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Garth Holman

Richard The Lionheart Massacres The Saracens, 1191 - 0 views

  • On their yielding the town he had engaged to grant their life, adding that if the Sultan carried out the bargain he would give them freedom and suffer them to carry off their children and wives; if the Sultan did not fulfill his engagements they were to be made slaves.
  • in his heart,
  • Turcoples
    • Garth Holman
      turcopoles (also "turcoples" or "turcopoli"; from the Greek: τουρκόπουλοι, "sons of Turks") were locally recruited mounted archers employed by the Christian states of the Eastern Mediterranean
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  • perfidiously
    • Garth Holman
      deliberately faithless; treacherous; deceitful:
  • decreed
    • Garth Holman
      to command, ordain, or decide by decree.
  • They numbered more than three thousand and were all bound with ropes.
  • once and massacred them with sword and lance in cold blood.
  • seeing what was being done to the prisoners, rushed against the Franks and in the combat, which lasted till nightfall, several were slain and wounded on either side
  • Musulmans
    • Garth Holman
      Word for Muslim.
  • morning our people gathered at the spot and found the Musulmans stretched out upon the ground as martyrs for the faith.
  • Ascalon,
    • Garth Holman
      Modern day city in Israel.
Garth Holman

Medicine and Health in the Middle Ages - 0 views

    Medicine of the Middle Ages.
Garth Holman

Medieval Weapons - 0 views

  • From the early period of medieval times all kinds of medieval weapons were being developed as wealthy landowners and Kings sought to increase their wealth and power by invading other people's territory, hoping to steal their land and treasures such as gold, silver and other precious metals.
  • clubs and maces which were effective against chain mail and plate Armour, Daggers were used mainly for stabbing and thrusting moves in close combat situations.
  • axes that would be used as cleaving, chopping and crushing weapons,
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  • Spears were very popular medieval weapons as they were cheap and easy to make and very effective,
  • Bill and Staff weapons on the battlefield and these consisted of bladed weapons such as polearms, pole hammers and mainly long staff weapons were very popular.
  • Great swords, and lets not forget one of the battlefields most treasured weapons in medieval times because of their effectiveness, Longbows (Popular in England) and Cross Bows (Popular in Europe).
    Medieval weapons
Garth Holman

Medieval Clergy - 0 views

    Run down of the catholic church in medieval soicety.
Garth Holman

Steps to Knighthood - 0 views

    Learn the Steps to becoming a Knight.
Garth Holman

Middle Ages History - YouTube - 0 views

    What to watch the BBC TV Show called "Medieval Life" Hosted by Terry Jones (Monty Python) Each show focuses on the life of one type of person in the middle ages: Peasant, Monk, Knight, Noble, Outlaw, Jester, etc.. Well worth the time. Enjoy.
Garth Holman

History: Middle Ages Monasteries for Kids - 0 views

  • A monastery was a building, or buildings, where people lived and worshiped, devoting their time and life to God.
  • The people who lived in the monastery were called monks. The monastery was self contained, meaning everything the monks needed was provided by the monastery community. They made their own clothes and grew their own food. They had no need for the outside world. This way they could be somewhat isolated and could focus on God. There were monasteries spread throughout Europe during the Middle Ages.
  • only people in the Middle Ages who knew how to read and write. They provided education to the rest of the world.
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  • place where travelers could stay during
  • helped to feed the poor, take care of the sick, and provided education to boys in the local community.
  • day in the Middle Ages was spent praying, worshiping in church, reading the Bible, and meditating.
  • different jobs depending on their talents and interests.
  • Abbot - The Abbot was the head of the monastery or abbey.
  • A part of this vow was that they were dedicating their life to the monastery and the order of monks they were entering.
  • They were to give up worldly goods and devote their lives to God and discipline. They also took vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience.
    • Monks and nuns were generally the most educated people during the Middle Ages.
    • They spent much of their day in silence.
  • A scribe may spend over a year copying a long book like the Bible.
Garth Holman

slide_4.jpg (960×720) - 0 views

    • Garth Holman
      Lords are also called Nobles. They have titles: like Duke, Earl, Prince, Count, Etc.. all have a female name; Baron (male) Baroness (female).
Garth Holman

The Assassination of Julius Caesar, 44 BC - 1 views

  • In January of 49 BC, Julius Caesar led his army across the Rubicon River in Northern Italy (see Caesar Crosses the Rubicon, 49 BC) and plunged the Roman Republic into civil war. Caesar's rival, Pompey, fled to Greece. Within three months Caesar controlled the entire Italian peninsula and in Spain had defeated the legions loyal to Pompey.

    Caesar now pursued Pompey to Greece. Although outnumbered, Caesar crushed the forces of his enemy but not before Pompey escaped to Egypt. Following Pompey to Egypt, Caesar was presented with his rival's severed head as a token of friendship. Before leaving the

    The Assassination of Caesar
    region, Caesar established Cleopatra as his surrogate ruler of Egypt. Caesar defeated his remaining rivals in North Africa in 47 BC and returned to Rome with his authority firmly established.

    Caesar continued to consolidate his power and in February 44 BC, he declared himself dictator for life. This act, along with his continual effort to adorn himself with the trappings of power, turned many in the Senate against him. Sixty members of the Senate concluded that the only resolution to the problem was to assassinate Caesar

  • The Plan:

    "The conspirators never met openly, but they assembled a few at a time in each others' homes. There were many discussions and proposals, as might be expected, while they investigated how and where to execute their design. Some suggested that they should make the attempt as he was going along the Sacred Way, which was one of his favorite walks. Another idea was for it to be done at the elections during which he bad to cross a bridge to appoint the magistrates in the Campus Martius; they should draw lots for some to push him from the bridge and for others to run up and kill him. A third plan was to wait for a coming gladiatorial show. The advantage of that would be that, because of the show, no suspicion would be aroused if arms were seen prepared for the attempt. But the majority opinion favored killing him while he sat in the Senate, where he would be by himself since non-Senators would not be admitted, and where the many conspirators could hide their daggers beneath their togas. This plan won the day."

  • "...his friends were alarmed at certain rumors and tried to stop him going to the Senate-house, as did his doctors, for he was suffering from one of his occasional dizzy spells. His wife, Calpurnia, especially, who was frightened by some visions in her dreams, clung to him and said that she would not let him go out that day. But Brutus, one of the conspirators who was then thought of as a firm friend, came up and said, 'What is this, Caesar? Are you a man to pay attention to a woman's dreams and the idle gossip of stupid men, and to insult the Senate by not going out, although it has honored you and has been specially summoned by you? But listen to me, cast aside the forebodings of all these people, and come. The Senate has been in session waiting for you since early this morning.' This swayed Caesar and he left."
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  • The Attack:

    "The Senate rose in respect for his position when they saw him entering. Those who were to have part in the plot stood near him. Right next to him went Tillius Cimber, whose brother had been exiled by Caesar. Under pretext of a humble request on behalf of this brother, Cimber approached and grasped the mantle of his toga, seeming to want to make a more positive move with his hands upon Caesar. Caesar wanted to get up and use his hands, but was prevented by Cimber and became exceedingly annoyed.

    That was the moment for the men to set to work. All quickly unsheathed their daggers and rushed at him. First Servilius Casca struck him with the point of the blade on the left shoulder a little above the collar-bone. He had been aiming for that, but in the excitement he missed. Caesar rose to defend himself, and in the uproar Casca shouted out in Greek to his brother. The latter heard him and drove his sword into the ribs. After a moment, Cassius made a slash at his face, and Decimus Brutus pierced him in the side. While Cassius Longinus was trying to give him another blow he missed and struck Marcus Brutus on the hand. Minucius also hit out at Caesar and hit Rubrius in the thigh. They were just like men doing battle against him.

    Under the mass of wounds, he fell at the foot of Pompey's statue. Everyone wanted to seem to have had some part in the murder, and there was not one of them who failed to strike his body as it lay there, until, wounded thirty-five times, he breathed his last. "

John Woodbridge

Ancient Roman DNA reveals modern malaria parasite - 0 views

    Mosquitos may have killed nearly 400,000 people per year which may have helped lead to the collapse of the Roman Empire.
Garth Holman

Rome Reborn 2.2: A Tour of Ancient Rome in 320 CE on Vimeo - 0 views

    Five minute video of what it looks like.
Garth Holman

Ancient Roman History for Kids - Fun Facts to Learn - 0 views

    Project link for Rome.
Garth Holman

History of Veterans Day - Office of Public Affairs - 0 views

  • World War I – known at the time as “The Great War” - officially ended when the Treaty of Versailles was signed on June 28, 1919, in the Palace of Versailles outside the town of Versailles, France.

  • armistice, or temporary cessation of hostilities,
  • eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month.
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  • November 11 as the first commemoration of Armistice Day with the following words:
  • The original concept for the celebration was for a day observed with parades and public meetings and a brief suspension of business beginning at 11:00 a.m.
  • amended the Act of 1938 by striking out the word "Armistice" and inserting in its place the word "Veterans." With the approval of this legislation (Public Law 380) on June 1, 1954, November 11th became a day to honor American veterans of all wars.
  • Veterans Day continues to be observed on November 11, regardless of what day of the week on which it falls. The restoration of the observance of Veterans Day to November 11 not only preserves the historical significance of the date, but helps focus attention on the important purpose of Veterans Day: A celebration to honor America's veterans for their patriotism, love of country, and willingness to serve and sacrifice for the common good.

    Veterans Day, War to End all Wars.
Garth Holman

Ohio vs. greece - Wolfram|Alpha - 0 views

    • Garth Holman
      Based on this chart: is Greece or Ohio have a higher Population Density?
    • Garth Holman
      Based on Highest and lowest point, what you can you say is the difference between geography of Greece and Ohio?
Garth Holman

How Ancient Trade Changed the World - 1 views

  • When the first civilizations did begin trading with each other about five thousand years ago, however, many of them got rich…and fast.
  • human interaction, bringing cross-cultural contact to a whole new level
    • Garth Holman
      When groups trade products, they also trade ideas. Cultural diffusion occurs and new ideas spread. Trade is good for change.
  • self-sufficiency
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  • A farmer could now trade grain for meat, or milk for a pot, at the local market, which was seldom too far away.
  • where the climate and natural resources produced different things.
  • but was lucrative for the middlemen willing to make the journey.
    • Garth Holman
      We will discuss the middle man during the Renaissance.
  • luxury goods like spices, textiles and precious metals.
  • Cities that were rich in these commodities became financially rich, too, satiating the appetites of other surrounding regions for jewelry, fancy robes and imported delicacies.
    • Garth Holman
      If you have the resources others become very rich!!! Supply and Demand in action.
  • linking cultures for the first time in history.
    • Garth Holman
      What good things came from this linking? What bad things happened from this linking?
  • By the second millennium BC, former backwater island Cyprus had become a major Mediterranean player by ferrying its vast copper resources to the Near East and Egypt, regions wealthy due to their own natural resources such as papyrus and wool. Phoenicia, famous for its seafaring expertise, hawked its valuable cedar wood and linens dyes all over the Mediterranean. China prospered by trading jade, spices and later, silk. Britain shared its abundance of tin.
  • another was by sea
    • Garth Holman
      Rome will change that! The Roads connect cities and make travel faster.
  • Cities grew up in the fertile basins on the borders of those rivers and then expanded by using their watery highways to import and export goods.
Garth Holman

geography - National Geographic Society - 1 views

  • Geography is the study of places and the relationships between people and their environments.
  • They also examine how human culture interacts with the natural environment, and the way that locations and places can have an impact on people.
  • geography" comes to us from the ancient Greeks,
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  • geo means “earth” and -graphy means “to write.” 
  • located in relation to other places,
  • what their own and other places were like, and how people and environments were distributed. These concerns have been central to geography ever since.
  • Throughout human history, most societies have sought to understand something about their place in the world, and the people and environments around them.
  • More importantly, they also raised questions about how and why different human and natural patterns came into being on Earth’s surface, and why variations existed from place to place. The effort to answer these questions about patterns and distribution led them to figure out that the world was round, to calculate Earth’s circumference, and to develop explanations of everything from the seasonal flooding of the Nile River to differences in population densities from place to place.
  • Advances in geography were chiefly made by scientists of the Muslim world, based around the Arabian Peninsula and North Africa. Geographers of this Islamic Golden Age created the world’s first rectangular map based on a grid, a map system that is still familiar today. Islamic scholars also applied their study of people and places to agriculture, determining which crops and livestock were most suited to specific habitats or environments.
  • They were the first to use the compass for navigational purposes.
  • Age of Discovery
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