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2 important figures - 10 views

started by SEDA MUSAOĞLU on 12 Oct 14
    Roy Pea has many publications in the field of learning sciences and on learning technology design. He made important contributions to the understanding of how people learn with technology. He is a key figure in the development of the learning sciences as a recognized field of research and graduate study.
    Here is a link to one of his articles on the social and technological dimensions of "scaffolding" and related theoretical concepts for learning, education and human activity:

    The second pioneer is the well-known Lev Vygotsky, a Soviet psychologist. His concept of Zone of Proximal Development, which refers to the way in which the acquisition of new knowledge is dependent on previous learning, is still applied to many theorists' works today. In this notion, Vygotsky noted that a child follows an adult's example and gradually develops the ability to do certain tasks without help. Another theory of Vygotsky is Sociocultural Theory. According to this theory society makes vital contributions to an individual's development. This theory stresses the interaction between developing people and the culture in which they live. According to Vygotsky, every function in the child's cultural development appears twice: first, on the social level, and later, on the individual level; first, between people (interpsychological) and then inside the child (intrapsychological). Sociocultural theory focuses not only how adults and peers influence individual learning, but also on how cultural beliefs and attitudes impact how instruction and learning take place.
    Here is a website giving information about Social Development Theory:

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