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Alice Kim

Philippines: Many problems, some solutions, IRED - 0 views

    • Alice Kim
       
      The big problem regarding the real estate market in the country are neither the prices nor the fact that third of the year from May to September the country of more than 7,000 islands is attacked by severe typhoons. The main obstacle before the foreigners who try to settle down is put by the government. Foreigners aren't allowed to own property, at least aren't allowed to own the majority stakes in any kind of property. The land the residence is built upon also cannot be owned by foreigners even if they have special Resident/Retiree's Visa (SRRV). This visa holders although can buy condominiums or townhouses. Former citizens of the Philippines cannot buy land in excess of certain amount.
    • Alice Kim
       
      The solutions to these problems look a bit strange for some. They imply marrying Philippines' citizens who officially hold the property titles or hold the majority stakes or at least hold equal stakes with the foreigners. The major drawbacks are that such "arrangement" being strictly informal may create legal problems for the foreigners in case of divorce or death of the Philippine spouse. The divorce isn't allowed in the Philippines but technically speaking it may be done in many countries the foreign spouses come from. Many experts suggest enhancing the marriage with additional contract on the use of property in case of such events. To qualify for SRRV Visa the foreigners need to be older than 35 and to meet depositary requirements, in most cases between $50,000 and $75,000 for the principle applicant. For these visa holders the marriage to Philippines' citizen isn't a necessary step in order to buy a property.
    • Alice Kim
       
      Country profile:Area: 300,000 sq kmPopulation: 87.9 million (July 2005 est.)Population growth rate: 1.84% (2005 est.)Net migration rate: -1.49 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)Life expectancy at birth: 69.91 yearsTotal fertility rate: 3.16 children born/woman (2005 est.)GDP per capita: purchasing power parity $5,000 (2004 est.)Distribution of family income (Gini index): 46.6 (2003)Main trading partners: U.S., Japan, China, Singapore, Hong Kong.Internet users: 3.5 million (2002)
Alice Kim

Economic Problems of the Philippines - 0 views

    • Alice Kim
       
      Philippine Economy
      The Republic of the Philippines is located in Southeast Asia and Manila is its capital city. The country comprises 7,107 islands and ranks as the 12th most populous country in the world. Like most other southeast Asian regions, the Philippines too has a history of European colonization. It was a colony of Spain and the USA. The country is now home to multiple cultures and traditional ethnicities. It is also looked upon as a perfect example of a 'mixed economy'. Industrialization is a new development in the Philippines. Traditionally, the economy stabilized on the agrarian contributions and the manufacture of garments, pharmaceutical products and semiconductors. In the last decade, electronic exports added to the exports, including various products obtained by mining. 
      The economy of the nation also largely depends on the remittances from Filipinos residing overseas and investing in the homeland. However, exports are not evenly balanced by the imports that include heavy electronics, garments, various raw materials, intermediate goods and fuel. The influence of the Manila galleon on the nation's economy during the Spanish period, and bilateral trade when the country was a colony of the United States has resulted in the preference of a mixed economy over a centrally planned or market based one. It is very important to understand the shift during the Ferdinand Marcos leadership, from a market economy to a centrally planned economy, to relate to the economic recession that the country is now facing. It is only in the wake of economic liberalization and the make over from the monopolies during the Marcos era that the country is now able to apply the fundamentals of a mixed economy to remain buoyant. 
    • Alice Kim
       
      Import-Export Imbalance: Among the many economic problems faced by the Philippines, one is the imbalance of imports and exports. The negative trade is heavy and only counterbalanced by the service account surplus. Over the last two decades, Philippine exports have shifted from commodity-based products to manufactured goods. However, in the midst of the current global economic recession, the exports of electronics, garments and textiles are yet to reach a level of import neutralization. 
    • Alice Kim
       
      Decline of the Philippine Peso: The economic downturn has resulted in the devaluation of the Philippine peso and subsequently, a fall in the stock market. The fiscal conservatism strategy adopted by the Philippine government has yet to reflect a positive effect on acceleration of economic growth. 6% growth in the gross domestic product (GDP) in 2004 and 7.3% in 2007 has yet to accelerate to the linear GDP growth projected by the government. 
  • ...1 more annotation...
    • Alice Kim
       
      Reliance on Remittances: President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo has pledged complete development of the economy by the year 2020. There have been a number of tax reforms put in place, alongside extensive asset privatization. Nevertheless, Philippines' dependency on remittances from non-resident investors is large. Neighboring competitors have been siphoning away big investors in infrastructure and outsourcing. This has resulted in an uneven regional development. 
Alice Kim

Philippines: History, Geography, Government, and Culture - Infoplease.com - 0 views

  • Manila, 10,677,000 (metro. area), 1,581,082 (city proper)
  • Other large cities: Quezon City (2000 est.), 1,669,776 (part of Manila metro. area); Cebu (2003 est.), 761,900
  • Geography

    The Philippine islands are an archipelago of over 7,000 islands lying about 500 mi (805 km) off the southeast coast of Asia. The overall land area is comparable to that of Arizona. Only about 7% of the islands are larger than one square mile, and only one-third have names. The largest are Luzon in the north (40,420 sq mi; 104,687 sq km), Mindanao in the south (36,537 sq mi; 94,631 sq km), and Samar (5,124 sq mi; 13,271 sq km). The islands are of volcanic origin, with the larger ones crossed by mountain ranges. The highest peak is Mount Apo (9,690 ft; 2,954 m) on Mindanao.

    • Jooomin Chung
       
      An Independent Nation: Not Without Corruption

      The Philippines achieved full independence on July 4, 1946. Manuel A. Roxas y Acuña was elected its first president, succeeded by Elpidio Quirino (1948-1953), Ramón Magsaysay (1953-1957), Carlos P. García (1957-1961), Diosdado Macapagal (1961-1965), and Ferdinand E. Marcos (1965-1986).

      Under Marcos, civil unrest broke out in opposition to the leader's despotic rule. Martial law was declared on Sept. 21, 1972, and Marcos proclaimed a new constitution that ensured his role as president. Martial law was officially lifted on Jan. 17, 1981, but Marcos and his wife, Imelda, retained broad powers.

      In an attempt to resecure American support, Marcos set presidential elections for Feb. 7, 1986. With the support of the Catholic Church, Corazon Aquino declared her candidacy. Marcos was declared the official winner, but independent observers reported widespread election fraud and vote rigging. Anti-Marcos protests exploded in Manila, Defense Minister Juan Enrile and Lt. Gen. Fidel Ramos defected to the opposition, and Marcos lost virtually all support; he was forced to flee and entered the U.S. on Feb. 25, 1986.
    • Jooomin Chung
       
      The End of U.S. Presence and Rebel Fighting Continues

      The Aquino government survived coup attempts by Marcos supporters and other right-wing elements. Legislative elections on May 11, 1987, gave pro-Aquino candidates a large majority. Negotiations on renewal of leases for U.S. military bases threatened to sour relations between the two countries. Volcanic eruptions from Mount Pinatubo, however, severely damaged Clark Air Base, and in July 1991, the U.S. decided to abandon it.

      In elections in May 1992, Gen. Fidel Ramos, who had the support of the outgoing Aquino, won the presidency in a seven-way race. In Sept. 1992, the U.S. Navy turned over the Subic Bay naval base to the Philippines, marking the end of U.S. military presence.

      Meanwhile, the separatist Moro National Liberation Front was fighting a protracted war for an Islamic homeland on Mindanao, the southernmost of the two main islands. The Philippine army also battled another rebel group, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front. In Aug. 2001, both rebel groups signed unity agreements with the Philippine government. Frequent and violent clashes with these and other terrorist groups have continued, however. Abu Sayyaf, a small group of guerrillas that has been fighting since the 1970s for an independent Islamic state and reportedly has links to Osama bin Laden, gained international notoriety throughout 2000 and 2001 with its spree of kidnappings and murders. Two leaders of Abu Sayyaf were killed in late 2006 and early 2007, dealing a serious blow to the group. The Philippine military has also battled the New People's Army, a group of Communist guerrillas that have targeted Philippine security forces since 1969. International officials reported in June 2003 that Jemaah Islamiyah, an affiliate of al-Qaeda, was training recruits in Mindanao, in the southern Philippines. About 120,000 people have died in the conflicts with rebel groups, and more than 3 million have been displaced.
    • Jooomin Chung
       
      History
      The Philippines' aboriginal inhabitants arrived from the Asian mainland around 25,000 BC They were followed by waves of Indonesian and Malayan settlers from 3000 BC onward. By the 14th century AD , extensive trade was being conducted with India, Indonesia, China, and Japan.

      Ferdinand Magellan, the Portuguese navigator in the service of Spain, explored the Philippines in 1521. Twenty-one years later, a Spanish exploration party named the group of islands in honor of Prince Philip, who was later to become Philip II of Spain. Spain retained possession of the islands for the next 350 years.

      The Philippines were ceded to the U.S. in 1899 by the Treaty of Paris after the Spanish-American War. Meanwhile, the Filipinos, led by Emilio Aguinaldo, had declared their independence. They initiated guerrilla warfare against U.S. troops that persisted until Aguinaldo's capture in 1901. By 1902, peace was established except among the Islamic Moros on the southern island of Mindanao.

      The first U.S. civilian governor-general was William Howard Taft (1901-1904). The Jones Law (1916) established a Philippine legislature composed of an elective Senate and House of Representatives. The Tydings-McDuffie Act (1934) provided for a transitional period until 1946, at which time the Philippines would become completely independent. Under a constitution approved by the people of the Philippines in 1935, the Commonwealth of the Philippines came into being with Manuel Quezon y Molina as president.

      On Dec. 8, 1941, the islands were invaded by Japanese troops. Following the fall of Gen. Douglas MacArthur's forces at Bataan and Corregidor, Quezon instituted a government-in-exile that he headed until his death in 1944. He was succeeded by Vice President Sergio Osmeña. U.S. forces under MacArthur reinvaded the Philippines in Oct. 1944 and, after the liberation of Manila in Feb. 1945, Osmeña reestablished the government.
    • Jooomin Chung
       
      The government declared a state of emergency in November 2009 in the southern province of Maguindanao on the island of Mindanao following the massacre of a group of 57 people who about to fill out election nomination forms for a local leader who was challenging rival Andal Ampatuan, Jr., in the race for provincial governor. Officials and relatives of the victims blame Ampatuan's father, Andal Ampatuan, Sr., for organizing the attack. Ampatuan, himself a a former provincial governor, is an ally of President Arroyo. In February 2010, police arrested nearly 200 people, including both Ampatuans, in connection with the attack.
    • Jooomin Chung
       
      In elections in May 2010, Benigno "Noynoy" Aquino, a senator and the son of former president, Corazon Aquino, was elected president. He won about 40% of the vote. Former president Joseph Estrada placed second in the race, with about 25%. Aquino campaigned on a promise to crack down on corruption, which he said would help to reduce poverty.
    • Jooomin Chung
       
      Arroyo faced a political crisis in the summer of 2005, after admitting to calling an election official during 2004's presidential race. A taped phone conversation between Arroyo and the official seemed to suggest that she had tried to use her power to influence the outcome. She survived an impeachment motion in July.
    • Jooomin Chung
       
      Arroyo declared a state of emergency in February, saying the government had foiled an attempted coup by the military. She also banned rallies commemorating the 20th anniversary of the ouster of Ferdinand Marcos. Some observers dismissed the report of the coup attempt as political maneuvering to gain support and weaken the opposition. On June 24, President Arroyo met with Pope Benedict XVI at the Vatican, where she announced that the Philippines was abolishing the death penalty.
    • Jooomin Chung
       
      In Sept. 2007, former president Joseph Estrada was convicted of corruption and sentenced to life in prison.

      The government said in Nov. 2007 that it had reached a deal with the separatist Moro National Liberation Front that set boundaries for a Muslim homeland on the southern island of Mindanao. The deal fell apart in Aug. 2008 when fighting broke out between the rebels and government troops following a ruling by the Supreme Court that blocked the agreement. More than 160,000 Filipinos fled their homes and sought refuge from the violence. Peace talks resumed in Dec. 2009.
Jooomin Chung

Philippines - 0 views

  • Popular belief holds that the majority of Philippine people are descendants of migrants from Indonesia and Malaysia who came to the islands in successive waves over many centuries and largely displaced the aboriginal inhabitants
  •  
    About Philippines
Jooomin Chung

Category:Non-governmental organizations based in the Philippines - Wikipedia, the free ... - 0 views

  •  
    Sites for some notes
Alice Kim

CultureGrams World Edition: Philippines - 0 views

  • The Philippines gained independence from the United States on 4 July 1946.
  • 7,107 islands, but most of the population lives on 11 main islands
  • Life expectancy: 69 (male); 74 (female)
  • ...2 more annotations...
  • Blue stands for the country's ideals, and red for courage. The stars symbolize the three geographic areas: Mindanao, Luzon, and the Visayas. The sun represents the people's hope for independence, and the eight rays symbolize the provinces that revolted against Spain.
  • Adult literacy rate: 93% (male); 94% (female)
    • Alice Kim
       
      Real GDP per capita: $3,406
      Adult literacy rate: 93% (male); 94% (female)
      Infant mortality rate: 21 per 1,000 births
      Currency: Philippine peso
Jooomin Chung

CIA - The World Factbook - 0 views

    • Alice Kim
       
      25.68 births/1,000 population (2010 est.)
      country comparison to the world: 58
    • Alice Kim
       
      5.06 deaths/1,000 population (July 2010 est.)
      country comparison to the world: 184
    • Alice Kim
       
      total: 19.94 deaths/1,000 live births
      country comparison to the world: 101
      male: 22.49 deaths/1,000 live births
      female: 17.26 deaths/1,000 live births (2010 est.)
  • ...4 more annotations...
    • Alice Kim
       
      total population: 71.38 years
      country comparison to the world: 132
      male: 68.45 years
      female: 74.45 years (2010 est.)
    • Alice Kim
       
      definition: age 15 and over can read and write
      total population: 92.6%
      male: 92.5%
      female: 92.7% (2000 census)
    • Alice Kim
       
      $37.51 billion (2009 est.)
      country comparison to the world: 56
      $48.25 billion (2008 est.
    • Alice Kim
       
      Philippines claims sovereignty over Scarborough Reef (also claimed by China together with Taiwan) and over certain of the Spratly Islands, known locally as the Kalayaan (Freedom) Islands, also claimed by China, Malaysia, Taiwan, and Vietnam; the 2002 "Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea," has eased tensions in the Spratly Islands but falls short of a legally binding "code of conduct" desired by several of the disputants; in March 2005, the national oil companies of China, the Philippines, and Vietnam signed a joint accord to conduct marine seismic activities in the Spratly Islands; Philippines retains a dormant claim to Malaysia's Sabah State in northern Borneo based on the Sultanate of Sulu's granting the Philippines Government power of attorney to pursue a sovereignty claim on his behalf; maritime delimitation negotiations continue with Palau
      Refugees and internally displaced persons:

      IDPs: 300,000 (fighting between government troops and MILF and Abu Sayyaf groups) (2007
Alice Kim

Philippines - Wolfram|Alpha - 0 views

    • Alice Kim
       
      GDP | $167.1 billion per year (world rank: 46th) (Q1 2010 estimate)
      GDP at parity | $320.1 billion per year (world rank: 35th) (Q1 2010 estimate)
      real GDP | $176.8 billion per year (price-adjusted to year-2008 US dollars) (world rank: 46th)
      GDP per capita | $1790 per personper year (world rank: 168th) (Q1 2010 estimate)
      GDP real growth | +5.48%per year (world rank: 70th) (Q1 2010 estimate)
      Gini index | 0.46 (world rank: 94th) (2006 estimate)
      inflation rate | +7.778%per year (world rank: 101st) (2008 estimate)
      unemployment rate | 7.4% (world rank: 81st) (2008 estimate)
    • Alice Kim
       
      currency name | Php1 (Philippine peso)
      currency code | PHP
      local currency conversion | Php1 (Philippine peso) = \:20a925.58 (Korean won)
      currency conversion | Php1 (Philippine peso) = 2.32¢ (US cents)
    • Alice Kim
       
      city | population
      Manila | 10444527
      Davao | 1212504
      Cebu City, Cebu | 798809
      Dasmariñas, Cavite | 556330
      Cagayan de Oro | 553966
      (2004 and 2007 estimates)
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