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Matti Narkia

Ecological studies of ultraviolet B, vitamin D and cancer since 2000. - Ann Epidemiol. ... - 1 views

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    Ecological studies of ultraviolet B, vitamin D and cancer since 2000.
    Grant WB, Mohr SB.
    Ann Epidemiol. 2009 Jul;19(7):446-54. Epub 2009 Mar 9. Review.
    PMID: 19269856

    CONCLUSION: These findings provide strong evidence that vitamin D status plays an important role in controlling the outcome of cancer. Support for the UVB-vitamin D-cancer theory is now scientifically strong enough to warrant use of vitamin D in cancer prevention, and as a component of treatment. More research studies would help to explore whether there are benefits beyond the substantial effects that have been observed.
Matti Narkia

Relationship between low ultraviolet B irradiance and higher breast cancer risk in 107 ... - 0 views

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    Relationship between low ultraviolet B irradiance and higher breast cancer risk in 107 countries.
    Mohr SB, Garland CF, Gorham ED, Grant WB, Garland FC.
    Breast J. 2008 May-Jun;14(3):255-60. Epub 2008 Apr 17.
    PMID: 18422861
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1524-4741.2008.00571.x

    There was a protective effect of UVB irradiance on risk of breast cancer that was independent of fertility rate, proportion of the population overweight, alcohol intake, animal energy intake, and other covariates.
Matti Narkia

Are sunlight deprivation and influenza epidemics associated with the onset of acute leu... - 0 views

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    Are sunlight deprivation and influenza epidemics associated with the onset of acute leukemia?
    Timonen T, Näyhä S, Koskela T, Pukkala E.
    Haematologica. 2007 Nov;92(11):1553-6.
    PMID: 18024404
    doi:10.3324/haematol.10799

    Month of diagnosis of 7,423 cases of acute leukemia (AL) in Finland during 1964-2003 were linked with data on influenza and solar radiation. Acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) showed the highest risk in the dark season. During the light season, the incidence decreased by 58% (95% confidence interval, 16-79%) per 1,000 kJ/m2/d increase of solar radiation. Independent of solar radiation, AML increased by 9% (95% confidence interval, 0-19%) during influenza epidemics. Reoccurring at the same time annually, darkness-related vitamin D deficiency and influenza could cause successive and co-operative mutations leading to AL with a short latency.
Matti Narkia

Geographic variation in breast cancer mortality in the United States: A hypothesis invo... - 0 views

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    Geographic variation in breast cancer mortality in the United States: a hypothesis involving exposure to solar radiation.
    Garland FC, Garland CF, Gorham ED, Young JF.
    Prev Med. 1990 Nov;19(6):614-22.
    PMID: 2263572
    doi:10.1016/0091-7435(90)90058-R

    Vitamin D from sunlight exposure may be associated with low risk for fatal breast cancer, and differences in ultraviolet light reaching the United States population may account for the striking regional differences in breast cancer mortality. The ecological nature of this study is emphasized, and the possibility that an indirect association with dietary and socioeconomic factors could explain these findings is discussed.
Matti Narkia

An ecologic study of dietary and solar ultraviolet-B links to breast carcinoma mortalit... - 0 views

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    An ecologic study of dietary and solar ultraviolet-B links to breast carcinoma mortality rates.
    Grant WB.
    Cancer. 2002 Jan 1;94(1):272-81.
    PMID: 11815987

    CONCLUSIONS
    It is hypothesized that animal products are associated with risk for breast carcinoma because they are associated with greater amounts of insulin-like growth factor-1and lifetime doses of estrogen. Vegetable products contain several risk reduction components including antioxidants and phytoestrogens. The association with latitude is very likely because of solar UV-B radiation and vitamin D. Alcohol modulates estrogen's effects on breasts. Fish intake is associated with risk reduction through vitamin D and n-3 oils. These results are consistent with those of many case-control and cohort studies but should be assessed in well designed cohort studies.
Matti Narkia

Geographic variation of prostate cancer mortality rates in the United States: Implicati... - 0 views

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    Geographic variation of prostate cancer mortality rates in the United States: Implications for prostate cancer risk related to vitamin D.
    Grant WB.
    Int J Cancer. 2004 Sep 1;111(3):470-1; author reply 472. No abstract available.
    PMID: 15221981
    10.1002/ijc.20220

    The implications of our results and those of Tuohimaa et al.[1] include the following. Vitamin D supplementation should be undertaken in wintertime, a period when it is impossible to produce vitamin D by solar UVB exposure in northeastern states.[13] Given these new results, the optimal vitamin D intake and production and serum 25(OH)-vitamin D3 levels for prostate cancer appear to be lower than for other cancers. However, when developing guidelines for vitamin D fortification, many factors should be included in the analysis, including all of the potential health benefits and possible risks of vitamin D, as well as age, sex, residence, child-bearing status, etc.[14] Also, the suggestion that daily vitamin D3 supplement doses of 100 g (4,000 IU)/day are safe[15] should be reexamined. Finally, in terms of preventing prostate cancer, more attention should be given to diet, which has the greatest environmental impact on risk of prostate cancer, with animal products being important risk factors and vegetable products, especially onions and other allium family members, being important risk-reduction factors.[16]
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