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Ivy V

Athenian democracy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - 9 views

  • Athens is one of the first known democracies.
  • It remains a unique and intriguing experiment in direct democracy where the people do not elect representatives to vote on their behalf but vote on legislation and executive bills in their own right. Participation was by no means open
  • of Athenian freedom. The greatest and longest lasting democratic leader
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  • Estimates of the population of ancient Athens vary. During the 4th century BC, there may well have been some 250,000–300,000 people in Attica. Citizen families may have amounted to 100,000 people and out of these some 30,000 will have been the adult male citizens entitled to vote in the assembly. In the mid-5th century the number of adult male citizens was perhaps as high as 60,000, but this number fell precipitously during the Peloponnesian War.
    • ed h
       
      Population matters to direct democracy
    • arman b
       
      what if the greek didn't have many people?
    • erick j
       
      If Greeks didn't have as many people, they would get more work done.
  • There were three political bodies where citizens gathered in numbers running into the hundreds or thousands. These are the assembly (in some cases with a quorum of 6000), the council of 500 (boule) and the courts (a minimum of 200 people, but running at least on some occasions up to 6000). Of these three bodies it is the assembly and the courts that were the true sites of power — although courts, unlike the assembly, were never simply called the demos (the People) as they were manned by a subset of the citizen body, those over thirty.
    • erick j
       
      Did wealth matter to your position in government?
    • Mike Pennington
       
      Yes, wealth played a direct role in just how much power you had in ancient Greece. The Patricians, or wealthy, had slightly more power in making decisions and passing laws.
    • glever g
       
      Why did wealth affect anything?
  • Only adult male Athenian citizens who had completed their military training as ephebes had the right to vote in Athens. The percentage of the population (of males) that actually participated in the government was about 20%. This excluded a majority of the population, namely slaves, freed slaves, children, women and metics. The women had limited rights and privileges and were not really considered citizens. The restricted movement in public and were very segregated from the men. Also disallowed were citizens whose rights were under suspension (typically for failure to pay a debt to the city: see atimia); for some Athenians this amounted to permanent (and in fact inheritable) disqualification. Still, in contrast with oligarchical societies, there were no real property requirements limiting access
    • molly c
       
      It is interesting to learn that Athenian men had to serve in the military.
    • glever g
       
      Not really if you were in that position then you would think that that would be sensible.
  • The central events of the Athenian democracy were the meetings of the assembly (ἐκκλησία ekklêsia). Unlike a parliament, the assembly's members were not elected, but attended by right when they chose. Greek democracy created at Athens was a direct, not a representative democracy: any adult male citizen of age could take part, and it was a duty to do so. The officials of the democracy were in part elected by the Assembly and in large part chosen by lot. The assembly had four main functions; it made executive pronouncements (decrees, such as deciding to go to war or granting citizenship to a foreigner); it elected some officials; it legislated; and it tried political crimes. As the system evolved these last two functions were shifted to the law courts. The standard format was that of speakers making speeches for and against a position followed by a general vote (usually by show of hands) of yes or no. Though there might be blocs of opinion, sometimes enduring, on crucial issues, there were no political parties and likewise no government or opposition (as in the Westminster system). Voting was by simple majority. In the 5th century at least there were scarcely any limits on the power exercised by the assembly. If the assembly broke the law, the only thing that might happen is that it would punish those who had made the proposal that it had agreed to
    • Garth Holman
       
      Here is some great information about the Assembly of ancient Athens
    • Mike Pennington
       
      Yes Matt, the Athenian government eventually fell during the Peloponnesian Wars. It was weakened by the Persian Wars, but as soon as Sparta truly set it's sights on defeating the every-expanding Athenians they were in danger. The war itself indirectly led to the fall of Athens, during the second and third years of fighting, disease broke out in Athens and devastated the population. It took Sparta and its allies nearly 30 years to destroy the city of Athens. The Spartans also used the help of the Persians.
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    Did the government ever fall or come close to falling?
lukas s

Ancient Chinese Inventions - Ancient China for Kids - 5 views

shared by lukas s on 01 Nov 11 - Cached
morgan g liked it
    • Garth Holman
       
      The Chinese invented a great deal.  Look at this list. 
    • daniel e
       
      This website has some good information.
    • andressa g
       
      This site really helped me!!!
  • The ancient Chinese invented many things we use today, including paper, silk, matches, wheelbarrows, gunpowder, the decimal system, the waterwheel, the sundial, astronomy, porcelain china, lacquer paint, pottery wheel, fireworks, paper money, compass, tangrams,   seismograph, medicines, dominoes, jump rope, kites, tea ceremony, folding umbrella, ink, calligraphy, animal harness, playing cards, printing, abacus, wallpaper, the crossbow, ice cream, and ... well, you get the idea.
  • The ancient Chinese invented many things we use today, including paper, silk, matches, wheelbarrows, gunpowder, the decimal system, the waterwheel, the sundial, astronomy, porcelain china, lacquer paint, pottery wheel, fireworks, paper money, compass, tangrams,  seismograph, medicines, dominoes, jump rope, kites, tea ceremony, folding umbrella, ink, calligraphy, animal harness, playing cards, printing, abacus, wallpaper, the crossbow, ice cream, and ... well, you get the idea.
Aden S

AlunSalt » Prehistoric rice farming and modern consequences - 0 views

    • Aden S
       
      3,300 years after we started getting more civilized 
Whitney B.

Prehistory - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - 0 views

shared by Whitney B. on 01 Nov 11 - Cached
  • The term "prehistory" can refer to all time since the beginning of the universe,
Anabelle C

Ancient Chinese Inventions - All You Need To Know - 2 views

    • Anabelle C
       
      why does china invent almost everything?
    • kaitlin k
       
      This link is very helpful, it has many of Cina's inventions
tsofia gordon

Dgh - Rise of Agicultural Soicety - 0 views

  • permanent settlement
    • Noah m
       
      hi
  • This resulted upon the sign of the times when people depended on hunters and gatherers to get their food. Groups of people would have to move to new areas when food or water became scarce. As the animals migrated the people followed to maintain a sustainable food supply. Hunting and gathering was the only way early people could survive, but these two jobs were both difficult and dangerous.
  • Once people could produce a surplus of food there was an increase in population and more people could specialize in different areas of work (see specialization).
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  • he Rise of the Agricultural Society
  • (world map during ice age)As
  • People started growing their own food
  • This was the first time farming was seen in the world. This created the first farmers in the world from the middle-east
  • They stayed close to any source of water and planted new fields of wheat and barley using irrigation.
  • Domesticatio
    • tsofia gordon
       
      people for using anmuiles for thire one good
  • People were only able to live in (Domestication)numbers by becoming more productive farmers, but people now had more stable food supply because of domestication, using animals to the fullest, and keeping them secure (new way of life).
Matthew S

EAWC: Ancient India - 0 views

    • Matthew S
       
      ancient india budda
  • ad Gita describes a momentary surcease in a vast battle in which brothers fight brothers in bloody, historical technicolor. The principal character, Arjuna, sits in a chariot in the midst of the mass of soldiers who wait -- surprisingly patiently -- as Arjuna looks into his conscience and questions his divine charioteer, Krishna. Krishna's temporary job as charioteer is by no means accidental: this moment before the heat and horror of battle was chosen as precisely the right time to reflect on the nature of duty and devotion. The Bhagavad Gita, then, becomes a record of Arjuna's questions and Krishna's provocative responses. You might ask: What does this single work, a strangely didactic addition to the epic Mahabharata, "say" about ANCIENT INDIA
sbabbush s

Ancient Greek technology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - 6 views

    • Alex Orloff
       
      Wow the greeks really helped contribute to society
    • evan p
       
      I agree
  • Ancient Greek technology developed at an unprecedented speed during the 5th century BC, continuing up to and including the Roman period, and beyond. Inventions that are credited to the ancient Greeks such as the gear, screw, rotary mills, screw press, bronze casting techniques, water clock, water organ, torsion catapult and the use of steam to operate some experimental machines and toys and a chart to find prime numbers.
  • further exploitation on a
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  • large scale under the Romans.
  • How ever, peaceful uses are shown by their early development of the watermill , a device which pointed to  further exploitation on a  large scale under the Romans.
  • . Many of these inventions occurred late in the Greek period, often inspired by the need to improve weapons and tactics in war.      How
  • developed at an unprecedented speed during the 5th century BC, continuing up to and including the Roman period, and beyond. Inventions that are credited to the ancient Greeks    such as the gear, screw, rotary mills, screw press, bronze casting techniques, water clock, water organ, torsion catapult and the use of steam to operate some experimental machines and toys and a chart to find prime numbers . Many of these inventions occurred late in the Greek period, often inspired by the need to improve weapons and tactics in war.       How ever, peaceful uses are shown by their early development of the watermill , a device which pointed to   further exploitation on a   large scale under the Romans
  • as groundwater exploitation, construction of aqueducts for water supply, storm water and wastewater sewerage systems, flood protection and drainage, construction and use of fountains, baths and other sanitary and purgatory facilities, and even recreational uses of water.
    • nick s
       
      Technologies of Ancient Greece
    • ryan c
       
      cool
    • sbabbush s
       
      Ancient Greek technology developed during the 5th century B.C.
MIkayla CarnoHarf

China Farming - 0 views

  • Early China was also a river civilization. In this area, much of the landscape was covered with loess, which is a fine yellow dirt. During the floods losses would often clog irrigation ditches. The Chinese also began to build dikes to control the annual flooding.
    • MIkayla CarnoHarf
       
      china was having trouble controling flooding
Alexander AER

Ancient Greece - History, mythology, art, war, culture, society, and architecture. - 2 views

    • Josh B
       
      hyperlinks for certain areas of Ancient Greece
    • Swathi S
       
      its really cool and interactive
    • Yossi DuBow
       
      This is very Helpful!!!
    • brock j
       
      cool what is it about
    • Chaehee Lee
       
      These are the links to Geography, mythology, the people, culture and society, etc.
    • Swathi S
       
      i really like this site
    • Kalina P
       
      There's a lot of useful information which includes some of the topics Mr. Holman gave us. It is very interactive and helpful.
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    • Alexander AER
       
      I'll have to remember this site. :D
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    Website two of two for Greece
Matthew S

History of China - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - 1 views

    • Matthew S
       
      history china geography
    • Philip S.
       
      Similar to Mesopotamia.
    • Alexander AER
       
      Yup.
MIkayla CarnoHarf

Ancient Egyptian Farming - 1 views

  • Hope you were able to afford a few animals such as some goats, pigs, ducks, cows, and geese. Animals were one of the most important things about farming. Animals helped you with jobs like trampling in the seeds, pulling your plow, eating unwanted grain or wheat and providing you with food and drink. But having these animals may have caused misfortune like if your donkey nibbled on someone else's crops the farmer could threaten to take you to court. Also if your animals were sick you had to do all the work that they did. If your animals were not marked they may have been stolen. Along with misfortunes came care. You had to take great care of your animals. You had to give them food, drink and you had to count your cattle. The herdsman drove the cattle past the overseer who counted them and wrote down the size of each cattle.
    • MIkayla CarnoHarf
       
      How farming worked in Ancient Egypt.
Matthew S

Chinese Architecture - 1 views

    • Matthew S
       
      ancient china
Alex Orloff

Social class in ancient Rome - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - 0 views

    • Alex Orloff
       
      I never knew that there were so many different groups of social order in ancient rome
Molly R

Agriculture - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - 0 views

shared by Molly R on 01 Nov 11 - Cached
    • Alex Orloff
       
      stuff bout early farming
  • Agriculture (also called farming or husbandry) is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi and other life forms for food, fiber, and other products used to sustain life.
  • Modern agronomy, plant breeding, pesticides and fertilizers, and technological improvements have sharply increased yields from cultivation, but at the same time have caused widespread ecological damage and negative human health effects
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  • The major agricultural products can be broadly grouped into foods, fibers, fuels, and raw materials
    • Molly R
       
      Farming generates materials for many things.
Jenny L.

Agriculture in ancient Greece - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - 1 views

    • Garth Holman
       
      This explains specialization.  Need to review later. 
    • Jenny L.
       
      Good, ok site. About ancient Greece
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    Agriculture in Ancient Greece
Miguel Laborde

Prehistoric Farming on the Colorado Plateau - 1 views

    • Ryan Marks
       
      I found a cave in minecraft
    • Alexander R.
       
      so have I
    • Miguel Laborde
       
      Agriculture revolution
Mike Pennington

Students' History - 0 views

shared by Mike Pennington on 31 Oct 11 - No Cached
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    Online Textbook created by Mr. Holman's and Mr. Pennington's students.
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