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Matti Narkia

Meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies evaluating the association of saturated fat... - 2 views

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    Meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies evaluating the association of saturated fat with cardiovascular disease.
    Siri-Tarino PW, Sun Q, Hu FB, Krauss RM.
    Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 Jan 13. [Epub ahead of print]
    PMID: 20071648
    doi:10.3945/ajcn.2009.27725

    Conclusions: A meta-analysis of prospective epidemiologic studies showed that there is no significant evidence for concluding that dietary saturated fat is associated with an increased risk of CHD or CVD. More data are needed to elucidate whether CVD risks are likely to be influenced by the specific nutrients used to replace saturated fat.
Matti Narkia

The hypoglycemic effect of fat and protein is not attenuated by insulin resistance -- L... - 0 views

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    The hypoglycemic effect of fat and protein is not attenuated by insulin resistance.
    Lan-Pidhainy X, Wolever TM.
    Am J Clin Nutr. 2009 Nov 18. [Epub ahead of print]
    PMID: 19923374
    doi:10.3945/ajcn.2009.28125

    Conclusions: The hypoglycemic effect of fat and protein was not blunted by insulin resistance. Protein increased insulin but had no effect on C-peptide or the insulin secretion rate, which suggests decreased hepatic insulin extraction or increased C-peptide clearance.
Matti Narkia

Effects of cis-9,trans-11 conjugated linoleic acid supplementation on insulin... - 0 views

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    Effects of cis-9,trans-11 conjugated linoleic acid supplementation on insulin sensitivity, lipid peroxidation, and proinflammatory markers in obese men.
    Riserus U, Vessby B, Arnlov J, Basu S.
    Am J Clin Nutr. 2004 Aug;80(2):279-83.
    PMID: 15277146

    CONCLUSIONS: A CLA preparation containing the purified c9,t11 CLA isomer increased insulin resistance and lipid peroxidation compared with placebo in obese men. Because c9,t11 CLA occurs in commercial supplements as well as in the diet, the present results should be confirmed in larger studies that also include women.
Matti Narkia

One-Year Comparison of a High-Monounsaturated Fat Diet With a High-Carbohydrate Diet in... - 0 views

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    One-year comparison of a high-monounsaturated fat diet with a high-carbohydrate diet in type 2 diabetes.
    Brehm BJ, Lattin BL, Summer SS, Boback JA, Gilchrist GM, Jandacek RJ, D'Alessio DA.
    Diabetes Care. 2009 Feb;32(2):215-20. Epub 2008 Oct 28.
    PMID: 18957534
    doi: 10.2337/dc08-0687

    CONCLUSIONS-In individuals with type 2 diabetes, high-MUFA diets are an alternative to conventional lower-fat, high-CHO diets with comparable beneficial effects on body weight, body composition, cardiovascular risk factors, and glycemic control.
Matti Narkia

Dietary Mono- and Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Similarly Affect LDL Size in Healthy Men ... - 0 views

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    Dietary mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids similarly affect LDL size in healthy men and women.
    Kratz M, Gülbahçe E, von Eckardstein A, Cullen P, Cignarella A, Assmann G, Wahrburg U.
    J Nutr. 2002 Apr;132(4):715-8.
    PMID: 11925466

    In conclusion, our data indicate that dietary unsaturated fat similarly reduces LDL size relative to saturated fat. However, the small magnitude of this reduction also suggests that the composition of dietary fat is not a major factor affecting LDL size.
Matti Narkia

The Serum LDL/HDL Cholesterol Ratio Is Influenced More Favorably by Exchangin... - 1 views

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    The serum LDL/HDL cholesterol ratio is influenced more favorably by exchanging saturated with unsaturated fat than by reducing saturated fat in the diet of women.
    Müller H, Lindman AS, Brantsaeter AL, Pedersen JI.
    J Nutr. 2003 Jan;133(1):78-83.
    PMID: 12514271

    We conclude that, to influence the LDL/HDL cholesterol ratio, changing the proportions of dietary fatty acids may be more important than restricting the percentage of total or saturated fat energy, at least when derived mainly from lauric and myristic acids, both of which increase HDL cholesterol.
Matti Narkia

Relation of body fat indexes to vitamin D status and deficiency among obese adolescents... - 0 views

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    Relation of body fat indexes to vitamin D status and deficiency among obese adolescents.
    Lenders CM, Feldman HA, Von Scheven E, Merewood A, Sweeney C, Wilson DM, Lee PD, Abrams SH, Gitelman SE, Wertz MS, Klish WJ, Taylor GA, Chen TC, Holick MF; Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric Research Network Obesity Study Group.
    Am J Clin Nutr. 2009 Sep;90(3):459-67. Epub 2009 Jul 29.
    PMID: 19640956

    RESULTS: The mean (+/-SD) age of the adolescents was 14.9 +/- 1.4 y; 38 (66%) were female, and 8 (14%) were black. The mean (+/-SD) body mass index (in kg/m(2)) was 36 +/- 5, FM was 40.0 +/- 5.5%, and VAT was 12.4 +/- 4.3%. Seventeen of the adolescents were vitamin D deficient, but none had elevated PTH concentrations. Bone mineral content and bone mineral density were within 2 SDs of national standards. In a multivariate analysis, 25(OH)D decreased by 0.46 +/- 0.22 ng/mL per 1% increment in FM (beta +/- SE, P = 0.05), whereas PTH decreased by 0.78 +/- 0.29 pg/mL per 1% increment in VAT (P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: To the best of our knowledge, our results show for the first time that obese adolescents with 25(OH)D deficiency, but without elevated PTH concentrations, have a bone mass within the range of national standards (+/-2 SD). The findings provide initial evidence that the distribution of fat may be associated with vitamin D status, but this relation may be dependent on metabolic factors
Matti Narkia

Multi-targeted therapy of cancer by omega-3 fatty acids - Cancer Lett. 2008 Oct 8 - 0 views

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    Multi-targeted therapy of cancer by omega-3 fatty acids.
    Berquin IM, Edwards IJ, Chen YQ.
    Cancer Lett. 2008 Oct 8;269(2):363-77. Epub 2008 May 13. Review.
    PMID: 18479809
    doi:10.1016/j.canlet.2008.03.044
Matti Narkia

Meta-analysis of animal fat or animal protein intake and colorectal cancer. - Am J Clin... - 0 views

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    Meta-analysis of animal fat or animal protein intake and colorectal cancer.
    Alexander DD, Cushing CA, Lowe KA, Sceurman B, Roberts MA.
    Am J Clin Nutr. 2009 Mar 4. [Epub ahead of print]
    PMID: 1926172
    doi:10.3945/ajcn.2008.26838
Matti Narkia

A reappraisal of the impact of dairy foods and milk fat on cardiovascular disease risk.... - 0 views

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    A reappraisal of the impact of dairy foods and milk fat on cardiovascular disease risk.
    German JB, Gibson RA, Krauss RM, Nestel P, Lamarche B, van Staveren WA, Steijns JM, de Groot LC, Lock AL, Destaillats F.
    Eur J Nutr. 2009 Mar 4. [Epub ahead of print]
    PMID: 19259609
    DOI: 10.1007/s00394-009-0002-5
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D status and its relationship to body fat, final height, and peak bone mass in ... - 0 views

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    Vitamin D status and its relationship to body fat, final height, and peak bone mass in young women.\nKremer R, Campbell PP, Reinhardt T, Gilsanz V.\nJ Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2009 Jan;94(1):67-73. Epub 2008 Nov 4.\nPMID: 18984659
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