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Bill Brydon

Latin America and the Trans/National Debate: A Conversation Piece - Globalizations - 0 views

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    This paper is the result of a conversation, started in 2008, about the significance of the struggles for gender and sexual justice taking place in Latin America and more broadly of the challenges global justice and solidarity movements (GJ&SM) are articulating at various national and international levels. Two themes are explored throughout: the extent to which the current Latin American experiments with diversity, plurality, connectivity and mutuality, starting with the 'plural concept of gender and sexuality', challenge existing divides between gender, sexual, social and economic justice and the extent to which they simultaneously question the North/South divide. We also reflect on the problems and challenges that such approaches might present or encounter.
Bill Brydon

The Uneven Geography of Participation at the Global Level: Ethiopian Women Activists at... - 0 views

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    This article explores the Ethiopian Women Lawyers Association (EWLA) and its attempts to translate international women's rights norms into national law, examining the problematic geographies of women's networks from local to global levels and showing how Ethiopia remains on the periphery of global human rights networks. In their campaign for legal reform to protect women against violence, activists had to show how the proposed reforms were 'African', as invoking international human rights risked dismissal as evidence of 'Westernisation'. Activists face practical difficulties, including lack of funding and technology, limiting networking beyond the national level. The article shows how the state shapes local activists' ability to form global connections. Legislation banning civil society organisations such as EWLA from conducting work around rights threatens to marginalise Ethiopia further from global human rights networks and norms. Local connectivity to the global is only partial, mediated by the power relations in which activists and the state are embedded.
Bill Brydon

Economics, Performativity, and Social Reproduction in Global Development - Globalizations - 0 views

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    Over the past decade, international development policy has paid increased attention to social reproduction. While this offers an improvement over past practices in which care work was all but ignored, these policy frameworks continue to fall short of feminist goals. One reason for this is the way that dominant economic representations of social reproduction continue to rest on a universalizing portrayal of the household economy and family life as mired in patriarchal tradition, which fails to capture the diversity of economic and affective arrangements in which reproductive labor takes place at the local level. In this paper, I develop an alternative conceptualization of economic and affective life that challenges dominant understandings of the distinctions between market and non-market activity, paid and unpaid labor, and work and intimacy to provide space for new feminist conceptualizations of economy and care that can capture the diversity of its sites and practices.
Bill Brydon

Anti-Colonial to Anti-Globalization Nationalism: Pepetela's Angolanidade - 0 views

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    This article looks at the relationship between globalization and nationalism through the eyes of the Angolan novelist Pepetela and his exploration of angolanidade, Angolan national identity. Two novels are compared: Mayombe, set during the anti-colonial struggle, and Predadores, set in the era of globalization. The comparison illustrates how and why the depiction of Angolan nationalism has changed
Bill Brydon

Individual transnationalism, globalisation and euroscepticism: An empirical test of Deu... - 0 views

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    Recent trends of mass-level euroscepticism seriously challenge Deutsch's transactionalist theory that increased transnational interactions trigger support for further political integration. While transnational interactions have indeed proliferated, public support for European integration has diminished. This article aims to solve this puzzle by arguing that transnational interaction is highly stratified across society. Its impact on EU support therefore only applies to a small portion of the public. The rest of the population not only fails to be prompted to support the integration process, but may see it as a threat to their realm. This is even more the case as, parallel to European integration, global trends of integration create tensions in national societies. The following hypotheses are proposed: first, the more transnational an individual, the less she or he is prone to be eurosceptical; and second, this effect is more pronounced in countries that are more globalised. A multilevel ordinal logit analysis of survey data from the 2006 Eurobarometer wave 65.1 confirms these hypotheses.
Bill Brydon

Autochthony as Capital in a Global Age - Theory, Culture & Society - 0 views

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    For a little over a decade we have been witnessing a profusion of discourses on autochthony - that is, an original belonging to a group or territory - in many parts of the world. A global approach to this question first requires a look at the principle of autochthony and its genealogy. Starting from African examples, places of prolific expression of the phenomenon, this article shows how autochthony plays the role of capital that can be invested, valued and profited from. The structure of this capital carries within itself the seeds of conflict. The article analyses how the stabilization of its value requires the execution of specific strategies. Among these strategies, I will focus in greater depth on voting. The relationship between capital, autochthony and elections will thus bring us back to debates that animate political science: in new municipalities, autochthony as capital is at the heart of candidate selection, suffrage, political participation and citizenship.
Bill Brydon

Globalism as the Product of Nationalism Founding Ideology and the Erasure of the Local ... - 0 views

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    This study is based on the argument that globalism is a product of nationalism. I argue that globalism, understood as the imagination of the world as a single place, was made possible by and accompanies the emergence of nationalism, defined as the formati
Bill Brydon

The Global South - Introduction: Latin America in a Global Age - 0 views

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    This initial encounter, led by Portugal and Spain, and subsequent interactions between Latin America and the rest of the world, particularly the West, have had profound effects on the region, including drastic changes in demography, racism and the destruc
Bill Brydon

The Global South - Women-Space, Power, and the Sacred in Afro-Brazilian Culture - 0 views

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    This article places Afro-Brazilian women in the midst of the discourse of globalization, in light of its impact on marginalizing women of color, economically, politically, and culturally. It extends the concept of globalizing discourses to the history of
Bill Brydon

The Global South - Campesino Communities in North Peru: Local Consequences of Globaliza... - 0 views

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    Campesino (farm worker) communities in North Peru have not benefitted well from globalization because of a national devotion to capitalism and the global market's need for export goods. The consequence of the new focus is that a balanced national infrastr
Bill Brydon

The Global South - Brazil's Africa Policy under Lula - 0 views

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    This article is an analysis of Brazilian foreign policy largely since the coming to power of Luis Inácio "Lula" da Silva. It is an assessment of policy and implementation in Brazilian international organizations that speak to south-south issues. As a back
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