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Nathan Goodyear

Endogenous fructose production and metabolism in the liver contributes to the developme... - 0 views

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    Glucose increases fructose production in the liver through unregulated polyol pathway activity.  This aids the development of metabolic syndrome.  Carb restriction is important!  It is not just about what you give the body, but what the body does with it.
Nathan Goodyear

Toll-like receptor signaling links dietary fatty acids to the metabolic syndrome - 0 views

  • Activation of the innate immune system controls macronutrient metabolism
  • the innate immune response is the first line of defense against invading pathogens, wherein highly conserved pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) are recognized by cognate pattern recognition receptors (PRRs
  • many studies have supported the idea that cytokine signaling directly promotes insulin resistance
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  • innate immune system may be causally linked to obesity
  • adipose tissue contains a substantial population of macrophages, and macrophage-driven adipose inflammation contributes significantly to the pathogenesis of obesity
  • Collectively, activation of the innate immune system is strongly associated with ASCVD, insulin resistance, and obesity, and recent evidence suggests that much of this association can be traced to a unique family of PRRs known as TLRs
  • TLRs are a family of type I transmembrane receptors, currently thought to comprise at least 13 members in mammals, that specifically recognize a variety of microbial PAMPs and trigger host cellular responses
  • Free SFAs have indeed been demonstrated to elicit TLR4-dependent and TLR2-dependent responses in several cell types.
  • Endogenous SFAs released from adipocytes activate cocultured macrophages via TLR4 [], indicating the potential for cellular crosstalk in adipose tissue. Collectively, there is a growing body of evidence that SFAs promote, whereas long chain PUFA antagonize, TLR4-dependent and TLR2-dependent signaling in multiple cell models
  • In an elegant study, Shi et al. [] demonstrated that SFAs activate TLR4-dependent signaling in both macrophages and adipocytes, and mice lacking TLR4 are protected against insulin resistance driven by intravenous lipid infusion
  • In addition to effects in macrophages and adipocytes, SFAs can activate TLR4 in the hypothalamus, which triggers a central inflammatory response that results in resistance to anorexigenic signals
  • endogenous SFAs can indeed promote innate immunity and inflammatory disease
  • This finding strongly supports the work of Hwang and coworkers [] demonstrating that ω-3 PUFAs can effectively counteract SFA-induced TLR4 activation in cultured macrophages and dendritic cells.
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    high dietary fatty acids linked to metabolic syndrome through TLR.
Nathan Goodyear

ScienceDirect.com - The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry - The role of dietary fatty... - 0 views

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    disordered fat metabolism plays a role in metabolic syndrome
Nathan Goodyear

Access : Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: Microbiota in the pathogenesis of systemic a... - 0 views

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    Fascinating read of how inflammation as a direct result of dysbiosis in the gut contributes to the progression of NALFD.
Nathan Goodyear

11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 an... [Front Horm Res. 2008] - PubMed - NCBI - 0 views

  • Adipose-selective 11beta -HSD1 transgenic mice exhibited elevated intra-adipose and portal, but not systemic corticosterone levels, abdominal obesity, hyperglycaemia, insulin resistance, dyslipidaemia and hypertension
  • transgenic overexpression of 11beta -HSD1 in liver yielded an attenuated metabolic syndrome with mild insulin resistance, dyslipidaemia, hypertension and fatty liver, but not obesity or glucose intolerance
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    11-betaHSD1 expression and effect is site specific.
Nathan Goodyear

Epidemiology of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. [Dig Dis. 2010] - PubMed result - 0 views

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    non-alcoholic fatty liver disease the result of Metabolic syndrome.  New epidemic associated with obesity.

    Scary statistics about the children of America.
Nathan Goodyear

Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease - 0 views

  • aracterized by clinical and laboratory data similar to those found in diabetes and obesity. NAF
  • We concluded that NAFLD, in the presence of normoglycemia and normal or moderately increased body weight, is ch
  • aracterized by clinical and laboratory data similar to those found in diabetes and obesity. NAF
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  • LD may be considered an additional feature of the metabolic syndrome, with specific hepatic insulin resistance
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    Fatty Liver is component of Metabolic Syndrome
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