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Randolph Hollingsworth

COINTELPRO: The FBI's Covert Action Programs Against American Citizens, Final Report of... - 0 views

    COINTELPRO is an acronym for a series of FBI counterintelligence programs designed to neutralize political dissidents from 1956 to 1971 - their work broadly targeted radical political organizations. Since the early 1950s, the Communist Party was illegal in the United States, and the US Senate and House of Representatives each set up investigating committees to prosecute communists and publicly expose them. (The House Committee on Un-American Activities and the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee, led by Senator Joseph McCarthy). However, Supreme Court rulings in 1956 and 1957 questioned the constitutionality of Smith Act prosecutions and Subversive Activities Control Board hearings. This did not stop the local and state govenments from starting up their own vigilance committees. In addition, the FBI created COINTELPRO which was designed to "neutralize" radicals such as civil rights or peace and anti-arms race activists, many of whom were said to be part of "communist front organizations." The FBI led over 2000 COINTELPRO operations until it was officially discontinued in April of 1971.
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