook a voyage to present-day Canada for the French government, where they began the settlement of New France, developing the fur industry and fostering a more respectful relationship with many of the inhabitants.
  • Spanish conquistadors invaded areas of Central and South America looking for riches, ultimately destroying the powerful Aztec and Inca cultures.
    • Garth Holman
      A conquistador is a Spanish warrior explorer.
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  • deeply affected by the invaders’ interactions with indigenous groups—interactions that, through a combination of violence and disease, resulted in massive declines in indigenous populations.
    • Garth Holman
      What are the three effects on Natives
  • The Spanish Empire
  • Colonial expansion under the Spanish Empire was initiated by the Spanish conquistadors and developed by the Monarchy of Spain through its administrators and missionaries.
  • motivations for colonial expansion were trade and the spread of the Christian faith through indigenous conversions.
  • The Exploration and Conquest of the New World
    • Garth Holman
      What form of Christianity was being forced on Native?
  • Major French exploration of North America began under the rule of Francis I, King of France. In 1524,
  • A major French settlement lay on the island of Hispaniola, where France established the colony of Saint-Domingue on the western third of the island in 1664.
  • Shortly after Columbus’ first voyage to the New World, the British Empire funded an exploratory mission of its own led by John Cabot. Cabot explored the North American continent,
    • Garth Holman
      What are three causes?
  • Upon the death of Christopher Columbus,
    • Garth Holman
      What are three places the British took over?
Garth Holman

William Shakespeare born - Apr 23, 1564 - - 0 views

  • Stratford-on-Avon on April 23, 1564.
  • but church records show that he was baptized on April 26, and three days was a customary amount of time to wait before baptizing a newborn.
  • it was April 23, 1616.
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  • This dearth of biographical information is due primarily to his station in life; he was not a noble, but the son of John Shakespeare, a leather trader and the town bailiff. The events of William Shakespeare’s early life can only be gleaned from official records, such as baptism and marriage records.
  • He probably attended the grammar school in Stratford, where he would have studied Latin and read classical literature.
  • 18 married Anne Hathaway, who was eight years his senior and pregnant at the time of the marriage.
  • but unfounded stories have him stealing deer, joining a group of traveling players, becoming a schoolteacher, or serving as a soldier in the Low Countries.
  • wrote derogatorily of him on his deathbed.
  • In 1594, having probably composed, among other plays, Richard III, The Comedy of Errors, and The Taming of the Shrew, he became an actor and playwright for the Lord Chamberlain’s Men, which became the King’s Men after James I’s ascension in 1603. The company grew into England’s finest, in no small part because of Shakespeare, who was its principal dramatist.
  • and the best theater, the Globe, which was located on the Thames’ south bank.
  • By 1596, the company had performed the classic Shakespeare plays Romeo and Juliet, Richard II, and A Midsummer Night’s Dream. That year, John Shakespeare was granted a coat of arms, a testament to his son’s growing wealth and fame.
  • he became a partner in the ownership of the Globe Theatre.
  • In a million words written over 20 years, he captured the full range of human emotions and conflicts with a precision that remains sharp today. As his great contemporary the poet and dramatist Ben Jonson said, “He was not of an age, but for all time.”
    Overview of his life.
Garth Holman

Brief History of Samurai Warriors [Infographic] - 0 views

    Samurai and Feudal Japan
Garth Holman

Danse macabre in Cimetière des Innocents, Paris - 0 views

    First example of Death Macabre? Mural of 15-20 parts. Lots of detail and slapstick.
Garth Holman

Maps of the Arrival and Spread of the Plague in Europe - 0 views

    Very detailed description of how the black death moved. It also has several good links on the bottom for more stories about the black death.
Garth Holman

The Siege of Kaffa and the Black Death - History in an HourHistory in an Hour - 0 views

  • Between 1347 and 1350, the Black Death raged through Medieval Europe. Historians and biologists have traced the origins of this deadly pandemic to the remote steppes of Central Asia. Plague had certainly erupted there by 1331 but how exactly did it spread from East to West?

    After ravaging Central Asia, the plague descended on China, India and Persia. In China alone, the plague killed around half of the human population. Despite such destruction, commercial activities continued unabated. This meant that the traders, their vessels and the rats aboard became the agents of infection. As they travelled along the established trade routes of the medieval world, they unwittingly carried the plague with them.

  • For several years, the Mongols had allowed a group of merchants from Genoa to control Kaffa, a bustling seaport on the Crimean Peninsula. This was highly advantageous for the Mongols as it provided a direct link to Italy’s largest commercial centre and encouraged trade across all corners of their vast empire. Tensions and disagreements, however, were a common feature of this commercial relationship, arising primarily from their religious differences; the Italians were devoutly Christian and the Mongols had been practising Muslims since the 1200s.
  • ‘This Pestilential Disease’
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  • “Whereupon the Tartars (Mongols), worn out by this pestilential disease, and falling on all sides as if thunderstruck, and seeing that they were perishing hopelessly, ordered the corpses to be placed upon their engines and thrown into the city of Kaffa. Accordingly were the bodies of the dead hurled over the walls, so that the Christians were not able to hide or protect themselves from this danger, although they carried away as many as possible and threw them into the sea.”

  • summer of 1347, the Italian merchants headed to their ships and the fled the city of Kaffa. En route, however, the Italians stopped at Constantinople, inadvertently infecting the city. Thousands of people were killed, including Andronikos, the son of the Greek Emperor, John VI Cantacuzenos. Those who were able fled the city, many not realising that they were already infected. By the autumn, the western coast of Asia Minor was experiencing the full force of the Black Death and it would not be long before returned home to infect their native Italy.
    Mongols, Kaffa, trade and the Black Death .
Garth Holman

Blended Worksheets | - 0 views

    Build interactive worksheets quickly.

Pilgrimage - 0 views

  • Definition of a Pilgrimage
    Definition of a Pilgrimage: A Pilgrimage is a journey to a holy place or shrine undertaken as a spiritual quest to obtain supernatural help or as a form of penance for sins. A pilgrim is one who undertakes a pilgrimage. The word 'pilgrimage' is derived from the Latin word peregrinus meaning foreignerand peregri meaning abroad translated as a traveller in foreign lands. The word 'peregrinatio' was used by Augustine of Hippo 354-430AD , who was considered to be the writer of some of greatest theological works of all time, to describe a Christian spiritual journey as a kind of estrangement and exile - a wanderer. The earliest surviving references to Christian pilgrimage date back to the 4th century.

  • The Concept of Pilgrimage
    Augustine of Hippo wrote about the concept of the pilgrimage and other religious leaders such as Saint Jerome also encouraged it in their religious writings. The idea or the concept of Pilgrimage was eagerly accepted by Medieval people from all walks of life, young or old, wealthy or poor. The concept of pilgrimage was and important religious belief in the Middle Ages both in terms of religious activity and as a way of Medieval life.
  • Soon it became common for Medieval people to make a pilgrimage closer to home visiting sites associated with Christian Saints and martyrs, holy relics and to places where there had been apparitions of the Virgin Mary. Pilgrimages were the first holidays enjoyed by Medieval people. Groups of Christians would set off together on a spiritual journey to visit a holy place or shrine where they would pray together.
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  • Pilgrimage - the Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer
    Geoffrey Chaucer's Canterbury Tales was written c. 1390. It tells stories about a group pilgrims who had undertaken a pilgrimage to Canterbury. Each pilgrim had their own 'Canterbury Tale'. The route of the pilgrimage was along Watling Street and the Old Kent Road in London which led to the ancient "Pilgrim's way" from Rochester to Canterbury.

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