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jurasovaib

Pancreatic cancer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - 0 views

  • For pancreatic cancer: For all stages combined, the 1-year relative survival rate is 25%, and the 5-year survival is estimated as less than 5% [81] to 6%.[7] For local disease, the 5-year survival is approximately 20%.[7][8] For locally advanced and for metastatic disease, which collectively represent over 80%[8] to 85-90%[19] of individuals, the median survival is about 10 and 6 months, respectively.[57] Without active treatment, metastatic pancreatic cancer has a median survival of 3–5 months;[19] complete remission is very rare.
  • Prognosis
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    "For pancreatic cancer: For all stages combined, the 1-year relative survival rate is 25%, and the 5-year survival is estimated as less than 5% [81] to 6%.[7] For local disease, the 5-year survival is approximately 20%.[7][8] For locally advanced and for metastatic disease, which collectively represent over 80%[8] to 85-90%[19] of individuals, the median survival is about 10 and 6 months, respectively.[57] Without active treatment, metastatic pancreatic cancer has a median survival of 3-5 months;[19] complete remission is very rare."
jurasovaib

Specific glycosylation of membrane prote... [Mol Cell Proteomics. 2014] - PubMed - NCBI - 0 views

  • Epithelial ovarian cancer is the fifth most common cause of cancer in women worldwide bearing the highest mortality rate among all gynaecological cancers.
jurasovaib

How to recognise the symptoms of ovarian cancer | Health | Life & Style | Daily Express - 0 views

  • MOST woman in Britain can probably name the signs of breast cancer. But how many of us could identify just one symptom of an even more deadly disease, ovarian cancer?
  • In fact, the shocking answer is only three per cent - which may explain why we have one of the worst survival rates in Europe.
  • Three quarters of women are only diagnosed once the cancer has spread, so it's not surprising that, out of the 7,000 new cases every year, only a third of women will live for five years.
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  • The main problem is its symptoms: persistent bloating, abdominal or pelvic pain, urinary and/or bowel problems and difficulty in eating.
  • Taken on its own, each sign could easily indicate some other medical problem. In fact, 30 per cent of sufferers are misdiagnosed with irritable bowel syndrome.
  • For years, ovarian cancer was known as a silent killer, which really frustrates campaigners. "there are clear symptoms," says Jones. "You just have to know about them."
  • "Ovarian cancer has been overlooked for a long, long time - it's been put into the 'too difficult' box,' says Annwen Jones, chief executive of the target Ovarian cancer charity. "There has been a vicious circle: it's typically diagnosed at a late stage so we have had poor survival rates and, as a result, there's been little awareness of the disease and therefore very little funding for research. We desperately need to break that circle.
  • It's only when the symptoms are pieced together that a diagnosis is made easier.
jurasovaib

Recognising the proteins that indicate cancer : News : News + Events : National Physica... - 0 views

  • All diseases have proteins, or concentrations of proteins, specifically linked to them called biomarkers, and identifying these can prove a powerful diagnostic tool. Antibodies can be used to test for specific biomarkers because they only bind to specific molecules or groups of molecules. Problems can arise when they bind to groups of similar molecules, leading to false positives and unreliable information.
jurasovaib

National Cancer Institute - 0 views

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    A fact sheet about the National Cancer Institute funding of cancer research. National Cancer Institute Fact Sheet 1.1
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    A fact sheet about the National Cancer Institute funding of cancer research. National Cancer Institute Fact Sheet 1.1
jurasovaib

Genetics - 0 views

  • About 5% to 10% of breast cancers are thought to be hereditary, caused by abnormal genes passed from parent to child.
  • Women who are diagnosed with breast cancer and have an abnormal BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene often have a family history of breast cancer, ovarian cancer, and other cancers. Still, most people who develop breast cancer did not inherit an abnormal breast cancer gene and have no family history of the disease
  • Abnormal BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes may account for up to 10% of all breast cancers, or 1 out of every 10 cases
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  • Steps you can takeIf you know you have an abnormal gene linked to breast cancer, there are lifestyle choices you can make to keep your risk as low it can be: maintaining a healthy weight exercising regularly limiting alcohol eating nutritious food never smoking (or quitting if you do smoke)
jurasovaib

U.S. Breast Cancer Statistics - 0 views

  • About 1 in 8 U.S. women (just under 12%) will develop invasive breast cancer over the course of her lifetime.
  • In 2013, an estimated 232,340 new cases of invasive breast cancer were expected to be diagnosed in women in the U.S.,
  • About 2,240 new cases of invasive breast cancer were expected to be diagnosed in men in 2013. A man’s lifetime risk of breast cancer is about 1 in 1,000.
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  • For women in the U.S., breast cancer death rates are higher than those for any other cancer, besides lung cancer.
  • Besides skin cancer, breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among American women. Just under 30% of cancers in women are breast cancers.
  • White women are slightly more likely to develop breast cancer than African-American women. However, in women under 45, breast cancer is more common in African-American women than white women. Overall, African-American women are more likely to die of breast cancer. Asian, Hispanic, and Native-American women have a lower risk of developing and dying from breast cancer.
  • A woman’s risk of breast cancer approximately doubles if she has a first-degree relative (mother, sister, daughter) who has been diagnosed with breast cancer. About 15% of women who get breast cancer have a family member diagnosed with it.
  • About 5-10% of breast cancers can be linked to gene mutations (abnormal changes) inherited from one’s mother or father. Mutations of the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes are the most common. Women with a BRCA1 mutation have a 55-65% risk of developing breast cancer before age 70, and often at a younger age that it typically develops. For women with a BRCA2 mutation, this risk is 45%.
jurasovaib

Information, Awareness & Donations - National Breast Cancer Foundation - 0 views

  • 1 in 8 Women, will be diagnosed with breast cancer in their lifetime
jurasovaib

MAKING WAVES: Kanzius Research Advances - Kanzius Cancer Research Foundation - 1 views

  • Beginning in February, large nonhuman subjects have received weekly injections of cancer cells into their livers, creating a consistent model in a "controlled environment." This month, the subjects will undergo MRIs to determine whether they now have liver cancer. If affirmative, the Kanzius noninvasive radio-wave cancer treatment will be administered, allowing data to be collected and analyzed. The success of these tests is mandatory to move forward in approaching the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and ultimately advancing to human trials.
jurasovaib

Cervical cancer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - 0 views

  • Cervical cancer is cancer arising from the cervix.[1] It is due to the abnormal growth of cells that have the ability to invade or spread to other parts of the body.[2] Early on there are typically no symptoms. Later symptoms may include: abnormal vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain or pain during sex.[1]
  • Cervical cancer typically develops from precancerous changes over 10 to 20 years
  • HPV vaccines protect against two high risk strains of this family of viruses and may prevent up to 65 to 75% of cervical cancers
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  • Worldwide, cervical cancer is both the fourth most common cause of cancer and the fourth most common cause of death from cancer in women.
  • 70% of cervical cancers occur in developing countries.[5] In low income countries it is the most common cause of cancer death.[11] In developed countries, the widespread use of cervical screening programs has dramatically reduced rates of cervical cancer.
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    Do you think you need to focus on one specific type of cancer? I see cervical and breast cancers in your research.
yusraahmed

Ovarian cancer Tests and diagnosis - Diseases and Conditions - Mayo Clinic - 0 views

  • Imaging tests, such as ultrasound or CT scans, of your abdomen and pelvis. These tests can help determine the size, shape and structure of your ovaries. Blood test, which can detect a protein (CA 125) found on the surface of ovarian cancer cells. Surgery to remove a tissue sample and abdominal fluid to confirm a diagnosis of ovarian cancer. Minimally invasive or robotic surgery may be an option. If cancer is discovered, the surgeon may immediately begin surgery to remove as much of the cancer as possible.
  • Stages of ovarian cancer include: Stage I. Cancer is found in one or both ovaries. Stage II. Cancer has spread to other parts of the pelvis. Stage III. Cancer has spread to the abdomen. Stage IV. Cancer is found outside the abdomen.
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    "Imaging tests, such as ultrasound or CT scans, of your abdomen and pelvis. These tests can help determine the size, shape and structure of your ovaries. Blood test, which can detect a protein (CA 125) found on the surface of ovarian cancer cells. Surgery to remove a tissue sample and abdominal fluid to confirm a diagnosis of ovarian cancer. Minimally invasive or robotic surgery may be an option. If cancer is discovered, the surgeon may immediately begin surgery to remove as much of the cancer as possible."
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    "Imaging tests, such as ultrasound or CT scans, of your abdomen and pelvis. These tests can help determine the size, shape and structure of your ovaries. Blood test, which can detect a protein (CA 125) found on the surface of ovarian cancer cells. Surgery to remove a tissue sample and abdominal fluid to confirm a diagnosis of ovarian cancer. Minimally invasive or robotic surgery may be an option. If cancer is discovered, the surgeon may immediately begin surgery to remove as much of the cancer as possible."
jurasovaib

Dr. Lu on how blood tests can fight ovarian cancer - Video on NBCNews.com - 0 views

  • Dr. Karen Lu, MD Anderson Cancer Center, on fighting ovarian cancer and the blood test that may tell about a woman’s risk of developing ovarian cancer.
jurasovaib

Ovarian Cancer Symptoms, Blood Test Offer Early Detection - 0 views

  • une 23, 2008 -- A symptoms checklist, combined with a blood test, can catch 80% of ovarian cancer in its earliest, most curable stages, a new study suggests.
  • "The symptom index and the CA125 test each finds 50% to 60% of women with early disease," Andersen tells WebMD. "But when they're combined, if either one is positive, we might be able to identify 80.6% of women with early stage ovarian cancer. Women with early stage disease have good chance of a cure -- it's just that right now, we don't find many of them in time.
  • The symptoms that warn of ovarian cancer aren't, in themselves, very specific. They may seem to be gastrointestinal or psychological rather than gynecological in nature.
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  • So what are these warning signs? Andersen says there are three basic symptoms:Bloating or increased abdominal sizePelvic or abdominal painEating difficulty or feeling full too quickly
jurasovaib

Ovarian Cysts Causes, Symptoms, Treatment - Ovarian Cysts Causes - eMedicineHealth - 0 views

  • Ovarian Cysts Causes Patient Comments Read 14 Comments Share Your Story The following are risk factors for developing ovarian cysts:
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    "History of previous ovarian cysts Irregular menstrual cycles"
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    "History of previous ovarian cysts Irregular menstrual cycles"
jurasovaib

Signs and Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer | Rivkin Center - 0 views

  • Signs and Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer Bloating Pelvic or abdominal pain Difficulty eating or feeling full quickly Urinary symptoms (urgency or frequency)
jurasovaib

Ovarian cyst - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - 0 views

  • Most ovarian cysts are functional in nature and harmless (benign).[1][2] Ovarian cysts affect women of all ages. They occur most often, however, during a woman's childbearing years. Some ovarian cysts cause problems, such as bleeding and pain. Surgery may be required to remove cysts larger than 5 centimeters in diameter.
  • Functional cysts form as a normal part of the menstrual cycle. Such cysts may include: Follicular cyst, the most common type of ovarian cyst. In menstruation, a follicle containing the ovum (unfertilized egg) will rupture during ovulation. If this does not occur, a follicular cyst of more than 2.5 cm diameter may result.[3] Corpus luteum cysts appear after ovulation. The corpus luteum is the remnant of the follicle after the ovum has moved to the fallopian tubes. This normally degrades within 5–9 days. A corpus lutem that is more than 3 cm is defined as cystic.[3] Thecal cysts occur within the thecal layer of cells surrounding developing oocytes. Under the influence of excessive hCG, thecal cells may proliferate and become cystic. This is usually on both ovaries.[3]
  • Non-functional cysts may include: An ovary with many cysts, which may be found in normal women, or within the setting of polycystic ovary syndrome. Cysts caused by endometriosis, known as chocolate cysts. Hemorrhagic ovarian cyst Dermoid cyst Ovarian serous cystadenoma Ovarian mucinous cystadenoma Paraovarian cyst Cystic adenofibroma Borderline tumoral cysts
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  • There are several systems for scoring of the risk of an ovarian cyst of being an ovarian cancer, including RMI (risk of malignancy index), LR2 and SR (simple rules). Sensitivities and specificities of these systems are given in tables below:[5] Scoring systems Premenopausal Postmenopausal Sensitivity Specificity Sensitivity Specificity RMI I 44% 95% 79% 90% LR2 85% 91% 94% 70% SR 93% 83% 93% 76% Risk of malignancy index[edit] A widely recognized method of estimating the risk of malignant ovarian cancer based on initial workup is the risk of malignancy index (RMI).[6] It is recommended that women with an RMI score over 200 should be referred to a center with experience in ovarian cancer surgery.[7] The RMI is calculated as follows:[7]
jurasovaib

Ovarian Cysts and Tumors - Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment of Ovarian Cysts and Tumors ... - 0 views

  • Epithelial cell tumors start from the cells on the surface of the ovaries. These are the most common type of ovarian tumors.Germ cell tumors start in the cells that produce the eggs. They can either be benign or cancerous. Most are benign.Stromal tumors originate in the cells that produce female hormones.
jurasovaib

Angelina Jolie's Preventive Mastectomy Raised Breast Cancer Awareness, But Not Knowledg... - 0 views

  • While Angelina Jolie's announcement that she had a preventive double mastectomy raised awareness of breast cancer, it did not lead to more people understanding how gene mutations actually affect breast cancer risk.
  • researchers noted that the risk of developing breast cancer is between 5 and 15 percent for women without the BRCA mutation.
jurasovaib

Facing hereditary breast cancer and its agonising choices - 24/06/2014 - 0 views

  • Some of us share a genetic mutation that could kill us.
  • At just 25, Elise was confronted with a choice that is hard to imagine: live with the constant fear of cancer or have a preventative double mastectomy to remove both her breasts.
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