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dr tech

Why machine learning struggles with causality | VentureBeat - 0 views

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    "In a paper titled "Towards Causal Representation Learning," researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems, the Montreal Institute for Learning Algorithms (Mila), and Google Research discuss the challenges arising from the lack of causal representations in machine Learning models and provide directions for creating artificial intelligence systems that can learn causal representations."
dr tech

AI Unravelled: The false promise of ChatGPT - 0 views

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    "But ChatGPT and similar programs are, by design, unlimited in what they can "learn" (which is to say, memorize); they are incapable of distinguishing the possible from the impossible. Unlike humans, for example, who are endowed with a universal grammar that limits the languages we can learn to those with a certain kind of almost mathematical elegance, these programs learn humanly possible and humanly impossible languages with equal facility. Whereas humans are limited in the kinds of explanations we can rationally conjecture, machine learning systems can learn both that the earth is flat and that the earth is round. They trade merely in probabilities that change over time."
dr tech

AI Makes Strides in Virtual Worlds More Like Our Own | Quanta Magazine - 0 views

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    "This is the broad goal of a new field known as embodied AI, and Li's not the only one embracing it. It overlaps with robotics, since robots can be the physical equivalent of embodied AI agents in the real world, and reinforcement learning - which has always trained an interactive agent to learn using long-term rewards as incentive. But Li and others think embodied AI could power a major shift from machines learning straightforward abilities, like recognizing images, to learning how to perform complex humanlike tasks with multiple steps, such as making an omelet."
dr tech

The Guardian view on machine learning: a computer cleverer than you? | Editorial | Opinion | The Guardian - 0 views

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    "It is in the nature of AI that makers do not, and often cannot, predict what their creations do. We know how to make machines learn. But programmers do not understand completely the knowledge that intelligent computing acquires. If we did, we wouldn't need computers to learn to learn."
dr tech

Curious AI learns by exploring game worlds and making mistakes | New Scientist - 0 views

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    "This type of approach can speed up learning times and improve the efficiency of algorithms, says Max Jaderberg at Google's AI company DeepMind. The company used a similar technique last year to teach an AI to explore a virtual maze. Its algorithm learned much more quickly than conventional reinforcement learning approaches. "Our agent is far quicker and requires a lot less experience from the world to train, making it much more data efficient," he says."
dr tech

Full Page Reload - 0 views

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    "These experiments in computational creativity are enabled by the dramatic advances in deep learning over the past decade. Deep learning has several key advantages for creative pursuits. For starters, it's extremely flexible, and it's relatively easy to train deep-learning systems (which we call models) to take on a wide variety of tasks."
dr tech

Yann LeCun and Yoshua Bengio: Self-supervised learning is the key to human-level intelligence | VentureBeat - 0 views

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    "LeCun argues that even self-supervised learning and learnings from neurobiology won't be enough to achieve artificial general intelligence (AGI), or the hypothetical intelligence of a machine with the capacity to understand or learn from any task. That's because intelligence - even human intelligence - is very specialized, he says. "AGI does not exist - there is no such thing as general intelligence," said LeCun. "We can talk about rat-level intelligence, cat-level intelligence, dog-level intelligence, or human-level intelligence, but not artificial general intelligence.""
dr tech

the future of human work - 0 views

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    ""Could teaching be trumped by a learning machine? Are we beginning to glimpse the possibility of machines that teach themselves to teach? They learn what works, what doesn't and deliver ever better performance. We see the embryonic evidence for this in adaptive learning systems, that are truly algorithmic, and do use machine learning, to improve as they deliver. The more students they teach, the better they get. They even tech themselves. This is not science fiction. This is real AI, in real software, delivering real courses, in real institutions." - Donald Clark"
dr tech

New 'Liquid' AI Learns Continuously From Its Experience of the World - 0 views

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    "Whereas most machine learning algorithms can't hone their skills beyond an initial training period, the researchers say the new approach, called a liquid neural network, has a kind of built-in "neuroplasticity." That is, as it goes about its work-say, in the future, maybe driving a car or directing a robot-it can learn from experience and adjust its connections on the fly."
dr tech

More Accurate Than Test Scores: Scientists Discover a New Way To Measure Learning - 0 views

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    "Brain scans predict students' learning better than exam results and show the underlying structure of thinking. According to recent research published in Science Advances, the conventional exams and grades that schools have long employed may evaluate learning less accurately than brain scans."
dr tech

Google creates AI program that uses reasoning to navigate the London tube | Technology | The Guardian - 0 views

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    "It is one of the first programs to combine an external memory with an approach called deep-learning, in which the program learns how to do tasks independently rather than being pre-programmed with a set of rules by a human."
dr tech

This AI Thrashes the Hardest Atari Games by Memorizing Its Best Moves - 0 views

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    "Learning from rewards seems like the simplest thing. I make coffee, I sip coffee, I'm happy. My brain registers "brewing coffee" as an action that leads to a reward. That's the guiding insight behind deep reinforcement Learning, a family of algorithms that famously smashed most of Atari's gaming catalog and triumphed over humans in strategy games like Go. Here, an AI "agent" explores the game, trying out different actions and registering ones that let it win."
dr tech

DeepMind is developing one algorithm to rule them all | VentureBeat - 0 views

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    "DeepMind is trying to combine deep learning and algorithms, creating the one algorithm to rule them all: a deep learning model that can learn how to emulate any algorithm, generating an algorithm-equivalent model that can work with real-world data."
dr tech

Millions of new materials discovered with deep learning - Google DeepMind - 0 views

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    "AI tool GNoME finds 2.2 million new crystals, including 380,000 stable materials that could power future technologies Modern technologies from computer chips and batteries to solar panels rely on inorganic crystals. To enable new technologies, crystals must be stable otherwise they can decompose, and behind each new, stable crystal can be months of painstaking experimentation. Today, in a paper published in Nature, we share the discovery of 2.2 million new crystals - equivalent to nearly 800 years' worth of knowledge. We introduce Graph Networks for Materials Exploration (GNoME), our new deep learning tool that dramatically increases the speed and efficiency of discovery by predicting the stability of new materials."
dr tech

4 Machine Learning Algorithms That Shape Your Life - 0 views

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    "What you may not realize, though, is that machine learning is already all around you, and it can exert a surprising degree of influence over your life. Don't believe me? You might be surprised."
dr tech

Magical thinking about machine learning won't bring the reality of AI any closer | John Naughton | Opinion | The Guardian - 0 views

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    " Critics have pointed out that the old computing adage "garbage in, garbage out" also applies to ML. If the data from which a machine "learns" is biased, then the outputs will reflect those biases. And this could become generalised: we may have created a technology that - however good it is at recommending films you might like - may actually morph into a powerful amplifier of social, economic and cultural inequalities."
dr tech

There's a literal elephant in machine learning's room / Boing Boing - 0 views

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    "FOLLOW US Twitter / Facebook / RSS Machine learning image classifiers use context clues to help understand the contents of a room, for example, if they manage to identify a dining-room table with a high degree of confidence, that can help resolve ambiguity about other objects nearby, identifying them as chairs. The downside of this powerful approach is that it means machine learning classifiers can be confounded by confusing, out-of-context elements in a scene, as is demonstrated in The Elephant in the Room, a paper from a trio of Toronto-based computer science academics."
dr tech

Senior machine learning scientist quits Google over plan to launch censored Chinese search tool / Boing Boing - 0 views

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    "Jack Poulson was a senior research scientist at Google whose work on machine learning work was used to improve Google's search results; now he's quit the company over its Project Dragonfly, a once-secret plan to launch a censored Chinese search engine; Poulson called the move a "forfeiture of our values." Tech companies find it hard to qualify skilled engineers at any price, and machine learning specialists are especially prize, commanding salaries of $1MM/year or more. "
dr tech

How babies learn - and why robots can't compete | News | The Guardian - 0 views

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    "He had discovered that human learning was communal and interactive. For a robot, the acquisition of language was abstract and formulaic. For us, it was embodied, emotive, subjective, quivering with life. The future of intelligence wouldn't be found in our machines, but in the development of our own minds."
dr tech

Why 3D virtual learning fell flat | Society | Subject areas | Publishing and editorial | BCS - The Chartered Institute for IT - 0 views

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    "Second Life, Thinking Worlds, Unity3D and others were all making inroads into the realm of corporate learning and there was a buzz about it in the L&D market, which, at the time, had a reputation for churning out spectacularly boring and poorly designed compliance-based elearning. One major mobile phone network with whom I worked back in 2008 had a vision of enlivening their learner experience by providing a 3D avatar-based portal into their learning management system, which at the time hosted solidly 2D page-turner elearning of a very pedestrian nature."
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