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Matti Narkia

Benefits of Vitamin D Supplementation - Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons Vol... - 1 views

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    Benefits of Vitamin D Supplementation
    Joel M. Kauffman, Ph.D.
    Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons
    Volume 14 Number 2 - Summer 2009

    Clinical trials show that vitamin D supplementation at higher
    levels than previously recommended is beneficial for many
    conditions. It decreases the frequency of falls and fractures, helps
    prevent cardiovascular disease, and reduces symptoms of colds or
    influenza. Benefits are also seen in diabetes mellitus, multiple
    sclerosis, Crohn disease, pain, depression, and possibly autism.
    Sunlight does not cause an overdose of vitamin D production,
    and toxicity from supplementation is rare. Dose recommendations
    are increasing, but appear to be lagging the favorable trial results. A
    number of common drugs deplete vitamin D levels, and others may
    limit its biosynthesis from sunlight.
    People with adequate levels from sun exposure will not benefit
    from supplementation. While dietary intake is helpful,
    supplementation is better able to raise serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D ,
    the major circulating metabolite, to the level now thought adequate,
    30-50 ng/mL.
    Where there is inadequate daily sun exposure, oral doses of
    1,000-2,000 IU/d are now considered routine, with much higher
    doses (up to 50,000 IU) for rapid repletion now considered safe.
Matti Narkia

Massive vitamin-D/omega-3 trial in the works - theheart.org - 0 views

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    "June 29, 2009 | Shelley Wood

    Boston, MA - A massive, National Institutes of Health-sponsored study looking at whether vitamin-D and/or omega-3 fatty-acid supplementation can reduce the risk of developing heart disease, stroke, or cancer will get under way in January 2010, according to a website for the study. Drs JoAnn Manson and Julie Buring (Harvard Medical School/ Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA) will head up the Vitamin D and Omega-3 Trial (VITAL).

    The study is aiming to enroll 20 000 men and women, one-quarter of whom will be black. According to a Brigham and Women's Hospital press release, the study is intentionally aiming to illuminate a potential racial and ethnic disparity hypothesized to be linked to vitamin D [1]. "African Americans have a higher risk of vitamin-D deficiency as well as a greater frequency of diabetes, hypertension, and certain types of cancer," a press release notes. For VITAL, women need to be over age 65 to enter the study; men need to be over age 60.

    Study participants will be randomized to one of four groups: daily vitamin D (2000 IU) and fish oil (1 g); daily vitamin D and fish-oil placebo; daily vitamin-D placebo and fish oil; or daily vitamin-D placebo and fish-oil placebo. The trial will run for five years and is expected to cost US $20 million."
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D treatment in multiple sclerosis - ScienceDirect - Journal of the Neurological... - 0 views

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    Vitamin D treatment in multiple sclerosis.
    Myhr KM.
    J Neurol Sci. 2009 Jun 22. [Epub ahead of print]
    PMID: 19549608
    doi:10.1016/j.jns.2009.05.002

    Epidemiological evidence combined with clinical and laboratory analyses, and experimental animal models, suggest a possible influence of vitamin D on MS susceptibility as well as clinical disease activity.

    Supplement with vitamin D may reduce the risk of developing MS. An intervention may also reduce the risk of conversion from a first clinical event suggestive of MS to clinical definite MS, as well as reduce the relapse rate among patients with relapsing remitting MS. More studies are, however, needed to determine optimal dose and serum level for vitamin D, as well as target populations and optimal timing for intervention.
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