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Matti Narkia

25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 is an agonistic vitamin D receptor ligand - Lou et al. - J Steroi... - 1 views

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    25-Hydroxyvitamin D(3) is an agonistic vitamin D receptor ligand.
    Lou YR, Molnár F, Peräkylä M, Qiao S, Kalueff AV, St-Arnaud R, Carlberg C, Tuohimaa P.
    J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2009 Nov 26. [Epub ahead of print]
    PMID: 19944755
    doi:10.1016/j.jsbmb.2009.11.011

    In conclusion, 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 is an agonistic vitamin D receptor ligand with gene regulatory and anti-proliferative properties.
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D, nervous system and aging. - Tuohimaa et al. - Psychoneuroendocrinology Volum... - 0 views

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    Vitamin D, nervous system and aging.
    P. Tuohimaa, T. Keisala, A. Minasyan, J. Cachat and A. Kalueff. .
    Psychoneuroendocrinology, Volume 34, Supplement 1, December 2009, Pages S278-S286
    NEUROACTIVE STEROIDS: EFFECTS AND MECHANISMS OF ACTION
    doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2009.07.003

    This is a mini-review of vitamin D3, its active metabolites and their functioning in the central nervous system (CNS), especially in relation to nervous system pathologies and aging. The vitamin D3 endocrine system consists of 3 active calcipherol hormones: calcidiol (25OHD3), 1α-calcitriol (1α,25(OH)2D3) and 24-calcitriol (24,25(OH)2D3). The impact of the calcipherol hormone system on aging, health and disease is discussed. Low serum calcidiol concentrations are associated with an increased risk of several chronic diseases including osteoporosis, cancer, diabetes, autoimmune disorders, hypertension, atherosclerosis and muscle weakness all of which can be considered aging-related diseases. The relationship of many of these diseases and aging-related changes in physiology show a U-shaped response curve to serum calcidiol concentrations. Clinical data suggest that vitamin D3 insufficiency is associated with an increased risk of several CNS diseases, including multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease, seasonal affective disorder and schizophrenia. In line with this, recent animal and human studies suggest that vitamin D insufficiency is associated with abnormal development and functioning of the CNS. Overall, imbalances in the calcipherol system appear to cause abnormal function, including premature aging, of the CNS.
Matti Narkia

Meta-analysis of longitudinal studies: Serum vitamin D and prostate cancer risk - Scien... - 1 views

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    Meta-analysis of longitudinal studies: Serum vitamin D and prostate cancer risk.
    Yin L, Raum E, Haug U, Arndt V, Brenner H.
    Cancer Epidemiol. 2009 Dec;33(6):435-45. Epub 2009 Nov 25.
    PMID: 19939760
    doi:10.1016/j.canep.2009.10.014

    CONCLUSIONS: According to available evidence from longitudinal studies, serum 25(OH)D is not associated with PC incidence.
Matti Narkia

Retinol-induced Intestinal Tumorigenesis in Min/+ Mice and Importance of Vitamin D Stat... - 1 views

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    "Retinol-induced Intestinal Tumorigenesis in Min/+ Mice and Importance of Vitamin D Status.
    Hetland RB, Alexander J, Berg JP, Svendsen C, Paulsen JE.
    Anticancer Res. 2009 Nov;29(11):4353-60.
    PMID: 20032378

    The effects of life-long dietary exposure, starting in utero, to high retinol, low vitamin D, or high retinol in combination with low vitamin D on intestinal tumorigenesis in Min/+ mice were investigated. In males, high retinol alone significantly increased the number (2.6-fold) and size (1.3-fold) of small intestinal tumours; in females no significant increase in tumour number or size was seen. In both genders, low vitamin D intake alone did not affect intestinal tumorigenesis. In males, intake of the combined high retinol/low vitamin D diet did not further increase the effects caused by high retinol alone. In females, however, the high retinol/low vitamin D-induced increase in tumour number (3.1-fold) and tumour size (1.5-fold) exceeded that of high retinol alone. In conclusion, a high dietary intake of retinol stimulated intestinal tumorigenesis in Min/+ mice. Furthermore, the results indicate a combined effect of high retinol and low vitamin D on tumorigenesis in females"
Matti Narkia

The Bioavailability of Vitamin D from Fortified Cheeses and Supplements Is Equivalent i... - 0 views

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    The bioavailability of vitamin D from fortified cheeses and supplements is equivalent in adults.
    Wagner D, Sidhom G, Whiting SJ, Rousseau D, Vieth R.
    J Nutr. 2008 Jul;138(7):1365-71.
    PMID: 18567762

    Compared with baseline, serum parathyroid hormone decreased with both fortification (P = 0.003) and supplementation (P = 0.012). These data demonstrate that vitamin D is equally bioavailable from fortified hard cheeses and supplements, making cheese suitable for vitamin D fortification.
Matti Narkia

Bread Fortified with Cholecalciferol Increases the Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Concentrat... - 0 views

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    Bread fortified with cholecalciferol increases the serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration in women as effectively as a cholecalciferol supplement.
    Natri AM, Salo P, Vikstedt T, Palssa A, Huttunen M, Kärkkäinen MU, Salovaara H, Piironen V, Jakobsen J, Lamberg-Allardt CJ.
    J Nutr. 2006 Jan;136(1):123-7.
    PMID: 16365070

    Both fortified breads increased serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration as effectively as the cholecalciferol supplement. Supplementation or fortification did not affect serum intact parathyroid hormone concentration or urinary calcium excretion. In conclusion, fortified bread is a safe and feasible way to improve vitamin D nutrition.
Matti Narkia

A randomised comparison of increase in serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentratio... - 0 views

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    A randomised comparison of increase in serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration after 4 weeks of daily oral intake of 10 microg cholecalciferol from multivitamin tablets or fish oil capsules in healthy young adults.
    Holvik K, Madar AA, Meyer HE, Lofthus CM, Stene LC.
    Br J Nutr. 2007 Sep;98(3):620-5. Epub 2007 Apr 24.
    PMID: 17456248

    We conclude that fish oil capsules and multivitamin tablets containing 10 microg cholecalciferol administered over a 4-week period produced a similar mean increase in s-25(OH)D concentration.
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D and calcium insufficiency-related chronic diseases: molecular and cellular pa... - 0 views

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    Vitamin D and calcium insufficiency-related chronic diseases: molecular and cellular pathophysiology.
    Peterlik M, Cross HS.
    Eur J Clin Nutr. 2009 Dec;63(12):1377-86. Epub 2009 Sep 2.
    PMID: 19724293
    doi:10.1038/ejcn.2009.105

    A compromised vitamin D status, characterized by low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-(OH)D) serum levels, and a nutritional calcium deficit are widely encountered in European and North American countries, independent of age or gender. Both conditions are linked to the pathogenesis of many degenerative, malignant, inflammatory and metabolic diseases. Studies on tissue-specific expression and activity of vitamin D metabolizing enzymes, 25-(OH)D-1alpha-hydroxylase and 25-(OH)D-24-hydroxylase, and of the extracellular calcium-sensing receptor (CaR) have led to the understanding of how, in non-renal tissues and cellular systems, locally produced 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25-(OH)2D3) and extracellular Ca2+ act jointly as key regulators of cellular proliferation, differentiation and function. Impairment of cooperative signalling from the 1,25-(OH)2D3-activated vitamin D receptor (VDR) and from the CaR in vitamin D and calcium insufficiency causes cellular dysfunction in many organs and biological systems, and, therefore, increases the risk of diseases, particularly of osteoporosis, colorectal and breast cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus type I, metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus type II, hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Understanding the underlying molecular and cellular processes provides a rationale for advocating adequate intake of vitamin D and calcium in all populations, thereby preventing many chronic diseases worldwide.
Matti Narkia

Low vitamin D serum level is related to severe fibrosis and low responsiveness to IFN-b... - 0 views

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    Low vitamin D serum level is related to severe fibrosis and low responsiveness to IFN-based therapy in genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C
    Salvatore Petta et al.
    Hepatology, Volume 9999 Issue 999A, Page NA. Published Online: 4 Dec 2009
    DOI: 10.1002/hep.23489

    Conclusions:
    G1 CHC patients had low 25(OH)D serum levels, possibly due to reduced CYP27A1 expression. Low vitamin D is linked to severe fibrosis and low SVR on IFN-based therapy. (HEPATOLOGY 2010.)
Matti Narkia

Estimation and Fortification of Vitamin D3 in Pasteurized Process Cheese -- Upreti et a... - 0 views

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    Estimation and fortification of vitamin D3 in pasteurized process cheese.
    Upreti P, Mistry VV, Warthesen JJ.
    J Dairy Sci. 2002 Dec;85(12):3173-81.
    PMID: 12512590


    The objective of this study was to develop methods for the estimation and fortification of vitamin D3 in pasteurized Process cheese. Vitamin D3 was estimated using alkaline saponification at 70°C for 30 min, followed by extraction with petroleum ether:diethyl ether (90:10 vol/vol) and HPLC. The retention time for vitamin D3 was approximately 9 min. A standard curve with a correlation coefficient of 0.972 was prepared for quantification of vitamin D3 in unknown samples. In the second phase of the study, pasteurized Process cheeses fortified with commercial water- or fat-dispersible forms of vitamin D3 at a level of 100 IU per serving (28 g) were manufactured. There was no loss of vitamin D3 during Process cheese manufacture, and the vitamin was uniformly distributed. No losses of the vitamin occurred during storage of the fortified cheeses over a 9-mo period at 21 to 29°C and 4 to 6°C. There was an approximately 25 to 30% loss of the vitamin when cheeses were heated for 5 min in an oven maintained at 232°C. Added vitamin D3 did not impart any off flavors to the Process cheeses as determined by sensory analysis. There were no differences between the water- and fat-dispersible forms of the vitamin in the parameters measured in fortified cheeses
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D, aging, and cancer. Pentti Tuohimaa. 2008; Nutrition Reviews - Wiley InterSci... - 0 views

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    Vitamin D, aging, and cancer.
    Tuohimaa P.
    Nutr Rev. 2008 Oct;66(10 Suppl 2):S147-52. Review.
    PMID: 18844842
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1753-4887.2008.00095.x

    Deficiency of the prohormone calcidiol (25OH vitamin D3) seems to be associated with several aging-related chronic diseases including cancer. Our results suggest that calcidiol is mainly responsible for differentiation homeostasis, whereas calcitriol might be more involved in calcium homeostasis. Therefore, an imbalance of calcidiol rather than calcitriol is a risk factor for cancer and chronic diseases. Calcidiol insufficiency, as well as insufficient solar exposure, is associated with increased risk of several solid cancers. Both a vitamin D3 deficiency and a high concentration of calcidiol may increase cancer risk. Similarly, aging phenomena show a U-shaped association with vitamin D bioactivity. Therefore, the chronic diseases and cancers related to aging might be prevented by an optimal concentration of serum calcidiol, which remains to be determined.
Matti Narkia

Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and the risk of ovarian cancer - ScienceDirect - European Jou... - 0 views

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    Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and the risk of ovarian cancer.
    Toriola AT, Surcel HM, Agborsangaya C, Grankvist K, Tuohimaa P, Toniolo P, Lukanova A, Pukkala E, Lehtinen M.
    Eur J Cancer. 2009 Aug 25. [Epub ahead of print]
    PMID: 19713101
    doi:10.1016/j.ejca.2009.08.002

    Conclusion
    Overall, we did not observe a significant association between serum 25-OHD concentrations and the risk of ovarian cancer. However, we found evidence suggestive of an increased risk among women with low to insufficient serum 25-OHD concentrations.
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D and aging. [J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2009] - PubMed result - 0 views

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    Vitamin D and aging.
    Tuohimaa P.
    J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2009 Mar;114(1-2):78-84. Review.
    PMID: 19444937
Matti Narkia

25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 is an agonistic vitamin D receptor ligand - ScienceDirect - The Jo... - 0 views

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    25-Hydroxyvitamin D(3) is an agonistic vitamin D receptor ligand.
    Lou YR, Molnár F, Peräkylä M, Qiao S, Kalueff AV, St-Arnaud R, Carlberg C, Tuohimaa P.
    J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2009 Nov 26. [Epub ahead of print]
    PMID: 19944755
    doi:10.1016/j.jsbmb.2009.11.011

    In conclusion, 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 is an agonistic vitamin D receptor ligand with gene regulatory and anti-proliferative properties.
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D and prostate cancer - ScienceDirect - The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and... - 0 views

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    Vitamin D and prostate cancer.
    Tuohimaa P, Lyakhovich A, Aksenov N, Pennanen P, Syvälä H, Lou YR, Ahonen M, Hasan T, Pasanen P, Bläuer M, Manninen T, Miettinen S, Vilja P, Ylikomi T.
    J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2001 Jan-Mar;76(1-5):125-34.
    PMID: 11384870
    doi:10.1016/S0960-0760(00)00141-2
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D-induced up-regulation of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) in pr... - 0 views

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    Vitamin D-induced up-regulation of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) in prostate cancer cells.
    Golovko O, Nazarova N, Tuohimaa P.
    Life Sci. 2005 Jun 17;77(5):562-77. Epub 2005 Feb 25.
    PMID: 15904673
    doi:10.1016/j.lfs.2004.10.072

    Combined addition of human recombinant TNF-alpha with calcitriol or CB1093 cause enhanced effect in induction of apoptosis. We conclude that under physiological conditions vitamin D activates only the transcription of TNF-alpha gene, for TNF-alpha protein synthesis additional cofactors are required. Therefore a cooperation of vitamin D and TNF-alpha may play an important role in the control of cell growth in prostate cancer.
Matti Narkia

The role of Vitamin D3 metabolism in prostate cancer - ScienceDirect - The Journal of S... - 1 views

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    The role of Vitamin D3 metabolism in prostate cancer.
    Lou YR, Qiao S, Talonpoika R, Syvälä H, Tuohimaa P.
    J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2004 Nov;92(4):317-25. Epub 2004 Dec 19. Review.
    PMID: 15663995
    doi:10.1016/j.jsbmb.2004.10.007

    In summary, the local metabolism of hormonal Vitamin D seems to play an important role in the development and progression of prostate cancer.
Matti Narkia

Lack of Association between Serum Levels of 25-Hydroxyvitamin D and the Subsequent Risk... - 0 views

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    Lack of association between serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D and the subsequent risk of prostate cancer in Finnish men.
    Faupel-Badger JM, Diaw L, Albanes D, Virtamo J, Woodson K, Tangrea JA.
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2007 Dec;16(12):2784-6.
    PMID: 18086789
    doi: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-07-0672
Matti Narkia

Are statins analogues of vitamin D? : The Lancet - 1 views

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    Are statins analogues of vitamin D?
    Grimes DS.
    Lancet. 2006 Jul 1;368(9529):83-6. Review.
    PMID: 16815382
    doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(06)68971-X

    There are many reasons why the dietary-heart-cholesterol hypothesis should be questioned, and why statins might be acting in some other way to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease. Here, I propose that rather than being cholesterol-lowering drugs per se, statins act as vitamin D analogues, and explain why. This proposition is based on published observations that the unexpected and unexplained clinical benefits produced by statins have also been shown to be properties of vitamin D. It seems likely that statins activate vitamin D receptors.
Matti Narkia

The Vitamin D-Antimicrobial Peptide Pathway and Its Role in Protection Against Infectio... - 0 views

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    The vitamin D-antimicrobial peptide pathway and its role in protection against infection.
    Gombart AF.
    Future Microbiol. 2009 Nov;4:1151-65.
    PMID: 19895218

    Vitamin D deficiency has been correlated with increased rates of infection. Since the early 19th century, both environmental (i.e., sunlight) and dietary sources (cod liver) of vitamin D have been identified as treatments for TB. The recent discovery that vitamin D induces antimicrobial peptide gene expression explains, in part, the 'antibiotic' effect of vitamin D and has greatly renewed interest in the ability of vitamin D to improve immune function. Subsequent work indicates that this regulation is biologically important for the response of the innate immune system to wounds and infection and that deficiency may lead to suboptimal responses toward bacterial and viral infections. The regulation of the cathelicidin antimicrobial peptide gene is a human/primate-specific adaptation and is not conserved in other mammals. The capacity of the vitamin D receptor to act as a high-affinity receptor for vitamin D and a low-affinity receptor for secondary bile acids and potentially other novel nutritional compounds suggests that the evolutionary selection to place the cathelicidin gene under control of the vitamin D receptor allows for its regulation under both endocrine and xenobiotic response systems. Future studies in both humans and humanized mouse models will elucidate the importance of this regulation and lead to the development of potential therapeutic applications
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