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MrGhaz .

Learning Better Eating Habits - 1 views

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    Look at your patterns of eating diary. Are you eating all over your home or at work? Do you sometimes eat standing up? Or whilst doing other things? All of these situations may trigger of eating. Try to eat in just one place at home - and one at work. Sit down at a table and don't read or watch TV. You will gradually weaken your wide range of eating triggers and only want to eat in the 'proper place'.
Matti Narkia

Meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies evaluating the association of saturated fat... - 2 views

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    Meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies evaluating the association of saturated fat with cardiovascular disease.
    Siri-Tarino PW, Sun Q, Hu FB, Krauss RM.
    Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 Jan 13. [Epub ahead of print]
    PMID: 20071648
    doi:10.3945/ajcn.2009.27725

    Conclusions: A meta-analysis of prospective epidemiologic studies showed that there is no significant evidence for concluding that dietary saturated fat is associated with an increased risk of CHD or CVD. More data are needed to elucidate whether CVD risks are likely to be influenced by the specific nutrients used to replace saturated fat.
Matti Narkia

The hypoglycemic effect of fat and protein is not attenuated by insulin resistance -- L... - 0 views

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    The hypoglycemic effect of fat and protein is not attenuated by insulin resistance.
    Lan-Pidhainy X, Wolever TM.
    Am J Clin Nutr. 2009 Nov 18. [Epub ahead of print]
    PMID: 19923374
    doi:10.3945/ajcn.2009.28125

    Conclusions: The hypoglycemic effect of fat and protein was not blunted by insulin resistance. Protein increased insulin but had no effect on C-peptide or the insulin secretion rate, which suggests decreased hepatic insulin extraction or increased C-peptide clearance.
Matti Narkia

Types of Dietary Fat and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease: A Critical Review -- Hu et al.... - 0 views

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    Types of dietary fat and risk of coronary heart disease: a critical review.
    Hu FB, Manson JE, Willett WC.
    J Am Coll Nutr. 2001 Feb;20(1):5-19. Review.
    PMID: 11293467
Matti Narkia

Effects of cis-9,trans-11 conjugated linoleic acid supplementation on insulin... - 0 views

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    Effects of cis-9,trans-11 conjugated linoleic acid supplementation on insulin sensitivity, lipid peroxidation, and proinflammatory markers in obese men.
    Riserus U, Vessby B, Arnlov J, Basu S.
    Am J Clin Nutr. 2004 Aug;80(2):279-83.
    PMID: 15277146

    CONCLUSIONS: A CLA preparation containing the purified c9,t11 CLA isomer increased insulin resistance and lipid peroxidation compared with placebo in obese men. Because c9,t11 CLA occurs in commercial supplements as well as in the diet, the present results should be confirmed in larger studies that also include women.
Matti Narkia

One-Year Comparison of a High-Monounsaturated Fat Diet With a High-Carbohydrate Diet in... - 0 views

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    One-year comparison of a high-monounsaturated fat diet with a high-carbohydrate diet in type 2 diabetes.
    Brehm BJ, Lattin BL, Summer SS, Boback JA, Gilchrist GM, Jandacek RJ, D'Alessio DA.
    Diabetes Care. 2009 Feb;32(2):215-20. Epub 2008 Oct 28.
    PMID: 18957534
    doi: 10.2337/dc08-0687

    CONCLUSIONS-In individuals with type 2 diabetes, high-MUFA diets are an alternative to conventional lower-fat, high-CHO diets with comparable beneficial effects on body weight, body composition, cardiovascular risk factors, and glycemic control.
Matti Narkia

Food Choices and Coronary Heart Disease: A Population Based Cohort Study of Rural Swedi... - 0 views

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    Food Choices and Coronary Heart Disease: A Population Based Cohort Study of Rural Swedish Men with 12 Years of Follow-up.
    Sara Holmberg, Anders Thelin and Eva-Lena Stiernström.
    Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6(10), 2626-2638; doi:10.3390/ijerph6102626 - published online 12 October 2009

    Coronary heart disease is associated with diet. Nutritional recommendations are frequently provided, but few long term studies on the effect of food choices on heart disease are available. We followed coronary heart disease morbidity and mortality in a cohort of rural men (N = 1,752) participating in a prospective observational study. Dietary choices were assessed at baseline with a 15-item food questionnaire. 138 men were hospitalized or deceased owing to coronary heart disease during the 12 year follow-up. Daily intake of fruit and vegetables was associated with a lower risk of coronary heart disease when combined with a high dairy fat consumption (odds ratio 0.39, 95% CI 0.21-0.73), but not when combined with a low dairy fat consumption (odds ratio 1.70, 95% CI 0.97-2.98). Choosing wholemeal bread or eating fish at least twice a week showed no association with the outcome.
Matti Narkia

Cholesterol, coconuts, and diet on Polynesian atolls: a natural experiment: the Pukapuk... - 0 views

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    Cholesterol, coconuts, and diet on Polynesian atolls: a natural experiment: the Pukapuka and Tokelau island studies.
    Prior IA, Davidson F, Salmond CE, Czochanska Z.
    Am J Clin Nutr. 1981 Aug;34(8):1552-61.
    PMID: 7270479

    Two populations of Polynesians living on atolls near the equator provide an opportunity to investigate the relative effects of saturated fat and dietary cholesterol in determining serum cholesterol levels. The habitual diets of the toll dwellers from both Pukapuka and Tokelau are high in saturated fat but low in dietary cholesterol and sucrose. Coconut is the chief source of energy for both groups. Tokelauans obtain a much higher percentage of energy from coconut than the Pukapukans, 63% compared with 34%, so their intake of saturated fat is higher. The serum cholesterol levels are 35 to 40 mg higher in Tokelauans than in Pukapukans. These major differences in serum cholesterol levels are considered to be due to the higher saturated fat intake of the Tokelauans. Analysis of a variety of food samples, and human fat biopsies show a high lauric (12:0) and myristic (14:0) content. Vascular disease is uncommon in both populations and there is no evidence of the high saturated fat intake having a harmful effect in these populations.
Matti Narkia

Review of fat and fatty acid requirements and criteria for developing dietary guideline... - 0 views

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    Review of fat and fatty acid requirements and criteria for developing dietary guidelines.
    Smit LA, Mozaffarian D, Willett W.
    Ann Nutr Metab. 2009;55(1-3):44-55. Epub 2009 Sep 15.
    PMID: 19752535
    DOI: 10.1159/000228995
Matti Narkia

Dietary Mono- and Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Similarly Affect LDL Size in Healthy Men ... - 0 views

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    Dietary mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids similarly affect LDL size in healthy men and women.
    Kratz M, Gülbahçe E, von Eckardstein A, Cullen P, Cignarella A, Assmann G, Wahrburg U.
    J Nutr. 2002 Apr;132(4):715-8.
    PMID: 11925466

    In conclusion, our data indicate that dietary unsaturated fat similarly reduces LDL size relative to saturated fat. However, the small magnitude of this reduction also suggests that the composition of dietary fat is not a major factor affecting LDL size.
Matti Narkia

The Serum LDL/HDL Cholesterol Ratio Is Influenced More Favorably by Exchangin... - 1 views

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    The serum LDL/HDL cholesterol ratio is influenced more favorably by exchanging saturated with unsaturated fat than by reducing saturated fat in the diet of women.
    Müller H, Lindman AS, Brantsaeter AL, Pedersen JI.
    J Nutr. 2003 Jan;133(1):78-83.
    PMID: 12514271

    We conclude that, to influence the LDL/HDL cholesterol ratio, changing the proportions of dietary fatty acids may be more important than restricting the percentage of total or saturated fat energy, at least when derived mainly from lauric and myristic acids, both of which increase HDL cholesterol.
Matti Narkia

Relation of body fat indexes to vitamin D status and deficiency among obese adolescents... - 0 views

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    Relation of body fat indexes to vitamin D status and deficiency among obese adolescents.
    Lenders CM, Feldman HA, Von Scheven E, Merewood A, Sweeney C, Wilson DM, Lee PD, Abrams SH, Gitelman SE, Wertz MS, Klish WJ, Taylor GA, Chen TC, Holick MF; Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric Research Network Obesity Study Group.
    Am J Clin Nutr. 2009 Sep;90(3):459-67. Epub 2009 Jul 29.
    PMID: 19640956

    RESULTS: The mean (+/-SD) age of the adolescents was 14.9 +/- 1.4 y; 38 (66%) were female, and 8 (14%) were black. The mean (+/-SD) body mass index (in kg/m(2)) was 36 +/- 5, FM was 40.0 +/- 5.5%, and VAT was 12.4 +/- 4.3%. Seventeen of the adolescents were vitamin D deficient, but none had elevated PTH concentrations. Bone mineral content and bone mineral density were within 2 SDs of national standards. In a multivariate analysis, 25(OH)D decreased by 0.46 +/- 0.22 ng/mL per 1% increment in FM (beta +/- SE, P = 0.05), whereas PTH decreased by 0.78 +/- 0.29 pg/mL per 1% increment in VAT (P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: To the best of our knowledge, our results show for the first time that obese adolescents with 25(OH)D deficiency, but without elevated PTH concentrations, have a bone mass within the range of national standards (+/-2 SD). The findings provide initial evidence that the distribution of fat may be associated with vitamin D status, but this relation may be dependent on metabolic factors
Matti Narkia

Nutritional Situation of the Elderly in the European Union: Data of the European Nutrit... - 0 views

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    Nutritional Situation of the Elderly in the European Union: Data of the European Nutrition and Health Report (2004)
    Elisabeth Fabian, Ibrahim Elmadfa
    Ann Nutr Metab 2008;52 (Suppl. 1):57-61 (DOI: 10.1159/000115352)
Matti Narkia

Multi-targeted therapy of cancer by omega-3 fatty acids - Cancer Lett. 2008 Oct 8 - 0 views

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    Multi-targeted therapy of cancer by omega-3 fatty acids.
    Berquin IM, Edwards IJ, Chen YQ.
    Cancer Lett. 2008 Oct 8;269(2):363-77. Epub 2008 May 13. Review.
    PMID: 18479809
    doi:10.1016/j.canlet.2008.03.044
Matti Narkia

Modulation of inflammation in brain: a matter of fat. - J Neurochem. 2007 May - 0 views

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    Modulation of inflammation in brain: a matter of fat.
    Farooqui AA, Horrocks LA, Farooqui T.
    J Neurochem. 2007 May;101(3):577-99. Epub 2007 Jan 25. Review.
    PMID: 17257165
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.2006.04371.x
Matti Narkia

Meta-analysis of animal fat or animal protein intake and colorectal cancer. - Am J Clin... - 0 views

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    Meta-analysis of animal fat or animal protein intake and colorectal cancer.
    Alexander DD, Cushing CA, Lowe KA, Sceurman B, Roberts MA.
    Am J Clin Nutr. 2009 Mar 4. [Epub ahead of print]
    PMID: 1926172
    doi:10.3945/ajcn.2008.26838
Matti Narkia

A Role of DNA-PK for the Metabolic Gene Regulation in Response to Insulin - ScienceDire... - 0 views

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    A Role of DNA-PK for the Metabolic Gene Regulation in Response to Insulin
    Roger H.F. Wong, Inhwan Chang, Carolyn S.S. Hudak, Suzanne Hyun, Hiu-Yee Kwan, Hei Sook Sul
    Cell 20 March, 2009 Volume 136, Issue 6, p1056
    doi:10.1016/j.cell.2008.12.040    
Matti Narkia

Major types of dietary fat and risk of coronary heart disease: a pooled analysis of 11 ... - 0 views

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    Major types of dietary fat and risk of coronary heart disease: a pooled analysis of 11 cohort studies.
    Jakobsen MU, O'Reilly EJ, Heitmann BL, Pereira MA, Bälter K, Fraser GE, Goldbourt U, Hallmans G, Knekt P, Liu S, Pietinen P, Spiegelman D, Stevens J, Virtamo J, Willett WC, Ascherio A.
    Am J Clin Nutr. 2009 Feb 11. [Epub ahead of print]
    PMID: 19211817
    doi:10.3945/ajcn.2008.27124
Matti Narkia

A reappraisal of the impact of dairy foods and milk fat on cardiovascular disease risk.... - 0 views

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    A reappraisal of the impact of dairy foods and milk fat on cardiovascular disease risk.
    German JB, Gibson RA, Krauss RM, Nestel P, Lamarche B, van Staveren WA, Steijns JM, de Groot LC, Lock AL, Destaillats F.
    Eur J Nutr. 2009 Mar 4. [Epub ahead of print]
    PMID: 19259609
    DOI: 10.1007/s00394-009-0002-5
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D status and its relationship to body fat, final height, and peak bone mass in ... - 0 views

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    Vitamin D status and its relationship to body fat, final height, and peak bone mass in young women.\nKremer R, Campbell PP, Reinhardt T, Gilsanz V.\nJ Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2009 Jan;94(1):67-73. Epub 2008 Nov 4.\nPMID: 18984659
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