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2More > Fall of the Roman Empire, decline of ancient Rome - 1 views

  • $00 a year.
    • Garth Holman
      Assume that is 100 a year. A huge cost at that time.

Roman Colosseum Facts | Kids Colosseum Facts | DK Find Out - 0 views

    Colosseum that explains parts.

Danse macabre in Cimetière des Innocents, Paris - 0 views

    First example of Death Macabre? Mural of 15-20 parts. Lots of detail and slapstick.

Pilgrimage - 0 views

  • Definition of a Pilgrimage Definition of a Pilgrimage: A Pilgrimage is a journey to a holy place or shrine undertaken as a spiritual quest to obtain supernatural help or as a form of penance for sins. A pilgrim is one who undertakes a pilgrimage. The word 'pilgrimage' is derived from the Latin word peregrinus meaning foreignerand peregri meaning abroad translated as a traveller in foreign lands. The word 'peregrinatio' was used by Augustine of Hippo 354-430AD , who was considered to be the writer of some of greatest theological works of all time, to describe a Christian spiritual journey as a kind of estrangement and exile - a wanderer. The earliest surviving references to Christian pilgrimage date back to the 4th century.
  • The Concept of Pilgrimage Augustine of Hippo wrote about the concept of the pilgrimage and other religious leaders such as Saint Jerome also encouraged it in their religious writings. The idea or the concept of Pilgrimage was eagerly accepted by Medieval people from all walks of life, young or old, wealthy or poor. The concept of pilgrimage was and important religious belief in the Middle Ages both in terms of religious activity and as a way of Medieval life.
  • Soon it became common for Medieval people to make a pilgrimage closer to home visiting sites associated with Christian Saints and martyrs, holy relics and to places where there had been apparitions of the Virgin Mary. Pilgrimages were the first holidays enjoyed by Medieval people. Groups of Christians would set off together on a spiritual journey to visit a holy place or shrine where they would pray together.
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  • Pilgrimage - the Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer Geoffrey Chaucer's Canterbury Tales was written c. 1390. It tells stories about a group pilgrims who had undertaken a pilgrimage to Canterbury. Each pilgrim had their own 'Canterbury Tale'. The route of the pilgrimage was along Watling Street and the Old Kent Road in London which led to the ancient "Pilgrim's way" from Rochester to Canterbury.

Ancient Greece, Geography for Kids & Teachers - Ancient Greece for Kids - 12 views

  • Ancient Greece, Geography
    • Garth Holman
      Why is it necessary for outposts when their population grew?
    • zsapell
      So there were places for people to live. And there were places for people to stop when on long journeys.
    • Garth Holman
      How did the mountain ranges and being surrounded by water make on trading and visiting other city-states?
    • zsapell
      It made it hard to travel from their peninsula to other places.
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  • A peninsula is a piece of land surrounded by water on three sides.
  • southern end of a very large peninsula. located in southern Europe
  • natural coastline and many natural harbors
  • seafood to eat.

Richard The Lionheart Massacres The Saracens, 1191 - 0 views

  • On their yielding the town he had engaged to grant their life, adding that if the Sultan carried out the bargain he would give them freedom and suffer them to carry off their children and wives; if the Sultan did not fulfill his engagements they were to be made slaves.
  • in his heart,
  • Turcoples
    • Garth Holman
      turcopoles (also "turcoples" or "turcopoli"; from the Greek: τουρκόπουλοι, "sons of Turks") were locally recruited mounted archers employed by the Christian states of the Eastern Mediterranean
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  • perfidiously
    • Garth Holman
      deliberately faithless; treacherous; deceitful:
  • decreed
    • Garth Holman
      to command, ordain, or decide by decree.
  • They numbered more than three thousand and were all bound with ropes.
  • once and massacred them with sword and lance in cold blood.
  • seeing what was being done to the prisoners, rushed against the Franks and in the combat, which lasted till nightfall, several were slain and wounded on either side
  • Musulmans
    • Garth Holman
      Word for Muslim.
  • morning our people gathered at the spot and found the Musulmans stretched out upon the ground as martyrs for the faith.
  • Ascalon,
    • Garth Holman
      Modern day city in Israel.

slide_4.jpg (960×720) - 0 views

    • Garth Holman
      Lords are also called Nobles. They have titles: like Duke, Earl, Prince, Count, Etc.. all have a female name; Baron (male) Baroness (female).

Rome or Greece? Quiz - By supermegan - 0 views

    Quiz Rome and Greece

Lost Language May Come Alive Again on Stone Slab Containing Etruscan Text - 0 views

    The so-called lost language of Etruscan may come alive again. Inscriptions in the language that were recently discovered on stone slab, or stele, are set to be

Reaction to the Black Death - How the Black Death Worked | HowStuffWorks - 1 views

    • Garth Holman
      Why would they persecute the Jews? 
  • They believed the Black Death was the punishment of God and took it upon themselves to try to appease him. The Flagellants marched barefoot throughout Europe, whipping themselves with scourges, or sticks with spiked tails. Enormous crowds gathered to watch the ritual beatings, complete with hymns and prayers for God's forgiveness. The pope was initially tolerant of the movement, but he denounced them in 1349, and the Flagellants disappeared, seemingly overnight.
  • The Flagellants were also extremely anti-Semitic, but they weren't the only ones. While anti-Semitism was already on the rise in Europe, it reached a fever pitch when many came to believe that Jews were poisoning the wells and causing the Black Death.
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  • Vengeful Christians burned Jews at the stake or set buildings filled with entire communities on fire. Some Jews responded by setting their own homes on fire before the angry mobs did it for them

Effects of the Crusades - 1 views

  • Thousands of the crusaders, returning broken in spirits and in health, sought an asylum in cloistral retreats
    • emilydralle
      The crusaders would return and go on religious retreats.
  • crusades was on commerce
    • emilydralle
      Commerce: interchange/exchange of goods.
  • They created a constant demand for the transportation of men and supplies, encouraged ship-building, and extended the market for eastern wares in Europe
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  • helped to undermine feudalism
  • Thousands of barons and knights mortgaged or sold their lands in order to raise money for a crusading expedition
  • they helped to break down the power of the feudal aristocracy, and to give prominence to the kings and the people.
  • The Crusades were therefore one of the principal fostering influences of Chivalry
    • emilydralle
      Chivalry is a code of honor that knights followed. 
  • They went out from their castles or villages to see great cities, marble palaces, superb dresses, and elegant manners; they returned with finer tastes, broader ideas, and wider sympathies
  • helped to awaken in Western Europe that mental activity which resulted finally in the great intellectual outburst known as the Revival of Learning and the period of the Renaissance.
    • emilydralle
      We will learn about the Renaissance in the next few weeks!

Luke - Social Studies - 0 views

  • Feudalism was the medieval model of government predating the birth of the modern nation-state. Feudal society is a military hierarchy in which a ruler or lord offers mounted fighters a fief , a unit of land to control in exchange for a military service. 

Sam V. - Social Studies - 0 views

  • Fiefs
    • dcs-armstrong
      I think you meant Vassal
  • fiefs
  • five steps without dropping it. If you didn't drop it then you were innocent. If you did drop it then you were guilty and went to jail
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  • l and walking
    • dcs-armstrong
      They wrapped the hand then check later if it was healing correctly. 

Khushi - Social Studies - 1 views

  • pay the Nobles and Knight's one tenth of it
    • dcs-armstrong
      The one tenth rule was paid to the church. Other payments were given to the lords as a form of "rent".

Doctors - 0 views

  • Constellations and the alignment of the planets were assumed to have direct influence of the human body, thought to be comprised of four "humors" and three "spirits."
    • Garth Holman
      Who did Doctors look to for answers as to why people were sick? 
  • Medieval surgical instruments included scissors, razors, lancets, needles and speculums.
  • guilds.
    • Garth Holman
      Like todays labor union.  Group of people doing the same job that share ideas, protect each other. 
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  • Ancient Greek texts were first translated to Arabic, then by Jewish translators into Latin. It is difficult to know how much knowledge was lost or erroneous from these many translations.
    • Garth Holman
      again the idea that when Rome fell much was lost.  In this case, knowledge of medical care. 

World-History | Medieval Knights - 1 views

  • Knights might have been professional soldiers but that didn't mean they had to act like one. In the early days of feudalism, knights often ate at the same table as the lords and ladies of the manor
  • They often belched, spit, and put their feet directly on the dinner table. The refined ladies and lords were appalled. So, a code of honor was drawn up that we now call Chivalry.
    • Garth Holman
      So Chivalry comes as a way to correct their personal bad behavior. 
  • This stems from the Medieval Knights Code of Chivalry and the Vows of Knighthood.
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  • There were at least 17 rules to the knights code of chivalry and vows of knighthood. The most important were to serve God, serve their liege lord (the King), be courteous to all women (though what they meant was all women of the noble class), and to defend the weak. Other rules included to fight for the welfare of all, to live by honor and glory, and to refrain from the wanton giving of offence; basically, don’t act like ye olde arse.
    • Garth Holman
      Rules for the knight to follow. 
  • this was meant to defend the elderly, women and children, but of the upper class. Knights were often brutal to peasants and it was considered acceptable because of the low social status of the peasants. 
    • Garth Holman
      Poor Peasants? 
  • From this, came rules like if a woman was of equal or higher status, he should stand when she enters a room and sit only after she does, the best foods at a meal should be offered to her, and when walking on the sidewalk, the man should walk closest to the street. This was to protect the woman from getting spattered with mud and the contents of chamber pots (buckets that were used as toilets) that were thrown out windows. It was a way to show that the gentleman honored the woman to have the poop hit him instead.
  • nights kept their skills sharp by competing in tournaments known as jousts where two heavily armored horseman race at another at high speed
  • Medieval tournaments brought knights and lords together in friendly competitions to show off their skills at hand to hand combat, horse back riding, and of course, jousting
  • A head shot for example was the most damaging but also the most difficult target, and therefore was awarded the most points.
  • Cash prizes, called a purse, would be given to the winners and this was the best way to move up the social ladder if you didn't get a chance to show off your skills on the battle field. 
    • Garth Holman
      Maybe you can win the "PURSE" in your blog! 
  • To become a knight was a long and difficult path.
  • sent to live in the castle with his Lord where his training would begin around the age of seven
  • road to knighthood he was known as a page. A page's training involved learning to ride a horse and receiving religious instruction from the priest of the manor. And, when he wasn't riding or praying, a page spent his days running errands and serving the ladies of the manor. He would also be taught to dance, sing, and play a musical instrument which were considered honorable qualities for a knight to have.
  • a page would be promoted to the role of squire. A squire worked directly with his knight. The squire learned skills from his knight (who was also his Lord) such as sword fighting and hand to hand combat. The squire pretty much acted as personal assistant to his knight, polishing his armor, caring for his horse, and even waiting on him at meal times. During times of battle, it was the job of the squire to help his Lord into the armor and look after him if he was wounded. He also had the awful task of cleaning out the armor which, after a long day on the battle field would be covered in all sorts of bodily fluids.
    • Garth Holman
      Like pee He he!
  • "I promise on my faith that I will in the future be faithful to the lord, never cause him harm and will observe my homage to him completely against all persons in good faith and without deceit." -A Typical Oath of Fealty
    • Garth Holman
      NOTE: loyalty, homage, never cause harm, good faith.  You had to be a trustworthy to be a knigh! 
    Learn how a Knight becomes a knight and how Chivalry impacts you!

Feudal Rights - Feudal System - 0 views

    Feudal Sistem Rights

Gothic Names - 1 views


The Real History That Inspired "Star Wars" - History in the Headlines - 0 views

    How can we see in Star Wars and History. 
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