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Matti Narkia

Mango effective in preventing, stopping certain colon, breast cancer cells - 0 views

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    "COLLEGE STATION - Mango. If you know little about this fruit, understand this: It's been found to prevent or stop certain colon and breast cancer cells in the lab.

    That's according to a new study by Texas AgriLife Research food scientists, who examined the five varieties most common in the U.S.: Kent, Francine, Ataulfo, Tommy/Atkins and Haden.

    Though the mango is an ancient fruit heavily consumed in many parts of the world, little has been known about its health aspects. The National Mango Board commissioned a variety of studies with several U.S. researchers to help determine its nutritional value.

    "If you look at what people currently perceive as a superfood, people think of high antioxidant capacity, and mango is not quite there," said Dr. Susanne Talcott, who with her husband, Dr. Steve Talcott, conducted the study on cancer cells. "In comparison with antioxidants in blueberry, acai and pomegranate, it's not even close."

    But the team checked mango against cancer cells anyway, and found it prevented or stopped cancer growth in certain breast and colon cell lines, Susanne Talcott noted.

    "It has about four to five times less antioxidant capacity than an average wine grape, and it still holds up fairly well in anticancer activity. If you look at it from the physiological and nutritional standpoint, taking everything together, it would be a high-ranking super food," she said. "It would be good to include mangoes as part of the regular diet."

    The Talcotts tested mango polyphenol extracts in vitro on colon, breast, lung, leukemia and prostate cancers. Polyphenols are natural substances in plants and are associated with a variety of compounds known to promote good health."
Matti Narkia

Unexpected Perks of Coffee Consumption - The Early Show - CBS News - 1 views

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    "(CBS) Your daily cup of java may deliver some unexpected health benefits. Studies have shown it may lower your risk for Type II diabetes and certain types of cancer (colon, mouth and throat), and protect against heart disease and cavities.

    Dr. Alanna Levine, a primary care physician, said on "The Early Show" researchers aren't sure exactly why coffee has these benefits, but speculated that perhaps the coffee has antioxidant properties. "
Matti Narkia

Benefits of Vitamin D Supplementation - Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons Vol... - 0 views

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    Benefits of Vitamin D Supplementation
    Joel M. Kauffman, Ph.D.
    Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons
    Volume 14 Number 2 - Summer 2009

    Clinical trials show that vitamin D supplementation at higher
    levels than previously recommended is beneficial for many
    conditions. It decreases the frequency of falls and fractures, helps
    prevent cardiovascular disease, and reduces symptoms of colds or
    influenza. Benefits are also seen in diabetes mellitus, multiple
    sclerosis, Crohn disease, pain, depression, and possibly autism.
    Sunlight does not cause an overdose of vitamin D production,
    and toxicity from supplementation is rare. Dose recommendations
    are increasing, but appear to be lagging the favorable trial results. A
    number of common drugs deplete vitamin D levels, and others may
    limit its biosynthesis from sunlight.
    People with adequate levels from sun exposure will not benefit
    from supplementation. While dietary intake is helpful,
    supplementation is better able to raise serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D ,
    the major circulating metabolite, to the level now thought adequate,
    30-50 ng/mL.
    Where there is inadequate daily sun exposure, oral doses of
    1,000-2,000 IU/d are now considered routine, with much higher
    doses (up to 50,000 IU) for rapid repletion now considered safe.
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D for cancer prevention: global perspective. Garland CF et al. -Ann Epidemiol. ... - 0 views

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    Vitamin D for cancer prevention: global perspective.
    Garland CF, Gorham ED, Mohr SB, Garland FC.
    Ann Epidemiol. 2009 Jul;19(7):468-83. Review.
    PMID: 19523595
Matti Narkia

Berberine, a natural product, induces G1-phase cell cycle arrest and caspase-3-dependen... - 0 views

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    Berberine, a natural product, induces G1-phase cell cycle arrest and caspase-3-dependent apoptosis in human prostate carcinoma cells.
    Mantena SK, Sharma SD, Katiyar SK.
    Mol Cancer Ther. 2006 Feb;5(2):296-308.
    PMID: 16505103
    doi: 10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-05-0448

    The effectiveness of berberine in checking the growth of androgen-insensitive, as well as androgen-sensitive, prostate cancer cells without affecting the growth of normal prostate epithelial cells indicates that it may be a promising candidate for prostate cancer therapy.

    The evaluation of ancient herbal medicines may indicate novel strategies for the treatment of prostate cancer, which remains the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in American men (1). In our present investigation, we show that a naturally occurring isoquinoline alkaloid, berberine, significantly inhibits the proliferation and reduces the viability of DU145 and PC-3 as well as LNCaP cells (Fig. 1), which suggests that berberine may be an effective chemotherapeutic agent against both androgen-sensitive and androgen-insensitive prostate cancer cells. Importantly, we found that berberine did not exhibit toxicity to nonneoplastic human prostate epithelial cells under the conditions used, except for a moderate reduction in cell viability at higher concentrations when cells were treated in vitro for an extended period of time.

    In conclusion, the results of the present study indicate that berberine inhibits proliferation and induces G1-phase arrest and apoptosis in human prostate cancer cells but not in normal human prostate epithelial cells. In addition, we provide mechanistic evidence that berberine-induced apoptosis in prostate carcinoma cells, particularly hormone-refractory prostate carcinoma cells, is mediated through enhanced expression of Bax, disruption of the mitochondrial membrane potential, and activation of caspase-3.
Matti Narkia

Meta-analysis of vitamin D, calcium and the prevention of breast cancer. - [Breast Canc... - 0 views

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    Meta-analysis of vitamin D, calcium and the prevention of breast cancer.
    Chen P, Hu P, Xie D, Qin Y, Wang F, Wang H.
    Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2009 Oct 23. [Epub ahead of print]
    PMID: 19851861

    These results provide strong evidence that vitamin D and calcium have a chemopreventive effect against breast cancer.
Matti Narkia

Relationship between low ultraviolet B irradiance and higher breast cancer risk in 107 ... - 0 views

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    Relationship between low ultraviolet B irradiance and higher breast cancer risk in 107 countries.
    Mohr SB, Garland CF, Gorham ED, Grant WB, Garland FC.
    Breast J. 2008 May-Jun;14(3):255-60. Epub 2008 Apr 17.
    PMID: 18422861
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1524-4741.2008.00571.x

    There was a protective effect of UVB irradiance on risk of breast cancer that was independent of fertility rate, proportion of the population overweight, alcohol intake, animal energy intake, and other covariates.
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D for Cancer Prevention: Global Perspective - 1 views

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    Vitamin D for cancer prevention: global perspective.
    Garland CF, Gorham ED, Mohr SB, Garland FC.
    Ann Epidemiol. 2009 Jul;19(7):468-83. Review.
    PMID: 19523595

    RESULTS/CONCLUSIONS: It is projected that raising the minimum year-around serum 25(OH)D level to 40 to 60 ng/mL (100-150 nmol/L) would prevent approximately 58,000 new cases of breast cancer and 49,000 new cases of colorectal cancer each year, and three fourths of deaths from these diseases in the United States and Canada, based on observational studies combined with a randomized trial. Such intakes also are expected to reduce case-fatality rates of patients who have breast, colorectal, or prostate cancer by half. There are no unreasonable risks from intake of 2000 IU per day of vitamin D(3), or from a population serum 25(OH)D level of 40 to 60 ng/mL. The time has arrived for nationally coordinated action to substantially increase intake of vitamin D and calcium.
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D and prevention of breast cancer: pooled analysis. - ScienceDirect - The Journ... - 0 views

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    Vitamin D and prevention of breast cancer: pooled analysis.
    Garland CF, Gorham ED, Mohr SB, Grant WB, Giovannucci EL, Lipkin M, Newmark H, Holick MF, Garland FC.
    J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2007 Mar;103(3-5):708-11.
    PMID: 17368188

    CONCLUSIONS: Intake of 2000 IU/day of Vitamin D(3), and, when possible, very moderate exposure to sunlight, could raise serum 25(OH)D to 52 ng/ml, a level associated with reduction by 50% in incidence of breast cancer, according to observational studies.
Matti Narkia

Christiane Northrup, MD: Protect Your Breasts With Vitamin D - 0 views

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    "A study conducted by Cedric Garland and other prominent vitamin D researchers determined that women with vitamin D levels above 52 ng/ml have half the risk of developing breast cancer as those with 13 ng/ml! Garland (et al) estimates that 58,000 new cases of breast cancer in the U.S. could be prevented per year by raising vitamin D levels to 52 ng/ml. Imagine what the global impact could be! "
Matti Narkia

How to Optimize Vitamin D Supplementation to Prevent Cancer, Based on Cellular Adaptati... - 0 views

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    How to optimize vitamin D supplementation to prevent cancer, based on cellular adaptation and hydroxylase enzymology.
    Vieth R.
    Anticancer Res. 2009 Sep;29(9):3675-84. Review.
    PMID: 19667164
Matti Narkia

Association between Plasma 25-Hydroxyvitamin D and Breast Cancer Risk -- Crew et al. 2 ... - 0 views

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    Association between plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D and breast cancer risk.
    Crew KD, Gammon MD, Steck SE, Hershman DL, Cremers S, Dworakowski E, Shane E, Terry MB, Desai M, Teitelbaum SL, Neugut AI, Santella RM.
    Cancer Prev Res (Phila Pa). 2009 Jun;2(6):598-604. Epub 2009 May 26.
    PMID: 19470790

    In summary, these results add to a growing body of evidence that adequate vitamin D stores may prevent breast cancer development. Whereas circulating 25-OHD levels of >32 ng/mL are associated with normal bone mineral metabolism, our data suggest that the optimal level for breast cancer prevention is ≥40 ng/mL. Well-designed clinical trials are urgently needed to determine whether vitamin D supplementation is effective for breast cancer chemoprevention.
Matti Narkia

The Role of Vitamin D in Cancer Prevention -- Garland et al. 96 (2): 252 -- American Jo... - 1 views

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    The role of vitamin D in cancer prevention.
    Garland CF, Garland FC, Gorham ED, Lipkin M, Newmark H, Mohr SB, Holick MF.
    Am J Public Health. 2006 Feb;96(2):252-61. Epub 2005 Dec 27. Review.
    PMID: 16380576
    DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2004.045260

    Vitamin D status differs by latitude and race, with residents of the northeastern United States and individuals with more skin pigmentation being at increased risk of deficiency. A PubMed database search yielded 63 observational studies of vitamin D status in relation to cancer risk, including 30 of colon, 13 of breast, 26 of prostate, and 7 of ovarian cancer, and several that assessed the association of vitamin D receptor genotype with cancer risk.

    The majority of studies found a protective relationship between sufficient vitamin D status and lower risk of cancer. The evidence suggests that efforts to improve vitamin D status, for example by vitamin D supplementation, could reduce cancer incidence and mortality at low cost, with few or no adverse effects.
Matti Narkia

The Role of Vitamin D in Cancer Prevention -- Garland et al. 96 (2): 252 -- American Jo... - 0 views

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    The role of vitamin D in cancer prevention.
    Garland CF, Garland FC, Gorham ED, Lipkin M, Newmark H, Mohr SB, Holick MF.
    Am J Public Health. 2006 Feb;96(2):252-61. Epub 2005 Dec 27. Review.
    PMID: 16380576
    DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2004.045260

    Vitamin D status differs by latitude and race, with residents of the northeastern United States and individuals with more skin pigmentation being at increased risk of deficiency. A PubMed database search yielded 63 observational studies of vitamin D status in relation to cancer risk, including 30 of colon, 13 of breast, 26 of prostate, and 7 of ovarian cancer, and several that assessed the association of vitamin D receptor genotype with cancer risk.

    The majority of studies found a protective relationship between sufficient vitamin D status and lower risk of cancer. The evidence suggests that efforts to improve vitamin D status, for example by vitamin D supplementation, could reduce cancer incidence and mortality at low cost, with few or no adverse effects
Matti Narkia

New Research by D*action Member Dr. Cedric Garland Suggests Role Low Levels of Vitamin ... - 0 views

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    San Diego, CA (PRWEB) May 25, 2009 -- Coming on the heels of the publishing in the Annals of Epidemiology of a new study led by Dr. Cedric Garland, on the preventive measures of vitamin D, GrassrootsHealth D*action Project is calling on physicians, health clinics and groups throughout the country to recognize the need for determining vitamin D levels and to ensure the public have their blood levels of vitamin D tested.

    According to research from the newly published study by Cedric F. Garland, Dr. P.H., FACE, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine and Moores Cancer Center of the University of California, San Diego (UCSD), "It is projected that raising the minimum year-around serum 25(OH)D level to 40-60 ng/ml (100-150 nmol/L) would prevent approximately 58,000 new cases of breast cancer and 49,000 new cases of colorectal cancer each year, and three quarters of deaths from these diseases, in the US and Canada."
Matti Narkia

Ecological Studies Of Ultraviolet B, Vitamin D And Cancer Since 2000 - 0 views

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    Ecological studies of ultraviolet B, vitamin D and cancer since 2000.
    Grant WB, Mohr SB.
    Ann Epidemiol. 2009 Jul;19(7):446-54. Epub 2009 Mar 9.
    PMID: 19269856

    CONCLUSION: These findings provide strong evidence that vitamin D status plays an important role in controlling the outcome of cancer. Support for the UVB-vitamin D-cancer theory is now scientifically strong enough to warrant use of vitamin D in cancer prevention, and as a component of treatment. More research studies would help to explore whether there are benefits beyond the substantial effects that have been observed.
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D and calcium supplementation reduces cancer risk: results of a randomized tria... - 0 views

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    Vitamin D and calcium supplementation reduces cancer risk: results of a randomized trial.
    Lappe JM, Travers-Gustafson D, Davies KM, Recker RR, Heaney RP.
    Am J Clin Nutr. 2007 Jun;85(6):1586-91. Erratum in: Am J Clin Nutr. 2008 Mar;87(3):794.
    PMID: 17556697

    Conclusions: Improving calcium and vitamin D nutritional status substantially reduces all-cancer risk in postmenopausal women.
Matti Narkia

Not enough vitamin D: Health consequences for Canadians -- Schwalfenberg 53 (5): 841 --... - 0 views

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    Not enough vitamin D: health consequences for Canadians.
    Schwalfenberg G.
    Can Fam Physician. 2007 May;53(5):841-54. Review
    PMID: 17872747

    Conclusion

    Low levels of VTD are considered a major public health problem in Canada, especially during the winter. Those with risk factors should be screened for low 25(OH)D levels and repletion therapy instituted if needed. Researchers have estimated that the oral dose of vitamin D3 to attain and maintain 25(OH)D levels >80 nmol/L is 2200 IU/d if baseline levels are 20 to 40 nmol/L, 1800 IU/d if levels are 40 to 60 nmol/L, and 1160 IU/d if levels are between 60 and 80 nmol/L.64

    We need to ensure that patients have healthy blood levels of 25(OH)D to prevent levels of parathyroid hormone from rising and to maximize absorption of calcium, magnesium, and phosphate. Positive effects on bone are marginal at best unless patients consume at least 800 IU/d of VTD. The emerging and exciting role of the VTD receptor and the actions of VTD in maintaining health in other cell types have become more apparent during the last decade.
Matti Narkia

Does vitamin D protect against cancer? « Cancer Research UK - Science Update - 0 views

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    This month, the authoritative International Agency for Research into Cancer (IARC) have weighed in on the issue. By gathering a group of expert scientists, they have looked at all the available evidence and published a detailed report on vitamin D and cancer. The massive tome weighs in at 465 pages, but we'll take a look at the key points in the first of two posts looking at the vitamin D debate.

    It is impossible for us to get more than about five percent of the vitamin D we need from our diet - unless, like Eskimos, we eat oily fish three times a day.
Matti Narkia

YouTube - Vitamin D and Cancer Prevention - 0 views

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    YouTube - Vitamin D and Cancer Prevention. A presentation by Dr. Cedric Garland.
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