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Alexandre Enkerli

Will Advances in Technology Create a Jobless Future? | MIT Technology Review - 0 views

  • OECD warns that income inequality is now undermining economic growth.
  • high school diploma
  • isolate the specific impact of technology
  • ...139 more annotations...
  • globalization
  • economic growth
  • access to education
  • tax policies
  • partial, explanation for the decline of the middle class
  • increasing number of well-paying jobs requiring sophisticated technology skills
  • much of the workforce is feeling squeezed.
  • long-term trends that began decades ago,
  • job polarization
  • most harshly affected people in their 20s
  • an economic transformation that is unique in history
  • better medicine
  • wonderful
  • devastating
  • those not in a position to reap the financial benefits
  • Many economists see little convincing evidence that advances in technology will be responsible for a net decrease in the number of jobs, or that what we’re undergoing is any different from earlier transitions when technology destroyed some jobs but improved employment opportunities over time
  • inherently different
  • technological breakthroughs
  • jobless future
  • driverless cars
  • 3-D printing
  • guaranteed basic income
  • Milton Friedman
  • Friedrich Hayek
  • libertarian
  • safety net with minimum government involvement
  • progressive
  • supplements other programs to help the poor
  • Allowing a large number of workers to become irrelevant in the technology-centric economy would be a huge waste of human talent and ambition
  • enormous financial burden on society
  • how even today’s automation is affecting employment
  • impact of industrial robots on manufacturing
  • increase the productivity of the factories
  • no evidence that the robots reduced total employment
  • impossible to accurately predict the effects of future advances
  • wild speculation
  • great potential for nanotech in areas such as clean energy
  • ignores the rules of chemistry and physics
  • scared our children
  • our future in the real world
  • there will be no such monster as the self-replicating mechanical nanobot of your dreams.
  • Speculating about such far-fetched possibilities is a distraction in thinking about how to address future concerns, much less existing job woes.
  • not only summarize the content but extract a “narrative” from it
  • readable
  • likely to improve
  • not seen a massive impact on white-collar jobs
  • cofounder of the company
  • Short-term and medium-term, [AI] will displace work but not necessarily jobs
  • free to work at the top of their game.
  • access to massive amounts of data
  • not breakthroughs in AI
  • magical rhetoric
  • temper our expectations
  • the trajectory of technological progress is not inevitable
  • choices
  • governments
  • consumers
  • businesses
  • which technologies get researched and commercialized and how they are used.
  • ncome inequality
  • back burner of mainstream economics.
  • Piketty’s
  • made inequality the hottest topic in economics
  • innovation in a form that increases the employability of workers.”
  • governments choose
  • research to fund
  • businesses decide
  • technologies to use
  • inevitably
  • influencing jobs and income distribution
  • we will be aware of what is happening
  • productivity
  • output given a certain amount of labor and capital
  • it makes sense to use less and less human labor
  • Starbucks
  • Consumers often prefer people and the services humans provide.
  • Apple stores
  • countless swarming employees armed with iPads and iPhone
  • compelling alternative to a future of robo-retail
  • choice in how we use technology
  • winning strategy
  • army of tech-savvy sales employees toting digital gadgets
  • ovel shopping experience
  • car service Uber
  • role in increasing inequality
  • effects are not inevitable
  • government
  • business
  • consumer
  • Krugman
  • gods of technology
  • social constructs
  • earlier technology transitions
  • suffering and upheaval
  • Stiglitz
  • Great Depression
  • mechanization
  • manufacturing boom
  • painful transition
  • service-based
  • Those who are inventing the technologies
  • automation
  • productivity
  • a new problem to innovate around
  • keep people engaged
  • AI can do most things better than most people
  • grand challenge for engineers.”
  • choose to embrace
  • public transportation systems
  • more safe,
  • convenient
  • energy efficient
  • fill the highways
  • much-needed investments
  • education
  • infrastructure
  • biotechnology
  • energy
  • the best bulwark against sluggish job creation is economic growth
  • innovative service-intensive businesses
  • rebuilding our infrastructure and education systems.
  • “labor-light” economy
  • genius of capitalism
  • benefited from them disproportionately
  • Licklider
  • on line interactive communities
  • privilege or right
  • intelligence amplification
  • discontinuity in the spectrum of intellectual opportunity.”
  • give more people access
  • benefit from the wealth new technology creates
  • more people need to “own the robots.”
  • owns the capital
  • robots and AI inevitably replace many jobs
  • boost their productivity
  • increase both their earnings and their leisure
  • increasingly wealthy society
  • restore the middle-class dream
  • driven technological ambition and economic growth.
Alexandre Enkerli

The Internet's Original Sin - The Atlantic - 0 views

  • users are working for Facebook
  • The poor performance of digital ads just makes investor storytime more compelling
  • marginally better than not targeting at all.
  • ...116 more annotations...
  • assembling more complex user profiles by trading information between data brokers.
  • We need more data so we can make our targeted ads appear to be more effective.
  • advertising will be more invasive, ubiquitous, and targeted
  • consequence of choosing advertising as the default model to support online content and services
  • heated debates amongst the technologically savvy,
  • trained to expect surveillance
  • ignored most of the recommendations
  • trust in the American governmen
  • how the Internet works
  • intentions were good.
  • opportunity to express themselves
  • Charging users for the service would have blocked most of our potential customers
  • free and ad supported
  • could not host elsewhere
  • surprise
  • United States, Canada, the U.K., and Malaysia
  • major vehicle for expression for Malaysia’s opposition political group,
  • adoption of Tripod by Malaysian activists
  • unintended, positive consequence
  • couldn’t find a way to make money from advertising to Malaysian users
  • morally, if not fiscally
  • free riders
  • try before they buy
  • hard parts of the sales cycle
  • scale to hundreds of millions of users
  • powerful network effects:
  • even if you don’t like the terms of service
  • In theory, an ad-supported system is more protective of privacy than a transactional one
  • link between online and real-world identity,
  • reassure advertisers
  • normalized the web
  • quickly
  • small portion of the auto industry’s vast ad budget
  • grows quickly
  • open to those who can’t or won’t pay.
  • requires surveillance
  • escalating surveillance
  • little thoughtful engagement
  • Clickbait
  • Upworthy
  • The great benefit of an ad supported web is that it’s a web open to everyone
  • how much attention readers are paying to content
  • advertising metrics
  • greater social and informational value
  • traffic whoring
  • shielding their reporters
  • centralize the web
  • Advertisers are desperate
  • dangers for online speech
  • ban speech
  • as powerful as decisions made by governments
  • personalization of content
  • friends
  • algorithms
  • shaped
  • echo chambers
  • filter bubbles,
  • ideological isolation
  • rival camps
  • we could build a debate
  • personalized propaganda
  • propose solutions
  • review and delete data
  • time limit
  • regulator with teeth
  • profitable
  • permanent, searchable archive
  • If you’re not paying for
  • attempts to protect himself
  • held hostage
  • deep, structural changes to the web
  • web’s architecture and business model
  • inevitable
  • inexorably
  • Web We Want,
  • centralized
  • ad supported
  • surveilled
  • voices from around the globe
  • make money
  • decisions have powerful unintended consequences.
  • educational email tools,
  • Users will pay for services that they love
  • ability to turn off ads
  • less intrusive
  • culture has developed
  • rewarding both the individual and the community
  • premium model.
  • feel they have to
  • consequences, not all intended
  • inexorably
  • smaller userbases
  • more competition
  • less centralization
  • more competitive innovation
  • rethink online payment
  • India and sub-Saharan Africa
  • mobile money
  • M-Pesa
  • Xanadu
  • micropayment system with low transaction costs
  • cryptocurrencies
  • extremely low transaction costs. (In theory
  • we might see an Internet supported on micropayments of a fraction of a cent to compensate the operators of services or creators of content
  • new businesses
  • no single “right answer”
  • share knowledge, opinions, ideas, and photos of cute cats
  • micropayments
  • membership
  • crowdfunding
  • any other model
  • unintended consequences
  • our current model is bad, broken, and corrosive
  • time to start paying for privacy
  • sell us—the users and our attention—as the product
  •  a lecture by Maciej Cegłowski
Alexandre Enkerli

Stephen Hawking: 'Transcendence looks at the implications of artificial intelligence - ... - 1 views

  • little serious research is devoted to these issues outside non-profit institutes
Alexandre Enkerli

The Internet With A Human Face - Beyond Tellerrand 2014 Conference Talk - 0 views

  • Internet for cars
  • nationwide
  • standardized
  • ...166 more annotations...
  • nationwide
  • total freedom
  • Instead of freeing you, the car becomes a cage.
  • didn't intend for this to happen
  • price of progress.
  • we're starting to see the shape of the online world to come
  • permanent record
  • human experience of memory, which is fuzzy
  • perfect fidelity
  • salient events.
  • storage grows ever cheaper
  • as if we forced people to use only integers because computers have difficulty representing real numbers.
  • Online, everything is recorded by default
  • Facebook is about as much fun as a zoning board hearing.
  • expectation
  • Google imagines a world where every flat surface behaves by the online rules
  • wake up, grandpa, this is the new normal
  • calling it progress
  • Now we believe in "Big Data"
  • programmer's delusion
  • if you look deep enough, there's a hidden deterministic pattern
  • You could publish it in an academic journal! Perhaps that process could be automated.
  • 'Big data' has this intoxicating effect
  • dynamic of relentless surveillance.
  • big mess of hypertext, all linked together
  • decentralized
  • chaotic
  • resilient
  • the one true ad network
  • dominant analytics suite.
  • complete control of their ecosystem.
  • pretends to be more open
  • end-to-end control
  • Microsoft
  • And then there's the cloud.
  • big collection of buildings and computers
  • single cloud of failure
  • easy to spy
  • legitimately frightening to have the government spying on all its citizens
  • mass surveillance.
  • immunity against lawsuits.
  • intelligence agencies and Silicon Valley
  • not a lot of daylight
  • almost perverse faith in the rule of law
  • As "non-US-persons", you fall completely outside the protection of our privacy laws
  • Too bad your data is on our servers!
  • The only way to keep user information safe is not to store it.
  • fits a pattern
  • log in with Facebook' button
  • How about SixDegrees.com, did anybody here use that? That was the first big social network, back in 1999.
  • where's all that data
  • 'anonymized' data
  • Google Buzz
  • Google testers failed to imagine
  • real name,
  • serious pressure
  • the focus on government spying prevents us from thinking harder about the real pitfalls of a permanent record.
  • German audience
  • reunification
  • innocent people
  • dump of informational toxic waste
  • dissidents
  • informers
  • journalists
  • politically active
  • hot potato
  • None of these distinctions matter
  • whether people should be pilloried for mistakes they made forty years ago
  • Everyone agrees
  • political kryptonite
  • bureaucratic limbo
  • radioactive waste
  • easy to generate
  • almost impossible to dispose of
  • incredibly toxic
  • easy to store in the short term
  • timescales
  • Mountain View
  • our industry
  • advertisers
  • The Internet was Christmas for advertisers
  • almost any criterion
  • click-through rate
  • One of the first banner ads
  • poison ivy.
  • little text ads in context,
  • the promise of advertising, is the economic foundation of the world wide web.
  • own ad network
  • Matt Cutts
  • descend from the clouds and speak with a human voice.
  • HATE advertising
  • pretend to be related links
  • different plague of ads
  • develop immunity.
  • Most startups run on investor storytime.
  • persuasion
  • Quora
  • Wikipedia, a free site that not only doesn't make revenue, but loses so much money they have to ask for donations just to be broke.
  • postpone having to think about revenue.
  • investor storytime is a cancer on our industry
  • advertising more invasive and ubiquitous
  • Investor storytime only works if you can argue that advertising in the future is going to be effective and lucrative in ways it just isn't today.
  • motor destroying our online privacy
  • facial detection at store shelves and checkout counters
  • We're addicted to 'big data' not because it's effective now, but because we need it to tell better stories
  • how to block these ads
  • what all this surveillance is buying us
  • already own.
  • the one ad that was well targeted;
  • mathematically certain to be wasting my time.
  • Platonic ideal of targeted advertising
  • someone is going to click.
  • crappiness of targeted ads is a feature
  • room for improvement
  • If the algorithms don't work, that's a sign we need more data
  • If the algorithms do work, then imagine how much better they'll work with more data
  • only one outcome allowed
  • should be illegal
  • behavioral data
  • In the United States
  • regulate the Internet
  • net itself was born of a fairly good regulatory framework
  • de facto net neutrality
  • basic research
  • usiness use
  • growth of the commercial web
  • kind of behavioral data
  • do neat things with our data on the fly
  • half-life of a typical Internet business
  • third parties
  • bankruptcy
  • acquisition
  • non-transferable without their consent
  • not evenly enforced
  • right to download
  • You collect data about me? I get to see it.
  • Enforce the right to delete
  • modulo some reasonable allowance for backups.
  • change at any time
  • persuade me to sign up
  • jurisdiction
  • Decentralize Camp
  • Folklore
  • how much better it is to have four major browser vendors
  • if you wanted to hang out with your friends
  • Surveillance as a business model is the only thing that makes a site like Facebook possible.
  • As a naturalized US citizen
  • something based here in Europe.
  • privacy rights of the average German citizen
  • seismic hazard
  • even if you don't agree with my politics
  • agree with my geology
  • Let's not build a vast, distributed global network only to put everything in one place!
  • new technology with wonder
  • smartphones, image recognition, wearable computers
  • hanging the lives
  • disabled people
  • restored his autonomy
  • creative with technology
  • We can't have cool things, because they're too potentially invasive.
  • if we didn't have to worry about privacy
  • strong guarantees that our inventions wouldn't immediately be used against us
  • what made computers so irresistible in the first place
  • I'm hoping you'll tell me how to fix it
  • treat it as a design problem
  • How do we build an Internet we're not ashamed of?
Alexandre Enkerli

A Teenager's View on Education Technology - Bright - Medium - 0 views

  •  
    Some classroom technology is great, but hold on, because the truth may hurt.
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