Mode choice is the step in the transportation planning process that determines the probability that travelers will choose different modes (transit, pedestrian, auto) to reach their destination
This is a sister website of the very popular www.speedtest.net, which does many millions of internet download/upload tests every month. Aggregating that data across the world provides some pretty robust statistics on regional and national connectivity speed. You probably never knew South Dakota had the second highest average download rate in the country. http://www.netindex.com/download/2,1/United-States/ I'm guessing that's related to their cheap power and ample space in encouraging data centers to move in.
This seminal text explores in some detail the statistical nature of material failure and presents theory of stochastic analysis of such systems. The statistical nature of fatigue failure is in fact a significant point of concern in design of mechanical structures that undergo repeated or alternating loading.