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Home/ Diigo In Education/ Contents contributed and discussions participated by Erin DeBell

Contents contributed and discussions participated by Erin DeBell

Erin DeBell

SPAN 103N W01 S111: Foro de lenguaje y cultura - Semana 9 - El embarazo - Due Sunday, 7/17 - 7 views

    • Erin DeBell
      Suggestions: Use past tense (preterite) more often to talk about things that happened in the past. The verbs you recognized are good examples.  At this point, though, not only should you recognize words, but phrases and TENSES/CONCEPTS, as well.  These are the grammar examples you will need to share on your chart.  Did you see any reflexive verbs?  Commands?  Preterite?  If so, share the example AND the English equivalent (translation).
    • Erin DeBell
      Also, for your chart you might end up being short on Country-Specific resources.  When looking for things to share, think about sharing info from a particular country.  It is too late for this post, but since your resource is from California, perhaps you could find some info on the Hispanic population in California.  Where are they from?  Then pick one of those countries of origin and find some info about it for us.  Bingo!  Country-specific example for your chart.
    • Erin DeBell
      Since this forum is over, you can post this info on the "country-specific catch-up forum" that I will make available immediately.
    • Erin DeBell
      I sense a lot of stress about the forum requirements, so I am going to provide group feedback this way.  Make sure to click on each "sticky note" to get my feedback on the post.  This will help you complete your chart as best as possible.
    • Erin DeBell
      HIGHLIGHTS: You will see a lot of highlights on this page.   Pink/red highlights indicate a mistake is present.  I have not highlighted ALL mistakes, just some that you should be able to fix with what you know at this point. GREEN means GOOD!  I have highlighted many phrases that indicate good/correct grammar usage.  Sometimes I highlight in green things that I really like :-)  Green means GO!!!
    • Erin DeBell
      YELLOW highlights are for important things - read them!
    • Erin DeBell
  • siertas
  • ...49 more annotations...
  • Vi la pagina
  • Me encanta
  • unico
  • Lo unico que puedes hacer es revisar y leer tus viejos forums y buscar ejemplos que
  • usastes.
  • Me pongo
  • nervioso
  • Completado
    • Erin DeBell
      If you want to say "I completed," you should use the preterite.  Verb = COMPLETAR.  Yo completé.
  • están encontrando
  • mucho las
    • Erin DeBell
  • encontre
  • promueve
  • parecer
  • matres
  • olvido
    • Erin DeBell
      This post is very interesting.  The quote included is informative and summarizes the findings of the source Gabriela consulted.  This information is very useful for all of us.  The content is excellent, but I would like to see more linguistic information.  For example, did you pick up any new words from reading this article?  If so, you should list them (WITH English translations for the benefit of classmates).   Also, to obtain country-specific resources, you could have looked up premature births in Spanish-speaking countries and focused on one in particular, perhaps sharing information or a resource from that country.  Feel free to do this and post on the "make-up forum" available soon.
  • Yo necesito leer mis viejos forums
  • Yo escribo el charto pronto
  • unico problema
  • ayudan
  • yo vi que usaron el preterite(pasado tenso) como "se logro-was accomplished".
  • usted sito
  • son
  • son embarazado
  • Encuentré
  • en español:
  • muchísimas ejemplos
  • los verbos reflexivos, empieza immediatemente en diapositiva 2: “se usa para identificar afecctiones serias o mortales antes que lo síntomas aparezcan. Se puede empezar el tratamiento antes que la salud del bebé se perjudique por estas afecciones.”
  • Objeto Directo ejemplo, de diapositiva 4: “...el tratamiento puede salvarle o evitarle problemas....”
  • Objeto Indirecto ejemplo, de diapositiva 16: “ no le practicaron pruebas preliminares de la audición a su bebé al nacer, asegúrarse de que le practiquen estas pruebas.”
  • Y Objecto Doble en diapositiva 22: “...y al recién nacido se les da de alta antes que el bebé....”
  • Ejemplos de vocabulario nuevo
  • Ahora estoy curiosa como se prueban los recién nacidos in otros países. Encuentro un sitio de Bolivia
  • No la encuentro la misma que Bolivia
  • la situación en Venezuela
  • me dijo
  • Hablé con mis vecinos, quienes son de El Salvador
  • Tuve que buscar
  • Completado
  • Completado
  • Completado
  • Completado las
  • decidí esperar
  • yo no realizo que “verb use” fue el verbos yo uso en “my post.”
  • haci
  • y haci vino
  • el nacio vajo
  • Escuchado
  • nombre de la operación
Erin DeBell

Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns Used Together - 0 views

    • Erin DeBell
      How to remember this???  Use the acronym RID, which stands for REFLEXIVE, INDIRECT, DIRECT.  No matter what combination of pronouns you have, this will tell you what order to put them in. When might you have a reflexive verb with a direct or indiret object? Example: I wash my hands. Me lavo las manos. I wash them. Me las lavo. Reflexive first (me) then Direct Object (las [for las manos]). There is no indirect object in this example.  How do you know you are dealing with a reflexive verb and a direct object combo??? Well, ME LAVO is a reflexive verb (from the infinitive LAVARSE). The D.O. is LAS MANOS becuase they are WHAT IS GETTING WASHED (washed being the main action of the sentence).
  • Whenever both pronouns begin with the letter "l" change the first pronoun to "se."
    • Erin DeBell
      In Spanish, we don't like the double L sound created by LE LO, LE LA, etc.   Remember, "there is no LA-LA land in Spanish."   Always change the first pronoun to SE.
    • Erin DeBell
      The best way to remember this is to learn this rhyme: In Spanish, you can SAY LOW but you can't LAY LOW." AKA: You can "se lo" but you can't "le lo"... By extention, you can "se la," "se los," and "se las" :-) But you cannot "le la," "le los" or "le las" NO LA-LA Land (double L sound) in Spanish!!!
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  • Because the pronoun se can have so many meanings, it is often helpful to clarify it by using a prepositional phrase.
    • Erin DeBell
      Remember we use SE with reflexive verbs... Don't let that confuse you!  Se is not an acceptable choice for an indirect object pronoun.  It is merely USED in place of the correct pronoun (le or les).
  • a Juan.
  • a María.
  • a ella.
  • In sentences with two verbs, there are two options regarding the placement of the pronouns. Place them immediately before the conjugated verb or attach them directly to the infinitive.
    • Erin DeBell
      Do you get Direct and Indirect objects?  Can you use them both together?  Prove it!!!
Erin DeBell

Indirect Object Pronouns: Part Three - 0 views

    • Erin DeBell
  • When a sentence has two verbs, the first verb is conjugated and the second verb remains in the infinitive form.
  • Puedo pagar
  • ...10 more annotations...
  • prefiere hablar
  • In sentences with two verbs, there are two options regarding the placement of the indirect object pronoun.
  • Here are examples of the indirect object pronoun placed before the conjugated verb:
  • Here are examples of the indirect object pronoun attached directly to the infinitive:
  • Here are the two methods side by side. Neither method is "better" than the other.
  • you must learn to recognize whole groups of words, rather than inspecting each word independently.
  • Your success in being able to recognize these groups is largely dependent upon having learned previous material -- namely verb conjugation.
  • You need to be able to quickly recognize a conjugated verb and an infinitive. You need to automatically recognize "necesito comprar" as "I need to buy."
  • If you can do that, it is just one small step to recognize "te necesito comprar" as "I need to buy for you." From there, the final step is easy: "Te necesito comprar un regalo."
    • Erin DeBell
      How quickly are you able to recognize and produce conjugations of key verbs?  Most students are not as confident with conjugation as they should be when they start studying object pronouns.  No wonder it does not come easy!  Want to fix this?   Visit this link to practice conjugating common irregular verbs in the present tense.  If you like it, keep practicing all the other tenses you need to know!
    • Erin DeBell
     This link also includes regular verbs, FYI.  Follow the link and click START to begin!
Erin DeBell

Direct Object Pronouns: Part Three - 0 views

    • Erin DeBell
      Scroll down for a really important rule about sentences with MORE THAN ONE VERB!
  • When a sentence has two verbs, the first verb is conjugated and the second verb remains in the infinitive form.
  • Puedo pagar
  • ...5 more annotations...
  • prefiere hablar
  • In sentences with two verbs, there are two options regarding the placement of the direct object pronoun.
  • Here are the two methods side by side. Neither method is "better" than the other.
  • These same rules apply for questions and negative statements. ¿Lo debemos comprar? ¿Debemos comprarlo? Should we buy it? Juan no lo necesita lavar. Juan no necesita lavarlo. John doesn't need to wash it.
    • Erin DeBell
      Do you get it?  Test yourself here:
Erin DeBell

Direct Object Pronouns - 0 views

    • Erin DeBell
      I identify the Direct Object by finding the "main" verb of the sentence, the action verb.  In the highlighted sentence to the right, what is the main (or only) verb? HIT. To identify the D.O., ask yourself WHO or WHAT is being hit in this sentence? The ball.  Your Direct Object is THE BALL. What is the action verb in the next sentence? READS.  Ask yourself the question... Who or what is getting read? The BOOK.  So the book is your D.O.   It's as easy as that.  If you can identify the main/action verb, you can identify the D.O.
  • Example 1
  • bought
  • ...12 more annotations...
    • Erin DeBell
      What is the action verb in the first sentence? BOUGHT. What got bought in the sentence? FLOWERS. FLOWERS is your D.O.
  • When the pronoun replaces the name of the direct object, use the following pronouns:
  • me (me) te (you-familiar) lo, la (him, her, it, you-formal) nos (us) os (you-all-familiar) los, las (them, you-all-formal)
    • Erin DeBell
      PLACEMENT.  Important.  Where do you put the pronoun once you figure out what it is?
  • Look at how Spanish and English are different. "Lo tengo" and "La tengo" BOTH mean "I have it."
  • direct translation doesn't work so well:
  • La como.
  • This is completely incorrect!
  • Learn to translate groups of words, rather than individual words. The first step is to learn to view two Spanish words as a single phrase.
  • Just as no one has ever learned to ride a bicycle by reading about it, neither will you learn to use direct object pronouns simply by reading this lesson. The key to success, as always, is to practice, practice, practice.
    • Erin DeBell
      Do you feel like you understand Direct Objects?  Are you frustrated?  If so, how much have you practiced?  How many sample exercises have you done? If you read and take notes on a good explanation and then do some exercises, you will feel much more confident with the topic. 
    • Erin DeBell
      Try this simple, extremely helpful exercise:
Erin DeBell

Indirect Object Pronouns - 1 views

    • Erin DeBell
      Important!  The Direct Object might be understood but not stated.   Example: "I tell him" would be "Yo le digo" since what I tell him (the direct object) is WORDS or a SECRET or SOMETHING that it is implied but not stated in the sentence.  FYI.
  • the book
  • the book
  • ...14 more annotations...
  • Where is the book going?
  • Where is the book going?
  • The indirect object answers the question "To whom?" or "For whom?" the action of the verb is performed
  • María
  • To identify the indirect object use our two guidelines: The IO tells us where the DO is going. The IO answers the question "to whom?" or "for whom" the action of the verb is performed.
    • Erin DeBell
      Important!  You need to understand Direct Objects before Indirect Objects.
    • Erin DeBell
      PLACEMENT.  This section tells you WHERE TO PUT THE Indirect Object.
  • me (me) te (you-familiar) le (him, her, you-formal) nos (us) os (you-all-familiar) les (them, you-all-formal)
    • Erin DeBell
      WHAT ARE THE PRONOUNS?  Some students get confused because the I.O. pronouns look VERY SIMILIAR to the D.O. pronouns.  Notice the I.O. pronouns use LE/LES instead of LO/LA/LOS/LAS.
    • Erin DeBell
      Very helpful!  Does this section make sense?
  • You must learn to think in phrases, not words.
  • me compra he buys me me compran they buy me me compras you buy me
  • The IO pronouns le and les present a special problem because they are ambiguous. That is, they can stand for different things. leto (for) him to (for) herto (for) you-formal lesto (for) them to (for) you-all-formal
  • Since le and les can mean more than one thing, a prepositional phrase is often added to remove the ambiguity
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