Skip to main content

Home/ OLLIE Iowa/ Group items tagged Collaboration

Rss Feed Group items tagged

evanabbey

ollie1-cohort8: Iowa Online Teaching Standards - 11 views

  • 6. Incorporates social aspects into the teaching and learning process, creating a community of learners (ITS 6) • Maintains an online social presence that is available, approachable, positive, interactive, and sincere (SREB C.3, Varvel VII.A) • Creates a learning community that encourages collaboration and interaction, including student-teacher, student-student, and student-content (SREB D.2, Varvel VII.B, ITS 6.a) • Sets and models clear expectations for appropriate behavior and proper interaction (SREB D.6, ITS 6.b) • Creates a safe environment, managing conflict (Varvel VII.D, ITS 6.e) • Communicates with students effectively and consistently (SREB D.1, ITS 1.g)
    • jbowar
       
      It seems that this has become very important in today's educational world:  using data to make decisions.  We do that in face-to-face courses, so it would make sense that it would be important in online coursework as well.
  • Assists students with technology used in the course
    • jbowar
       
      With so many tools available, this one could be tricky.  The instructor has to have content and pedagogical knowledge, while also being savvy with technology.  That can be a tough mix for some.
    • Deborah Cleveland
       
      Videos are one way to walk participants through some of the technology tool issues. One trick I've learned is to try to be generic in my videos. This way I can reuse them in different courses. I've even shared some with other instructors to use in their courses. I wonder if it would be worthwhile to create some general criteria that technology tutorials need to include and then post them in a community space (Agora?) so that we could swap video tutorials. Hmmm...
    • Melissa Wicklund
       
      Technology is so important in our classrooms today.  I believe that teachers need the TPACK knowledge in order to teach content and technological knowledge.  
    • Tyler Youngers
       
      It can be difficult to address the myriad of technology issues for a course, but having a working knowledge of the technology used and knowing where to find the answer is key. Also, it is important to stay updated on new technologies so you can be flexible with the changes.
  • ...49 more annotations...
    • jbowar
       
      This is a really basic standard, but so important to remember in an online course.  The instructor has to be savvy with educational strategies and content but also with technological skill.
  • Selects and understands how to evaluate learning materials
    • jbowar
       
      With so many tools to use available, this is one of the hardest things for me.  It's important to remember that the tool just has to "get the job done" sometimes, not necessarily be the flashiest or most current.  If it works, use it, right?
    • bgigar
       
      Agreed - I am doing this on a personal computer because I cannot load software to my work laptop that is connected to the state network.
    • bgigar
       
      previous comment by B Gigar
    • Evan Abbey
       
      The criteria seems to be addressing specifically materials (such as online lessons or resources) that you might use in the classroom. Just because a resource is labeled "coolestthingever" doesn't mean it fits within your class. Though it might not be addressing technology, per se, we have to align our tech use with our objectives as well. In this case, not only do we want the tool to get the job done, but also do it in a way that is simple for students (as Barb mentioned... can't be having too fancy tools when you can't install them)
  • Has experienced online learning from the perspective of a student
    • jbowar
       
      So important!  This is one of the benefits of taking the OLLIE courses.  I have already been able to realize some things that I should change, just based on being an online student now instead of the instructor.  Great standard.
    • Evan Abbey
       
      I'm going to admit I had a similar experience. I actually interviewed for my job at Heartland thinking it was for technology integration (the positions that Tyler, Marisa, Erica, and Alex have). Then they mentioned it was for online learning. Small problem... I had never taken an online course before. So now, I was "helping lead" agency policy on online learning with no experience whatsoever. I took an online class... an awful one, and learned a few things of what not to do. But taking other online courses has helped me tremendously in being better versed for what makes good online teaching.
  • Understands student motivation and uses techniques to engage students
    • jbowar
       
      It seems that choice has a big part to play in this standard.  Having lots of tools available with technology helps the instructor to provide this choice.
    • Marisa Dahl
       
      I agree having choice increases engagement, however, as this is stated, I would rather have technology increase authentic engagement not compliance.  
    • Melissa Wicklund
       
      Choice does increase engagement and students online need to know that they have choice about how they are learning and what ways they can show what they have learned from the content.  Writing may not be everyone's strong suit and videos may fit best for others.
  • Continuously uses data to evaluate the accuracy
    • jbowar
       
      We focus strongly on data in face-to-face learning, so it would make sense that data should be used just as much in online coursework.  It might even be easier to get data in online coursework as a result of the tools available.  
  • Continuously uses data to evaluate the accuracy and effectiveness of instructional strategies
    • Sam Oppel
       
      I think of this as formative assessment. This seems to be one of the most effective tools we have for student learning.
    • Evan Abbey
       
      In essence, it is. Some people define formative assessment to be all about helping assess the student. This is about self-assessing your work as a teacher (and the teaching that you are doing). The tough part here is gathering data that allows you to evaluate effectively.
  • Knows and aligns instruction to the achievement goals of the local agency and the state, such as with the Iowa Core (Varvel I.A, ITS 1.f, ITS 3.a)
    • Sam Oppel
       
      The core of good teaching is WHAT we teach and how we teach it. Making sure we align with the Iowa Core solidifies WHAT we teach.
    • evanabbey
       
      Good point!
  • Creates a learning community that encourages collaboration and interaction, including student-teacher, student-student, and student-content
    • Sam Oppel
       
      It is very important that students share what they are learning with both the instructor and each other.
    • Sue Schirmer
       
      Yes! building the social interactions (so very important for adult learners) can easily be done in an online format, but must be done with intention!
    • Shannon Hafner
       
      I have received several comments from course evaluations that the best part of the course was assignments that allowed them to share their experience with other participants and learn from each other.
    • Shannon Hafner
       
      Previous comment from Shannon Hafner
    • Evan Abbey
       
      I think students in online classes really like the opportunity to share, but it isn't a given that sharing = meaningful experience. Sometimes, sharing is just posting and others are ignoring it (or replying "I agree!"). Creating activities that elicit good collaborative feedback are challenging to do, but the payoff is that the course is highly meaningful.
    • meliathompson
       
      This is one of my favorite aspects about teaching online. I love the team collaboration. As teachers and professionals, we need to learn from each other. No one knows all the answers and what might work for one person might work for others. I am always willing to share new ideas and would hope to instill that on my students that would be taking my class.
    • Alex Glade
       
      I think this is especially important in online courses. Teachers need to consciously incorporate opportunities for collaboration into any course (online or face-to-face), however it is even more important in online courses. A certain amount of collaboration will always occur in a face-to-face course, even if it is not facilitated by the instructor. However, an online environment places a few more limits on the opportunities for collaboration unless they are incorporated in the course.
  • Understands the differences between teaching online and teaching face-to-face
    • Sam Oppel
       
      We want to give students an experience that is even better than face-to-face. In other words, we don't want to given them less or be missing anything they would be getting from face-to-face instruction.
    • Sue Schirmer
       
      This is so important!! I get so frustrated with people who say "I teach this face-to-face so I can just put it online" Not everything is appropriate in every venue!
    • meliathompson
       
      I agree that not everything can be taught in an online fashion. There are just some areas that need to be face-to-face but yet there are others that can easily be adapted to online teaching. I think about a lot of science courses that would require lab work so that would require some face-to-face time. I took this into consideration when thinking about what course I was going to put together. I really wanted to do something with Team Teaching but I don't think it is really appropriate for an online course but it could be done if thought about for awhile.
    • Marisa Dahl
       
      I believe online learning has a lot of potential for effective differentiation. The teacher doesn't have to be the one to deliver all of the instruction. Students can have access to different tasks and resources depending on ability, interests, and work habits.
    • Evan Abbey
       
      Online learning can be leveraged in ways that allow students to access their own resources and their own learning opportunities. However, there is a law of diminishing returns here. If there are too many opportunities or too little guidance and delivery from the instructor, it can become the wild west. Every time we offer this course, many participants comment that the Cool Tools site is so overwhelming. That is in the context of a guided lesson and a guided activity by the teacher, for adults. I can see how K-12 students can easily be wandering without quite a bit of guidance.
  • Promotes learning through online collaboration group work that is goal-oriented and focused
    • Marisa Dahl
       
      Moodle offers a safe controlled evironment that fosters collaboration with other students. Even when students are working outside the walls of a school they are still can be learning along side others. It is important to embrace that feature. 
    • Evan Abbey
       
      This is a good point. It is the "walled garden" approach, allowing you a lot of freedom to learn/explore/collaborate within, but keping you safe from things outside. There are places where you want students to interact with things "outside", but those have to be well thought out.
  • Understands and uses data from assessments to guide instruction
  • Understands and uses data from assessments to guide instruction
  • Understands and uses data from assessments to guide instruction
  • Understands and uses data from assessments to guide instruction
    • Marisa Dahl
       
      For some reason my highlighting and comment isn't work so I will put a sticky note here instead.  - Understanding and using data is important in all learning environments. 
  • Understands and uses data from assessments to guide instruction
  • • Tailors instruction to meet the different needs of students, including different learning styles, different interests and backgrounds, and students with special needs or whom are language learners
    • Marisa Dahl
       
      This is important both both face to face and in an online learning environment. I believe it is easier to provide it online because they can provide so many more resources guided towards their needs and interests. 
    • bgigar
       
      It does require the instructor to pay attention to posts and requests, and to do some specific questioning of participants to provide the appropriate resources.
    • bgigar
       
      previous post by B Gigar
    • Tyler Youngers
       
      A well crafted online course can absolutely meet the different needs of students, learning styles, interests, and students with special needs, but it is a lot of front-end work. What's great about the online classroom is that you are aware that your students are connected and being in the connected environment allows for greater flexibility on the fly.
  • course evaluation and student feedback data
    • Sue Schirmer
       
      As Evan had mentioned before, especially with changing technologies, it is more important than ever to evaluate and continually improve our courses
    • Evan Abbey
       
      We'll look at improving our courses through revision more in Instructional Design (and a bit in Assessment, Feedback, and Evaluation for those who take it as well). This course will help reinforce for us the need to continuously evaluate our use of technology, including the new updates within the tools themselves.
    • Tyler Youngers
       
      I've not been in an online environment where I was the sole instructor and desired evaluations and student feedback, but I have sought this information in my face-to-face classes and found it to be extremely valuable.
  • Selects and uses technologies appropriate to the content that enhance learning
  • Selects and uses technologies appropriate to the content that enhance learning
    • Deborah Cleveland
       
      The lesson "Introduction to Online Tools" has helped me sift through some of the most popular tools and their primary functions/purposes. For example, one time I was using a wiki in a course...when a discussion forum would have been much more effective. When i go back and review the purpose of a wiki it became a lot easier to see that I had chosen the wrong tool.
  • Maintains an online social presence that is available, approachable, positive, interactive, and sincere (SREB C.3, Varvel VII.A)
    • Deborah Cleveland
       
      Building rapport with participants is so important. It will prevent participants from falling through the cracks.
    • Shannon Hafner
       
      If a participant feels comfortable contacting the instructor for guidance at the beginning of the course, the supportive attitude will continue throughout the course.
    • Shannon Hafner
       
      Previous post by Shannon Hafner
    • kathyperret
       
      Agree. Online rapport is essential. (Kathy Perret) 
    • Melissa Wicklund
       
      The instructor does need to be available to answer questions and allow flexibility (depending upon the learning group).  The instructor should take into consideration the students, their environment, and motivation to learn the new material.
    • Tyler Youngers
       
      Another crucial aspect to being an online instructor. You must have an online presence that establishes the rapport that you would typically do in the face-to-face classroom. However, I think norms must be established because being online 24/7 is not a reasonable expectation for the instructor. A set of online office hours might be important or a dedicated time to communicate via a #edchat or something might be a good way to connect with your students.
  • Communicates assessment criteria and standards to students, including rubrics for student performances and participation
    • Deborah Cleveland
       
      Setting clear expecations on assignments and assessments will help you get the evidence of learning that you need and also help ensure student success.
    • Shannon Hafner
       
      I agree that having clear expectations is key to student success. We have always posted a detailed syllabus but found students still had a lot of questions - so, we added a webinar in the first week of the course that explains the course policies and requirements and always time for questions and concerns. This webinar has been very well accepted and has reduced the value of individual questions.
    • Shannon Hafner
       
      Previous post by Shannon Hafner
    • Evan Abbey
       
      Shannon, I like your example here. This is a good illustration of how it takes multiple approaches and some customizing by the teacher to make things most effective.
  • Adheres to, models, and guides ethical behavior, including technological use (ITS 8)
    • Deborah Cleveland
       
      Including course policies is a good idea. Hopefully, they aren't needed, but in the event that an issue pops up it is good to have course policies to fall back on.
    • carolynasmith
       
      Agreed, it's better to have developed policies in advance rather than not have a plan to deal with problems if they arise.
    • Tyler Youngers
       
      AUP are important for online courses. I think they should be short and sweet and should be easily accessible in case of an issue that needs to be resolved.
  • align with course objectives and assessment
    • bgigar
       
      We need to remember this one - adding tools that do not really add to the learning is not productive
    • bgigar
       
      previous post by B Gigar
    • carolynasmith
       
      I agree the tools  must enhance the learning not distract from it.
  • Is knowledgeable and has the ability to use computer programs
    • bgigar
       
      Online instruction requires some tech savvy :)
    • bgigar
       
      previous post by B Gigar
    • kathyperret
       
      Online instruction requires a growth mindset and the willingness to improve through the use of a variety of online tools. (Kathy Perret) 
  • Meets the professional teaching standards established by a state-licensing agency, or has the academic credentials in the field in which he or she is teaching
    • bgigar
       
      I think it is a good idea for instructors to share information about their background/expertise with students to establish credibility.
    • bgigar
       
      previous post by B Gigar
  • 6. Incorporates social aspects into the teaching and learning process, creating a community of learners (ITS 6) • Maintains an online social presence that is available, approachable, positive, interactive, and sincere (SREB C.3, Varvel VII.A) • Creates a learning community that encourages collaboration and interaction, including student-teacher, student-student, and student-content (SREB D.2, Varvel VII.B, ITS 6.a) • Sets and models clear expectations for appropriate behavior and proper interaction (SREB D.6, ITS 6.b) • Creates a safe environment, managing conflict (Varvel VII.D, ITS 6.e) • Communicates with students effectively and consistently (SREB D.1, ITS 1.g)
    • Shannon Hafner
       
      This is very important early on in the course to assure student success throughout the course. Often the student is so afraid of not meeting course requirement, they just need a little boost of confidence. Once they settle into the routine of the course they gain confidence and can focus on digesting the content and collaborating with others.
    • bgigar
       
      Can't get my name to show up if I share to OLLIE Iowa - B Gigar
    • Shannon Hafner
       
      Creates a safe environment, managing conflict - Participants need to feel comfortable competing assignments and commenting back to each other. I have received comments on course evaluations from participants who stress about assignments that ask them to provide suggestions to other students. Shannon Hafner
  • Demonstrates growth in technology knowledge and skills in order to stay current with emerging technologies
    • carolynasmith
       
      This is exciting and frightening since new technologies are developed so frequently it's difficult to stay current.
    • kathyperret
       
      Agree. Technology is changing everyday! One thing I have found helpful is to develop a network of a variety of educators with different areas of expertise. We formed a Voxer group. They are my "go-to group" when I have questions about tools, their use, new advancements, etc... Twitter is also a good source to stay current. (Kathy Perret)
  • Iowa Teaching Standards
    • kathyperret
       
      I like that the Proposed Online Teaching Standards align to the Iowa Teaching Standards. This is helpful so that teachers don't feel they are being asked to do something different. 
  • Provides and communicates evidence of learning
    • kathyperret
       
      Online learning must include ways to communicate and learn with and from others (just as this DIIGO assignment is asking us to do!) 
    • ericalea
       
      Yes, great point! 
    • Alex Glade
       
      This is an important point. As the points above mention the importance of data in evaluating courses and instructional strategies, this provides evidence (data) of student learning. This data demonstrates the level of learning, which is important for students and can also contribute to the evaluation of instructional strategies implemented within the course.
  • Designs the structure of the course and the presentation of the content to best enhance student learning
    • kathyperret
       
      The design elements in online learning are essential. I'm looking forward to learning more about this and designing my course to reflect STUDENT LEARNING rather than dispersing my knowledge on a subject. (Kathy Perret) 
  • Networks with others involved in online education for the purpose of professional growth
  • with o
  • Networks with others involved in online education for the purpose of professional growth
  • Networks with others involved in online education for the purpose of professional growth
    • kathyperret
       
      Networking is a critical component of any online learning - whether it be a formal course or being a connected educator through tools like Twitter, Blogs, Voxer, etc... Learning needs to be dimensional and collaborative! (Kathy Perret) 
    • Melissa Wicklund
       
      My ISU cohort has been an essential part of my learning during my Master's program.  I believe that a cohort has been the best way for me to go through my master's program because I developed relationships with individuals from across the state and nation.  These individuals have supported and challenged my thinking.
  • Demonstrates techniques for dealing with issues arising from inappropriate student technological use
    • kathyperret
       
      It is important to build skill not only to work with willing learners, but learners who push the limits. Effective online learning utilizes effective classroom management practices. (Kathy Perret)
    • carolynasmith
       
      This is something I had not really thought about. How to deal with inappropriate technology use.  I look forward to learning how to deal with these situations.
    • Melissa Wicklund
       
      These situations are a part of my everyday job.  We have an AUP but making sure students, teachers, and staff are following through with these expectations is difficult at times.  Appropriate consequences for the behavior are also important.
  • Provides substantive, timely, and constructive feedback to students
    • kathyperret
       
      Timely feedback is an essential part of online (and face-to-face) learning. (Kathy Perret) 
    • Alex Glade
       
      Providing descriptive, timely feedback is a necessity in any course. Learning is limited without feedback. Relevant feedback promotes more learning from a task and helps to limit misunderstanding of content and/or the expectations of the teacher.
  • and understands how to teach the content to students
    • carolynasmith
       
      The "and" is extremely important here. Both understanding the content and being able to deliver it in a way that is understandable to student is essential for any course.
    • Alex Glade
       
      I believe that this has the biggest impact on student learning. Instructors (whether online, face-to-face, or some other hybrid) must understand effective instructional practices or students will not learn the material. Content knowledge is obviously important, but it does not result in student learning without a solid understanding of best practices in instruction.
  • Identifies and communicates learning outcomes and expectations through a course overview/orientation
    • carolynasmith
       
      So important for students to know what the expectations are for a course.
  • Demonstrates competence in content knowledge (including technological knowledge) appropriate to the instructional position
    • ericalea
       
      This is important in any field, and online teaching and learning is no different. Teachers must be competent in the content they're teaching in order to best serve their students.
  • multiple learning needs
    • ericalea
       
      Teaching online gives us a great opportunity to meet learning needs of many students. 
  • Applies research, knowledge, and skills
    • ericalea
       
      Diigo is a great resource to show students who are working on research as well! 
  • privacy
    • ericalea
       
      Using Diigo as we are now, in a group, is a great time to talk about privacy and positive online interactions with students. 
  • assessment
    • ericalea
       
      Again, online learning in many cases mirrors learning in a classroom; multiple and varied assessments are and have always been best practice.
  • multiple assessment instruments
    • Alex Glade
       
      It is important to include a variety of assessments. I can see how it would be easy to fall into the habit of using a couple of forms of assessments within an online course, but a variety of tools provides a better measure of student learning.
  • s ability to enhanc
    • evanabbey
       
      Sharing the annotation here
  •  
    I shared this annotation because having been a student in online courses since high school, I've found this learning standard is often overlooked. The community aspect is crucial to making everyone feel a part of the learning environment and for keeping students engaged in the learning process. I've had professors/instructors who maintained little online social presence and consequently, I felt disengaged and disjointed from the course. On the other hand, I've had professors/instructors who were deliberate in attaining this learning standard and the end result was much more positive.
Jamie Fath

ollie1 (Peterman): Iowa Online Teaching Standards - 28 views

  • Has experienced online learning from the perspective of a student
    • Gary Garles
       
      This is the part that I need to spend a lot of time on...
    • ronda fey
       
      I agree. I need to first understand the tools available from a student's point of view before I can bring it into the classroom.
    • Paloma Soria
       
      Yes, it is a very good personal experience.
    • Charmaine Carney
       
      I think that taking online courses ourselves humbles us and helps us to empathize with our students who experience problems with online learning.
    • Steve Leach
       
      Each time I come to this class, I am engaged in a riveting conflict that involves the following extremes: the fear of being a miserable failure vs. the thrill of successully participating online in a manner that I did not even know exsted two weeks ago.
    • Elizabeth VanDeHey
       
      Working as a student in an online course is so beneficial to those who will later be an instructor in an online course! I believe it provides instructors with empathy and an understanding that it will not be easy for every student and the challenges will vary with each technology tool!
    • Karen Hobbs
       
      I agree that this is a humbling experience.
    • Mari Haley
       
      I think this would be such a plus. I always thought my best early childhood college instructors were those that had had experience in an elementary classroom
    • Jonathan Wylie
       
      As educators, perhaps we should be doing more to experience what our lessons are like from a learner's point of view, and I mean online and offline. We would learn a lot from this.
    • Catherine Leipold
       
      I agree with so many of the comments in this section. It is beneficial to be attempting an online class before presenting an online class. (Or hybrid) And it is good to recall what our students will feel - the 'riveting conflict' as described by Steve Leach is something good to experience.
    • Catherine Leipold
       
      Being able to understand the issues students have with respect to the online presentations can help us 'fine-tune' our lessons. It can perhaps motivate us to search for easier programs or give ideas we can suggest to the publishers of our favorite program to make them work better. It is a humbling experience to jump from feeling like you know what you are doing to being totally 'lost'.
    • manderson34
       
      Frankly, it's fun to be a student when a lesson is engaging and hits our optimal zone of learning and challenge, but on the flip side if a lesson is poorly conceived it is difficult, even for an adult, to stay focused. It is important to put ourselves in the shoes of students in order to grow as educators. Reflection is so important.
    • meliathompson
       
      I think this is very important. One of the reasons I want to get involved in creating my own online course is because I enjoyed being a student and taking classes online. I feel like I know some of the criteria and how to navigate somewhat around an online course that will help me relate to my students. I always like to emphasize to my student whether in the classroom or adult students, that I am sure there will be times when we are going to be learning together.
    • ronda fey
       
      Being able to be in contact with the instructor (and other students) is imparative during an online course.
    • Charmaine Carney
       
      I agree, Ronda. Students, especially those new to online learning or using a new online platform, need that instructor support to avoid becoming too frustrated. Also, contact with other students helps students to learn from each other.
    • Steve Leach
       
      I am one of those students who is new to online learning. On a daily basis, I use face-to-face contact in order to succeed, so this is a very challenging way for me to learn. I am encouraged to know that my instructor and my classmates are there to help me when I have a simple question or am feeling overwhelmed by how much I don't know.
    • Karen Hobbs
       
      This is crucial. Technology is only a vehicle to learning. If the process is too difficult students won't be spending that time on the content.
    • tamela hatcher
       
      Karen, it is nice to know there is a troubleshooting area in online classes and other students to ask questions of.  It is a new way of accessing when we can't see the person on the other end.
    • ronda fey
       
      It is important for instructors to be able to use technology to better prepare out students
    • Charmaine Carney
       
      The challenge is staying current because the technology emerges so quickly.
    • Jamie Van Horn
       
      I agree, it is very hard to keep up and stay current with all of the new and better programs that are constantly emerging. It seems like the students are one step ahead all of the time since they are so comfortable with technology.
    • tamela hatcher
       
      I agree Jamie, it is a challenge for teachers to stay current on technology as it changes so fast.  School age kids can fit new technology quickly into their skill set because they have always had technology in their life.
    • cvryhof
       
      I agree the technology changes so fast that for teachers it is more difficult to 'keep up'. I wonder if we get used to one site that works and we get comfortable and we don't keep looking for new ideas or sites to improve our teaching.
    • Steven Sand
       
      With my students, we feel more of a responsibility to expose them to educational sites. The population I teach is comfortable with tech, but using it in an educational setting is were they struggle.
  • ...87 more annotations...
    • Paloma Soria
       
      I have been teaching my subject for twelve years now, but do I know how to demonstrate competence in content knowledge using technology?
  • Assists students with technology used in the course (Varvel III.C)
  • Assists students with technology used in the course (Varvel III.C)
    • Paloma Soria
       
      It is my wish that this class will help me to assist my students with technology as we move to 1:1 school, next year.
    • Steve Leach
       
      Paloma, Does 1:1 mean that every student will have a laptop or some other form of technology available for every class period?
    • jwest70
       
      I would also like to be more technology literate after this course.  While I will not be teaching an online course, I will be enhancing my classroom courses with online resources. 
    • Paloma Soria
       
      I am thinking about the importance of collaboration with other teachers and the help of the school's IT Department to help us growing technologically.
    • Steven Sand
       
      I think collaboration is very important. I'm the only social studies teacher in the middle school level at my school. I love getting together with other middle school social studies teachers and pitching around ideas of what we're using tech wise in class.
  • Communicates with students effectively and consistently
    • Paloma Soria
       
      I wanted to say THANK YOU! to Nancy for doing a great job communicating with all of us, effectively and consistently. Great example in teaching us how to create a community of learners.
    • Charmaine Carney
       
      Yes, Paloma. Nancy is a great example. I took another course with her and was very encouraged when I communicated my frustration.
  • Identifies and communicates learning outcomes and expectations through a course overview/orientation
    • Charmaine Carney
       
      I believe one key to student success in any course is getting them off to a good start. A good overview/orientation is essential so that students know what they will be learning and what will be required of them.
    • Steve Leach
       
      I agree, Charmaine. I found the "Topic 1 Pacing Chart" to be especially helpful last week. I printed it and used check marks to keep track of my progress.
    • Gary Garles
       
      Having one place with all assignments listed by due date was a feature of all my classes. I would continue thta in this context.
    • Steven Sand
       
      This is a must with the population that I teach. We have a high ELL group (many children of first generation immigrants). Have detailed explainitions, not only at the beginning, but throughout any activity or class is needed.
  • Understands the differences between teaching online and teaching face-to-face
    • Charmaine Carney
       
      I think that understanding these differences is essential. What works in one environment may not work in the other. Taking our face-to-face course work and merely putting it online may not be effective nor desirable.
    • Steve Leach
       
      As a newcomer to online learning, I believe the directions need to be incredibly explicit because the students don't necessarily "see" what the instructor sees, and the instructor isn't standing in the same room as the learner with the ability to just point at the concept that is causing the confusion.
    • Gary Garles
       
      Yes, and I had a glitch that prevented me from seeing these notes earlier, and that was very frustrating. Have to allow for tech issues.
    • Karen Hobbs
       
      Being a student in this class gives me an opportunity to experience what my students may encounter. I am presently working from three different computers and each one works (or doesn't) a little differently.
    • barb jens
       
      From my perspective, I feel that you need to be an online student yourself first before you can design and guide an online class. Being a student gives you the understanding and need to predict student needs when designing online instructions that are different and more challenging than face-to-face instruction. It initially takes more time to design online instruction than face-to-face
    • Mari Haley
       
      This is definitely something to think about. Some things would be similar, but others would be very different. I've taught face-to-face classes with adults, but never online
    • Diane Jackson
       
      I agree with you Mari. I believe it is very beneficial to be an online student first before you design your own course. I have worked on a course this year, but am learning so many different ways to present information and engage students by taking this course. I think this will make the course I have been working on more rigorous and engaging to the course participants.
  • Utilizes a course evaluation and student feedback data to improve the courseþff
  • Knows the content of the subject to be taught and understands how to teach the content to students (SREB A.3, Varvel II.A, ITS 2.a)
  • Knows the content of the subject to be taught and understands how to teach the content to students
    • Steve Leach
       
      At my school, North Polk, we are currently discussing how we teachers must be constantly adjusting the strategies we use to teach so that we are better able to meet the needs of all learners. It is not enough to know our curriculum; we must be able to deliver it successfully too.
    • andersonlisa
       
      This is so true! Quality teaching will have the most impact on student achievement - not resources, class sizes or the use of technology.
    • joycevermeer
       
      I appreciate the 2nd half of this statement most--understands HOW to teach the content to students. We must be developing 21st century skills through all content learning and that doesn't happen by using 19th century teaching methods. Cooperative learning and deep thinking needs to occur.
  • • Promotes learning through online collaboration group work that is goal-oriented and focused (SREB C.5, Varvel V.I)
  • Utilizes a course evaluation and student feedback data to improve the course
    • Gary Garles
       
      Considering my struggles with the technology to this point, anything I create would be heavily modified during pr after it's first use.
  • Is knowledgeable and has the ability to use computer programs required in online education to improve learning and teaching
    • Elizabeth VanDeHey
       
      Using technology in a classroom is only appropriate if it is beneficial to the learning process for students. Sometimes I believe it is easy to think that using technology is in itself helping students learn, because this generation tends to focus more when on the computer or with a video game type learning device. I imagine this can make it easy to implement technology without a true educational benefit for students and teachers must stay away from that.
  • Designs the structure of the course and the presentation of the content to best enhance student learning, including using unit/lesson overviews and reviews, using patterns in lesson sequencing, and using appropriate visual web design techniques
    • Elizabeth VanDeHey
       
      I think this standard is closely related to a standard in ITS 4 which brings up the fact that online learning is different than face-to-face learning. That is very true and because of that online instructors must strive to make their course understandable and beneficial through the presentation of the content and the use of various tools to enhance understanding.
  • • Continuously uses data to evaluate the accuracy and effectiveness of instructional strategies (SREB J.7, ITS 1.c)
    • Karen Hobbs
       
      I am part of our school's Biology Data Team. We are beginning to implement Data Director to collect data to analyze our student's progress.
  • Provides and communicates evidence of learning and course data to students and colleagues (SREB J.6, ITS 1.a)
    • Karen Hobbs
       
      I provide pretest and post test data to my students. I work collaboratively with another teacher to improve instruction. We always discuss methods and analyze our student data.
  • Assists students with technology used in the course
  • Tailors instruction to meet the different needs of students, including different learning styles, different interests and backgrounds, and students with special needs or whom are language learners
    • renaudr
       
      These are very important for the same reason as what I posted above.  Because students can be more bold online, it is important to make sure that they are being appropriate in their communications...and that the discussions and work stay on task.
  • • Maintains an online social presence that is available, approachable, positive, interactive, and sincere
    • renaudr
       
      I would be interested to know how other teachers do this.  I am new to doing things online for my courses, but I would like to know how other teachers tailor their online material to fit the different needs of students.
    • barb jens
       
      Sometimes I follow the forum discussions and from these discussions, I ask more guiding questions that seem to follow student interests or other sites that may support their topics for further research
    • renaudr
       
      I have found that students are more open to communication via online tools than they are in class.  Discussions tend to go much deeper when they are online than in the classroom.  I have had students ask me some rather profound questions that I don't think they would have face to face.
    • Jonathan Wylie
       
      I would agree with that. From my experience, online communication tends to break down some barriers for some students. It seems less threatening to them somehow, but this does not always apply for all students.
  • • Sets and models clear expectations for appropriate behavior and proper interaction (SREB D.6, ITS 6.b) • Creates a safe environment, managing conflict (Varvel VII.D, ITS 6.e)
    • renaudr
       
      This is, of course, good for the teacher to be able to do, but I have found that as rapidly as technology changes, often times it is the students who are able to help me!
    • tamela hatcher
       
      I agree!  When I get lost, I turn to our children or another student to help me.  
  • Selects and uses technologies appropriate to the content that enhance learning
    • James Koop
       
      This is important because technology is not "one size fits all" and you want the technology to help the learner not distract the learner.
    • patesl
       
      Yes, I agree, we must select the right tool for the right job. The tool needs to be selected after the objective of the lesson has been decided, then the tool is selected to "enhance the learning". We also need to remember that instruction on how to use the tool should be taught before it is expected to help with content learning. It is too easy to forget the content and focus on "tool proficiency."
  • Provides substantive, timely, and constructive feedback to students
    • James Koop
       
      If you don't give students appropriate and timely feedback, how will they know what to do? This is important in a face-to-face class and probably more important with online classes when you don't see the teacher each day.
    • Marcia Jensen
       
      I am weak in this area, but last summer experienced a total lack of communication in one of my online courses that really left me frustrated. I resolved to make sure my students never had to experience the same thing at that point.
    • cvryhof
       
      I think this is so important especially for those who are not sure if they are doing an assignment correctly.
    • jbrosnahan
       
      You are so right -- it's easy to get frustrated when there is a lack of communication.  
  • 4Understands the differences between teaching online and teaching face-to-face (SREB C.1, Varvel V)
  • 4 Understands the differences between teaching online and teaching face-to-face (SREB C.1, Varvel V)
  • Has knowledge of learning theory appropriate to online learning, which may include (but is not limited to) age and ability level, multiple intelligences, didactic conversation, student developmental influences, constructivism, behaviorism, cognitivism, connectivism, and group theory (Varvel V.A)
    • apeich
       
      I wonder how - pr even if - this might be different for adult learners, particularly in nonformal adult education.
    • Mari Haley
       
      This is very similar to what we already do in our regular classrooms, so not much different for online teaching standards.
  • Understands student motivation and uses techniques to engage students (Varvel V.D, ITS
    • jbrosnahan
       
      Technology can do wonders in the motivation area.  Today's students have grown up with technology and it's technology that can engage students in online or face to face classes.
    • andersonlisa
       
      So true - everyday I have 2-3 students ask "are going to use the iPads today?". It really is amazing how it is so much apart of their lives and I'm just learning and trying to keep up.
    • jbrosnahan
       
      We are going 1:1 next year - ready or not.  It's going to be a learning opportunity for everyone.  Since I teach the business classes - Microsoft Office - they won't be used as much in my room, but I'm still looking for ways to incorporate them.
    • Mari Haley
       
      Just like I said in the first section, this is very similar to what is expected in a classroom. I'm not sure how this would be done for creating an online class, other than having a variety of ways to get information, communicate and share what you have learned. I would think that those people taking an online class would have a more similar learning style.
    • Diane Jackson
       
      I've seen several instances that technology is used just for the sake of technology. It really doesn't enhance the learning. I think in an online course this hopefully would not be the case.
  • Demonstrates effective instructional strategies and techniques, appropriate for online education, that align with course objectives and assessment
    • Marcia Jensen
       
      This has been something I have had to do deliberately because it is too easy for me to keep the same sort of activities happening all the time. I took another OLLIE course that taught me various ways of doing this. It was helpful because I was having difficulty visualizing what I could do on my own.
    • Marcia Jensen
       
      I have had this experience as an online student and have included it as an online instructor. In both cases, people who collaborated worked face to face, even though there was an online option. I think as a student you really have to push for inclusion in the collaboration. It is somehow less satisfying than being physically present.
  • Understands and uses course content that complies with intellectual property rights and fair use, and assists students in complying as well (
    • joycevermeer
       
      This needs to be a standards, but there seems to be a lot to know about how one would follow it. Sometimes I think people, myself included, may not even know they are doing things unethical. I appreciate that we are learning about this throughout the Ollie classes.
    • Marcia Jensen
       
      This would seem easy, but I have found it to be tempting to skim over it, doing the bare minimum. It is amazing how much content I want to borrow from other sources, which is fine, but also how much I leave the attribution to the bitter end.
    • Jamie Van Horn
       
      It could be difficult to use the data from assessments to guide instruction in a current course because often the online course is already established and changes cannot be made. However, data from assessments could be used for future classes.
  • As a newcomer to online learning, I believe the directions need to be incredibly explicit because the students don't necessarily "see" what the instructor sees, and the instructor isn't standing in the same room as the learner with the ability to just point at the concept
  • Networks with others involved in online education for the purpose of professional growth
    • Jonathan Wylie
       
      Google+ and Twitter and my go-to places to network with teachers online, so these would be my starting points for looking to meet this standard. The majority of online teachers seem to have some kind of presence on at least one of these networks.
    • tamela hatcher
       
      Moodle_iowa must be tagged to get full credit.  You must also search ollie iowa and join the group before the drop down menu will give you any other option but "private".
    • tamela hatcher
       
      The interactive, collaboration and learning community of #5 is important as we move into the online learning arena.
    • tamela hatcher
       
      The interactive, collaboration and learning community of #5 is important as we move into the online learning arena.
    • tamela hatcher
       
      Tamela is able to respond to notes already posted but not able to post original thread.  I am logged in and can see everyone's notes.  I have changed the dropdown menu to Ollie_Iowa.  What am I doing wrong?
    • tamela hatcher
       
      I think it finally worked.  I am not sure what I did differently!  This brings me to #7...it is so important to experience online learning from the perspective of a student :)
    • tamela hatcher
       
      Just like face to face learning, online teachers need to remember to provide opportunities that enable student self-assessment.
    • tamela hatcher
       
      It is important we select and use technology appropriately with the content and not get caught up in the bells and whistles.  I have been to classes where they used Power Point and had every icon flying in with a different sound...annoying.
  • Understands the differences between teaching online and teaching face-to-face
  • Understands the differences between teaching online and teaching face-to-face
    • jwest70
       
      It's also important to be available to help students.  They will not be learning any of the important content if they are lost in "online never-never-land".
  • Understands the differences between teaching online and teaching face-to-face (
  • Understands the differences between teaching online and teaching face-to-face
  • Understands the differences between teaching online and teaching face-to-face
  • Understands the differences between teaching online and teaching face-to-face
  • Understands the differences between teaching online and teaching face-to-face
  • Understands the differences between teaching online and teaching face-to-face
  • Understands the differences between teaching online and teaching face-to-face
  • Understands the differences between teaching online and teaching face-to-face
  • Understands the differences between teaching online and teaching face-to-face
  • Understands the differences between teaching online and teaching face-to-face
  • Understands the differences between teaching online and teaching face-to-face
  • Understands the differences between teaching online and teaching face-to-face
  • Understands the differences between teaching online and teaching face-to-face
  • Understands the differences between teaching online and teaching face-to-face
  • Understands the differences between teaching online and teaching face-to-face
    • Julianne Manock
       
      It is important for people to understand how to communicate when teaching online. This is different from face to face teaching. People cannot see facial expressions and cannot hear the tone of the teacher online. Making sure communication is clear, positive and professional is important.
  • Communicates assessment criteria and standards to students, including rubrics for student performances and participation
    • Julianne Manock
       
      Students like to understand how they are going to be graded on a project. Making sure that you show them by using a rubric will help with any questions they may have later on about their score. A rubric can also be like a checklist for students to make sure they have covered all parts of the assignment.
  • Establishes standards for student behavior that are designed to ensure academic integrity and appropriate use of the internet and written communication
    • Julianne Manock
       
      This is important because students need to understand that their online course is a classroom setting not a private chat room setting. Being professional and respectful in their posts and comments is important.
    • jwest70
       
      I think it's also important to stress the use of proper sentence structure, proper grammar, etc.  Just because it's online doesn't meet texting rules apply.
    • jbrosnahan
       
      It's frustrating to see text abbreviations in an academic class.  It's something I stress - the difference between what is appropriate and when it is appropriate.     
  • to stay current with emerging technologies (SREB B.5)
    • jbrosnahan
       
      By Jan Brosnahan -- Sometimes I thinks it's hard to stay current with all the new technology out there.  That's why classes like this are helpful to bring people together with ideas that can help other teachers.
    • Barbara Day
       
      Insuring that students feel safe and included is of extreme importance when we are all learning in isolation, particularly when you can't rely on visual clues like in face to face education. Also written communication can so easily be misunderstood.
    • Barbara Day
       
      #7 is extremely important. Technology changes so quickly that you have to be constantly exposing yourself to new learning, and then you have to utilize it.
  • Aligns assessment with course objectives
    • patesl
       
      This just underlines the importance to test how we teach, remembering each students ability level and background knowledge. I think we have a special name for that, oh yeah, differentiation.
  • • Knows and aligns instruction to the achievement goals of the local agency and the state, such as with the Iowa Core (Varvel I.A, ITS 1.f, ITS 3.a)
    • andersonlisa
       
      It's so important to know the standards and teach those to our students. We can't expect them to know what they haven't been taught.
  • • Applies research, knowledge, and skills from professional growth to improve practice (SREB C.8, ITS 7.c)
    • Steven Sand
       
      I am a firm believer in this benchmark of standard 7. I feel as if I'm falling behind when I'm not taking classes to expand my horizon. Which explains my interest in learning about moodle, etc.
    • jbrosnahan
       
      You will probably be able to tell my age .... but I've been going to school for 50 years!  If I don't keep taking classes on technology that can help my students, I feel like I'm not preparing them for their next step.
  • • Understands and uses data from assessments to guide instruction (SREB J, ITS 5.c)
    • bgeanaea11
       
      Formative assessment is so important to adjust instruction to meet learner needs.
    • bgeanaea11
       
      This can be difficult and what I find most challenging with online courses.
  • Proposed Online Teaching Standards
  • Proposed Online Teaching Standards
  • Proposed Online Teaching Standards
  • These standards are an alignment of the Iowa Teaching Standards (ITS), the Southern Regional Educational Board's iNACOL standards (SREB), and the standards put forth by the University of Illinois (Virgil Varvel)
    • Steven Sand
       
      Asked this one the on the course standards as well. Are these standards subject to change with the coming of the Iowa Core.
  • Creates a learning community that encourages collaboration and interaction, including student-teacher, student-student, and student-content (SREB D.2, Varvel VII.B, ITS 6.a)
    • patesl
       
      Not only do we need to promote a collaborative and interactive situation in the face-to-face classroom, online collaboration that promote interactive activities while teaching content is very important however challenging for someone just starting to learn how to develop online classes. The tools to form collaborative situations sound great but learning how to take advantage of their full potential takes time. I think to start with I'll find one tool, maybe two, to focus on.
    • jbrosnahan
       
      In today's business world - teamwork is an important skill.  You are right when you say we need to promote collaborative skills with out students.  The online classes can help students work together while not being in the exact location or time.
    • natehernandez
       
      This one hits home with me being a science teacher. We need more scientists. We need students graduating and heading to college and majoring in the sciences. One way to capture attentiion and make science intruiging is through technology. I have found that using things like LoggerPro with Vernier Software and Hardware get students that hands-on experience that facilitate learning when they don't know they're learning.
    • natehernandez
       
      I believe in trying new things and I'm not afraid to jump out there along with the students. This year, we tried two new projects in class involving two different software programs. One of which, I had zero experience with and the other, minimal technical practice. One was Google Sketchup and the other was Audacity. With Sketchup, the students were highly skeptical, but became extremely more than proficient. Some got really good. When we went to Audacity, it jsut took a reminder that they can do anything they put their mind to. Students are highly adaptable when it comes to technology.
  • Meets the professional teaching standards established by a state-licensing agency, or has the academic credentials in the field in which he or she is teaching (SREB A.1, Varvel II.A)
    • joycevermeer
       
      I developed great respect for teaching standards over the past few years as I was required to learn all about Iowa's Early Learning Standards in my position as an Early Childhood Consultant for Northwest AEA. I observed that teachers who get to know and implement the standards have better outcomes for children. Having the credentials and meeting the standards for whatever you are teaching, on or off-line, brings credibility to what you are doing.
    • jwest70
       
      I'm new to online teaching.  What are your thoughts in rigor?  Do you find online classes more or less rigorous than traditional class?  
  • Creates or selects multiple assessment instruments that are appropriate for online learning
    • joycevermeer
       
      I agree. We need to have various ways to assess online learning. We need to do quick screens to get an indication of where students are at, but we must also do ongoing observations. There is value in both formal and informal types of assessment.
  • Utilizes a course evaluation and student feedback data to improve the course
    • jwest70
       
      I think reflective teaching, while very important in a standard classroom, is even more critical for an online class.  With ever changing technology, lessons will need to be continually modified
  • Demonstrates ethical conduct as defined by state law and local policies or procedures
    • jwest70
       
      If students see instructors violate copyright laws, how can we expect them not to?  
  • Maintains an online social presence that is available, approachable, positive, interactive, and sincere
    • apeich
       
      I work with many learners who insist that they cannot connect online the same way they do in person. It's my goal to win over some of these reluctant learners, but I think I need to provide them with many options for interaction.
    • Jamie Fath
       
      I taught a hybrid course last semester out of scheduling necessity and feedback (about the structure of the course) from students was the most beneficial part of the course for me as an instructor. I underestimated what teaching online required before that experience!
  • evaluate learning materials and resources that align with the context and enhance learning
    • Jamie Fath
       
      I know it's been mentioned above but this so closely replicates the Iowa Teaching Standards yet is so different at the same time. Remembering that learning material and resource needs are different for students in an online environment is so important! Again, wraps back to the importance of being an active online learner yourself to understand the needs and demands your students will require.
  •  
    Utilizes student feedback data to improve the course
  • ...8 more comments...
  •  
    Utilizes student feedback data to improve the course
  •  
    This is important because technology is not "one size fits all" and you want the technology to help the learner not distract the learner.
  •  
    From my experiences as an online student and an instructor, I have found these two criteria very important. The reasons I have found is that you have to think about how to describe in detail expectations that a variety of individuals may have as an online instructor. When you are face-to-face, you can be more general and as students immediately ask questions or you can read body language, you can adjust immediately. So, you have to use many previous experiences to predict concerns which students may have and be ready to differentiate at any time.
  •  
    Helps students with disabilities to understand the lessons snapped a picture of what is required of them for the assignments, or connect the subject lessons in reading and writing parts for all other students in class or online lectures. also works to shorten the time of the study. Asma Ali
  •  
    studying of Diigo, help increase the teacher in his style in the study, and may be a means of importance in a variety of teaching methods
  •  
    If you don't give students appropriate and timely feedback, how will they know what to do? This is important in a face-to-face class and probably more important with online classes when you don't see the teacher each day.
  •  
    Standards for teaching on-line
  •  
    Online Teaching Standards
  •  
    If you don't give students appropriate and timely feedback, how will they know what to do? This is important in a face-to-face class and probably more important with online classes when you don't see the teacher each day.
  •  
    From my experiences as an online student and an instructor, I have found these two criteria very important. The reasons I have found is that you have to think about how to describe in detail expectations that a variety of individuals may have as an online instructor. When you are face-to-face, you can be more general and as students immediately ask questions or you can read body language, you can adjust immediately. So, you have to use many previous experiences to predict concerns which students may have and be ready to differentiate at any time.
emmeyer

ollie-afe-2018: Article: Attributes from Effective Formative Assessment (CCSSO) - 4 views

  • there are a number of formative assessment strategies that can be implemented during classroom instruction
    • jhazelton11
       
      technology has made access to formative assessments easier (in my opinion) because once they are created.... they are usually there forever
    • carlarwall
       
      There are so many strategies that teachers can use to formatively assess. Some can be more informal than others, but they provide great insight into supporting teachers with the planning of their next steps.
  • The students must be actively involved in the systematic process intended to improve their learning.
    • jhazelton11
       
      This can be a challenging concept to teach, especially to high schoolers--- that they need to take part of their own responsibility in learning
    • bbraack
       
      I agree that students do need to take responsibility in their own learning. Many times high school students don't do this, they just do the work asked and it is up to the teacher to do all the work in order for them to learn or understand.
    • trgriffin1
       
      I have not personally done this, but data notebooks are a great example of this. I have students reflect on scores but I have not asked them to keep a notebook or journal.
    • blockerl
       
      Yes! We struggle so much getting students to self edit their papers. However, it is important for them to review what they have written and improve their skills. The more we can encourage students to do this the better.
  • With this kind of descriptive feedback and collaboration, the teacher clarifies the goal for the student, provides specific information about where the student is in relation to meeting the criteria, and offers enough substantive information to allow the student an opportunity to identify ways to move learning forward
    • jhazelton11
       
      I know that often times teacher build in stepping-stones (formative feedback) to give students feedback on larger writings or projects along the way. What happens when kids don't turn these rough drafts in on time, though?
    • Kim Foley-Sharp
       
      That is a great point. Some of my LA teachers "assign" a copy to every student in Google Classroom - this way they can monitor the student work as it is being completed. Many give feedback throughout the process and are able to catch issues and help students to fix them before the rough draft is turned in. Is it perfect - far from it - but students are getting more timely feedback.
  • ...64 more annotations...
  • To support both self- and peer-assessment, the teacher must provide structure and support so students learn to be reflective of their own work and that of their peers, allowing them to provide meaningful and constructive feedback.
    • jhazelton11
       
      I like the idea of having students create the rubric that they will assess with- it gives them buy in and ownership, plus makes them understand the expectations more clearly
  • In this type of classroom culture, students will more likely feel they are collaborators with their teacher and peers in the learning process.
    • jhazelton11
       
      I worry about creating this type of collaborative culture online... I know there are plenty of tools, but I'm worried it won't "feel" the same.
    • trgriffin1
       
      In my opinion, a key part of creating this collaborative feel is to make sure students feel like part owners in the process. They need to feel like the learning is something they are doing instead of being done to them. The potential for handing off control in the online class is greater because a student is independent, however the challenge for the teacher is to make sure the student doesn't feel along.
  • classroom culture
    • brarykat
       
      This is one of the most important aspects of teaching to me after knowledge of content.  Students and staff should feel safe, respect for others, acknowledge and celebrate our diversity, consistency, and honesty. Falsifying test results, assessments with purposeful trick questions, and threats over scores is very disturbing.  These things should not happen if the classroom culture matters to the teacher.
  • A further benefit of providing feedback to a peer is that it can help deepen the student’s own learning.
  • further
  • A further benefit of providing feedback to a peer is that it can help deepen the student’s own learning.
  • further
  • A further benefit of providing feedback to a peer is that it can help deepen the student’s own learning.
    • brarykat
       
      I agree that peer feedback can deepen the student's learning.  But I also know from experience it won't have the desired outcome without participants taking the exercise seriously.  They need to find value in helping others and listening to critiques.
  • constructive feedback
    • brarykat
       
      Constructive feedback needs to be modeled by the teacher for students to do this successfully.  Professional development refreshers and training may need to be provided for teachers to attend.
    • staudtt
       
      I do like that there are many ways to do this now. Google Docs has made this easy with commenting. Of course we can use Diigo to. There are also several voice and video tools to use too.
    • blockerl
       
      I agree that refreshers and training needs to happen for this time of constructive feedback. This would be a great PD for curricular area professional developments.
  • It should help the student answer three basic questions: Where am I going? Where am I now? How can I close the gap?
    • brarykat
       
      I appreciate McManus' statement that descriptive feedback should relate to these three questions.  Rubrics can also help the student know where they are going.  Learning progressions can help the teacher assess where the student is presently.  Descriptive feedback can be given frequently to help the student know how to close the gap.  
    • staudtt
       
      This is a great way to break down the process. Sometimes with time constraints of classes and the school day it can be tough to do effectively with students. But for the really important "stuff" this is a great process.
    • carlarwall
       
      I really appreciate these three basic questions. They can be used for teachers as they look at student work and plan and they can also be used for students in their reflection process.
  • It should avoid comparisons with other pupils
    • brarykat
       
      McManus mentions how important it is not to compare the work to other students.  This should be a golden rule, one not to be forgotten.  
    • Kim Foley-Sharp
       
      Agreed. Giving specific feedback on only that students work is critical. Learning is then more individualized and not compared.
  • One key feature of this definition is its requirement that formative assessment be regarded as a process rather than a particular kind of assessment.
    • bbraack
       
      I think at first many times formative assessment was looked at as having to have some type of quiz or quizzes during the unit to say that they were given to the students. I think more teachers are now realizing that it is a "process" to help the students learn and understand and not just something the teacher has to give during the unit.
    • jwalt15
       
      I agree with Bryan. At first, I believed that formative assessment was referring to quizzes given during a unit to determine a final grade. I now understand that it is a process for teachers and students to reflect on their instruction or work during the learning process. It is a tool that is a more powerful indicator of the learning that is or isn't taking place and allows for adjustments in instruction.
  • the teacher listens for the rules or properties in the explanations, and this becomes the focus of her feedback.
    • bbraack
       
      Listening to students or discussing with them is a good way to assess whether a student knows the information, concept or procedure. Formative assessment doesn't always have to be a quiz that is graded, it can be talking to the student and discussing their progress.
    • dassom
       
      I huge mindshift as a math teacher is that sometimes it's not about actually solving the problem but being able to explain how to solve the problem. When you get into high level math basic computation errors can mess up a whole problem. It the problem were adjusted to explain the process the basic mathematical computations would be eliminated from assessing student understanding.
    • Jen Van Fleet
       
      I love this. Art standards and instruction is also being focused more on the process rather than solely on the product. Totally different set of values and viewpoints.
  • students can work in pairs to review each other’s work to give feedback. A teacher needs to have modeled good feedback with students and talked about what acceptable and unacceptable comments look like in order to have created a safe learning environment.
    • bbraack
       
      Peer review using a rubric or guidelines will help in showing both students what is important and that the student that is reviewing isn't just making things up and trying to be critical. Having the teacher model the behavior and show what is acceptable and unacceptable is important because students don't necessarily know how to do this and might not feel their is a safe learning environment.
    • Kim Foley-Sharp
       
      This is a great way to use peer review. If the students know the rubric expectations and then can break off into smaller groups to do the more specific peer reviews. Having the teacher go over the rubric first and then modeling what the peer review looks like gives the students a sound foundation.
  • nstruction so that necessary instructional adjustments can be made to close the gap between students’ current understanding and the desired goals
    • hansenn
       
      he results could be that some students have learned the material and some need more time to learn. The teacher would then have to develop a plane to assist the students that need more time and how to extend the learning for students who have already learned the objective.
  • provide opportunities for students to monitor their ongoing progress.
    • hansenn
       
      I have seen teachers use student monitored formative assessments where students will rate their own learning from a 1 -10. One teacher used different colored cups to rate their own learning. Students would put a green cup out if they understand and a red cup if they did not
    • dykstras
       
      I commented on this above. Simply telling the students where they are in the learning process, while important, is not enough. The students need to take ownership of their learning. i used a similar activity Noel, where students rated their learning 1-4 on a google form and i used that data to form small groups the next day. I experienced mixed results as the students eventually just started giving themselves 3s and 4s to avoid small group work.
    • staudtt
       
      I have not done this very well as an educator and appreciate the feedback. The key to me would be would students be truly honest with their self evaluations. Sometimes it seems the kids that struggle the most for me are looking for the easy way out.
    • lisamsuya
       
      That's interesting, but it makes sense that most students knowing that their rating would mean small work instruction would start claiming they were fine. So, it makes me think that actual checks on the skill itself are needed to really determine understanding.
    • carlarwall
       
      I think as teachers we need to use a combination of student self reflection and teacher evidence as our guide for helping students to move forward.
    • dassom
       
      I still struggle with this element when assessing students. I may giv the may give them a quick exit ticket to see what I need to change but never give them feedback on how they did. In our learning about rubric it might actually help the kids set some personal goals to improve and I need to be better about this. I think it's important that the students be involved in determine what are the appropriate next steps whenever possible.
  • instructional goal to students.
    • hansenn
       
      Students should always know the objective of the lesson and why it is important for them to learn it. They cannot monitor their progress if they do not know the goal.
    • stephlindmark
       
      This is a reason why learning targets are so important and need to be explained and up for students to see in the classroom.
    • tifinif
       
      Agreed to both! Do parents ever see these learning targets? That again would be helpful with communication so that everyone is on the same page.
    • Jen Van Fleet
       
      One of my favorite things to do in a classroom is ask a student what he/she is learning at that time. You know right away whether a teacher is identifying/posting/reiterating/supporting learning targets if the student can articulate the goals of their learning.
  • They are able to connect formative assessment opportunities to the short-term goals to keep track of how well their students’ learning is moving forward.
    • hansenn
       
      Teachers might also discover they forgot a step in their learning progression. Sometimes I think students will have certain background knowledge and then discover they do not.
    • dassom
       
      A focus in our collaborative teams is to write out learning targets for upcoming cylces, it we could add the element of a matching common formative assessment it would help the teachers see the students learning and the unit or cylce is progressing.
  • peers are involved there are many more opportunities to share and receive feedback.
    • hansenn
       
      You have to teach students how to do peer reviews, or they do not work. Sometimes I find students will be immature when reviewing other students work if you do not set up the ground rules.
    • Kim Foley-Sharp
       
      Teaching the students the process of doing peer reviews is critical. The students can't do the process if they don't understand the process.
  • teachers and students receiving frequent feedback.
    • nickol11
       
      This is so important to provide feedback in any form not only to students but I also feel its important for teachers to use it as feedback for ourselves. In addition, especially with older students, it may be impactful to have students provide you with feedback to the formative assessment - did it work, how could it be modified to make more sense or meet their learning styles, etc.
    • Kim Foley-Sharp
       
      Feedback is critical. It doesn't matter whether it is at the k-12 or higher ed. level or even life, feedback helps us to learn and to grow.
  • criteria
    • nickol11
       
      I truly feel that this is essential in having students really understand and give them the best chance for proficiency from the start. From the get-go, students need to know what it is they are trying to achieve and perhaps a road map of how they may get there. That road map may not be specific to induce problem-solving and creativity but it will prompt their direct. In addition, I feel it is important to model examples for students that have used the criteria well, not so well and middle ground.
  • timely feedback
    • nickol11
       
      I would also include contains academic language that derives from the content area, unit and lesson objectives.
    • leighbellville
       
      Timely feedback is important. Too often we as learners have felt frustration if we do not receive feedback in a timely manner. We have to move forward uncertainly in these instances and do not know what the outcome will be moving forward. Most of us have faced this at some point. I often keep that in mind when working with students. If my students were working on a lengthy essay, then I would walk around the room and read a paragraph and provide feedback for each student during every class. Then, they can make adjustments during the writing process versus waiting to provide feedback at the end of the unit. If formative checks are not completed along the way with descriptive feedback, then students can feel frustrated when they think they were on the right track and receive a low score because they did not meet all the expectations of the teacher.
    • stephlindmark
       
      I see this with teacher now that they give assessments but don't give the results back in a timely fashion. It is detrimental to the student learning and growth.
    • Mike Radue
       
      I would rewrite the title of this section descriptive and timely feedback. I think it's that important. As Leigh points out, a little bit along the way helps avoid the big logjam at the end of a learning unit. Finding ways to accelerate feedback cycles helps students adjust faster and progress further.
    • krcouch
       
      probably the most important thing in assessment...giving feedback quickly and not weeks down the line.
    • emmeyer
       
      So true, this is one of the most important parts to the assessment, if the feedback is not timely, it is not anywhere near as effective!
  • provide structure and support so students learn to be reflective of their own work and that of their peers
  • constructive feedback to each other,
    • nickol11
       
      I feel like this can be the most challenging for students. They sometimes don't want to feel like they are "judging" or being "judged". It is important for them to realize what constructive criticism is and that is ok to give and receive feedback.
    • leighbellville
       
      Teaching students how to provide constructive feedback is essential. We have been working on this with students during substantive conversations taking place. Teachers can provide conversations starters and prompts to assist students when they are first learning how to build on another students idea or to challenge an idea, etc.
    • Kim Foley-Sharp
       
      Agree with both of you. It is critical that we teach students how to give constructive feedback. This can be done through teacher modeling of the process along with students practicing how to do it.
  • used by teachers and students
    • dykstras
       
      I think this is the most overlooked part of formative assessments. These are of course for the teacher to form instruction moving forward, but the students should use it as well Teaching students to formatively assess their own work is very powerful and discourages 'making the same mistake twice.'
    • Kim Foley-Sharp
       
      Agreed. It can and should be used by both teachers and students to reflect on their work.
    • krcouch
       
      I agree we need to use them as teachers and students. Students need to be a part of the assessment process
    • jwalt15
       
      I also agree. Formative assessments are powerful tools for both teachers and students to use to improve instruction and learning.
    • tifinif
       
      Agreed to both. Dont' forget that this information (especially in an elementary settying) is perfect to show parents,especially those who want to know specifics.
  • a step that is neither too large nor too small
    • dykstras
       
      Differentiated instruction at its best right here! "One size fits all" might work for an initial learning progression, but through formative assessments you might find some are ready to move on to the next progressions while some may need some reteaching, or at least a slower pace through the progressions. Two of our district's guiding questions are "What to do when they don't learn it?" and "What to do when they do learn it?" Unfortunately these two questions and answers might be happening at the same time in your classroom. A good teacher is prepared to do both!
    • jwalt15
       
      Nicely stated Shawn. Formative assessments provide a teacher with a real time snapshot of where students are with their learning. Ideally, all students would be at the same place in their learning of a concept or topic. However, experienced teachers know that in reality that rarely happens and adjust their instruction to improve all students' achievement.
  • Formative assessment is a process used by teachers and students during instruction that provides feedback to adjust ongoing teaching and learning to improve students’ achievement of intended instructional outcomes.
    • Kim Foley-Sharp
       
      I really like this definition. I think when someone hears the word assessment that it automatically means they are getting a grade - when in reality it is a check for understanding to adjust teaching/learning.
    • staudtt
       
      I agree that I really like the definition. I think it is something that has meaning, but those that aren't educators can still understand. Sometimes in education we tend to get a little to "fancy" with our definitions and in the end no one knows what it really means.
    • carlarwall
       
      My takeaway from this definition is that it is a process used by teachers and students. The only thing I would add to this definition is that formative assessment is something that not only happens during instruction, it should also be happening before and after instruction.
    • stephlindmark
       
      I really appreciate the words to improve student learning. Isn't that what we are all about. It is not a show where teachers are in front just dictating information for students to regurgitate but to synthesis and hold on to for future use.
    • Mike Radue
       
      I zeroed in on the word "process." Formative assessment is not a single event or a series of events. it is a process designed to provide feedback and adjust along the way...exactly what a process is.
    • dassom
       
      The "during instruction" is a huge mindshift for some teachers. Every time the assess the students they get hung up on how much teaching they have given. I give assessments just to see how much further I need to go before the class masters the concept.
    • jwalt15
       
      Many aspects of this definition provided me with a clearer vision of a formative assessment. A "process" describes the relationship between teachers and students during instruction. "Provides feedback to adjust ongoing teaching" describes the need for teachers to check for understanding and adjust instruction accordingly. Finally, "to improve students' achievement" describes what teachers strive to do daily.
  • Learning Progressions: Learning progressions should clearly articulate the sub-goals of the ultimate learning goal.
  • accompanied
    • dykstras
       
      Trying to piggyback on a couple of highlights already in this paragraph, communicating the goal and providing criteria. This has been an extreme challenge for me this year switching to standards based grading. I mean it's easy to tell the kids what the standard is, but making them understand what proficient work looks like ahead of time is the challenge. I (and our district) am trying to use rubrics to do this.
  • While evidence exists in varying degrees to support the five attributes presented, there is clearly no one best way to carry out formative assessment. The way these attributes are implemented depends on the particular instructional context, the individual teacher, and—perhaps most importantly—the individual students.
    • Kim Foley-Sharp
       
      This sums up the article. We need to individualize for our students. We need to meet them where they are at - but push them to grow based on what they need and not just canned assessments etc.
  • Students should be provided with evidence-based feedback that is linked to the intended instructional outcomes and criteria for success.
    • dykstras
       
      I totally agree with this attribute ... eventually. In my intervention process I make 'awareness' the first step. In other words, I just let the student know their work was wrong, or didn't meet proficiency. This is usually marked with a simple mark, checkmark, x, etc. If the student can then self asses their own mistakes and resubmit work with an explanation of what they did wrong and how they fixed it, I don't intervene any more. If they can't, I begin the formal RTI process, where this statement comes into play heavily.
  • learning is their responsibility
  • Collaboration
    • dykstras
       
      Big educational buzz word, collaboration. But we primarily hear of it in regards to just teacher collaboration (CTT, PLC, etc.) or student collaboration (small groups, peer-evaluation, etc.). For effective formative assessment to work, there needs to be this third layer, teacher-student collaboration, beyond just instruction from the teacher and assessment by the student. The five points in this article should be a must read for all teachers to become more effective!
    • Jen Van Fleet
       
      Agreed. Students are often left out of the conversation where they could be a part of the instructional design. Student goal setting has a really high effect size, and if they know how they will be measured, they are more likely to move toward those goals.
  • realistic examples
    • staudtt
       
      This is a tricky one for me as well. I do this sometimes to make sure students understand what I'm looking for. At times I decide not to as I don't want students to look at a model and think "ok, if it looks just like this then I've done what I need to do". At times I think showing examples can hinder a students creative mindset.
  • d make adjustments to instruction accordingly
    • lisamsuya
       
      I have struggled with the idea of adjusting instruction on the fly or overnight especially when there are 125 kids to adjust for. But, I did appreciate the ideas in the lessons of this week that talked about having a bank of activities, videos, etc. at my fingertips to use just at the right time.
    • krcouch
       
      I agree that sometimes we need to do this...I have actually done this while teaching a digital citizenship lesson when I realized they had no idea what I was talking about and adjusted it right then and there.
    • Jen Van Fleet
       
      Lisa, one thing to consider is looking at the learning targets a head of time and trying to anticipate the pitfalls students might find themselves in and how you would correct those misconceptions. That way when it comes time for that quick check/daily data, you are able to adjust instruction without throwing out the playbook.
    • emmeyer
       
      Making sure that we, as teachers, are constantly adjusting our instruction based on formative assessments, observation, to best meet their student's needs.
  • explicit learning progressions
    • lisamsuya
       
      Jim Knight recommends something similar to learning progressions, learning maps. I haven't utilized that strategy enough, but I think I will make it a goal to do so.
  • on a classroom culture characterized by a sense of trust between and among students and their teachers; by norms of respect, transparency, and appreciation of differences; and by a non-threatening environment.
    • lisamsuya
       
      I would add that it actually needs to be a school culture for students to become involved in their learning, not just a class culture. I think the annotations to this article about most students do not act responsible for their own learning support this. For students to become partners, they need much practice and opportunities to do so in numerous classes in different formats and structures as described in the first four attributes of assessments. Plus, the affective attributes of a school as described in #5 . .. respect, transparency, appreciation of differences have to also be present for students to feel like partners. That is so hard to get a whole school to exhibit these qualities. But, I submit that one classroom cannot do it on their own.
    • Mike Radue
       
      I've been thinking a lot about the student's experience throughout the school day in terms of technology. That is, most of the teachers at our school have a Google Classroom, but not all. There are differences between how Classroom is used between teachers. Point being, without a overall school culture, students experience 7 cultures a day when they change classes. In one period, they have the trust and transparency thing going on and then classes change and a student finds themselves in a more restrictive culture of sharing and learning. This is a tough task for teenagers to navigate on a daily basis. We should be mindful of this and aspire to bring our classroom cultures closer together in terms of look and feel.
    • Kim Foley-Sharp
       
      I wholeheartedly agree! This can't be something that is taught or used in isolation. Students need to learn the process of being involved in their learning. This is most easier said than done. Students have been conditioned to sit and learn - thinking that the learning just happens from what the teacher is doing in class. This whole process is a mindshift that takes some time to grab hold to be successful.
  • Formative assessment is not an adjunct to teaching but, rather, integrated into instruction
    • leighbellville
       
      It is promising that teachers are beginning to discuss their formative assessments more frequently in my building, and one teacher asked for resources to assist her in varying the methods of formative assessment she uses. Recently, the importance of formative assessments was emphasized during a Science PD that I attended as well. There should be formative (ungraded) checkpoints along the way to monitor student understanding.
    • krcouch
       
      LOve love love! we need to use assessment to drive further instruction...not just move on because the pacing guide says so. and create goals so the students know what they need to get to
  • Creating such a culture requires teachers to model these behaviors during interactions with students, to actively teach the classroom norms, and to build the students’ skills in constructive self- and peer-assessment.
    • leighbellville
       
      Creating an environment of safety and trust is important. The article mentions modeling by the teacher of the behaviors when interacting with students, and this cannot be emphasized enough. Students need reminders and modeling. Protocols for discussions should be in place, and students should be encouraged to interact with peers frequently with these in mind. The more students practice these skills the less time one needs to spend covering these expectations, but reminders are still necessary.
    • srankin11
       
      Agree!! Safety and trust is very important as students are working together. The teacher may want to consider what project(s) they start with during the school year (or semester) to build that collaboration among peers. We can learn so much from each other and that includes the teacher.
  • students’ ability to reason in increasingly complex ways
    • Heather Whitman
       
      This jumps out at me. The purpose of scaffolding and modeling along with high rigor for all allow students to reasons increasingly concept text. Let us not forget that teaching is incredibly difficult, and it truly is this that makes it challenging to do it well. But when done well, the results are amazing.
  • formative assessment process involve both teachers and students
    • Heather Whitman
       
      Often, teachers use informal data to drive instruction or make quick decisions. I think in the last 10 years there has been much more focus on metacognition. Teachers should and will formulate ideas informally. I think the key is goal setting and kids truly identifying where he/she is and communicate it in some way.
  • Remember the success criterion.
  • two stars and a wish
    • Heather Whitman
       
      I like this terminology. Through the years, we would read others writings and give feedback or other activities. I would say give at least 2 positives and one idea for improvement. I think this terminology is excellent! This definitely takes a lot of modeling as this is difficult for many. Modeling with the rubric is a way to explain how to use a rubric. This must be practiced often.
    • carlarwall
       
      I have actually planned a lesson with a teacher who used this type of feedback in art with her fifth grade students. It was a great way for students to work together and it gave them a great framework for discussion.
    • stephlindmark
       
      I like the idea of this strategy two stars and a wish. This allows for some guidance to be utilized while working with other students work.
  • involving students in decisions about how to move learning forward are illustrations of students and teachers working together in the teaching and learning process.
    • Heather Whitman
       
      This truly only works in a growth mindset classroom vs. a fixed mindset. For the students or teachers who do things just to get done or just to get the "A", this is tough and often time rushed through. It think it takes a lot of discussions about why we learn. The focus on the learning process and not the final "grade" has to be key. This is much, much harder than it sounds. It goes full circle on how to create the formative and summative assessments. Are we focusing on just the final product or the process? This is hard.
  • Learning progressions describe how concepts and skills build in a domain
    • carlarwall
       
      Many schools and districts are working on creating unit organizers for instruction based around standards. This piece of that planning is so important. The creation of the progression based around the standard is valuable work for classroom teachers to help develop and plan around learning targets. Another piece of learning progressions though is looking at the work students have done with that standard in the grade level before and also looking ahead to the grade level to come.