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Michael Johnson

E-Learning 2.0 ~ Stephen's Web ~ by Stephen Downes - 20 views

  • In general, where we are now in the online world is where we were before the beginning of e-learning [1]. Traditional theories of distance learning, of (for example) transactional distance, as described by Michael G. Moore, have been adapted for the online world. Content is organized according to this traditional model and delivered either completely online or in conjunction with more traditional seminars, to cohorts of students, led by an instructor, following a specified curriculum to be completed at a predetermined pace.
  • networked markets
  • In learning, these trends are manifest in what is sometimes called "learner-centered" or "student-centered" design. This is more than just adapting for different learning styles or allowing the user to change the font size and background color; it is the placing of the control of learning itself into the hands of the learner
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  • creation, communication and participation playing key roles
  • The breaking down of barriers has led to many of the movements and issues we see on today's Internet. File-sharing, for example, evolves not of a sudden criminality among today's youth but rather in their pervasive belief that information is something meant to be shared. This belief is manifest in such things as free and open-source software, Creative Commons licenses for content, and open access to scholarly and other works. Sharing content is not considered unethical; indeed, the hoarding of content is viewed as antisocial [9]. And open content is viewed not merely as nice to have but essential for the creation of the sort of learning network described by Siemens [10].
  • "Enter Web 2.0, a vision of the Web in which information is broken up into "microcontent" units that can be distributed over dozens of domains. The Web of documents has morphed into a Web of data. We are no longer just looking to the same old sources for information. Now we're looking to a new set of tools to aggregate and remix microcontent in new and useful ways"
  • Web 2.0 is not a technological revolution, it is a social revolution.
  • It also begins to look like a personal portfolio tool [18]. The idea here is that students will have their own personal place to create and showcase their own work. Some e-portfolio applications, such as ELGG, have already been created. IMS Global as put together an e-portfolio specification [19]. "The portfolio can provide an opportunity to demonstrate one's ability to collect, organize, interpret and reflect on documents and sources of information. It is also a tool for continuing professional development, encouraging individuals to take responsibility for and demonstrate the results of their own learning" [20].
    • Michael Johnson
       
      Also a place to receive and give feedback. I believe that one of the things that learners need to have to be prepared for learning in this space (social media or web 2.0) is the ability to evaluate, to give good feedback. Additionally, to be able to receive feedback constructively.
  • In the world of e-learning, the closest thing to a social network is a community of practice, articulated and promoted by people such as Etienne Wenger in the 1990s. According to Wenger, a community of practice is characterized by "a shared domain of interest" where "members interact and learn together" and "develop a shared repertoire of resources."
  • Yahoo! Groups
  • Blogging is very different from traditionally assigned learning content. It is much less formal. It is written from a personal point of view, in a personal voice. Students' blog posts are often about something from their own range of interests, rather than on a course topic or assigned project. More importantly, what happens when students blog, and read reach others' blogs, is that a network of interactions forms-much like a social network, and much like Wenger's community of practice.
    • Michael Johnson
       
      So, I believe he is saying that virtual communities of practice that form naturally are more real and approach what Wenger was talking about better than contrived "communities" put together in classes. That may be true. but does it have to be? If people come together to with a common purpose and the instructor allows the students freedom to explore what is important to them then I would hope that this kind of community can develop even in formal educational settings. Relevance is a key issue here!
  • "We're talking to the download generation," said Peter Smith, associate dean, Faculty of Engineering. "Why not have the option to download information about education and careers the same way you can download music? It untethers content from the Web and lets students access us at their convenience." Moreover, using an online service such as Odeo, Blogomatrix Sparks, or even simply off-the-shelf software, students can create their own podcasts.
  • The e-learning application, therefore, begins to look very much like a blogging tool. It represents one node in a web of content, connected to other nodes and content creation services used by other students. It becomes, not an institutional or corporate application, but a personal learning center, where content is reused and remixed according to the student's own needs and interests. It becomes, indeed, not a single application, but a collection of interoperating applications—an environment rather than a system.
  • Web 2.0 is not a technological revolution, it is a social revolution. "Here's my take on it: Web 2.0 is an attitude not a technology. It's about enabling and encouraging participation through open applications and services. By open I mean technically open with appropriate APIs but also, more importantly, socially open, with rights granted to use the content in new and exciting contexts"
  • This approach to learning means that learning content is created and distributed in a very different manner. Rather than being composed, organized and packaged, e-learning content is syndicated, much like a blog post or podcast. It is aggregated by students, using their own personal RSS reader or some similar application. From there, it is remixed and repurposed with the student's own individual application in mind, the finished product being fed forward to become fodder for some other student's reading and use.
    • Michael Johnson
       
      I like the idea of students passing on their work to be fodder for someone else's learning. In this way we change to from a learner to a learner/teacher! (See Dillon Inouye's work and Comments from John Seeley Brown)
  • More formally, instead of using enterprise learning-management systems, educational institutions expect to use an interlocking set of open-source applications. Work on such a set of applications has begun in a number of quarters, with the E-Learning Framework defining a set of common applications and the newly formed e-Framework for Education and Research drawing on an international collaboration. While there is still an element of content delivery in these systems, there is also an increasing recognition that learning is becoming a creative activity and that the appropriate venue is a platform rather than an application.
    • Michael Johnson
    • Michael Johnson
       
      Jon Mott has some cool ideas related to this paragraph.
  • he most important learning skills that I see children getting from games are those that support the empowering sense of taking charge of their own learning. And the learner taking charge of learning is antithetical to the dominant ideology of curriculum design
  • game "modding" allows players to make the game their own
  • Words are only meaningful when they can be related to experiences," said Gee. If I say "I spilled the coffee," this has a different meaning depending on whether I ask for a broom or a mop. You cannot create that context ahead of time— it has to be part of the experience.
  • A similar motivation underlies the rapidly rising domain of mobile learning [24]—for after all, were the context in which learning occurs not important, it would not be useful or necessary to make learning mobile. Mobile learning offers not only new opportunities to create but also to connect. As Ellen Wagner and Bryan Alexander note, mobile learning "define(s) new relationships and behaviors among learners, information, personal computing devices, and the world at large"
  • "ubiquitous computing."
  • what this means is having learning available no matter what you are doing.
  • The challenge will not be in how to learn, but in how to use learning to create something more, to communicate.
    • Michael Johnson
       
      I still think part of the challenge is how to learn. How to wade through a sea of all that is out there and "learn from the best" that is available. Find, organize, evaluate, analyze, synthesize, as well as create. I agree with Chris Lott (@fncll) that creativity is vital! (I am just not so sure that it is a non-starter to say that we should be moral first...though it could be argued that we should become moral through the creative process).
  • And what people were doing with the Web was not merely reading books, listening to the radio or watching TV, but having a conversation, with a vocabulary consisting not just of words but of images, video, multimedia and whatever they could get their hands on. And this became, and looked like, and behaved like, a network.
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    Stephen Downes' take on eLearning and what the future holds
titechnologies

Top 11 Tips to Improve AngularJS Performance - TI Technologies - 0 views

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    AngularJS is made to rearrange the complex process of building and overseeing JavaScript applications. In view of the Model-View-Controller, or MVC, programming structure, AngularJS is particularly valuable for making single page web apps. Today, online businesses are enormously affected by the performance of web technologies that they use for their respective tasks. Henceforth, it winds up the importance to dive into the majority of the elements that are harming their business growth. AngularJS can rapidly be added to any HTML page with a straightforward tag. In case you're asking why you have a couple of slow pages, here are a few hints to accelerate your code. AngularJS Optimization Tips Batarang Tool to Benchmark Watchers Batarang is an awesome dev tool from the AngularJS developer that brings down your debugging efforts. In spite of the fact that it has numerous new features, some of them enable you to profile and track the execution of your AngularJS performance. In addition, the watch tree figures out which extensions are not destroyed as it is by all accounts if there is an increase in the memory. Chrome Dev Tool Profiler to Identify Performance Bottlenecks This one is a helpful device that gives you the alternative to choose which profile type you need to make. Take Heap Snapshot, Record Allocation Timeline, and Record Allocation Profile are utilized for memory profiling. After this performance improvement, your app will complete in under two seconds and clients can freely connect with it then. Limit your watchers Talking about which, whenever you introduce data-bindings, you make more $scopes and $$watchers, which drags out the digest cycle. Excessively numerous $$watchers can cause lag, so restrain their utilization as much as possible. Utilize scope.$evalAsync On the off chance that you endeavor to manually initiate the digest cycle while it's now running, you could get an error. To keep this from happening, utilize scope.$evalAsync rather than $appl
nailmallpro

5 Best Roofing Service Tips That Will Save You Money - Best Roofing Services in USA - 0 views

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    Home ownership can be very rewarding! Though there are many reasons to own your own home rather than rent, one of the biggest turn offs for owning a home is the repairs. Owning a home you have a few high priced items that must be maintained in order to keep your costs down. These include, Heater, Air conditioning, Plumbing, windows, and one of the most important item that gets overlooked until it's too late is the ROOF!and Best Roofing Services in USA Usually when a leak has sprung in the roof more times than not the homeowner is not ready financially to purchase a new roof. A new roof can cost anywhere between 5-10K dollars depending on the size and type of roof you have. That is without a doubt a major expense especially when it isn't budgeted. Usually a roof should last over 20yrs, and sometimes even longer that once again depending on the type and style. To have your roof survive it's full life span it needs consistent inspections, cleaning, and maintenance. This will keep the problems at a minimum and your roof protecting your home for many years to come. This article is just a few steps you can take as a DIY to protect your roof. Look At Your Roof: Usually the roof is the last part of the house you pay detail to when you pull into your driveway or while you out in your yard. So make a point to look up every once in a while. Check out your roof. Seasons change and so does the weather. Weather can do some damage to your roof. Snow, hail, wind are all things that your roof protects your family form. But it also things that can damage your roof. So look for that damage when the seasons change or after those major storms. Watch out for animal activity or the signs of insects, especially if you have trees or other vegetation around. Look for fungus or algae growth and even rust. The change of appearance can show that something is causing your roof to deteriorate prematurely. Also Look for shingle displacements, or pieces on the ground. Don't hesitate to g
elliswhite5

Buy Facebook 5 Star Reviews - 100% Non-Drop,Safe,Real 5 Star Reviews - 0 views

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    Buy Facebook 5 Star Reviews Introduction Facebook is a great marketing tool for businesses. You can use it as a way to increase your visibility and get more customers. You can also use this platform to advertise your business and promote products, services or events that you offer. However, if you don't have any reviews on your page then it will be hard for people to find out about these things because they won't know much about your brand or what makes you different from other companies in the area Facebook 5 star reviews Facebook reviews are the most important things for your business. If you want to increase your ranking and get more visitors, then you must buy facebook 5 star reviews. Do you guarantee to buy facebook 5 star reviews? Facebook is one of the best websites to find customers on because it's so popular, but how do you know what type of content works best? There are many different ways to get people interested in visiting your page and checking out what you have available for purchase or download. Some may not even realize that they're spending money when they buy something from a third party through Facebook Marketplace or through an app like Instagram Stories where ads pop up randomly throughout their feed without any warning beforehand (this has led some businesses think about shutting down their accounts). Buy Facebook 5 Star Reviews in Local Business If you want to buy facebook 5 star reviews, then we are the best place for that. We offer a wide range of reviews and rating systems that will get your page noticed by potential customers. Our team of experts is always available to help your business grow in an efficient manner. You can contact us at any time if you have any questions regarding our services or if there's something else that we can do for you!
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    Introduction Facebook is a great marketing tool for businesses. You can use it as a way to increase your visibility and get more customers. You can also use this platform to advertise your business and promote products, services or events that you offer. However, if you don't have any reviews on your page then it will be hard for people to find out about these things because they won't know much about your brand or what makes you different from other companies in the area Facebook 5 star reviews Facebook reviews are the most important things for your business. If you want to increase your ranking and get more visitors, then you must buy facebook 5 star reviews. Do you guarantee to buy facebook 5 star reviews? Facebook is one of the best websites to find customers on because it's so popular, but how do you know what type of content works best? There are many different ways to get people interested in visiting your page and checking out what you have available for purchase or download. Some may not even realize that they're spending money when they buy something from a third party through Facebook Marketplace or through an app like Instagram Stories where ads pop up randomly throughout their feed without any warning beforehand (this has led some businesses think about shutting down their accounts). Buy Facebook 5 Star Reviews in Local Business If you want to buy facebook 5 star reviews, then we are the best place for that. We offer a wide range of reviews and rating systems that will get your page noticed by potential customers. Our team of experts is always available to help your business grow in an efficient manner. You can contact us at any time if you have any questions regarding our services or if there's something else that we can do for you! Buy Facebook 5 Star Reviews Facebook 5 Star Reviews Get Real 5-star rating on your Facebook Page. Facebook is a great platform for social media marketing and sales. It has over 2 billion active users who can
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    Buy Facebook 5 Star Reviews Introduction Facebook is a great marketing tool for businesses. You can use it as a way to increase your visibility and get more customers. You can also use this platform to advertise your business and promote products, services or events that you offer. However, if you don't have any reviews on your page then it will be hard for people to find out about these things because they won't know much about your brand or what makes you different from other companies in the area Facebook 5 star reviews Facebook reviews are the most important things for your business. If you want to increase your ranking and get more visitors, then you must buy facebook 5 star reviews. Do you guarantee to buy facebook 5 star reviews? Facebook is one of the best websites to find customers on because it's so popular, but how do you know what type of content works best? There are many different ways to get people interested in visiting your page and checking out what you have available for purchase or download. Some may not even realize that they're spending money when they buy something from a third party through Facebook Marketplace or through an app like Instagram Stories where ads pop up randomly throughout their feed without any warning beforehand (this has led some businesses think about shutting down their accounts). Buy Facebook 5 Star Reviews in Local Business If you want to buy facebook 5 star reviews, then we are the best place for that. We offer a wide range of reviews and rating systems that will get your page noticed by potential customers. Our team of experts is always available to help your business grow in an efficient manner. You can contact us at any time if you have any questions regarding our services or if there's something else that we can do for you! Buy Facebook 5 Star Reviews Facebook 5 Star Reviews Get Real 5-star rating on your Facebook Page. Facebook is a great platform for social media marketing and sales. It has over 2 b
David Freeburg

Google Wave Shuts Down, Relegated to Wave Pool at Six Flags « Epic Epoch - 18 views

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    Google Wave just shut down. Does anyone in education really care?
Hanna Wiszniewska

TechWag » Social Networking in Education - 0 views

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    Social networking in education is a flattener, this breaks down barriers that would otherwise exist between the student, the program and the instructors. This also makes information on demand as long as there is a good way to find that information that students will work with and use. Reliance on the old static school room or black board computer system is not necessarily the way that things are going. Education 2.0 should be breaking down these barriers, and it is great to work for a school that is doing this, because it is all about how people learn, and if people learn, then we are doing our job.
Todd Finley

"The Future of Privacy: How Privacy Norms Can Inform Regulation" - 6 views

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    In online public spaces, interactions are public-by-default, private-through-effort, the exact opposite of what we experience offline.  There is no equivalent to the cafe where you can have a private conversation in public with a close friend without thinking about who might overhear. Your online conversations are easily overheard.  And they're often persistent, searchable, and easily spreadable. Online, we have to put effort into limiting how far information flows. We have to consciously act to curb visibility.  This runs counter to every experience we've ever had in unmediated environments.  When people participate online, they don't choose what to publicize.  They choose what to limit others from seeing.  Offline, it takes effort to get something to be seen.  Online, it takes effort for things to NOT be seen.  This is why it appears that more is public.  Because there's a lot of content out there that people don't care enough about to lock down.  I hear this from teens all the time.  "Public by default, privacy when necessary."  Teens turn to private messages or texting or other forms of communication for intimate interactions, but they don't care enough about certain information to put the effort into locking it down.  But this isn't because they don't care about privacy.  This is because they don't think that what they're saying really matters all that much to anyone.  Just like you don't care that your small talk during the conference breaks are overheard by anyone.  Of course, teens aren't aware of how their interactions in aggregate can be used to make serious assumptions about who they are, who they know, and what they might like in terms of advertising.  Just like you don't calculate who to talk to in the halls based on how a surveillance algorithm might interpret your social network.    
nailmallpro

How to Find That Auto Mechanic You Can Trust - Auto Mechanic Services in USA - 0 views

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    A good mechanic does more than simply keep your engine running. Before even thinking about leaving your prized automobile with a mechanic, it's important that you do some research on them ahead of time. However, finding a worthy mechanic is going to take a lot more than simply searching around Google. Various factors go into finding a reliable mechanic; including whether you require maintenance or a full blown repair. Where you live, their location and availability also need to be taken into account. Continue reading if you wish to know more about factors on finding a reliable mechanic in Brevard County, Florida: Auto Mechanic Services in USA Trust Trust is the foundation of every long-lasting relationship, including one with your auto mechanic. If you're afraid of your mechanic has been lying to you just to gain a quick buck, then it's time to find a new one. However, not all service professionals are out to scam you. This is why it's important to develop a close relationship with them from day one. Choosing an Service Provider Finding a qualified auto service provider isn't as easy as it may seem. Sure, many have claimed to be the best but when it comes down to it, many are not. Skilled service professionals are usually in high demand, which means they probably have a slew of positive online reviews. Auto Mechanic Services in USA Check out AAA for both positive negative reviews. In addition, inquire whether your current mechanic or any potentially new service providers are active members. If not, you may want to continue your search. Would you really want to work with a mechanic who doesn't provide roadside assistance? Online Search Does anyone even own a phone book anymore? Busy schedules demand fast results. Start your search in Space Coast, Florida online with U'GO Pros. Simply download the U'GO Pros app or head over to www.UGOPROS.com and enter your search query. You can request quotes, send photos if necessary and book your appointment
Sean Marie Sweeney

Monosnap - 0 views

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    10 second delay screenshot, so you can include drop down menus you might need. 
brillmindzau

Mobile App Development In Australia: Android App Development Companies In Australia - 0 views

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    Smartphones are in all places, and they are utilized by way of of persons thousands of period on a everyday base to seek out, analysis and speak to businesses or brands similar to yours. Having a android app developers in Australia and abilities buyers will down load to their cellphone aid you keep related to those present and future purchasers. Android apps will aid you promote new product, show discount coupons, gather main consumer option stats, or provide entertainment the entire approach via games. Though no longer easily any software can do: it must have an fine consumer abilities interface with thoughtful programming and a rigorous checking out system.
expertastrology

Get lost love back by expert - 0 views

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    Did your lover ditch you and he/she let you down but you wants you ex love back in your life then you should take Expert bring lost love back advice
danadavid

Australia Job Vacancies | Highest / Best Paying Jobs: Turkey Online Jobs - 0 views

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    Labour market growth is very soft, but the participation rate has come down a bit and that stops the unemployment rate from rising. Now Turkey job market added 93,000 jobs, including 52,000 new private-sector jobs.
Hanna Wiszniewska

Free Technology for Teachers: Teaching Internet Search Strategies - 1 views

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    Teaching web search strategies early in the semester can prevent frustration for you and your students down the road. The Boolify Project mentioned above is suitable for students in elementary school through high school. The Primer in Boolean logic is probably best suited to high school and college students.
Hanna Wiszniewska

Top 10 Web 2.0 Tools for Young Learners : February 2009 : THE Journal - 2 views

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    Technology needs to trickle up, she said, not down. We need to give the most powerful tools to the most vulnerable populations because they are the ones who need it. "Young learners, non-readers," she continued, "need high-speed access, they need animation and graphics and sound. And that's the truth." According to Lovely, and education technology consultant and speaker at the FETC 2009 conference in Orlando, FL in January, it was the recognition of those needs that led her to develop a "top 10 list" of go-to technology tools to help inspire young students and empower under-funded teachers. "The important thing to remember here," she said, "is that this isn't about simply providing you with 10 links. It's much more important to ask, 'What are you going to do with these things? How are you going to use these tools?' That's why we're here," she said. "So I can show you not only what's out there but also how other educators are using these resources to teach their students right now."
Barbara Lindsey

Textbook Piracy Grows Online, Prompting a Counterattack From Publishers - Chronicle.com - 0 views

  • College students are increasingly downloading illegal copies of textbooks online, employing the same file-trading technologies used to download music and movies. Feeling threatened, book publishers are stepping up efforts to stop the online piracy.
  • Textbook Torrents, promises more than 5,000 textbooks for download in PDF format, complete with the original textbook layout and full-color illustrations. Users must simply set up a free account and download a free software program that uses a popular peer-to-peer system called BitTorrent. Other textbook-download sites are even easier to use, offering digital books at the click of a mouse.
  • culture of infringement
  • ...5 more annotations...
  • So far the publishing group has not sought to take legal action against individual student downloaders, as the Recording Industry Association of America has done in its campaign to stamp out the illegal trading of music at colleges. The book-publishing group has not sought to shut down entire Web sites that offer downloads either, said Mr. McCoyd. Instead, officials are doing research on the extent of the problem and asking Web-site owners to remove individual files. "We've just tried to keep sweeping away these infringements as they continue to come online," he said.
  • One place their titles keep popping up is Scribd, a document-sharing Web site that opened this year. The site's policies do not allow users to post copyrighted content without permission, but some people break the rules.
  • "We have been fairly vigorous in monitoring these sites and in requesting that they take down our copyrighted content,"
  • Individual academic publishers have also taken steps to stop book pirates.
  • He said that if the problem worsens, publishers may have to take other steps to prevent piracy, such as releasing a new version of most textbooks every semester. The versions could include slight modifications that could be changed easily—such as altering the numbers in math problems. "They may compelled to," he said, "in order to stay one step ahead of the pirates."
    • Barbara Lindsey
       
      Wrong response. Instead of trying to force students into a model that doesn't work any longer, why not give them what they want and need? Look at MIT OpenCourseWare, Berkeley course content on iTunes, Flat World Knowledge, the California Open Source Project, Connexions. Heck! Look at OpenSource software such as Linux, Firefox, OpenOffice. THIS is the new model and companies will need to figure out a way to monetize this in a way that works for everyone.
Clif Mims

twitabit - 0 views

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    A simple way to communicate that stays up when Twitter is down.
Michael Johnson

Apprehending the Future: Emerging Technologies, from Science Fiction to Campus Reality... - 5 views

  • environmental scan
  • The environmental scan method offers several advantages, starting with the fact that drawing on multiple sources and perspectives can reduce the chances of bias or sample error. The wider the scan, the better will be the chance of hitting the first trace of items that, although small at the moment, could expand into prominence. A further advantage is pedagogical: trying to keep track of a diverse set of domains requires a wide range of intellectual competencies. As new technologies emerge, more learning is required in subfields or entire disciplines, such as nanotechnology or digital copyright policy.
  • Disadvantages of this method start from its strengths: environmental scanning requires a great deal of sifting, searching, and analyzing. Finding the proverbial needle in the haystack isn't useful if its significance can't be recognized. Furthermore, the large amount of work necessary for both scanning and analyzing can be daunting, especially for smaller schools or enterprises.
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  • That complexity demands non-simple responses. Each of the techniques sketched above offers one way of helping groups to think through these emergent forces and to apprehend the future. Crowdsourcing, scenarios, prediction markets, the Delphi method, and environmental scanning are complementary strategies. Using several of these methods can teach us to learn about the future in more sophisticated, pro-active ways. If the methods appear strange, resembling science fiction, perhaps that is a sign of their aptness for the future, since the future often appears strange just before it becomes ordinary—or, in our case, just before it becomes a campus reality. As higher education budgets clamp down and the future hurtles toward us, we need these methods and techniques as allies that can help us to survive . . . and to learn.
  • Crowdsourcing, scenarios, prediction markets, the Delphi method, and environmental scanning are complementary strategies. Using several of these methods can teach us to learn about the future in more sophisticated, pro-active ways. If the methods appear strange, resembling science fiction, perhaps that is a sign of their aptness for the future, since the future often appears strange just before it becomes ordinary—or, in our case, just before it becomes a campus reality. As higher education budgets clamp down and the future hurtles toward us, we need these methods and techniques as allies that can help us to survive . . . and to learn.
  • to apprehend the future. Crowdsourcing, sce
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    Alexander discusses methods for keeping up with the future of technology and its use in higher education.
 Lisa Durff

The Seeds of a Good Project | always learning - 0 views

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    Scroll down to see the VTs
nick k

Free Music Archive - 2 views

shared by nick k on 18 Oct 09 - Cached
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    11,000 tracks and growing of Free Down loadable Music
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