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Sebastian Weber

Example Mashups supporting formal learning - 44 views

This discussion deals with examples of existing mashups that support formal learning scenarios, e.g., class learning at school. Fictive mashup examples are also welcome. In my opinion, by far the...

elearning examples formal learning mashup

started by Sebastian Weber on 10 Jun 08 no follow-up yet
Sebastian Weber

Mashup Content Sources (Data and Services) for education - 30 views

Discussion about potential sources of content and services that can be mashed into entirely new educational services.

education informal learning mashup sources

started by Sebastian Weber on 05 Jun 08 no follow-up yet
Jorge De La Garza

VoiceThreads Integration participation help... - 9 views

Evening! Lead: Looking for Educators to participate in Voicethread site on Wednesday evening. I'm currently a grad student at the University of Houston Clear Lake working on my Master of Instruc...


started by Jorge De La Garza on 18 Nov 08 no follow-up yet
Kerry J

TagCrowd - make your own tag cloud from any text - 4 views

    Tag cloud generator - upload a word doc, enter a URL, paste some text, generate a tag cloud and either embed as HTML, print or output as PDF. Not as pretty as Wordle.
Peter Kimmich

How to Balance Online Classes with Working Full Time - 1 views

    Tips for balancing online classes with a full-time job.
Peter Kimmich

Guide to Taking an Online Paralegal Course - 1 views

    Online paralegal courses are a relatively new concept in legal education, so it can seem a little daunting to enroll in a program taught completely online or through correspondence. The aim of this guide is to provide a better understanding of this alternative mode of education.
avivajazz  jazzaviva

TEDTalks thru 03.30.09 | List of Talks, Speakers, Summary - 1 views

    This URL opens a Google Docs spreadsheet. It loads quickly, is very handy, and gives you a great annotated catalog of all TEDTalks thru March 30, 2009.
Peter Kimmich

List of Online Schools - 1 views

    A list of accredited online schools offering diplomas, certificates and degrees.
Sonja T

elearningpapers - 1 views

  • The keyword web 2.0 makes it possible: Moving away from standard learning management systems (“one for all” technique) to Personalised Learning Environments (“one for me” technique) consisting of snips, bits and pieces, collections of tools and services which are bundled to individual and/ or shared landscapes of knowledge, experiences and contacts.
Sebastian Weber

How to Create Knowledge via Formal and Informal Learning? - 0 views

    • Workplace Learning
    • Ask-Learn-Share (Mitarbeiter stellen Fragen und teilen Wissen)
    • Supervisor Engagement (Einbindung der Vorgesetzten in die Weiterbildung der Mitarbeiter)
    • Sebastian Weber
      Informal learning activities within the organization
  • Die Umsetzung erfolgte unter anderem durch ein Unternehmens-Wiki, dass jedem Mitarbeiter offen steht und von mehreren Tausend Mitareitern genutzt wird. Darüber hinaus ist die Weiterbildung stark an realen Arbeitsaufgaben und -projekte gebunden, deren erfolgreiche Bewältigung als Gradmesser für die Weiterbildung gilt. Das Engagement und die Unterstützung der Weiterbildung durch den Vorgesetzten wurde dabei als wesentlicher Schlüssel zum Erfolg bezeichnet.
    • Sebastian Weber
      Informal learning in the organization

      Expert-Request mechanism would support the idea of continous asking to acquire knowledge
Sebastian Weber

Lösungs- und Gestaltungsansätze für Informal Learning - 0 views

  • Die Mehrzahl der präsentierten Ansätze, Methoden und Instrumente betrifft insbesondere die betriebliche Aus- und Weiterbildung sowie das betrieblichen Wissensmanagement.
    • Sebastian Weber
      Informal Learning
  • hat sich die Überzeugung durchgesetzt, dass mit klassischer Weiterbildung allein, die notwendigen kontinuierlichen und nachhaltigen Lernprozesse bei allen Mitarbeitern nicht realisiert werden können.
  • In diese Sinne stellen diese Gestaltungsansätze unmittelbar eine Antwort auf die Herausforderungen des lebensbegleitenden Lernens und den hohen Innovationsdruck in den Unternehmen dar.
  • ...2 more annotations...
  • Gleichzeitig ist informelles Lernen integraler Bestandteil der Wissensarbeit. Kontinuierliches Lernen ist Voraussetzung für die Bewältigung der zunehmend wissensbasierten Arbeit.
  • Gleichzeitig ist informelles Lernen integraler Bestandteil der Wissensarbeit.
Peter Kimmich

How to Check an Online School's Accreditation | - 0 views

    Just because online degrees are now more accepted than ever by employers doesn't mean it makes sense to take a class from some shady, fly-by-night online college...
Sebastian Weber

Make Space for Informal Learning - 0 views

  • A new challenge for e-learning is to create collaborative learning spaces in which informal learning can thrive.
    • Stephanie Pace Marshall notes in her "Principles for the New Story of Learning."

      • Learning is an incremental process of acquiring information.
      • Learning should be credentialed by the amount of time spent acquiring information.
      • The purpose of formal learning is to acquire information rapidly, cover content, and reproduce facts.
      • Content segmentation is the more efficient and effective way to learn a discipline.
      • Only that which can be quantitatively and easily measured is true knowledge.
      • Competition and external rewards are the most powerful motivators for learning.
    • Sebastian Weber
      Informelles lernen untersützt lebenslanges lernen. Informellen lernen erfolgt kontinuiierlich. Das lernen ändert sich, es bezieht sich auf den aktuellen Kontext (z.B. aktuelles Projekt) und es berücksichtigt existierendes Wissen.

      Dazu ist kontinuiierliche Information Acquisition notwendig (wird durch Web 2.0 technologien wie z.B. netvibes unterstützt)
  • As organizations rapidly move their training focus to virtual environments, a proliferation of methods to support formal learning has appeared: teleconferencing, videoconferencing, e-meetings, and online courses
  • ...6 more annotations...
  • On a parallel track, however, there's a growing recognition that valuable learning often takes place through informal learning. Informal learning is based in conversations, social interactions, and team projects, in which learning is part of the interactions between people.
    • Sebastian Weber
      Informelles Lernen erfolgt über Kommunikation mit Menschen, denn das eigentliche Wissen steckt in den Köpfen der Leuten. Das beste Mittel dieses Wissen zu erlangen ist über direkte Kommunikation mit dem Experten. Web 2.0 Technologien können unerstütztend wirken, da man erst einmal relevante Experten finden muss. Manchmal ist auch direkte Face to Face Kommunikation nicht möglich.
  • Informal learning isn't limited to a predefined body of knowledge, but rather emerges from the interaction of people. At the heart of it is the transfer of tacit knowledge--knowledge that's not articulated but is acquired by individuals through experience.
  • Informal learning
    is based in conversations, social interactions, and team projects, in which learning is part and parcel of the interactions between people.
  • Through forming relationships, knowledge is diffused. He alludes to the image of the village square, where people hang out in a social space. That social space is the setting in which social relations are reinforced, trust is developed, and informal learning takes place. In sum, informal learning is that which allows the tacit knowledge resident in a group to emerge and be exchanged, sometimes by serendipity, sometimes in the course of accomplishing a specific project, through the construction of spaces that support learning.
  • Temporary learning systems: groups of people brought together for a short period of time to learn about a specific topic
    • Sebastian Weber
      Web 2.0 kann das Finden von Experten unterstützen
  • Communities of practice: groups of people that share "ways of working" or professional or personal interests and who meet together to exchange knowledge and share resources
    • Sebastian Weber
      Communites of practic ermöglich informelles Lernen, weil eine Gruppe von Menschen diese selben Interessen vertreten müssen, über die sie kommunizieren können und somit den Lernprozess ermöglichen.
Sebastian Weber

At the Water Cooler of Learning by David Grebow :: Ageless Learner - 0 views

    • Sebastian Weber
      Ist so was wie lesen von zufällig in Netvibes gefundenen Ressourcen, die man dann mit seinem existierenden Wissen verknüpft, auch informal learning?
    • Sebastian Weber
      Meiner Meinung nach ja, weil das lesen im informellen Umfeld geschieht (es war ja nicht beabsichtigt, dieses Thema jetzt zu lesen). Es ist accidential learning
  • Learning makes brains physically bigger. Learning also makes them smarter. Smarter translates into faster, newer, better, and more competitive. And the competitive advantage of smarter in a Darwinian business ecosystem eventually leads to more profits.
    • Sebastian Weber
      benefits of learning for organizations
  • If people in your company learn what your company needs to know and do, you can get smarter. You can have a higher corporate IQ than some other company, and you can win. The only problem is that we have very little idea how real learning occurs. We spend billions of dollars on formal training and education, and then we wonder, where is the payoff?
    • Sebastian Weber
      Organizational learning tends to be too formal
  • ...17 more annotations...
    • Sebastian Weber
      Mashups (z.B. Diigo) macht es möglich, dass Leute tendenziell qualitativ besser (oder überhaupt) informell lernen. Statt die vielen Informatoinen die in vielen Artikeln verstreut sind mühselig zu organisieren (ausdrucken, annotieren, nebeneinander legen, zusammenfassung schreiben), kann man das alles schön über Services wie Diigo machen. Außerdem sind die Sachen wiederverwendbar (Mashup) und sharebar.
  • Real learning, the kind of “aha!” moment that signals the brain has connected the dots, is an absolutely wondrous and amazing mystery. It involves memory, synapses, endorphins, and encoding, and, more often than not, those accidental and serendipitous moments we call informal learning.
  • Informal learning is what goes on around our formal learning process.
  • Formal learning happens when knowledge is captured and shared by people other than the original expert or owner of that knowledge. The knowledge can be captured in any format—written, video, audio—as long as it can be accessed anytime and anywhere, independent from the person who originally had it. Examples of such formal knowledge transfer include live virtual-classroom courses with prepared slides, self-paced off-the-shelf instructional CBT courses, books, video- and audiotapes, team rooms in which documents are stored, digital libraries and repositories, a real-time seminar on the Web (or webinar), electronic performance-support tools, programs accessed during a job or task, instructor- led courses that follow an outline, repeatable lecture labs, a recorded Web-based meeting, or even e-mails that can be forwarded. Formal learning often requires prerequisites, pre- and post-assessments, tests, and grades, and it sometimes results in certification. It is often presented by an instructor, and attendance and outcomes are tracked.
    • Sebastian Weber
      Definition of formal learning and examples
  • Informal learning is what happens when knowledge has not been externalized or captured and exists only inside someone’s head. To get at the knowledge, you must locate and talk to that person. Examples of such informal knowledge transfer include instant messaging, a spontaneous meeting on the Internet, a phone call to someone who has information you need, a live one-time-only sales meeting introducing a new product, a chat-room in real time, a chance meeting by the water cooler, a scheduled Web-based meeting with a real-time agenda, a tech walking you through a repair process, or a meeting with your assigned mentor or manager.
    • Sebastian Weber
      The borders between formal and informal learning are sometimes blurred. But in the context of informal learning, the activities come from the learner. He asks questions and thereby elicitates the knowledge out of someone's head.
    • Sebastian Weber
      Vorteile von informellem Lernen:
      * Der Lernende entscheidet selbst, wen er wann was frägt
      * Er kann die Lerngeschwindigkeit steuern. Er hat Zeit zu reflektieren und die Sachverhalte mit existieriendem Wissen in Verbindung zu bringen
      * Während des formalen Lernens (z.B. in einem Kurs) ist man häufig überfordert zuzuhören und gleichzeitig zu refklektieren und die Sachverhalte zu vestehen (z.B. ist man nur mit Abschreiben oder lesen beschäftigt)
  • We all need that kind of access to an expert who can answer our questions and with whom we can play with the learning, practice, make mistakes, and practice some more.
  • In the early days of the personal computer, we would all go to the same course to “learn” how to use an application or operating system, and then we would go back to our desks, usually with a thick how-to manual. The problem was that we never used those manuals. Instead, we found the local “power user,” the person who for one reason or another had spent more time playing with the computer, or had taken more courses, or had learned directly from an expert, and we began to pepper that person with phone calls and show up frequently at his or her doorway or cube entrance. Two things quickly became apparent. First, the power user was teaching what people had not managed to learn in the class, and second, the power user had learned how to use the PC in a very different way: what he or she showed you was often not the way it had been taught. But it was the time I spent huddled in front of the power user’s screen when I really learned the word processing and spreadsheet and graphics programs I needed in my work. My learning may have started in the course, but it ended in the huddle.
    • Sebastian Weber
      example how informal learning works and how it is embedded into formal processes
    • Sebastian Weber
      A study of time-to-performance done by Sally Anne Moore at Digital Equipment Corporation in the early 1990s, and repeated by universities, other corporations, and even the Department of Health and Human Services, graphically shows this disparity between formal and informal learning.
  • To illustrate the difference between formal and informal learning, let’s consider the game of golf. If you want to learn to play golf, you can go to a seminar, read a book about the history and etiquette of golf, watch a videotape of great golfing moments, and then you can say you know something about golf. But have you really learned to play golf?
  • From your first tee shot on your first hole, it takes hours of adopting and adapting, alone and in a foursome, in all sorts of weather and conditions. You discover what you know and can do, swing all the clubs, ask all sorts of questions, fail and succeed, practice and practice some more, before you have really learned to play golf. Real learning, then, is the state of being able to adopt and adapt what you know and can do—what you have acquired through formal learning—under a varying set of informal circumstances.
    • Sebastian Weber
      informal learning ist try & error, lernen von Experten
  • I call this the 75/25 Rule of Learning. We get only about 25 percent or less of what we use in our jobs through formal learning. Yet the majority of companies are currently involved only with the formal side of the continuum. Most of today’s investments in corporate education are on the formal side. The net result is that we spend the most money on the smallest part of the learning equation.
  • The other 75 percent of learning happens as we creatively adopt and adapt to ever changing circumstances.
    • Sebastian Weber
      Informal long learning
  • We need to factor those accidental, informal intersections of learning and performance into the process.
  • We need to foster informal moments of knowledge transfer.
  • If we want to become smarter companies, we need to encourage informal learning. We need to create what I have been calling collaborative learning environments, where we seamlessly knit together formal and informal learning. We need to use technology to facilitate the informal as well as the formal transfer of knowledge by including expert locators, e-mail connections with instructors, real-time Internet meeting places, virtual-learning support groups, instant messaging, expert networks, mentor and coaching networks, personal e-learning portals, moderated chats, and more. We need to start taking advantage of the tools and technology that exist today and those coming online tomorrow. We need to create the 100 percent learning solution, in which the proscribed formal learning events and the serendipitous learning moments are given equal value.

    Formal learning is only the beginning of the challenge, not the end.

    • Sebastian Weber
      How to establish informal learning into the organization. Informal learning must go hand in hand with formal learning. At the beginning, when there is no expert who you can ask (informal learning), somebody has to read articles (formal learning). He establishs deeper knowledge of the subject with the time by try & error, connection of the subject with his existing knowledge and by discussion with other people. New people, who want to learn the subject can then benefit from the expert and can leverage informal learning techniques. In fact, informal learning is by far the greater and most important part of learning activities.
  • no formal mailboy-training program. I just walked around for an unspecified number of days with a senior mailboy, watching and learning, asking and listening. I was a young apprentice on the move. Then, one day, when I was deemed fit and ready, I walked around on my own. And if I had a question, I went over by the water cooler (yes, they did have them back then), where the mailroom su
Sebastian Weber

The Power of Informal Learning - 0 views

  • Although more formal forms of instruction such as the classroom and e-learning will be around for years, it’s becoming more and more important to watch and harness the more informal methodologies that our students are utilizing. Most of these methods have been around for years, but have gone unnoticed by the training community.
  • Informal methods of learning are often found right in the work environment. They are seen as techniques that a learner can take advantage of right away and with work-related resources. Another reason these methods are so popular is because they are often very short. Advanced learners tell us that they don’t have the time or budget to attend more formal learning. Even the immediacy of e-learning is seen as something that will take too much valuable time. Finally, learners have matured to a point where they want to drive their learning in a more meaningful and self-directed manner. These informal methods are seen as more student-driven and job-relevant than most formal options.
  • Two of the most common informal environments used today are e-communities and, of all things, the learners’ neighbors sitting all around them. E-communities, often called communities of practice, are made up of threaded message boards, frequently asked question (FAQ) Web sites and chat environments. They have existed under the radar screen of most training programs for years. Many have grown to have huge followings of subject-matter experts (SMEs) and super-users.
    • Sebastian Weber
      Establish a expert request mechanism
      PID supports to find experts for topics

      Web 2.0 supports the concept of SMEs (e.g., EduFire)
  • ...1 more annotation...
  • The easiest way to control and encourage these communities is to sponsor them within the corporation itself. “Brown-bag” lunches and meet-the-expert days are some examples of ways organizations are formally tapping into what used to be an ineffective and costly method of learning.
Sebastian Weber

Erfahrungslernen - 0 views

  • Erfahrungslernen – auch als reflexives Lernen bezeichnet – ist eine Lernart, die über das Verarbeiten und bewusste Reflektieren von Erfahrungen erfolgt. Erfahrungen werden in der Arbeit bei der Ausübung von Arbeitstätigkeiten gemacht. Es findet dann ein intensives Erfahrungslernen statt, wenn die den Arbeitstätigkeiten zugrunde liegenden Handlungen mit Problemen, Herausforderungen und Ungewissheiten für den Arbeitenden verbunden sind und reflektiert werden. Erfahrungslernen bildet zusammen mit dem impliziten Lernen das informelle Lernen. Die Abfolge von Handlung, Erfahrung und Reflexion und ihre Fortführung führt zum Aufbau von Erfahrungswissen.
Sebastian Weber

Definitions Informal Learning - 0 views

  • Implizites Lernen ist eine Lernart, die zusammen mit dem Erfahrungslernen das informelle Lernen bildet. Es charakterisiert einen Lernprozess, dessen Verlauf und Ergebnis für den Lernenden nicht bewusst und reflektiert ablaufen. Einschlägige Beispiele für das implizite Lernen sind Lernprozesse, die zum Schwimmen oder zum Fahrradfahren befähigen. Lernen wird in der Situation unmittelbar erfahren, ohne dass Regeln und Gesetzmäßigkeiten erkannt oder gar zur Basis von Lernprozessen gemacht würden.
    • Sebastian Weber
      Definition Implicit Learning
  • Informelles Lernen ist eine Lernart, bei der sich ein Lernergebnis einstellt, ohne dass dies von vornherein bewusst angestrebt wird. Erfahrungslernen und implizites Lernen unterteilen das informelle Lernen. Charakteristisch für informelles Lernen ist, dass es in der Arbeits- und Lebenswelt handlungsbasiert erfolgt, dabei aber nicht institutionell organisiert ist. Informelle Lernprozesse werden zudem nicht pädagogisch begleitet, und es stellt sich ein Lernergebnis ein, das aus Situationsbewältigungen und Problemlösungen folgt.
    • Sebastian Weber
      Definition Informal Learning
  • Der Terminus informelles Lernen bezeichnet Lernprozesse, die durch das Subjekt als Lernen antizipiert, selbstorganisiert und reflektiert werden, eine Eigenzeit und gerichtete Aufmerksamkeit erfordert, an Problemsituationen gebunden, aber nicht in eine Institution eingebunden sind.
    • Sebastian Weber
      Definition Informal Learning (Kirchhöfer, 2004)
Sebastian Weber Mashup essentials - 0 views

  • "In the past," says Steve Willett, a specialist at DIA, "our analysts would have to check multiple sites to access the information they needed, because HTML pages with relevant information were scattered through many agencies."
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