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Matti Narkia

Vitamin D in pregnancy and lactation: maternal, fetal, and neonatal outcomes from human... - 0 views

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    Vitamin D in pregnancy and lactation: maternal, fetal, and neonatal outcomes from human and animal studies.
    Kovacs CS.
    Am J Clin Nutr. 2008 Aug;88(2):520S-528S. Review.
    PMID: 18689394

    Dosing recommendations for women during pregnancy and lactation might be best directed toward ensuring that the neonate is vitamin D-sufficient and that this sufficiency is maintained during infancy and beyond. A dose of vitamin D that provides 25(OH)D sufficiency in the mother during pregnancy should provide normal cord blood concentrations of 25(OH)D. Research has shown that during lactation, supplements administered directly to the infant can easily achieve vitamin D sufficiency; the mother needs much higher doses (100 µg or 4000 IU per day) to achieve adult-normal 25(OH)D concentrations in her exclusively breastfed infant. In addition, the relation (if any) of vitamin D insufficiency in the fetus or neonate to long-term nonskeletal outcomes such as type 1 diabetes and other chronic diseases needs to be investigated.
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