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John Crane

How Many Friends Can Your Brain Handle? - Scientific American - 0 views

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    Certain brain areas are enlarged and white-matter tracts were better connected in people with larger social networks
John Crane

Altruistic punishment in humans - 0 views

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    Human cooperation is an evolutionary puzzle. Unlike other creatures, people frequently cooperate with genetically unrelated strangers, often in large groups, with people they will never meet again, and when reputation gains are small or absent. These patterns of cooperation cannot be explained by the nepotistic motives associated with the evolutionary theory of kin selection and
    the selÆsh motives associated with signalling theory or the theory of reciprocal altruism. Here we show experimentally that the
    altruistic punishment of defectors is a key motive for the explanation of cooperation. Altruistic punishment means that individuals punish, although the punishment is costly for them and yields no material gain. We show that cooperation nourishes if altruistic punishment is possible, and breaks down if it is ruled out
John Crane

Sam Richards: A radical experiment in empathy | Talk Video - 0 views

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    By leading the Americans in his audience step by step through the thought process, sociologist Sam Richards sets an extraordinary challenge: can they understand - not approve of, but understand - the motivations of an Iraqi insurgent? And by extension, can anyone truly understand and empathize with another?
John Crane

A Homeless Man Enters the Subway - What Happens Next is Something Even New Yorkers Have... - 0 views

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    If you live in New York, you know what it feels like to regularly have your subway ride interrupted by a stranger with a sad personal tale, asking for a couple of bucks. Some beggers talk about how they just lost their job, or share some pictures of their kids with big dreams and high hopes. The people in this train were expecting this kind of story, but what happened took them all by surprise.
John Crane

BPS Research Digest: Women's true maths skills unlocked by pretending to be someone else - 0 views

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    There's an unfounded gender stereotype that says women aren't as good at maths as men. Reminding them of this prior to a maths task usually undermines their performance - just one example of a harmful phenomenon known as stereotype threat.
John Crane

Social identity and physical health: acce... [J Pers Soc Psychol. 1997] - PubMed - NCBI - 0 views

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    Social identity and physical health
John Crane

The Mind in the World: Culture and the Brain - 1 views

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    How the "outside" affects the "inside" is at the heart of many of the deepest psychological questions. In this fast-paced survey of research on how culture shapes cognition, Nalini Ambady examines the neural evidence for socio-cultural influences on thinking, judgment, and behavior. She does this by giving us numerous examples of group differences in core human capacities that are shaped by how "one's people" engage socially. I'm pleased to be able to share this piece with members of APS.
John Crane

Milgram's Obedience Experiment - 0 views

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    The truth beyond the experiment
John Crane

Depression may be contagious: experts - 0 views

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    Whingeing workmates and fed-up friends may be making you sick, according to researchers who say depression could be a contagious illness transmitted through social networks.
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