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Matti Narkia

Arch Ophthalmol -- Cigarette Smoking, Fish Consumption, Omega-3 Fatty Acid Intake, and ... - 0 views

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    Cigarette smoking, fish consumption, omega-3 fatty acid intake, and associations with age-related macular degeneration: the US Twin Study of Age-Related Macular Degeneration.
    Seddon JM, George S, Rosner B.
    Arch Ophthalmol. 2006 Jul;124(7):995-1001.
    PMID: 16832023

    Conclusions This study of twins provides further evidence that cigarette smoking increases risk while fish consumption and omega-3 fatty acid intake reduce risk of AMD
Matti Narkia

Intake of Fish and n3 Fatty Acids and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease Among Japanese: Th... - 0 views

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    Intake of fish and n3 fatty acids and risk of coronary heart disease among Japanese: the Japan Public Health Center-Based (JPHC) Study Cohort I.
    Iso H, Kobayashi M, Ishihara J, Sasaki S, Okada K, Kita Y, Kokubo Y, Tsugane S; JPHC Study Group.
    Circulation. 2006 Jan 17;113(2):195-202. Epub 2006 Jan 9.
    PMID: 16401768
    doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.105.581355

    Conclusions- Compared with a modest fish intake of once a week or &20 g/d, a higher intake was associated with substantially reduced risk of coronary heart disease, primarily nonfatal cardiac events, among middle-aged persons
Matti Narkia

High dietary methionine intake increases the risk of acute coronary events in middle-ag... - 0 views

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    High dietary methionine intake increases the risk of acute coronary events in middle-aged men.
    Virtanen JK, Voutilainen S, Rissanen TH, Happonen P, Mursu J, Laukkanen JA, Poulsen H, Lakka TA, Salonen JT.
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2006 Mar;16(2):113-20. Epub 2005 Nov 2.
    PMID: 16487911
    doi:10.1016/j.numecd.2005.05.005

    Conclusions
    The main finding of this study is that long-term, moderately high dietary methionine intake may increase the risk of acute coronary events in middle-aged Finnish men free of prior CHD. More prospective research is needed to confirm the role of dietary methionine in the development of CVD, and whether its effects are independent of homocysteine.
Matti Narkia

Fatty fish and fish omega-3 fatty acid intakes decrease the breast cancer risk: a case-... - 0 views

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    Fatty fish and fish omega-3 fatty acid intakes decrease the breast cancer risk: a case-control study.
    Kim J, Lim SY, Shin A, Sung MK, Ro J, Kang HS, Lee KS, Kim SW, Lee ES.
    BMC Cancer. 2009 Jun 30;9:216.
    PMID: 19566923
    doi: 10.1186/1471-2407-9-216

    Conclusion
    These results suggest that high consumption of fatty fish is associated with a reduced risk for breast cancer, and that the intake of omega-3 fatty acids from fish is inversely associated with postmenopausal breast cancer risk
Matti Narkia

A comparison of egg consumption with other modifiable coronary heart disease lifestyle ... - 0 views

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    A comparison of egg consumption with other modifiable coronary heart disease lifestyle risk factors: a relative risk apportionment study.
    Barraj L, Tran N, Mink P.
    Risk Anal. 2009 Mar;29(3):401-15. Epub 2008 Nov 4.
    PMID: 19000074
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1539-6924.2008.01149.x

    Guidelines from the American Heart Association (AHA) recommend that healthy adults limit their intake of dietary cholesterol to less than 300 mg per day. Since a large egg contains about 71% of that amount, the AHA recommends restricting egg consumption unless dietary cholesterol intakes from other sources are limited. We applied a risk apportionment approach to estimate the contribution of egg consumption and other modifiable lifestyle risk factors (e.g., smoking, poor diet, minimal exercise, and alcohol intake) to coronary heart disease (CHD) risk at the population level. Specifically, we categorized the U.S. adult population ages 25+ into distinct risk groups based on the prevalence of modifiable lifestyle risk factors and applied an apportionment model, typically used to assess risk contribution at the individual level, to estimate the contribution of egg intake to CHD risk. Our analysis shows that the combination of modifiable lifestyle risk factors accounts for less than 40% of the population CHD mortality. For the majority of U.S. adults age 25+, consuming one egg a day accounts for <1% of CHD risk. Hence, focusing on decreasing egg intake as an approach to modify CHD risk would be expected to yield minimal results relative to changing other behaviors such as smoking and other dietary habits.
Matti Narkia

Meat, eggs, dairy products, and risk of breast cancer in the European Prospective Inves... - 0 views

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    Meat, eggs, dairy products, and risk of breast cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort.
    Pala V, Krogh V, Berrino F, Sieri S, Grioni S, Tjønneland A, Olsen A, Jakobsen MU, Overvad K, Clavel-Chapelon F, Boutron-Ruault MC, Romieu I, Linseisen J, Rohrmann S, Boeing H, Steffen A, Trichopoulou A, Benetou V, Naska A, Vineis P, Tumino R, Panico S, Masala G, Agnoli C, Engeset D, Skeie G, Lund E, Ardanaz E, Navarro C, Sánchez MJ, Amiano P, Svatetz CA, Rodriguez L, Wirfält E, Manjer J, Lenner P, Hallmans G, Peeters PH, van Gils CH, Bueno-de-Mesquita HB, van Duijnhoven FJ, Key TJ, Spencer E, Bingham S, Khaw KT, Ferrari P, Byrnes G, Rinaldi S, Norat T, Michaud DS, Riboli E.
    Am J Clin Nutr. 2009 Sep;90(3):602-12. Epub 2009 Jun 2.
    PMID: 19491385
    doi:10.3945/ajcn.2008.27173

    Conclusions: We have not consistently identified intakes of meat, eggs, or dairy products as risk factors for breast cancer. Future studies should investigate the possible role of high-temperature cooking in the relation of red meat intake with breast cancer risk.
Matti Narkia

Meat and egg consumption and risk of breast cancer among Chinese women. - Cancer Causes... - 0 views

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    Meat and egg consumption and risk of breast cancer among Chinese women.
    Zhang CX, Ho SC, Chen YM, Lin FY, Fu JH, Cheng SZ.
    Cancer Causes Control. 2009 Jun 17. [Epub ahead of print]
    PMID: 19533390

    Conclusions This study suggested that processed meat intake was associated with a possible increased risk of breast cancer. There was no significant association between consumption of total and red meat, poultry, fish, or egg with breast cancer risk
Matti Narkia

Egg consumption in relation to cardiovascular disease and mortality: the Phys... - 0 views

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    Egg consumption in relation to cardiovascular disease and mortality: the Physicians' Health Study.
    Djoussé L, Gaziano JM.
    Am J Clin Nutr. 2008 Apr;87(4):964-9.
    PMID: 18400720

    Results: In an average follow-up of 20 y, 1550 new myocardial infarctions (MIs), 1342 incident strokes, and 5169 deaths occurred. Egg consumption was not associated with incident MI or stroke in a multivariate Cox regression. In contrast, adjusted hazard ratios (95% CI) for mortality were 1.0 (reference), 0.94 (0.87, 1.02), 1.03 (0.95, 1.11), 1.05 (0.93, 1.19), and 1.23 (1.11, 1.36) for the consumption of <1, 1>< 0.0001). This association was stronger among diabetic subjects, in whom the risk of death in a comparison of the highest with the lowest category of egg consumption was twofold (hazard ratio: 2.01; 95% CI: 1.26, 3.20; P for interaction = 0.09).

    Conclusions: Infrequent egg consumption does not seem to influence the risk of CVD in male physicians. In addition, egg consumption was positively related to mortality, more strongly so in diabetic subjects, in the study population.
Matti Narkia

Egg consumption in relation to cardiovascular disease and mortality: the story gets mor... - 0 views

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    Egg consumption in relation to cardiovascular disease and mortality: the story gets more complex.
    Eckel RH.
    Am J Clin Nutr. 2008 Apr;87(4):799-800.
    PMID: 1840069
Matti Narkia

Egg Consumption and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes in Men and Women - Diabetes Care - 0 views

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    Egg consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes in men and women.
    Djoussé L, Gaziano JM, Buring JE, Lee IM.
    Diabetes Care. 2009 Feb;32(2):295-300. Epub 2008 Nov 18.
    PMID: 1901777
    doi: 10.2337/dc08-1271

    RESULTS-During mean follow-up of 20.0 years in men and 11.7 years in women, 1,921 men and 2,112 women developed type 2 diabetes. Compared with no egg consumption, multivariable adjusted hazard ratios for type 2 diabetes were 1.09 (95% CI 0.87-1.37), 1.09 (0.88-1.34), 1.18 (0.95-1.45), 1.46 (1.14-1.86), and 1.58 (1.25-2.01) for consumption of <1, 1><0.0001). hazard multivariable women ratios 1 were for corresponding><0.0001).

    CONCLUSIONS-These data suggest that high levels of egg consumption (daily) are associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes in men and women. Confirmation of these findings in other populations is warranted.
Matti Narkia

JAMA -- A Prospective Study of Egg Consumption and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in Me... - 0 views

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    A prospective study of egg consumption and risk of cardiovascular disease in men and women.
    Hu FB, Stampfer MJ, Rimm EB, Manson JE, Ascherio A, Colditz GA, Rosner BA, Spiegelman D, Speizer FE, Sacks FM, Hennekens CH, Willett WC.
    JAMA. 1999 Apr 21;281(15):1387-94.
    PMID: 10217054

    Results We documented 866 incident cases of CHD and 258 incident cases of stroke in men during 8 years of follow-up and 939 incident cases of CHD and 563 incident cases of stroke in women during 14 years of follow-up. After adjustment for age, smoking, and other potential CHD risk factors, we found no evidence of an overall significant association between egg consumption and risk of CHD or stroke in either men or women. The relative risks (RRs) of CHD across categories of intake were less than 1 per week (1.0), 1 per week (1.06), 2 to 4 per week (1.12), 5 to 6 per week (0.90), and >=1 per day (1.08) (P for trend=.75) for men; and less than 1 per week (1.0), 1 per week (0.82), 2 to 4 per week (0.99), 5 to 6 per week (0.95), and >=1 per day (0.82) (P for trend=.95) for women. In subgroup analyses, higher egg consumption appeared to be associated with increased risk of CHD only among diabetic subjects (RR of CHD comparing more than 1 egg per day with less than 1 egg per week among diabetic men, 2.02 [95% confidence interval, 1.05-3.87; P for trend=.04], and among diabetic women, 1.49 [0.88-2.52; P for trend=.008]).

    Conclusions These findings suggest that consumption of up to 1 egg per day is unlikely to have substantial overall impact on the risk of CHD or stroke among healthy men and women. The apparent increased risk of CHD associated with higher egg consumption among diabetic participants warrants further research.
Matti Narkia

High salt intake boosts stroke, CVD risk - theheart.org - 0 views

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    "November 25, 2009 | Susan Jeffrey

    Naples, Italy - A new meta-analysis confirms that high salt intake is associated with increased risks of stroke and total cardiovascular disease (CVD) [1].

    The pooled relative risk showed that an average difference of about 5 g of salt per day was associated with a 23% increased risk of stroke, the researchers report, and a 17% increase in CVD risk. The average habitual salt intake in most Western countries is 10 g per day, double the level currently recommended by the World Health Organization.

    "Given that the case-fatality rate for stroke is estimated at one in three, and that for total cardiovascular disease at one in five, a 23% reduction in the rate of stroke and a 17% overall reduction in the rate of cardiovascular disease attributable to a reduction in population salt intake could avert some one and a quarter million deaths from stroke, and almost three million deaths from cardiovascular disease each year," the researchers, with lead author Dr Pasquale Strazzullo (University of Naples Medical School, Italy), conclude.

    Moreover, because of some imprecision in salt-intake measurements in these cohort studies, the actual effects are likely to be underestimated, they add.

    The study was published online November 24, 2009 in the British Medical Journal."
Matti Narkia

Fatty acid intake and the risk of community-acquired pneumonia in US women - 0 views

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    Fatty acid intake and the risk of community-acquired pneumonia in U.S. women.
    Alperovich M, Neuman MI, Willett WC, Curhan GC.
    Nutrition. 2007 Mar;23(3):196-202. Epub 2007 Jan 22.
    PMID: 17236748
    doi: 10.1016/j.nut.2006.11.007.

    Conclusions
    Fatty acid intake may affect the risk of community-acquired pneumonia in young and middle-aged women. Higher dietary intake of palmitic acid and possibly DHA and EPA may increase the risk of community-acquired pneumonia in women while higher oleic acid intake may decrease the risk.
Matti Narkia

Margarine intake and subsequent coronary heart disease in men. - [Epidemiology. 1997] -... - 0 views

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    Gillman MW, Cupples LA, Gagnon D, Millen BE, Ellison RC, Castelli WP.
    Margarine intake and subsequent coronary heart disease in men. Epidemiology. 1997
    Mar;8(2):144-9. PubMed PMID: 9229205
Matti Narkia

Intake of vitamin D and risk of type 1 diabetes: a birth-cohort study : The Lancet - 0 views

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    Intake of vitamin D and risk of type 1 diabetes: a birth-cohort study.
    Hyppönen E, Läärä E, Reunanen A, Järvelin MR, Virtanen SM.
    Lancet. 2001 Nov 3;358(9292):1500-3.
    PMID: 11705562
    doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(01)06580-1

    INTERPRETATION: Dietary vitamin D supplementation is associated with reduced risk of type 1 diabetes. Ensuring adequate vitamin D supplementation for infants could help to reverse the increasing trend in the incidence of type 1 diabetes.
roger smith

Study suggests protein intake linked to heart attack and stroke in normal people. - 0 views

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    Increased protein intake linked to heart attack and stroke in normal people
Matti Narkia

Dietary magnesium intake is related to metabolic syndrome in older Americans. - Eur J N... - 0 views

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    Dietary magnesium intake is related to metabolic syndrome in older Americans.
    McKeown NM, Jacques PF, Zhang XL, Juan W, Sahyoun NR.
    Eur J Nutr. 2008 Jun;47(4):210-6. Epub 2008 Jun 16.
    PMID: 18560789
    DOI: 10.1007/s00394-008-0715-x
Matti Narkia

Fish consumption and risk of major chronic disease in men. - Am J Clin Nutr. 2008 Dec - 0 views

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    Fish consumption and risk of major chronic disease in men.
    Virtanen JK, Mozaffarian D, Chiuve SE, Rimm EB.
    Am J Clin Nutr. 2008 Dec;88(6):1618-25.
    PMID: 19064523
    doi:10.3945/ajcn.2007.25816

    Conclusions: Modest fish consumption was associated with a lower risk of total cardiovascular disease, consistent with cardiac mortality benefits but not with total cancer or overall major chronic disease; n-6 fatty acid consumption did not influence these relations.

Matti Narkia

A 22-y prospective study of fish intake in relation to prostate cancer incidence and mo... - 0 views

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    A 22-y prospective study of fish intake in relation to prostate cancer incidence and mortality.
    Chavarro JE, Stampfer MJ, Hall MN, Sesso HD, Ma J.
    Am J Clin Nutr. 2008 Nov;88(5):1297-303.
    PMID: 18996866

    Conclusion: These results suggest that fish intake is unrelated to prostate cancer incidence but may improve prostate cancer survival.

Matti Narkia

Egg consumption and coronary heart disease: an epidemiologic overview. - J Am Coll Nutr... - 0 views

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    Egg consumption and coronary heart disease: an epidemiologic overview.
    Kritchevsky SB, Kritchevsky D.
    J Am Coll Nutr. 2000 Oct;19(5 Suppl):549S-555S. Review.
    PMID: 11023006

    When dietary confounders were considered, no association was seen between egg consumption at levels up to 1 + egg per day and the risk of coronary heart disease in non-diabetic men and women.
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