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Matti Narkia

Blueberry Supplementation Improves Memory in Older Adults† - Journal of Agric... - 3 views

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    Blueberry Supplementation Improves Memory in Older Adults (dagger).
    Krikorian R, Shidler MD, Nash TA, Kalt W, Vinqvist-Tymchuk MR, Shukitt-Hale B, Joseph JA.
    J Agric Food Chem. 2010 Jan 4. [Epub ahead of print]
    PMID: 20047325
    DOI: 10.1021/jf9029332

    The findings of this preliminary study suggest that moderate-term blueberry supplementation can confer neurocognitive benefit and establish a basis for more comprehensive human trials to study preventive potential and neuronal mechanisms.
Matti Narkia

Consuming fructose-sweetened, not glucose-sweetened, beverages increases visceral adipo... - 0 views

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    Consuming fructose-sweetened, not glucose-sweetened, beverages increases visceral adiposity and lipids and decreases insulin sensitivity in overweight/obese humans.
    Stanhope KL, Schwarz JM, Keim NL, Griffen SC, Bremer AA, Graham JL, Hatcher B, Cox CL, Dyachenko A, Zhang W, McGahan JP, Seibert A, Krauss RM, Chiu S, Schaefer EJ, Ai M, Otokozawa S, Nakajima K, Nakano T, Beysen C, Hellerstein MK, Berglund L, Havel PJ.
    J Clin Invest. 2009 May;119(5):1322-34. Epub 2009 Apr 20.
    PMID: 19381015
    doi: 10.1172/JCI37385.

    Studies in animals have documented that, compared with glucose, dietary fructose induces dyslipidemia and insulin resistance. To assess the relative effects of these dietary sugars during sustained consumption in humans, overweight and obese subjects consumed glucose- or fructose-sweetened beverages providing 25% of energy requirements for 10 weeks. Although both groups exhibited similar weight gain during the intervention, visceral adipose volume was significantly increased only in subjects consuming fructose. Fasting plasma triglyceride concentrations increased by approximately 10% during 10 weeks of glucose consumption but not after fructose consumption. In contrast, hepatic de novo lipogenesis (DNL) and the 23-hour postprandial triglyceride AUC were increased specifically during fructose consumption. Similarly, markers of altered lipid metabolism and lipoprotein remodeling, including fasting apoB, LDL, small dense LDL, oxidized LDL, and postprandial concentrations of remnant-like particle-triglyceride and -cholesterol significantly increased during fructose but not glucose consumption. In addition, fasting plasma glucose and insulin levels increased and insulin sensitivity decreased in subjects consuming fructose but not in those consuming glucose. These data suggest that dietary fructose specifically increases DNL, promotes dyslipidemia, decreases insulin sensitivity, and increases visceral adiposity in overweight/obese adults.
Matti Narkia

A preliminary study of the safety, feasibility and cognitive efficacy of soy isoflavone... - 0 views

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    A preliminary study of the safety, feasibility and cognitive efficacy of soy isoflavone supplements in older men and women.
    Gleason CE, Carlsson CM, Barnet JH, Meade SA, Setchell KD, Atwood CS, Johnson SC, Ries ML, Asthana S.
    Age Ageing. 2009 Jan;38(1):86-93. Epub 2008 Dec 2.
    PMID: 19054783
    doi:10.1093/ageing/afn227

    Conclusions: these data suggest that administration of 100 mg/day of isoflavones was well tolerated. Plasma genistein and daidzein levels, but not equol, increased with isoflavone administration. Finally, data support the potential cognitive effects of soy isoflavones in older adults.
Matti Narkia

Consumption of 2 and 4 egg yolks/d for 5 wk increases macular pigment concentrations in... - 0 views

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    Consumption of 2 and 4 egg yolks/d for 5 wk increases macular pigment concentrations in older adults with low macular pigment taking cholesterol-lowering statins.
    Vishwanathan R, Goodrow-Kotyla EF, Wooten BR, Wilson TA, Nicolosi RJ.
    Am J Clin Nutr. 2009 Nov;90(5):1272-9. Epub 2009 Sep 16.
    PMID: 19759170

    Conclusions: Consumption of 4 egg yolks/d, and possibly of 2 egg yolks/d, for 5 wk benefited macular health in older adults with low MPOD. Serum HDL cholesterol increased without an increase in LDL cholesterol in this study population, most of whom were taking cholesterol-lowering statins.
Matti Narkia

Plasma Vitamin D and 25OHD Responses of Young and Old Men to Supplementation with Vitam... - 0 views

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    Plasma vitamin D and 25OHD responses of young and old men to supplementation with vitamin D3.
    Harris SS, Dawson-Hughes B.
    J Am Coll Nutr. 2002 Aug;21(4):357-62.
    PMID: 12166534

    Conclusions: There appears to be no age-related impairment among men in the absorption or metabolism of 20 µg/day of vitamin D3 taken orally for at least eight weeks.
Matti Narkia

Effect of four monthly oral vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) supplementation on fractures a... - 0 views

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    Effect of four monthly oral vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) supplementation on fractures and mortality in men and women living in the community: randomised double blind controlled trial.
    Trivedi DP, Doll R, Khaw KT.
    BMJ. 2003 Mar 1;326(7387):469.
    PMID: 12609940

    Conclusion: Four monthly supplementation with 100 000 IU oral vitamin D may prevent fractures without adverse effects in men and women living in the general community.
Matti Narkia

NEJM -- Vitamin D3 and calcium to prevent hip fractures in the elderly women - 0 views

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    Vitamin D3 and calcium to prevent hip fractures in the elderly women.
    Chapuy MC, Arlot ME, Duboeuf F, Brun J, Crouzet B, Arnaud S, Delmas PD, Meunier PJ.
    N Engl J Med. 1992 Dec 3;327(23):1637-42.
    PMID: 1331788

    CONCLUSIONS. Supplementation with vitamin D3 and calcium reduces the risk of hip fractures and other nonvertebral fractures among elderly women.
Matti Narkia

Can vitamin D supplementation prevent winter-time blues? A randomised trial among older... - 0 views

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    Can vitamin D supplementation prevent winter-time blues? A randomised trial among older women.
    Dumville JC, Miles JN, Porthouse J, Cockayne S, Saxon L, King C.
    J Nutr Health Aging. 2006 Mar-Apr;10(2):151-3.
    PMID: 16554952

    CONCLUSIONS: Supplementing elderly women with 800 IU of vitamin D daily did not lead to an improvement in mental health scores.
Matti Narkia

Dietary Acid-Base Balance, Bone Resorption, and Calcium Excretion -- Jajoo et al. 25 (3... - 0 views

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    Dietary acid-base balance, bone resorption, and calcium excretion.
    Jajoo R, Song L, Rasmussen H, Harris SS, Dawson-Hughes B.
    J Am Coll Nutr. 2006 Jun;25(3):224-30.
    PMID: 16766781

    Conclusions: Diet changes that increase renal NAE are associated with increases in serum PTH, bone resorption, and calcium excretion over a 60-day period.
Matti Narkia

NEJM -- Vitamin D3 and calcium to prevent hip fractures in the elderly women - 0 views

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    Vitamin D3 and calcium to prevent hip fractures in the elderly women.
    Chapuy MC, Arlot ME, Duboeuf F, Brun J, Crouzet B, Arnaud S, Delmas PD, Meunier PJ.
    N Engl J Med. 1992 Dec 3;327(23):1637-42.
    PMID: 1331788

    CONCLUSIONS. Supplementation with vitamin D3 and calcium reduces the risk of hip fractures and other nonvertebral fractures among elderly women.
Matti Narkia

An evaluation of the relative contributions of exposure to sunlight and of diet to the ... - 0 views

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    An evaluation of the relative contributions of exposure to sunlight and of diet to the circulating concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in an elderly nursing home population in Boston.
    Webb AR, Pilbeam C, Hanafin N, Holick MF.
    Am J Clin Nutr. 1990 Jun;51(6):1075-81.
    PMID: 2349922
Matti Narkia

eMJA: Annual intramuscular injection of a megadose of cholecalciferol for treatment of ... - 0 views

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    Annual intramuscular injection of a megadose of cholecalciferol for treatment of vitamin D deficiency: efficacy and safety data. Diamond TH, Ho KW, Rohl PG, Meerkin M.
    Med J Aust. 2005 Jul 4;183(1):10-2.
    PMID: 15992330

    Conclusions: Once-yearly intramuscular cholecalciferol injection (600 000 IU) is effective therapy for vitamin D deficiency. While this therapy appears to be safe, the potential for developing hypercalciuria needs to be examined in a large randomised controlled trial.
Matti Narkia

Serum vitamin D level after an annual intramuscular injection of ergocalciferol. - [Cal... - 0 views

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    Serum vitamin D level after an annual intramuscular injection of ergocalciferol.
    Heikinheimo RJ, Haavisto MV, Harju EJ, Inkovaara JA, Kaarela RH, Kolho LA, Rajala SA.
    Calcif Tissue Int. 1991;49 Suppl:S87.
    PMID: 1933611

    An annual intramuscular injection of ergocalciferol (150,000 IU) normalized low serum (25(OH)D concentrations in elderly people for 1 year. The treatment had a slight effect on serum 24,25(OH)2D levels but no effect on 1,25(OH)2D levels.
Matti Narkia

Annual injection of vitamin D and fractures of aged bones. - [Calcif Tissue Int. 1992] ... - 0 views

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    Annual injection of vitamin D and fractures of aged bones.
    Heikinheimo RJ, Inkovaara JA, Harju EJ, Haavisto MV, Kaarela RH, Kataja JM, Kokko AM, Kolho LA, Rajala SA.
    Calcif Tissue Int. 1992 Aug;51(2):105-10.
    PMID: 1422948
Matti Narkia

Comparison of Daily, Weekly, and Monthly Vitamin D3 in Ethanol Dosing Protocols for Two... - 0 views

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    Comparison of daily, weekly, and monthly vitamin D3 in ethanol dosing protocols for two months in elderly hip fracture patients.
    Ish-Shalom S, Segal E, Salganik T, Raz B, Bromberg IL, Vieth R.
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Sep;93(9):3430-5. Epub 2008 Jun 10.
    PMID: 18544622
    doi:10.1210/jc.2008-0241

    CONCLUSIONS: Supplementation with vitamin D can be achieved equally well with daily, weekly, or monthly dosing frequencies. Therefore, the choice of dose frequency can be based on whichever approach will optimize an individual's adherence with long-term vitamin D supplementation.
Matti Narkia

Estimation of the dietary requirement for vitamin D in free-living adults >=64 y of age... - 0 views

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    Estimation of the dietary requirement for vitamin D in free-living adults >=64 y of age.
    Cashman KD, Wallace JM, Horigan G, Hill TR, Barnes MS, Lucey AJ, Bonham MP, Taylor N, Duffy EM, Seamans K, Muldowney S, Fitzgerald AP, Flynn A, Strain JJ, Kiely M.
    Am J Clin Nutr. 2009 May;89(5):1366-74. Epub 2009 Mar 18.
    PMID: 19297462
    doi:10.3945/ajcn.2008.27334

    Conclusion: To ensure that the vitamin D requirement is met by the vast majority (>97.5%) of adults aged ≥64 y during winter, between 7.9 and 42.8 µg vitamin D/d is required, depending on summer sun exposure and the threshold of adequacy of 25(OH)D. .
Matti Narkia

High-dose oral vitamin D3 supplementation in the elderly. - [Osteoporos Int. 2009] - Pu... - 0 views

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    High-dose oral vitamin D3 supplementation in the elderly.
    Bacon CJ, Gamble GD, Horne AM, Scott MA, Reid IR.
    Osteoporos Int. 2009 Aug;20(8):1407-15. Epub 2008 Dec 20.
    PMID: 19101755

    Sixty-three elderly participants were randomized to three regimens of vitamin D supplementation: a 500,000-IU loading dose; the loading dose plus 50,000 IU/month; or 50,000 IU/month.

    CONCLUSIONS: Large loading doses of vitamin D(3) rapidly and safely normalize 25OHD levels in the frail elderly. Monthly dosing is similarly effective and safe, but takes 3-5 months for plateau 25OHD levels to be reached.
Matti Narkia

How Much Vitamin D3 Do the Elderly Need? -- Viljakainen et al. 25 (5): 429 -- Journal o... - 0 views

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    How much vitamin D3 do the elderly need?
    Viljakainen HT, Palssa A, Kärkkäinen M, Jakobsen J, Lamberg-Allardt C.
    J Am Coll Nutr. 2006 Oct;25(5):429-35.
    PMID: 17031013

    Conclusions: A clear dose response was noted in S-25-OHD to different doses of vitamin D3. The recommended dietary intake of 15 µg is adequate to maintain the S-25-OHD concentration around 40-55 nmol/L during winter, but if the optimal S-25-OHD is higher than that even higher vitamin D intakes are needed. Interestingly, subjects with lower vitamin D status at baseline responded more efficiently to supplementation than those with more adequate status
Matti Narkia

Effects of vitamin D and calcium supplementation on falls: a randomized controlled tria... - 0 views

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    Effects of vitamin D and calcium supplementation on falls: a randomized controlled trial.
    Bischoff HA, Stähelin HB, Dick W, Akos R, Knecht M, Salis C, Nebiker M, Theiler R, Pfeifer M, Begerow B, Lew RA, Conzelmann M.
    J Bone Miner Res. 2003 Feb;18(2):343-51.
    PMID: 12568412

    A single intervention with vitamin D plus calcium over a 3-month period reduced the risk of falling by 49% compared with calcium alone. Over this short-term intervention, recurrent fallers seem to benefit most by the treatment. The impact of vitamin D on falls might be explained by the observed improvement in musculoskeletal function.
Matti Narkia

Vitamin D supplementation improves neuromuscular function in older people who fall -- D... - 0 views

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    Vitamin D supplementation improves neuromuscular function in older people who fall.
    Dhesi JK, Jackson SH, Bearne LM, Moniz C, Hurley MV, Swift CG, Allain TJ.
    Age Ageing. 2004 Nov;33(6):589-95.
    PMID: 15501836
    doi:10.1093/ageing/afh20 9

    CONCLUSIONS: vitamin D supplementation, in fallers with vitamin D insufficiency, has a significant beneficial effect on functional performance, reaction time and balance, but not muscle strength. This suggests that vitamin D supplementation improves neuromuscular or neuroprotective function, which may in part explain the mechanism whereby vitamin D reduces falls and fractures.
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