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Contents contributed and discussions participated by kmcastaneda


Articles: Delivery - 2 views

  • If I had only one tip to give, it would be to be passionate about your topic and let that enthusiasm come out.
    • kmcastaneda
      Ahhhh!  Yesss!  Thank you, Garr.  This seems like a salve for all of my presentation ailments that come with worry about delivery.  So good.  Best advice.  Makes it easy.   And if I don't feel passionate about it, I make myself find something to connect emotionally to, and work from there.  Ultimately, it's all emotional.  If I can find the emotion in it, the passion, the audience will buy in and we'll all connect.  
  • Don’t hold back
  • Be confident
  • ...36 more annotations...
  • connect
  • in an honest and exciting way
  • let your passion for your topic come out for all to see.
  • Most presenters fail here because they ramble on too long about superfluous background information or their personal/professional history, etc.
    • kmcastaneda
      Yeah, this is not the place to ramble about the boring specs.  Hook them first, then gradually disperse the resume type of accomplishments throughout the presentation if you want to, embedded within it, and relevantly attached to actual points you're expressing and demonstrating and illustrating.  Your background can be an asset to reinforce a point you're making, so you're seen as having experience with the concept...
  • Professional entertainers know this very well.
    • kmcastaneda
      So true.  I'm a musician, and whenever I play a show, I stack the songs in a way that will build momentum and allow the audience to ride the music in a way that they'll want more of us when we're gone.  It's strategic, and it's also totally about reading the vibe of the audience and scrapping any plans I had for a setlist if it doesn't feel right as gauged against the crowd.  
  • short attention spans
  • if you have 30 minutes for your talk, finish in 25 minutes.
    • kmcastaneda
      Totally, if not less, even!  This way, you can allow for bumps that arise or opportunities for conversation should that arise, too.
  • The podium is a barrier
  • Get closer to your audience
    • kmcastaneda
      I strive to make eye contact with everyone, move my body throughout the room, weaving, getting close in proximity to everybody.  My voice then travels with me, providing a different dynamic, and memory is triggered with association of spatial relationships.  So, if I'm talking about a certain topic while over here, the audience will take in that whole spatial/audio/visual relationship and it will stand out from when I made this other point while standing over there, with other spatial/audio/visual relationships at play.  It's the way our brains work, so we just capitalize on our natural proclivities.  
  • Remember the “B” key
  • By having the slide blank, all the attention can now be placed back on you
  • don’t forget to smile
  • eye contact
    • kmcastaneda
      There is a chemical called phenylethylalamine, and it is released during eye contact.  It's partically responsible for humans falling in love, among other cool things like helping digestion and improving motor skill dexterity...all of this while under the spell of phenylethylalamine.   I definitely want my audience to fall in love with me.  ;)
  • The audience should be looking at you more than the screen.
  • thank them for their input.
  • you’re not the star of the show. The audience is
  • It’s in their power to embrace — or reject — your ideas
  • You’re presenting because you need them to change their beliefs or behavior in some way
  • people find it hard to change. So expect them to resist.
    • kmcastaneda
      This is amazing.  If we expect there may be kickback, it won't be so painful or disorienting to pull order back in.   I just read an article and the author said - the more great things you do, the more people you will touch, and so the more people will know you and love you.  When you increase the number of people who know about you, you increase the number of people there will be who hate you.  Wow!
  • Resistance doesn’t have to be a bad thing. In fact, if you prepare for it, you’ll sharpen your presentation and stand a much better chance of winning your audience over.
  • considering different points of view and addressing doubts and fears before they become roadblocks,
    • kmcastaneda
      This is sort of like the concessions at the beginning of a persuasive essay...admit there are other sides, there is controversy, there is resistance.  Name it, throw out possibilities, and then invite the audience to let go, free their minds of distractions and judgment and assume there just might be something they could take away and learn from this presentation.  Since learning has to have an emotional attachment, it's important to address that admit it, and encourage the audience to tap into that part of themselves that is open to making the time worth their while by finding a way, even forcing a way, for their engagement, which means not assuming they know everything and to have a beginner's mind.   After some shared vulnerability and expressed passion for my subject, I have audiences to somatic exercises and breathwork before I begin fully. It breaks the ice.  ;)  Makes them feel less foolish if they want to ask questions.  It softens them to me, and unites the group as a whole with a sense of camaraderie, because they all just went a bit outside of their comfort zone together.  
  • So be humble in your approach
  • and their frustrations and anxieties — should shape everything you present.
    • kmcastaneda
      They just want to be heard, want to feel seen.  They have a real response and it's triggered by a zillion things in their past and programming that I as presenter couldn't have foreseen, and I don't have the same trigger points as they do.   It's about being gentle on myself and the audience.  ANYTHING they express is valid.  Acknowledge their real feelings, embrace their right to express it, courageous is what they need to feel from it.   Resistance is a sublime opportunity to learn, as a 'teachable moment', a growing pains moment, an illuminator for new consciousness on all parts.  It definitely will help me grow and resculpt my approaches to my work.  Awareness is good. 
  • so you’ll take on a conversational tone
  • it will show
  • feel more warmly toward them
  • you’ll disarm them
    • kmcastaneda
      Important not about disarming the audience.  We want openness so the message can hook them in their hearts.   Imagining each one of them is a dear friend or family member, or beloved client ALREADY, helps me frame the audience in love and wrap them in understanding and compassion.  
  • they’ll be more likely to accept your message
  • people in your audience get to determine whether your idea spreads or die
    • kmcastaneda
      This can feel daunting and intimidating!  Solution?  Speaking with conviction about a topic I'm passionate about and believe in as something to help the audience, for their highest good...this is the remedy for worry about whether or not the audience will love me and my work.  
  • Don't make every slide look the same (i.e., Title, Bullets; Title, Bullets)
  • As you plan your presentation, try to come up with arguments against your perspective.
    • kmcastaneda
      Brilliant!  This suggest to basically build in the alternate viewpoints while planning.  It sort of happens naturally while I prepare - playing my own devil's advocate.  I'll not trust that those thoughts are worth using to make myself more prepared, instead of dismissing them.  Love this.
  • alternate lines of reasoning by digging up articles, blog posts, and reports that challenge your stance.
  • And then the audience gets bored. And people start checking their BlackBerrys
  • give the audience's eyes a rest every so often."
  • you'll come across as much more engaging as a speaker and effortless."
  • internalized the content
    • kmcastaneda
      Internalizing content is complementary to finding a way to emotionally connect and feel passionate about the topic in the first place!  These two concepts seem to feed each other.

Articles: Design - 1 views

  • the star, of course, is your audience
    • kmcastaneda
      To remember that the audience wants to FEEL is key for me.  So the question - What am I presenting to elicit feelings and WHY should they care? - guides my work.  
  • Don’t let your message and your ability to tell a story get derailed by slides that are unnecessarily complicated, busy,
    • kmcastaneda
      So true.  Sometimes I want info in there because it's related, BUT, it gets in the way of my being able to TELL THE STORY! Key.  
  • “Sorry I missed your presentation. I hear it was great. Can you just send me your PowerPoint slides?” But if they are good slides, they will be of little use without you.
    • kmcastaneda
      Ha!  Exactly.  This made me giggle.  So true.  I want to strive for this - that my preparation will be so that if someone missed it, they really missed it.  
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  • never, ever turn your back
  • Always be asking yourself, “How much detail do I need?”
  • guilty of including too much data
  • appropriate
  • limit the bars to 4-8.
  • evokes feelings
  • is emotiona
  • can help persuade and motivate.
  • can increase interest and improve learning comprehension
    • kmcastaneda
      I do not underestimate the power of visuals, and color is huge - Saturation, combinations, tone, can make or break the staying power of your message!
  • retention
  • if you plan to keep most of the lights on (which is highly advisable) then a white background with black or dark text works much better
  • sans-serif font and is professional yet friendly and “conversational.”
    • kmcastaneda
      I agree.  Sans-serif feels more inviting, casual, playful, yet clear and less cluttered because the tails and frills are gone.  I've never read of anything suggesting fonts for certain types of written communication, so, this is great guidance for me!
  • Spend time in th
  • Slide Sorter view, you can see how the logical flow of your presentation is progressing.
  • You will be able to notice more extraneous pieces of visual data that can be removed to increase visual clarity and improve communication.
  • How many different ways could we use the same image (at different resolutions) inappropriately or use a different image in a way that is less effective than the one on the left?
  • image is cropped for better balance
  • transparent box is added to help the text pop out
    • kmcastaneda
      I've never thought of this effect.  I'm going to try it.  
  • Think of your slides as billboards. When people drive, they only briefly take their eyes off their main focus — the road
    • kmcastaneda
      Great metaphor for this.  The GLANCE test.  We all can relate.  This reminds me of, when reading the first few lines of a book or essay or article, will the audience feel 'hooked'?  In other words, why should they bother reading/viewing/listening to me?!  Give them something to rile their curiosities, stir their emotions, connect with such human universal resonance to a problem or concern they have that it urges them to go deeper...
  • Lots of extras actually take away meaning
  • they become a distraction
  • overtax the audience’s cognitive resources
    • kmcastaneda
      I have thought, in the past, that the audience needed ALL the information I could give.  Yet, now I can reframe that idea as it actually harms the audience.  It's counter-intuitive.  This reframe for me is priceless, because I want to be liked and considered the expert.  Yet, when I give too much, knowing it does the OPPOSITE of what I want really helps me commit to slimming and trimming down to the core essence, to make it easy and, in fact, MORE IMPACTFUL to and REMEMBERED by my audience.  
  • Photos should be taken by the same photographer or look as if they are
    • kmcastaneda
      Difficult to strive for but so extremely critical for people to buy into my professionalism and expertise.  And it's simply more visually easy to digest.  If the audience is jarred, they're less likely to care about what I say.  Even these overlooked, small considerations are actually cornerstone to overall impact, I'm learning.  They're like the subconscious, responsible for 90-95% of what choices we make, and we don't even realize it!  It's the stuff that speaks to our instinctual and intuitive nature, to out 'subtle' bodies.  
  • Illustrations should be done in the same style.
  • streamline the text and incorporate simple visual element
  • moves to the message about quality, and then focuses on one beautiful grape from the “yield”:
    • kmcastaneda
      I talk about this in my art classes, the principle of design called Movement.  I relate it to how your eyes travel or follow a path from one point to another, like connecting the dots.  
  • use contrast to focus attention
    • kmcastaneda
      I love silhouettes. White over black or another dark color is my favorite with silhouettes.  
  • your eye wouldn’t know where to begin, and the quote would have lost its power:
    • kmcastaneda
      Yes, just because space is there doesn't mean we must fill it.  Spaciousness allows the audience to feel spacious.  Period.  Breatheability.  
  • if we’d paired the text with a larger or more detailed image,
  • allows viewers to quickly ascertain a slide’s most important elements:
  • visual unity look as though the same person created them
    • kmcastaneda
      Unity also helps to bring cohesiveness to the look of a brand. It all lends to the audience feeling you're competent, an expert, clear, and easy to work with.  
  • make your message feel cohesive
  • consistent type styles, color, image treatment, and element placement throughout the slide deck
    • kmcastaneda
      To remember that it's important for consistency THROUGHOUT THE SLIDE DECK, entirely.  This is why Slide Sorter view is so good.  Placement and composition is important here, too.  
  • there’s beauty and clarity in restraint
    • kmcastaneda
      Ahhhh!  Love this!  It's a new quotable for me.  :)
  • you’ll free people up
  • to really hea
  • and adopt
    • kmcastaneda
      Ultimately, this is what we want.  Simplicity, relevant support of images to illustrate the INTENTION, spaciousness to make people feel free, easy, and cementing the info for recall and memory permanence...
  • shiny, seductive elements
    • kmcastaneda
      Overwhelm can be remedied by remembering - Just because we CAN doesn't mean we should...
  • Pretend as though you are an audience member
    • kmcastaneda
      Like in teaching, it's advisable to become the student before you introduce a subject.  
  • golden rule of PowerPoint presentations — always do what is right for your audience.
  • Very few audiences enjoy paragraph-length bullet points
    • kmcastaneda
      I need to remember the very basics - don't I want my audience to actually ENJOY my presentation?!  Of course I do!  But I forget to lead with this, and I can't afford not to lead with this.  After all, they could be doing a million other things with their time but if they're with me, and I'm up front, I sure need to overdeliver with high value in a way that makes them feeling 1) they're better for having been with me, 2) that they grew or learned in a way that they can apply easily into their lives, and that it 3)was not only not a waste of time, but was an EXPERIENCE...and they'd even come again!
  • try to highlight the main point of each bullet point
  • Think of it as an approach to rehearsing your slides
  • What key part of each bullet point
  • Focus on the
  • cover details verbally that are not reflected in your bullet points
  • one relevant
  • Replace bullet points with images
    • kmcastaneda
      Brilliant!  Like visual bullet points instead.  Like cues or clues.  :)
  • trick becomes finding just the right image

Articles: Preparation - 1 views

  • if your presentation is not based on solid content, you can not succeed.
    • kmcastaneda
      This is why I fear not having all my notes on my slides!  I want to express so much information so that I am deemed the credible expert.  I fear I might get caught up and freeze in mid-speech and then fumble without knowing what to say.  Alas, I just reminded myself that I simply need to chunk down the ingo - more slides, each with less info rather than stuffing all the info into one slide.  
  • without making the effort to make the information or data applicable to the members of the audience.
    • kmcastaneda
      Ahhh!  I'm called out.  The example I sent in for this class of my presentation is demonstrative of this point.  
  • Do not fall into the trap of thinking that in order for your audience to understand anything, you must tell them everything.
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  • Do not fall into the trap of thinking that in order for your audience to understand anything, you must tell them everything.
  • thing
  • not fall into the trap of thinking that in order for your audience to understand anything, you must tell them everything.
  • not fall into the trap of thinking that in order for your audience to understand anything, you must tell them everything.
  • I have seen pretty good (though not great) presentations that had very average delivery and average graphics, but were relatively effective because the speaker told relevant stories in a clear, concise manner to support his points.
    • kmcastaneda
      This reminds me of the idea behind - "I've learned that people will forget what you said, people will forget what you did, but people will never forget how you made them feel."  ― Maya Angelou   ....Stories evoke FEELings, that's why we love them so much; we resonate, we see ourselves in the storyline, connecting to it.  The point here that we illustrate the points we're making through story means the story provides not only the support of our point, it also is the PROOF!
  • We fear what we do not know. If we know our material well and have rehearsed the flow, know what slide is next in the deck, and have anticipated questions, then we have eliminated much (but not all) of the unknown
    • kmcastaneda
      Great point.  In addition, confidence is the natural byproduct, natural consequence of doing the act, of doing, of doing what you fear.  We tend to think it's the other way around - that we must first find/create/elicit confidence within us and THEN do the doing.  Nope.
  • “Forget PowerPoint and statistics, to involve people at the deepest level you need to tell stories.”
    • kmcastaneda
      This is a cure and remedy for the problem of audience - of having an audience that you anticipate to be difficult, or having an audience that you don't know anything about, don't know their background of knowledge of your topic, if any (or an audience of all mixed awareness).  The remedy, as I have found, is to strive for communicating to human universals.  If I can propose any point I'm making as having a root anchored to a purposeful and meaningful WHY, then I'll elicit feelings that will hook the audience, and this strong, empathic connection may even lead to their forgiveness of me if I screw up in content, or it may lead to their overlooking something I lack technically.  
  • you want to position the problems in the foreground and then show how you’ve overcome them,” says McKee. If you tell the story of how you struggled with antagonists, the audience is engaged with you and your material.
    • kmcastaneda
      Also, it's like more proof - if we can illustrate how this idea we're presenting is a natural part of the resiliency process, people will buy in.  We're always looking for solutions that work, and we want to hear them first hand. 
  • you should not fight your natural inclination to frame experiences into a story; instead, embrace this and tell the story of your experience of the topic to your audience.
    • kmcastaneda
      I fight my natural inclination often, as if my meager story, my own personal experience, isn't worthy enough.  Yuck.  Truth is, I deal with very difficult subject matter in my talks, and people want a way out of these predicaments I address.  I'm grateful to Garr and Robert McKee for, in a sense, making me feel like I can give myself permission to trust my own journey and share it like a beacon of inspiration and hope.  
  • The best kamishibai presenters did not read the story, but instead kept their eyes on the audience a
    • kmcastaneda
      Eye contact.  Bam.  So simple!  I try to engage in every person's eyes.  I know that when I'm at a concert or a lecture, whatever, when the speaker/artist looks in my eyes amongst all eyes in the group...I'm spellbound.  I feel special.  I'll recall that experience, that moment, that person with warm regard and impactful, resonant significance.  
  • in a voice that was human, not formal.
    • kmcastaneda
      HUMAN voice, not formal.  This is relieving to hear.  Even when it's a formal presentation, I can be human first.  I need this.
  • powerful man simply shrugged his shoulders and said “...ah, doesn’t matter. My point is...” He moved forward and captivated the audience with his stories of the firm’s past failures and recent successes
    • kmcastaneda
      I need to hear these real life stories of how people gracefully handle presentation glitches.  
  • (1) He knew his material inside and out, and he knew what he wanted to say.
  • He did not let technical glitches get in his way. When they occurred, he moved forward without missing a beat, never losing his engagement with the audience. (4) He used real, sometimes humorous, anecdotes to illustrate his points, and all his stories were supremely poignant and relevant, supporting his core message.
  • it was, above all, authentic
  • If you do not believe it, do not know it to be true, how can you connect and convince others with your words in story form?
    • kmcastaneda
      100%.  Truth.  
  • a normal human being cannot comprehend more than ten concepts in a meeting
    • kmcastaneda
      I love these sort of anecdotal, formula claims.  Helps cement the concept with clarity.  
  • first, that they don’t know their material well enough; second, they think that more text is more convincing. Total bozosity.
  • Force yourself to use no font smaller than thirty points.
  • it requires you to find the most salient points and to know how to explain them well
    • kmcastaneda
      This exercise is great because of this: It 'forces' you.  ;)  Yes.  

Articles: Presentation "Awakening" - 1 views

  • Simplicity. If everything is important, then nothing is important. If everything is a priority, then nothing is a priority. You must be ruthless in your efforts to simplify—not dumb down—your message to its absolute core.
    • kmcastaneda
      Ahhh! The tendency to want to include every single related thing...This has been a pattern not only in presentations, but also in everything I do in my life. I have a hard time knowing how much is enough, because I want to include absolutely everything. This is no doubt the toughest part for me. I know for the audience, they don't know what's in my head, so they don't know if I'm leaving anything out (according to me). Got to remember this!
  • will hit people at a more visceral level. “So that’s what 100 grams of fat looks like!”
    • kmcastaneda
      This is great - 'visceral level'.  You know you've hooked someone when they can really FEEL it in their gut.  Key.  
  • It’s how humans have always communicated.
    • kmcastaneda
      I hold a series of workshops and give presentations in my health coaching work that are all about the stories we tell ourselves.  Here are a few of my favorite related quotes: 1) "A person without a story does not exist.  I tell a story, therefore, I exist.  We tell our stories to define our existence.  If we do not tell a story, we do not exist."   - Shekhar Kapur 2) "There is no agony like bearing an untold story inside of you." - Maya Angelou 3) "If stories come to you, care for them. And learn to give them away where they are needed. Sometimes a person needs a story more than food to stay alive." - Barry Lopez, in Crow and Weasel
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  • redundant and can actually hurt understanding. This may seem counterintuitive and it certainly runs counter to many of the ways presentations are made in business or lesson taught in schools.
    • kmcastaneda
      I really have mixed feelings about this.  I know too many words on a slide is ineffective and actually hurts learning.  However, I benefit from reading the text, too.  Seeing the words in a format (I really pay attention to design elements, composition, hierarchy of text in size and font variation, margin alignment, compartmentalization, etc. when I do include words on a slide) helps burn that idea into my brain, and when I recall that information, I can see it again in my mind (if it's done in an artful and design-conscious way).  I'm incredibly visual.  And I learn equally as well by audio. When I recall information in the future, the sound of the initial arrator's voice will continue to accompany the words I've read if I'm, say, following along in a book while listening to the audio version.  
    • kmcastaneda
      Also, as an English (and art) teacher at an alternative school where we don't have grades and students are mixed with all kinds of academic skills and experiences (I could have a 14 year old and a 21 year old in my class at once), so reading books in class while following along (active listening, lots of discussion and supplemental activities during) to the audio has been incredibly successful for all students.  
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