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Tiberius Brastaviceanu

A Practical Utopian's Guide to the Coming Collapse | David Graeber | The Baffler - 0 views

  • Revolutions were seizures of power by popular forces aiming to transform the very nature of the political, social, and economic system in the country in which the revolution took place, usually according to some visionary dream of a just society
  • historian Immanuel Wallerstein. He argues that for the last quarter millennium or so, revolutions have consisted above all of planetwide transformations of political common sense.
  • a single world market, and increasingly a single world political system
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  • “world revolution of 1789,” followed by the “world revolution of 1848,”
  • break out almost simultaneously in fifty countries
  • In no case did the revolutionaries succeed in taking power, but afterward, institutions inspired by the French Revolution—notably, universal systems of primary education—were put in place pretty much everywhere.
  • The last in the series was the world revolution of 1968—which, much like 1848, broke out almost everywhere, from China to Mexico, seized power nowhere, but nonetheless changed everything.
  • a revolution against state bureaucracies
  • birth of modern feminism
  • Revolutions are thus planetary phenomena.
  • transform basic assumptions about what politics is ultimately about.
  • ideas that had been considered veritably lunatic fringe quickly become the accepted currency of debate
  • Until 1968, most world revolutions really just introduced practical refinements:
  • in most cases, the rebels didn’t even try to take over the apparatus of state; they saw that apparatus as itself the problem.
  • It’s fashionable nowadays to view the social movements of the late sixties as an embarrassing failure.
  • The ironies are endless. While the new free market ideology has framed itself above all as a rejection of bureaucracy, it has, in fact, been responsible for the first administrative system that has operated on a planetary scale, with its endless layering of public and private bureaucracies: the IMF, World Bank, WTO, trade organizations, financial institutions, transnational corporations, NGOs.
  • the Global Justice Movement that peaked between 1998 and 2003, was effectively a rebellion against the rule of that very planetary bureaucracy.
  • I’ll take an obvious example. One often hears that antiwar protests in the late sixties and early seventies were ultimately failures
  • But afterward
  • they refused to commit U.S. forces to any major ground conflict for almost thirty years.
  • Clearly, an antiwar movement in the sixties that is still tying the hands of U.S. military planners in 2012 can hardly be considered a failure.
  • What happens when the creation of that sense of failure, of the complete ineffectiveness of political action against the system, becomes the chief objective of those in power?
  • When has social change ever happened according to someone’s blueprint?
  • The theorist Michael Albert has worked out a detailed plan for how a modern economy could run without money on a democratic, participatory basis.
  • Myself, I am less interested in deciding what sort of economic system we should have in a free society than in creating the means by which people can make such decisions for themselves.
Tiberius Brastaviceanu

Contact Us | Defense Dist. - 0 views

Tiberius Brastaviceanu

Social peer-to-peer processes - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - 0 views

  • social process with a peer-to-peer dynamic
  • peers are humans or computers
  • P2P human dynamic affords a critical look at current authoritarian and centralized social structures
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  • Peer-to-peer is also a political and social program
  • equipotency of its participants
  • three fundamental aspects of social P2P processes
  • peer production - the collaborative production of use value is open to participation and use to the widest possible number (as defined by Yochai Benkler, in his essay Coase's Penguin);[1] peer governance - production or project is governed by the community of producers themselves, not by market allocation or corporate hierarchy; peer property - the use-value of property is freely accessible on a universal basis; peer services and products are distributed through new modes of property, which are not exclusive, though recognize individual authorship (i.e. the GNU General Public License or the Creative Commons licenses).
  • It must therefore be distinguished from both the capitalist market
  • and from production through state and corporate planning
  • it differs from traditional linear hierarchies
  • it differs from both traditional private property and state-based collective public property
  • Unlike private property, peer property is inclusive rather than exclusive
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