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Garth Holman

Christian Art - 1 views

    Medival website with topics people, castles, weapons, battles, clothing, knights, music, swords, food, life, kings, crusades, architecture, and more.
Garth Holman

History of St. Patrick's Day - HISTORY - 0 views

  • Saint Patrick, who lived during the fifth century, is the patron saint and national apostle of Ireland. Born in Roman Britain, he was kidnapped and brought to Ireland as a slave at the age of 16. He later escaped, but returned to Ireland and was credited with bringing Christianity to its people. In the centuries following Patrick’s death (believed to have been on March 17, 461), the mythology surrounding his life became ever more ingrained in the Irish culture:
Mirabelle W

Greek Religion - 2 views

  • They worshipped many gods whom they believed appeared in human form and yet were endowed with superhuman strength and ageless beauty
  • Heracles and Hebe's wedding in the presence of the gods on Mt. Olympus.
    Ancient Greek Religion

HowStuffWorks "How the Spanish Inquisition Worked" - 0 views

    • cglosser c
      Priests tortured people who refused to admit that they were heretics.
  • The Spanish Inquisition was just one of several inquisitions that occurred between the 12th and 19th centuries
    • cglosser c
      This proves that the Spanish Inquisition didn't just last for just months, for hundreds of years!
  • ...2 more annotations...
  • Circa 1500, A prisoner undergoing torture at the hands of the Spanish Inquisition. Monks in the background wait for his confession with quill and paper.
  • The term "inquisition" has a third meaning also -- the trials themselves
    How the spanish inquisition worked.
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    Have you ever heard someone say "Nobody expects the Spanish Inquisition"? The line comes from a series of sketches by British comedy troupe Monty Py­thon. In the sketches, one character gets annoyed at another character for asking him question after question. At the height of his frustration, he yells, "Well, I wasn't expecting the Spanish Inquisition!"
    This a website I found on how the Spanish Inquisition works.
    info on the spanish inquisition
    This is an how stuff works web article explaining the Spanish Inquisition.  For those who are reading this article, you will see lots of ads. Do not let those distract you.
John Woodbridge

Why does the pope wear red shoes? A Yahoo News Q&A on choosing a new pontiff | The Look... - 0 views

    Interesting facts about traditions followed by the Pope.
John Woodbridge

Why did people go on pilgrimages in the Middle Ages? | The Free Resource for Kids - 0 views

  • For most people, all that sustained them was a sense of hope and belief in a better world to come with salvation in Jesus Christ.
  • undertaking a long and arduous pilgrimage was a way for people to ask God to perform a miracle on their behalf
  • demonstrate their repentance for any sins they might have committed
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  • Going on a pilgrimage was also the only way a poor person could see some of the world
  • The masses often worshipped pagan idols and had many shrines and sacred places which were associated with those idols
  • Christian authorities either destroyed these sites or replaced them with Christian significance.
  • they sanctified the former places of idol worship and encouraged the common people to continue making pilgrimages to these places
  • Pilgrimage sites in Jerusalem, Nazareth and Bethlehem were important landmarks of places where significant events occurred in the Christian narrative. There were many holy places throughout Europe for those who could only make shorter pilgrimages.
  • Crusaders returning from the Holy Land brought back many relics that were placed in churches throughout Europe.
    describes why people went on pilgrimages, where they went, and how the church promoted the idea of pilgrimage
John Woodbridge

Medieval beliefs about sin and forgiveness » English Lit Resources from Cross... - 1 views

  • Sin, in Christian teaching, consists of disobedience to the known will of God
  • Medieval Church inherited and taught the doctrine of original sin, the belief that all human beings share in collective guilt as a result of the disobedience of Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden in the Fall of Humankind, together with an ongoing predisposition to disobey God
  • needed to be cleansed through baptism
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  • taking part in this, believers symbolically shared in the victory paid for – and won by - Christ over the power of sin (known as the atonement).
  • Celebrating mass
  • Everyone
  • sermons that people learnt Bible
  • few laypeople had direct access to the text of the Bible.
  • Sermons had several functions:
  • The idea of purgatory was based on the obvious fact that most people are neither extremely good nor extremely evil.
  • To educate people about the Christian faith and the Church’s rituals and practices To make known the contents of the Bible, the Church’s interpretations of the Bible, and also the lives of saints To help people understand the system of confession and to prepare for their confession to their parish priest in a careful way To explain about sin and virtues.
  • Venial sins were relatively small faults and shortcomings. The individual could confess these privately to God Mortal, or ‘deadly’, sins were wrong acts committed consciously and deliberately. They therefore placed the soul in serious danger and the Church taught that, in normal circumstances, they could only be forgiven through the sacrament of penance and by confession to a priest.
  • believed that being too absorbed in the life of the body and material things was bad for the soul.
  • The simple food monks and nuns were supposed to keep to The regular fasting periods that all Christians observed during the Church year.
  • repentance means the person wants to turn away from undertaking wrong behaviour and actively decides to do so henceforward.
  • The priest would hear the confession and talk to the penitent to ascertain that they truly repented and resolved to do better in future. The priest then pronounced absolution, declaring that Christ forgave the sins of the truly repentant.
  • Penance  This means an action which demonstrates that someone has repented of their sins. The priest might order a penitent, for example, to do one of the following for a period: Go on pilgrimage Fast (abstain from food) Donate alms to the Church or the poor.
  • knowledge of the Christian faith came, above all, from preaching and teaching, week by week from parish priests.
  • people,
  • would not go straight to heaven after death either. Instead, they would spend a period in the spiritual state of purgatory where they could ‘pay for’ / atone for sins committed on earth
  • It was believed that, whilst still alive, people could undertake deeds that would speed either themselves (in the future) or a dead friend or relative through this process
    Discussion of sin, celebration of mass, importance of a sermon, confession, repentance, confession, penance, and purgatory
John Woodbridge

God In America: People: The Roman Catholic Church in Medieval Europe | PBS - 0 views

    • John Woodbridge
      Salvation means admittance to heaven.
  • It was the duty of every political authority -- king, queen, prince or city councilman -- to support, sustain and nurture the church.
  • strong church encouraged social stability and political cohesion
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  • Jesus of Nazareth founded the church to administer the sacraments, rituals that contain the mystery of grace and the promise of salvation. Salvation comes only through the church; individuals cannot find salvation outside the institution.
John Woodbridge

Reading Guide: Sacraments of the Church - 0 views

  • eucharist
  • Lord himself instituted this sacrament with wine mixed with water
  • .since it is written that both blood and water flowed from Christ's side
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  • union of Christian people with Christ, for water signifies 'people,' and... 'in the wine is manifested the blood of Christ'
    describes the eucharist
John Woodbridge

Internet History Sourcebooks Project - 0 views

  • main focus was on Baptism
  • The Latin word
  • sacramentum - which meant "oath"
  • ...9 more annotations...
  • establishing of a "new covenant" between a human being an God
  • In Greek Christianity these various Christian rites were called "mysteries" [i.e. things to be hidden from unbelievers]
  • confirmation which bishops confer by the laying on of hands while they anoint the reborn
  • baptism
  • penance, the Eucharist, the sacrament of order, matrimony and extreme unction
  • Eucharis
  • the bread is truly transubstantiated into the body of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the wine into His blood
  • matrimony, she holds that neither is a man allowed to have several wives at the same time nor a woman several husbands
  • baptism, confirmation, the mass, penance, extreme unction, ordination, and matrimony
    discussion of sacraments
Garth Holman

KALAMAZOO 2011: Session 47 - Thursday, May 12: The Sacred and the Secular in Medieval H... - 0 views

  • An example of an object used in daily worship was a board with pilgrim badges attached to it; these were homemade pieces made by the poor.
  • “Do-It-Yourself” reliquaries were also popular. A hollow cage of soft metal could be pulled open then the pilgrim chose and placed their own relic inside. Lockets, chains, and brooches were increasingly popular as portable and personal reliquary. There were also rattles, whistles, horns and bells sold at Churches and these were often used in processions. Some were inscribed with inscriptions to Mary and
    Higher level reading on the daily religion practice by the poor of soicety
Esther M

Ancient Greek religion - 0 views

    ancient greek religion

Spanish Inquisition: 1478-1834 - 1 views

  • The Spanish Inquisition was used for both political and religious reasons. Spain is a nation-state that was born out of religious struggle between numerous different belief systems including Catholicism, Islam, Protestantism and Judaism.
    A website on the Spanish Inquisition.
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    A website describing the spanish inquisition.
    This is a great source for more detail on the inquisition. 
    This describes why the inquisition was started and how it had an effect
Shira H

Religion in Europe - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - 0 views

    • Shira H
      Great site for quest 5 . The Roman Empire officially adopted Chirstianity in AD 380. 
    Great site for quest 5 
Garth Holman

The Medieval Church - 3 views

  • From the very earliest of ages, the people were taught that the only way they could get to Heaven was if the Roman Catholic Church let them. Everybody would have been terrified of Hell and the people would have been told of the sheer horrors awaiting for them in Hell in the weekly services they attended.
  • The control the Church had over the people was total. Peasants worked for free on Church land. This proved difficult for peasants as the time they spent working on Church land, could have been better spent working on their own plots of land producing food for their families.
  • They paid 10% of what they earned in a year to the Church (this tax was called tithes). Tithes could be paid in either money or in goods produced by the peasant farmers. As peasants had little money, they almost always had to pay in seeds, harvested grain, animals etc. This usually caused a peasant a lot of hardship as seeds, for example, would be needed to feed a family the following year.
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  • What the Church got in tithes was kept in huge tithe barns; a lot of the stored grain would have been eaten  by rats or poisoned by their urine.
  • A failure to pay tithes, so the peasants were told by the Church, would lead to their souls going to Hell after they had died. 
  • People were too scared not to pay tithes despite the difficulties it meant for them.
  • You also had to pay for baptisms (if you were not baptised you could not go to Heaven when you died), marriages (there were no couples living together in Medieval times as the Church taught that this equaled sin) and burials - you had to be buried on holy land if your soul was to get to heaven. Whichever way you looked, the Church received money.
  • The Church also did not have to pay taxes.
  • Important cities would have cathedrals in them.
  • To work on the building of a cathedral was a great honour. Those who did the skilled work had to belong to a guild. They would have used just the most basic of tools and less than strong scaffolding to do the ceilings. However, if you were killed in an accident while working in a cathedral or a church, you were guaranteed a place in Heaven - or so the workers were told.
  • Their sheer size meant that people would see them from miles around, and remind them of the huge power of the Catholic Church in Medieval England.
    • Shira H
      Great site for quest 5
    Medieval Church
Aryeh C

Weird religious practices of the middle ages - 0 views

  • Puss-Drinking and Scab-Eating--The general populace scorned lepers for their appearance and disease. As an act of humility and caring, many female saints such as St. Catherine would care for these "untouchables" by licking away the puss in their wounds then eating the scabs. People considered these saints especially holy.
  • These men would take a ladder, climb up to the top of a ruined Roman column, sit down, and then kick away the ladder, vowing to remain there contemplating God until they died.
    These are some of the most bizarre medieval religious practices.

Holy Relics - Middle Ages for Kids - 2 views

  • To make each cathedral and each little church in the land unique, each had its own holy relic. A holy relic is something that belonged to or was touched by Jesus or a saint. A treasured relic might be bone fragment or a tiny piece of the cross. 
    • Shira H
      A holy relic is something that belonged to or was touched by Jesus or a saint. 
    • Shira H
      good site for quest 6
    • Jaxson D
    • Adams Kyle
  • A holy relic was something that had once belonged to or been touched by Jesus or one of the important Saints

Feudalism and Religion in the Middle Ages - 7 views

  • eudalism was the main political system in the Middle Ages.
  • The Church had the same amount, if not more, power and wealth than the kings.
  • All schools taught religion, most politicians were also priests, and no food was eaten without first saying thanks to God.
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  • priests had quite a lot of influence over the people.
  • Priests also collected a tenth of whatever the peasants had produced from their land over the course of the year. This was called a "tithe."
  • Anyone who was suspected of disagreeing with the church's teachings was called a heretic and burnt at the stake.
  • even if they did make it to heaven in the afterlife, they would have to spend a thousand years in purgatory to be cleansed of their sins on earth. So, many rich people would pay the church to say extra masses for them in the hope that it would reduce the amount of time in purgatory.
    This site is very good for finding out important things about the middle ages.
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