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dr tech

The AI Revolution: Road to Superintelligence - WAIt But Why - 0 views

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    GREAT ARTICLE ON AI "There is some debate about how soon AI will reach human-level general intelligence-the median year on a survey of hundreds of scientists about when they believed we'd be more likely than not to have reached AGI was 204012-that's only 25 years from now, which doesn't sound that huge until you consider that many of the thinkers in this field think it's likely that the progression from AGI to ASI happens very quickly. Like-this could happen: It takes decades for the first AI system to reach low-level general intelligence, but it finally happens. A computer is able understand the world around it as well as a human four-year-old. Suddenly, within an hour of hitting that milestone, the system pumps out the grand theory of physics that unifies general relativity and quantum mechanics, something no human has been able to definitively do. 90 minutes after that, the AI has become an ASI, 170,000 times more intelligent than a human."
dr tech

Top 10 AI fAIlures of 2016 - TechRepublic - 0 views

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    "But with all of the successes of AI, it's also important to pay attention to when, and how, it can go wrong, in order to prevent future errors. A recent paper by Roman Yampolskiy, director of the Cybersecurity Lab at the University of Louisville, outlines a history of AI fAIlures which are "directly related to the mistakes produced by the intelligence such systems are designed to exhibit." According to Yampolskiy, these types of fAIlures can be attributed to mistakes during the learning phase or mistakes in the performance phase of the AI system."
dr tech

What will destroy us first: Superbabies or AI? - Quartz - 0 views

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    "Is AI going to take all of our jobs? The economy is always in a state of flux. In the 1800s, 80% of the labor force worked on farms; today it's 2%, but we don't have 78% unemployment. Entirely new industries may continue to spring up and offer new employment opportunities. Ironically, "smart manufacturing," which is partly AI, is touted by politicians on the right and on the left as critical to saving American manufacturing jobs. If AI makes businesses more efficient, contributing to growth of the economy, there will be more money to invest in new ventures. There are probably going to be entirely new sectors of the economy in 100 years that we can't even imagine right now. It's possible that total employment will fall, but economic growth will continue as we're able to produce more with less."
dr tech

Basic common sense is key to building more intelligent machines | New Scientist - 0 views

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    "At Imperial College London, Murray Shanahan and colleagues are working on a way around this problem using an old, unfashionable technique called symbolic AI. "Basically this meant an engineer labelled everything for the AI," says Shanahan. His idea is to combine this with modern machine learning. Symbolic AI never took off, because manually describing everything quickly proved overwhelming. Modern AI has overcome that problem by using neural networks, which learn their own representations of the world around them. "They decide what is salient," says Marta Garnelo, also at Imperial College."
dr tech

Chinese search firm Baidu joins global ai ethics body | Technology | The Guardian - 0 views

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    "The president of Baidu, Ya-Qin Zhang, said in a statement: "As ai technology keeps advancing and the application of ai expands, we recognise the importance of joining the global discussion around the future of ai. Ensuring ai's safety, fairness and transparency should not be an afterthought but rather highly considered at the onset of every project or system we build.""
dr tech

Google using romance novels to train its artificial intelligence to write fiction - 0 views

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    "Google is using romance novels to teach its artificial intelligence (AI) system to better understand how people communicate. Researchers at Google BrAIn, the company's AI-focused deep learning project, presented a paper earlier this month that detAIled techniques they used to teach its AI to write fiction - and the results were unexpectedly haunting."
dr tech

AI can win at poker: but as computers get smarter, who keeps tabs on their ethics? | Technology | The Guardian - 0 views

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    ""No-limit Texas Hold'em is a game of incomplete information where the AI must infer a human player's intentions and then act in ways that incorporate both the direct odds of winning and bluffing behaviour to try to fool the other player." The designers sAId their computer didn't "bluff" the human players. But by learning from its mistakes and practising its moves at night between games, the AI was working out how to defeat its human opponents."
dr tech

How Artificial Superintelligence Will Give Birth To Itself - 0 views

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    "When it comes to the speed of these improvements, Yudkowsky says its important to not confuse the current speed of AI research with the speed of a real AI once built. Those are two very different things. What's more, there's no reason to believe that an AI won't show a sudden huge leap in intelligence, resulting in an ensuing "intelligence explosion" (a better term for the Singularity)."
dr tech

Researchers shut down AI that invented its own language - 0 views

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    " The observations made at Facebook are the latest in a long line of similar cases. In each instance, an AI being monitored by humans has diverged from its trAIning in English to develop its own language. The resulting phrases appear to be nonsensical gibberish to humans but contAIn semantic meaning when interpreted by AI "agents." "
dr tech

Curious AI learns by exploring game worlds and making mistakes | New Scientist - 0 views

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    "This type of approach can speed up learning times and improve the efficiency of algorithms, says Max Jaderberg at Google's AI company DeepMind. The company used a similar technique last year to teach an AI to explore a virtual maze. Its algorithm learned much more quickly than conventional reinforcement learning approaches. "Our agent is far quicker and requires a lot less experience from the world to trAIn, making it much more data efficient," he says."
dr tech

Technologist Vivienne Ming: 'AI is a human right' | Technology | The Guardian - 0 views

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    "At the heart of the problem that troubles Ming is the training that computer engineers receive and their uncritical faith in ai. Too often, she says, their approach to a problem is to train a neural network on a mass of data and expect the result to work fine. She berates companies for failing to engage with the problem first - applying what is already known about good employees and successful students, for example - before applying the ai."
dr tech

To regulate AI we need new laws, not just a code of ethics | Paul Chadwick | Opinion | The Guardian - 0 views

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    "Nemitz identifies four bases of digital power which create and then reinforce its unhealthy concentration in too few hands: lots of money, which means influence; control of "infrastructures of public discourse"; collection of personal data and profiling of people; and domination of investment in AI, most of it a "black box" not open to public scrutiny. The key question is which of the challenges of AI "can be safely and with good conscience left to ethics" and which need law. Nemitz sees much that needs law."
dr tech

Stealing an AI algorithm and its underlying data is a "high-school level exercise" - Quartz - 0 views

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    "Researchers have shown that given access to only an API, a way to remotely use software without having it on your computer, it's possible to reverse-engineer machine learning algorithms with up to 99% accuracy. In the real world, this would mean being able to steal AI products from companies like Microsoft and IBM, and use them for free. Small companies built around a single machine learning API could lose any competitive advantage."
dr tech

Real life CSI: Google's new AI system unscrambles pixelated faces | Technology | The Guardian - 0 views

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    "Google's neural networks have achieved the dream of CSI viewers everywhere: the company has revealed a new AI system capable of "enhancing" an eight-pixel square image, increasing the resolution 16-fold and effectively restoring lost data. The neural network could be used to increase the resolution of blurred or pixelated faces, in a way previously thought impossible; a similar system was demonstrated for enhancing images of bedrooms, agAIn creating a 32x32 pixel image from an 8x8 one."
dr tech

Experts including Elon Musk call for research to avoid AI 'pitfalls' | Technology | The Guardian - 0 views

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    "More than 150 artificial intelligence researchers have signed an open letter calling for future research in the field to focus on maximising the social benefit of AI, rather than simply making it more capable. The signatories, which include researchers from Oxford, Cambridge, MIT and Harvard as well as staff at Google, Amazon and IBM, celebrate progress in the field, but warn that "potential pitfalls" must be avoided."
dr tech

What Artificial Intelligence Isn't - 0 views

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    "AI is already here. This isn't some future, theoretical technology we are working on. AI machines are already among us. Take for example Microsoft's recent security robot demonstration. Called the K5, these autonomous machines stand 5 feet tall, weigh 300 pounds, and are equipped with HD cameras, sensors, alarms, Wi-Fi and - you guessed it - artificial intelligence. These machines have been programmed to recognize if something is out of place, like an injured employee or a potential trespasser. And as technology improves, the K5 will become more capable of recognizing even smaller discrepancies than humans can."
dr tech

Chinese schools are testing AI that grades papers almost as well as teachers | VentureBeat - 0 views

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    "It is also self-improving. The 10-year-old grading software leverages deep learning algorithms to "compare notes" with human teachers' scores, suggestions, and comments. An engineer involved in the project compared its capabilities to those of AlphaGo, the record-breaking AI Go player developed by Google subsidiary DeepMind."
dr tech

Google's AlphaGo AI beats the world's best human Go player | TechCrunch - 0 views

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    "Google's AlphaGo AI Go player has defeated Ke Jie, Go world champion, in the opening match of a three game series that will include matches with Jie on Thursday and Saturday. The win was by a narrow margin, but AlphaGo has been programmed to ensure victory, not to run up the score or devastate its opponent, so the margin by which it wins isn't necessarily a good indicator of how easy or hard it was for the computer player to win"
dr tech

Google Grapples With `Horrifying' Reaction to Uncanny AI Tech - 0 views

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    "Eck said machine learning, a powerful form of ai, will be integrated into how humans communicate with each other. He raised the idea of "assistive writing" in the future with Google Docs, the company's online word processing software. This may be based on Google's upcoming Smart Compose technology that suggests words and phrases based on what's being typed. Teachers used to worry about whether students used Wikipedia for their homework. Now they may wonder what part of the work the students wrote themselves, Eck said."
dr tech

We've been warned about AI and music for over 50 years, but no one's prepared - The Verge - 0 views

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    "Depending on how legal decisions shake out, AI systems could become a valuable tool to assist creativity, a nuisance ripping off hard-working human musicians, or both."
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