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Matti Narkia

SUNARC - Sunlight, Nutrition And Health Research Center - 0 views

    "Cancer mortality rates and multiple sclerosis prevalence rates for U.S. states compared to UVB doses for July"
Matti Narkia - Main - 0 views


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Matti Narkia

Hyperlipid: Vitamin D and UV fluctuations (2) - 0 views

    "I discussed in my last post how Dr Vieth has a model of tissue 1,25(OH)2D synthesis and degradation in which the level of active substance is pretty well independent of blood vitamin D level, provided the level is either rising or stable. I think it is also worth pointing out that he is talking, hypothetically, about tissue 1,25(OH)2D, not plasma level... As we know, almost nothing is known about tissue 1,25(OH)2D control.

    By Vieth's hypothesis tissue 1,25(OH)2D is OK so long as there is at least SOME vitamin D present in plasma and the level dose not vary too much. Obviously there is a level below which you can have as much of the enzyme for converting vitamin D to the active form as you like, if there is no vitamin D in your blood you can't make any 1,25(OH)2D in your tissues, or in your kidneys for export to your blood to control calcium levels. At the lower extremes we have rickets and osteomalacia. These are clear cut, unarguable markers of vitamin D deficiency, in the absence of confounding factors (there are a few)."
Matti Narkia

How this horrible weather could give you heart disease | Mail Online - 1 views

    "We are fond of grumbling about Britain's grey skies, but there may be a good medical reason for doing so. It seems the dreary weather is bad for our hearts - worse, even, than raised cholesterol and an unhealthy diet.

    That's the controversial claim being made by Dr David Grimes, a gastroenterologist from Blackburn. He's been gazing at the sky for 20 years for clues about why his patients get more sick than those in the south of the country.

    And what he's found turns key assumptions about heart disease on their head. 'It's not diet or cholesterol levels that raise your risk of heart disease,' he claims. 'It's where you live. People in the north are more likely to be ill because they get less sunshine

    Basically they are suffering from 'latitude' sickness. The link is vitamin D. While we get some from our diet, the main source is the sun - sunlight converts a compound in the skin into vitamin D, so the amount you make is directly related to the amount of sunshine you get.

    In a new book Dr Grimes argues the higher the level of vitamin D in your blood, the lower your risk of heart disease and a range of other illnesses.

    If he's right, what we need is not diet and lifestyle advice, but food fortified with vitamin D. For years the vitamin was thought to be useful only for preventing rickets.

    So how does he treat them? 'You can do it with diet,' he says 'One Bangladeshi woman eats oily fish every day and now has a vitamin D blood level of 40. 'We give supplements of 1,000 international units (IU) a day or we can give an injection of 300,000 IU that lasts for a year.

    'The patients respond well,' says Grimes 'but what's needed is a proper controlled, long-term trial and who is going to fund that? Not a drug company.'"
Matti Narkia

Maternal vitamin D status during pregnancy and childhood bone mass at age 9 years: a lo... - 0 views

    Maternal vitamin D status during pregnancy and childhood bone mass at age 9 years: a longitudinal study.
    Javaid MK, Crozier SR, Harvey NC, Gale CR, Dennison EM, Boucher BJ, Arden NK, Godfrey KM, Cooper C; Princess Anne Hospital Study Group.
    Lancet. 2006 Jan 7;367(9504):36-43. Erratum in: Lancet. 2006 May 6;367(9521):1486.
    PMID: 16399151

    Maternal vitamin D insufficiency is common during pregnancy and is associated with reduced bone-mineral accrual in the offspring during childhood; this association is mediated partly through the concentration of umbilical venous calcium. Vitamin D supplementation of pregnant women, especially during winter months, could lead to longlasting reductions in the risk of osteoporotic fracture in their offspring.
Matti Narkia

Ecological studies of ultraviolet B, vitamin D and cancer since 2000. - Ann Epidemiol. ... - 0 views

    Ecological studies of ultraviolet B, vitamin D and cancer since 2000.
    Grant WB, Mohr SB.
    Ann Epidemiol. 2009 Jul;19(7):446-54. Epub 2009 Mar 9. Review.
    PMID: 19269856

    CONCLUSION: These findings provide strong evidence that vitamin D status plays an important role in controlling the outcome of cancer. Support for the UVB-vitamin D-cancer theory is now scientifically strong enough to warrant use of vitamin D in cancer prevention, and as a component of treatment. More research studies would help to explore whether there are benefits beyond the substantial effects that have been observed.
Matti Narkia

Seasonality of UV-radiation and vitamin D status at 69 degrees north. - Photochem Photo... - 1 views

    Seasonality of UV-radiation and vitamin D status at 69 degrees north.
    Brustad M, Edvardsen K, Wilsgaard T, Engelsen O, Aksnes L, Lund E.
    Photochem Photobiol Sci. 2007 Aug;6(8):903-8. Epub 2007 Jun 27.
    PMID: 17668121

    The generally high dietary intakes of vitamin D, especially in winter, mask largely the effect of seasonal variation in UV-exposure, causing an atypical seasonal variation in vitamin D status. The UV-hour variable significantly predicted 25(OH)D levels in blood when adjusted for intakes and artificial UV-radiation exposure and sun holidays abroad.
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D effective ultraviolet wavelengths due to scattering in shade - ScienceDirect ... - 0 views

    Vitamin D effective ultraviolet wavelengths due to scattering in shade.
    Turnbull DJ, Parisi AV, Kimlin MG.
    J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2005 Sep;96(5):431-6. Epub 2005 Jul 6.
    PMID: 16005208
Matti Narkia

Decreased bioavailability of vitamin D in obesity -- Wortsman et al. 72 (3): 690 -- Ame... - 0 views

    Decreased bioavailability of vitamin D in obesity.
    Wortsman J, Matsuoka LY, Chen TC, Lu Z, Holick MF.
    Am J Clin Nutr. 2000 Sep;72(3):690-3. Erratum in: Am J Clin Nutr. 2003 May;77(5):1342.
    PMID: 10966885

    Conclusions: Obesity-associated vitamin D insufficiency is likely due to the decreased bioavailability of vitamin D3 from cutaneous and dietary sources because of its deposition in body fat compartments.
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D deficiency is the cause of common obesity - 0 views

    Vitamin D deficiency is the cause of common obesity.
    Foss YJ.
    Med Hypotheses. 2009 Mar;72(3):314-21. Epub 2008 Dec 2.
    PMID: 19054627

    Common obesity and the metabolic syndrome may therefore result from an anomalous adaptive winter response. The stimulus for the winter response is proposed to be a fall in vitamin D. The synthesis of vitamin D is dependent upon the absorption of radiation in the ultraviolet-B range of sunlight. At ground level at mid-latitudes, UV-B radiation falls in the autumn and becomes negligible in winter. It has previously been proposed that vitamin D evolved in primitive organisms as a UV-B sensitive photoreceptor with the function of signaling changes in sunlight intensity. It is here proposed that a fall in vitamin D in the form of circulating calcidiol is the stimulus for the winter response, which consists of an accumulation of fat mass (obesity) and the induction of a winter metabolism (the metabolic syndrome). Vitamin D deficiency can account for the secular trends in the prevalence of obesity and for individual differences in its onset and severity. It may be possible to reverse the increasing prevalence of obesity by improving vitamin D status.
Matti Narkia

Hyperlipid: Vitamin D and UV fluctuations - 0 views

    "Under year round UV exposure conditions (low latitudes, broken line, "High UV") there is no association between 25(OH)D and either prostate or pancreatic cancer. At high latitudes (Solid line, "Low UV") there is a positive association between blood levels of 25(OH)D and these cancers. The average year round levels of 25(OH)D actually tend to be higher in northern latitudes, higher than those where there is year-round solar UVB.

    Vieth explains that we know almost nothing about the enzymes controlling tissue 1,25(OH)2D levels and much of his discussion is extrapolated from renal enzyme activity."
Matti Narkia | "D" is for Doping - 0 views

    "In 1927 a controversy arose in the athletic world.

    The German Swimmers' Association had decided to use a sunlamp on their athletes to boost performance. Some felt this ultraviolet irradiation constituted "athletic unfairness."

    In other words, doping."
Matti Narkia

Questions about vitamin D - The Globe and Mail - 0 views

    "This is not one of our usual hour-long live discussions. Rather, this is an online question-and-answer session. Your questions and Dr. Vieth's answers will appear at the bottom of this page after 1 p.m. EDT today."
Matti Narkia

Evo and Proud: African Americans and vitamin D - 0 views

    "It's well known that African Americans have low levels of vitamin D in their blood. In fact, this seems to be generally true for humans of tropical origin. In a study from Hawaii, vitamin D status was assessed in healthy, visibly tanned young adults who averaged 22.4 hours per week of unprotected sun exposure. Yet 51% had levels below the current recommended minimum of 75 nmol/L (Binkley et al., 2007). In a study from south India, levels below 50 nmol/L were found in 44% of the men and 70% of the women. The subjects are described as "agricultural workers starting their day at 0800 and working outdoors until 1700 with their face, chest, back, legs, arms, and forearms exposed to sunlight" (Harinarayan et al., 2007). In a study from Saudi Arabia, levels below 25 nmol/L were found in respectively 35%, 45%, 53%, and 50% of normal male university students of Saudi, Jordanian, Egyptian, and other origins (Sedrani, 1984)."
Matti Narkia

Relationship between low ultraviolet B irradiance and higher breast cancer risk in 107 ... - 0 views

    Relationship between low ultraviolet B irradiance and higher breast cancer risk in 107 countries.
    Mohr SB, Garland CF, Gorham ED, Grant WB, Garland FC.
    Breast J. 2008 May-Jun;14(3):255-60. Epub 2008 Apr 17.
    PMID: 18422861
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1524-4741.2008.00571.x

    There was a protective effect of UVB irradiance on risk of breast cancer that was independent of fertility rate, proportion of the population overweight, alcohol intake, animal energy intake, and other covariates.
Matti Narkia

A multicountry ecologic study of risk and risk reduction factors for prostate cancer mo... - 0 views

    A multicountry ecologic study of risk and risk reduction factors for prostate cancer mortality.
    Grant WB.
    Eur Urol. 2004 Mar;45(3):271-9.
    PMID: 15036670

    CONCLUSIONS: These results are consistent with insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), being an important risk factor for prostate cancer, with alcohol and calcium being less important risk factors, and with allium family vegetables, and, to a lesser extent, vitamin D being important risk reduction factors. These results should provide guidance for additional studies on dietary and environmental links to prostate cancer.
Matti Narkia

Explaining multiple sclerosis prevalence by ultraviolet exposure: a geospatial analysis... - 0 views

    Explaining multiple sclerosis prevalence by ultraviolet exposure: a geospatial analysis.
    Beretich B, Beretich T.
    Mult Scler. 2009 Aug;15(8):891-8.
    PMID: 19667017
    DOI: 10.1177/1352458509105579


    This analysis suggests a strong association between UV radiation and MS distribution, and an increase in risk for MS in those areas with a low UVI.
Matti Narkia

The Association of Solar Ultraviolet B (UVB) with Reducing Risk of Cancer: Multifactori... - 0 views

    The association of solar ultraviolet B (UVB) with reducing risk of cancer: multifactorial ecologic analysis of geographic variation in age-adjusted cancer mortality rates.
    Grant WB, Garland CF.
    Anticancer Res. 2006 Jul-Aug;26(4A):2687-99.
    PMID: 16886679

    CONCLUSION: These results provide additional support for the hypothesis that solar UVB, through photosynthesis of vitamin D, is inversely-associated with cancer mortality rates, and that various other cancer risk-modifying factors do not detract from this link. It is thought that sun avoidance practices after 1980, along with improved cancer treatment, led to reduced associations in the latter period. The results regarding solar UVB should be studied further with additional observational and intervention studies of vitamin D indices and cancer incidence, mortality and survival rates.
Matti Narkia

Are sunlight deprivation and influenza epidemics associated with the onset of acute leu... - 0 views

    Are sunlight deprivation and influenza epidemics associated with the onset of acute leukemia?
    Timonen T, Näyhä S, Koskela T, Pukkala E.
    Haematologica. 2007 Nov;92(11):1553-6.
    PMID: 18024404

    Month of diagnosis of 7,423 cases of acute leukemia (AL) in Finland during 1964-2003 were linked with data on influenza and solar radiation. Acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) showed the highest risk in the dark season. During the light season, the incidence decreased by 58% (95% confidence interval, 16-79%) per 1,000 kJ/m2/d increase of solar radiation. Independent of solar radiation, AML increased by 9% (95% confidence interval, 0-19%) during influenza epidemics. Reoccurring at the same time annually, darkness-related vitamin D deficiency and influenza could cause successive and co-operative mutations leading to AL with a short latency.
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